Theodore Strickland (born August 4, 1941) is an American politician who was the 68th Governor of Ohio, serving from 2007 to 2011. A member of the Democratic Party, he previously served in the United States House of Representatives, representing Ohio's 6th congressional district (1993–1995, 1997–2007).
|68th Governor of Ohio|
January 8, 2007 – January 10, 2011
|Preceded by||Bob Taft|
|Succeeded by||John Kasich|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Ohio's 6th district
January 3, 1997 – January 3, 2007
|Preceded by||Frank Cremeans|
|Succeeded by||Charlie Wilson|
January 3, 1993 – January 3, 1995
|Preceded by||Bob McEwen|
|Succeeded by||Frank Cremeans|
August 4, 1941
Lucasville, Ohio, U.S.
|Education||Asbury University (BA)|
University of Kentucky (MA, PhD)
Asbury Theological Seminary (MDiv)
In the 2006 gubernatorial election, Strickland was elected to succeed term-limited Republican incumbent Bob Taft after defeating Ohio Secretary of State Ken Blackwell, receiving 60% of the vote. He was narrowly defeated for re-election in the 2010 gubernatorial election by former U.S. Representative John Kasich.
In April 2014, Strickland became president of the Center for American Progress Action Fund, a progressive public policy research and advocacy organization. Strickland left that position in February 2015, and on February 25, 2015, he announced his intention to run for the United States Senate against incumbent Rob Portman. Strickland won the Democratic nomination, and was then defeated by Portman in the November 2016 general election.
Strickland was born in Lucasville, Ohio, the son of Carrie (Carver) and Charles Orville Strickland. He was one of nine children. A 1959 graduate of Northwest High School, Strickland went on to be the first member of his family to attend college. Strickland received a Bachelor of Arts degree in history with a minor in psychology from Asbury College in 1963. In 1966, he received a Master of Arts degree in guidance counseling from the University of Kentucky and a Master of Divinity from the Asbury Theological Seminary in 1967. He then returned to the University of Kentucky to earn his Ph.D in counseling psychology in 1980. He is married to Frances Strickland, an educational psychologist.
Strickland worked as a counseling psychologist at the Southern Ohio Correctional Facility in Lucasville. He was an administrator at a Methodist children's home and was a professor of psychology at Shawnee State University. Strickland is an ordained minister in the United Methodist Church. He was a minister at a Methodist church in Portsmouth, Ohio.
Election to CongressEdit
Strickland ran for U.S. representative for Ohio's 6th congressional district in 1976, 1978, and 1980, losing twice to long-time incumbent William H. Harsha and later to Harsha's successor and campaign manager, Bob McEwen.
Strickland ran again for the 6th District seat in 1992, once again facing Bob McEwen, who had suffered some political damage by being associated with the House banking scandal. The 6th District had been combined with the old 10th District when Ohio lost two seats in Congress following the 1990 census and now covered a huge area stretching from Lebanon, in Warren County, to Marietta, in Washington County on the opposite side of the state. The district proved a difficult place to campaign, representing half a dozen different media markets and home to no large cities and few unifying influences.
Patrick J. Buchanan, Vice President Dan Quayle, and Oliver North came to Ohio to campaign for McEwen, but Strickland narrowly won in the general election on November 3, 1992. He received 122,720 votes to McEwen's 119,252, a plurality of 3,468 – just over 1.4%. Strickland began serving in January 1993 in the 103rd Congress.
Strickland was among the many Democrats who lost their offices in the Republican surge of 1994, narrowly losing to businessman Frank Cremeans. Strickland reclaimed his seat two years later in a similarly narrow victory, and took office in January 1997 with the 105th Congress. He faced a strong challenge from Lieutenant Governor Nancy Hollister in 1998, but turned it back; in the next three elections he was reelected by large margins, running unopposed in 2004. Strickland served on the Energy and Commerce Committee and the Veterans' Affairs Committee.
2006 gubernatorial campaignEdit
Strickland successfully ran for Governor of Ohio in 2006, when Governor Bob Taft was term-limited and could not run for re-election. Strickland selected former Ohio Attorney General and 1998 Democratic nominee for governor Lee Fisher as his running mate. He was sworn in as governor on January 8, 2007.
Strickland won the Democratic primary on May 2, 2006, with 80 percent of the vote.
In September 2006, a group called Republicans for Strickland publicly announced their support for Strickland at a press conference.
In the November general election, he was challenged by Republican Secretary of State Ken Blackwell, Libertarian economist Bill Peirce and Green Bob Fitrakis. He won the general election on November 7, 2006, capturing 60% of the vote. Blackwell finished in second with 37% of the vote.
In June 2007, Ohio lawmakers approved a $52 billion budget for fiscal year 2008-09. In January 2008, facing a revenue shortfall, Strickland ordered a $733 million reduction in state spending, including job cuts and the closure of state mental hospitals. Strickland cut another $540 million from the budget in September 2008. In December 2008, Strickland announced a $640 million budget gap. In 2009, Strickland signed legislation which postponed the last of five scheduled income tax rate reductions from 2009 until 2011.The move used $844 million in anticipated tax refunds to fill the gap in the state budget.
In 2008, he signed the state's renewable portfolio standard, mandating that 25% of the state's electricity be produced by renewables by 2025. That same year, Strickland signed an executive order overhauling business regulations. In 2010, Strickland supported the renewal of the Third Frontier program in 2010.
During Strickland's tenure, the state's rainy day fund was reduced from $1 billion to 89 cents in order to balance the state budget. Some estimates claim Ohio would have experienced a $7 billion deficit if Strickland hadn't made such moves and cuts to the Ohio budget.
Strickland pushed to cut funding of school vouchers, which critics said would reduce educational choice available to the public. He opposed federally subsidized abstinence-only sex education programs.
In 2007, Strickland signed legislation exempting military veterans' retirement benefits from state taxation. He signed an executive order creating a council to oversee the eventual establishment of the Ohio Department of Veterans Services as a cabinet-level agency. In 2008, he signed an executive order creating the Ohio G.I. Promise, which charges in-state tuition to all veterans attending the state's public colleges on the G.I. bill. In 2008, he vetoed legislation which would have given small cash bonuses to veterans of wars in the Persian Gulf, Iraq and Afghanistan from the state's rainy day fund.
Strickland signed an executive order requiring insurance companies to offer policyholders the option to add or keep unmarried children on their insurance policies up to age 28.
On the issue of capital punishment, Strickland delayed three executions until further review and commuted five death sentences. Strickland chose not to commute three additional executions, including two that eventually occurred. The March 20, 2007 execution of Kenneth Biros, which Strickland did not commute, was later stayed by the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit in Cincinnati. Biros was eventually executed in December 2009.
Strickland voted against partial-birth abortion while in the U.S. House. He has said he would veto a bill proposed by Ohio State House member Tom Brinkman (R-Cincinnati) that would ban abortion in the state except to save the life of the mother.
Strickland signed Ohio's castle doctrine legislation in 2008, which established a presumption that a person acts in self-defense when shooting someone who unlawfully enters his or her home or occupied vehicle. The legislation was supported by the National Rifle Association.
Strickland held office when a constitutional amendment passed allowing casinos to be built in Cincinnati, Cleveland, Toledo and Columbus. Although originally opposed to the idea of allowing such types of gambling into the state, potential revenue shortfalls caused him to consider the option. More so, the implementation of video lottery terminals at Ohio racetracks also was considered as a revenue source, and Strickland said for about a year that he would ask the courts to weigh in on whether the executive branch has the authority to implement slots through the Ohio Lottery Commission.[dead link]
As governor, Strickland opposed legislation that would allow the use of marijuana for medical purposes. Since leaving office he has stated that he now favors legalization for medical purposes, and in November 2015 even stated his support for full marijuana legalization.
Theft of Ohio government computer backup tapeEdit
The theft of an Ohio government computer backup tape in June 2007 was widely reported in the media after authorities revealed that the tape contained names and Social Security numbers of 64,000 state employees, 84,000 welfare recipients, and tens of thousands of others. In the wake of the theft, Strickland issued an executive order to change the practices for handling state data.
Database searches of Joe the PlumberEdit
Strickland's Director of the Ohio Department of Job and Family Services (ODJFS), Helen Jones-Kelley, was involved in the controversial Ohio database searches of Joe Wurzelbacher during the final weeks of the 2008 presidential campaign. She bore ultimate responsibility for the unauthorized background checks run on Wurzelbacher, an Ohio Republican known as Joe the Plumber. Jones-Kelley was suspended without pay by Strickland and investigated by the Ohio Attorney General. She resigned in December, and Strickland appointed Douglas E. Lumpkin to replace her.
Strickland spoke on the second night of the 2008 Democratic National Convention. Journalists Peggy Noonan and David Remnick credited Strickland with delivering the best line of the convention: "You know, it was once said of the first George Bush that he was born on third base and thought he'd hit a triple. Well, with the 22 million new jobs and the budget surplus Bill Clinton left behind, George W. Bush came into office on third base and then he stole second. And John McCain cheered him every step of the way."
2010 gubernatorial campaignEdit
Strickland sought re-election as governor in 2010. On January 19, 2010, he chose Yvette McGee Brown, a former juvenile court judge from central Ohio, as his running mate. Strickland faced Republican John Kasich and his running mate, Ohio State Auditor Mary Taylor, in the general election. Kasich defeated Strickland by two percentage points.
In March 2011, Kasich signed Senate Bill 5, which was intended to curtail the collective bargaining rights of Ohio public employees. Strickland was involved in gathering the petition signatures necessary to warrant a public referendum.[unreliable source?] With over two million signatures, the petition put the Ohio Collective Bargaining Limit Repeal on the November 2011 ballot, where it passed with more than 60% of the vote.
Strickland became a resident fellow at the Harvard Institute of Politics in spring 2012. Strickland spoke on the first night of the 2012 Democratic National Convention in a speech against the policies of Republican nominee Mitt Romney.
President Obama nominated Strickland to be one of the alternate representatives to the United Nations in September 2013, but his confirmation was delayed through the end of the year by Republican opposition in the Senate.
In April 2014, Strickland became president of the Center for American Progress Action Fund, a progressive public policy research and advocacy organization. Strickland left that position in February 2015.
2012 DNC controversyEdit
At the 2012 Democratic National Convention, where Antonio Villaraigosa was Chairman, the original 2012 party platform caused controversy after it was written, because the lack of typical invocations and references to God and God-given rights as well as lack of language affirming the role of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. Both of these matters had been included in some previous platforms. On the second day, September 5, former Ohio Governor Ted Strickland introduced an amendment on the floor of the convention to reinsert language invoking God and recognizing Jerusalem as Israel's capital. Convention Chairman Villaraigosa put the amendment to a voice vote requiring a two-thirds majority for passage. After the first vote was indecisive, Villaraigosa called for a second vote, which was again met with an equal volume of "ayes" and "nos". A woman standing to his left said, "You've got to rule, and then you've got to let them do what they're gonna do." Villaraigosa called a third vote with the same result. Villaraigosa then declared the amendment passed, causing an eruption of boos on the floor.
As Governor of Ohio, Ted Strickland worked to pass renewable energy legislation he says "helped address the issue of climate change." In 2013, he said "the debate on whether climate change exists is over. … The debate now must be focused on how climate change is affecting our communities." In 2015, he said "I believe climate change is a problem; we've got to transition."
2016 U.S. Senate electionEdit
On February 25, 2015, Strickland announced his intention to run for the United States Senate against incumbent Republican Rob Portman. On March 31, 2015, former President Bill Clinton endorsed Strickland. In September 2016, Strickland's campaign was reported to be increasingly faltering. With poor poll results against Portman, at least two major political action committees withdrew millions of dollars in funding for advertising for Strickland, choosing instead to focus on other major Senate races in which advertising was considered more likely to make a difference.
Strickland lost the 2016 general election by a large margin to Portman, 58%–37%.
|1976||Ted Strickland||67,067||39%||William H. Harsha||107,064||61%|
|1978||Ted Strickland||46,313||35%||William H. Harsha||85,592||65%|
|1980||Ted Strickland||84,235||45%||Robert D. McEwen||101,288||55%|
|1992||Ted Strickland||122,720||51%||Robert D. McEwen||119,252||49%|
|1994||Ted Strickland||87,861||49%||Frank A. Cremeans||91,263||51%|
|1996||Ted Strickland||118,003||51%||Frank A. Cremeans||111,907||49%||*|
|1998||Ted Strickland||102,852||57%||Nancy P. Hollister||77,711||43%|
|2000||Ted Strickland||138,849||58%||Mike Azinger||96,966||40%||Kenneth R. MacCutcheon||Libertarian||4,759||2%|
|2002||Ted Strickland||113,972||59%||Mike Halleck||77,643||41%|
|2004||Ted Strickland||223,842||100%||(no candidate)||*|
*Write-in and minor candidate notes: In 1996, write-ins received 16 votes. In 2004, John Stephen Luchansky received 145 votes.
|Libertarian||William S. Peirce||71,473||1.78%|
|Democratic gain from Republican||Swing|
|Democratic||Ted Strickland (inc.)||1,812,059||47.04%||−13.50%|
|Republican gain from Democratic||Swing|
|2016||Ted Strickland||1,929,873||37%||Rob Portman||3,048,467||58%||Tom Connors
Joseph R. DeMare
- Theodore Strickland; Frances S. Strickland (March 11, 2010), U.S. Individual Income Tax Return (PDF), retrieved March 12, 2011[permanent dead link]
- "Strickland, Ted, (1941 - )". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- "Governor and Lieutenant Governor: November 7, 2006". Election Results 2006. Ohio Secretary of State. Retrieved October 22, 2013.
- "Governor and Lieutenant Governor: November 2, 2010". Election Results 2010. Ohio Secretary of State. Retrieved October 22, 2013.
- "RELEASE: Former Ohio Gov. Ted Strickland Named Center for American Progress Action Fund President". Center for American Progress. March 19, 2014. Retrieved June 12, 2014.
- Gomez, Henry (February 17, 2015). "Ted Strickland has left the Center for American Progress, clearing one hurdle to a Senate bid". Cleveland.com. Retrieved May 12, 2016.
- Wehrman, Jessica; Torry, Jack. "Ted Strickland Running for U.S. Senate". Columbus Dispatch. Columbus, OH. Retrieved February 25, 2015.
- http://birth-records.mooseroots.com/l/6112368/Theodore-Strickland[permanent dead link]
- Koff, Stephen (November 16, 2015). "Ted Strickland vs. PG Sittenfeld: The debate (if they had one)". Cleveland.com. Retrieved May 12, 2016.
- Landers, Brittany (April 20, 2016). "Frances Strickland speaking to Democrats". The Marietta Times. Retrieved May 12, 2016.
- Marshall, Aaron (November 23, 2009). "Gov. Ted Strickland grants clemency to 78 people". Cleveland.com. Retrieved May 12, 2016.
- "The Outsider". Ohio Magazine. February 2007. Archived from the original on June 10, 2016. Retrieved May 12, 2016.
- Mound, Josh (March 1, 2006). "Better Off Ted". Cleveland Scene. Retrieved May 12, 2016.
- "Statistics of the Presidential and Congressional Election of November 3, 1992" (PDF). Clerk of the House of Representatives. May 31, 1993. p. 59. Retrieved October 22, 2013.
- Smyth, Julie Carr (January 8, 2007). "Changing of the guard: New governor starts new era". The Cincinnati Post (Associated Press). E. W. Scripps Company. p. A1.
- "2006 Democratic primary election results". Ohio Secretary of State. May 2, 2006. Archived from the original on February 27, 2008. Retrieved January 12, 2008.
- Vindy.com - GOP gets nods from FOP but not for governorship Archived September 26, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
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- "2006 general election results". Ohio Secretary of State. November 7, 2006. Archived from the original on November 9, 2006. Retrieved January 12, 2008.
- Marshall, Aaron (December 2, 2008). "20 Gov. Ted Strickland tackles large Ohio budget gap". Cleveland Plain Dealer. Retrieved May 12, 2016.
- "HB 318 - Tax Law Amendments - Ohio Key Vote". Vote Smart. Retrieved October 29, 2018.
- Fields, Reginald (October 13, 2010). "GOP challenger John Kasich says Ohio Gov. Ted Strickland's tax freeze amounted to a tax hike". PolitiFact. Retrieved May 12, 2016.
- Adler, Ben (April 12, 2016). "This Senate race shows how climate action is gaining support in the Midwest". Grist. Retrieved May 12, 2016.
- "Strickland calls for biz regulation overhaul". Columbus Business First. February 12, 2008. Retrieved May 12, 2016.
- Breckenridge, Tom (April 29, 2010). "Gov. Strickland pushes Third Frontier funding vote at Mayfield company". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved January 4, 2014.
- Wehrman, Jessica (May 24, 2016). "Campaign Ad Watch: Chamber ad slamming Strickland oversimplifies Ohio's job loss". The Columbus Dispatch. Retrieved August 6, 2016.
- Naymik, Mark (January 30, 2009). "Gov. Strickland will use up Ohio's $1 billion rainy-day fund to balance budget". Cleveland.com. Retrieved August 8, 2016.
- "Strickland Seeks Collaboration Among Ohio's Colleges and Universities". The Business Journal. July 31, 2007. Retrieved May 12, 2016.
- Craig, Jon (March 23, 2007). "Gov. to end abstinence program; But births to teens down, backers argue". Cincinnati.com. Gannett. Retrieved October 22, 2013.
- Smyth, Julie Carr (March 16, 2007). "Voucher backers lash out at plan; Strickland's proposal to cut education program catches some by surprise". Ohio.com (AP). Akron Beacon Journal. Archived from the original on April 25, 2007.
- Barber, Barrie; Otte, Jim (August 18, 2015). "State tax break helps keep retired military in Ohio". Dayton Daily News. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
- Cooley, Patrick (February 25, 2008). "State veterans office sounds good". News and Sentinel. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
- Lewin, Tamar (July 9, 2008). "Ohio Gives Veterans In-State Rates at Public Colleges". New York Times. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
- Kroll, John (December 18, 2008). "33 Gov. Ted Strickland to veto filmmakers' tax break, veterans' bonus bills". Cleveland Plain Dealer. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
- Wade, James (June 7, 2010). "Governor Issues Executive Order on Expanding Health Care Access for Young People". Cleveland. Retrieved May 12, 2016.
- "Postponing executions the right thing to do". Times Recorder (Zanesville, Ohio). March 25, 2007. Archived from the original on October 23, 2013. Retrieved October 22, 2013.
- "Executions in the United States in 2007". Deathpenaltyinfo.org. January 17, 2006. Archived from the original on September 5, 2008. Retrieved March 11, 2011.
- "Statement Regarding Executive Clemency Request of Kenneth Biros". Office of Gov. Strickland. March 16, 2007. Archived from the original on March 26, 2007. Retrieved October 22, 2013.
- Candisky, Catherine (July 12, 2007). "Legislator tries again to ban all abortions". The Columbus Dispatch. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
- "Ohio Bill to Ban Abortion Gets Mixed Support from Pro-Life Groups". Lifesite.net. July 13, 2007. Retrieved March 11, 2011.
- Niquette, Mark (June 11, 2008). "Castle doctrine: Ohio self-defense law will start in November". Columbus Dispatch. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
- "Gongwer News Service - Ohio". Gongwer-oh.com. Retrieved March 11, 2011.[dead link]
- Marshall, Aaron (April 11, 2010). "Most Ohioans support medical marijuana, pollsters say, but state lawmakers shy away". The Plain Dealer. Archived from the original on May 24, 2016.
- Borchardt, Jackie (March 10, 2015). "Ted Strickland supports medical marijuana, silent on legalization for personal use". Northeast Ohio Media Group. Archived from the original on May 24, 2016.
- Mullen, Christina (November 1, 2015). "Ted Strickland visits Warren, talks marijuana legalization". WKBN-TV. Archived from the original on May 24, 2016.
- Majors, Stephen (June 21, 2007). "Stolen tape in Ohio also contains taxpayer data". NBCNews.com. Associated Press. Retrieved January 5, 2014.
- "Ohio changes policies after massive data theft". NBC News. Associated Press. June 16, 2007. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
- "Joe the Plumber looked up". Cincinnati.com. Gannett Company. October 27, 2008. Archived from the original on January 6, 2014. Retrieved January 5, 2014.
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- "The Line on Running Mates - The Fix". Blog.washingtonpost.com. Archived from the original on July 25, 2008. Retrieved March 11, 2011.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)
- "Cincinnati Enquirer | Cincinnati Politics Extra | Cincinnati.Com". Beta.cincinnati.com. Archived from the original on January 21, 2012. Retrieved March 11, 2011.
- Noonan, Peggy (August 28, 2008). "The Master Has Arrived". The Wall Street Journal.
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- Niquette, Mark (January 19, 2010). "Strickland chooses Brown as running mate". The Columbus Dispatch. Retrieved May 12, 2016.
- Niquette, Mark (December 11, 2010). "Final election results confirm Kasich's win". The Columbus Dispatch. Retrieved May 12, 2016.
- "Ted Strickland Interview: "SB 5 Is An Attack On Ohio's Working Class"". Progressohio.org. Progress Ohio. 2013. Retrieved December 31, 2013.
- Smyth, Julie Carr (November 8, 2011). "Ohio voters reject Republican-backed union limits". AP Online. Associated Press. Archived from the original on June 10, 2014. Retrieved December 31, 2013. – via HighBeam Research (subscription required)
- "Spring 2012 Fellows". Harvard Institute of Politics. Harvard University. Retrieved October 22, 2013.
- Zeleny, Jeff (September 4, 2012). "Strickland Fires Up the Crowd With Attacks on Romney". The New York Times. Retrieved January 4, 2014.
- Weiner, Rachel (September 4, 2012). "Strickland goes for Romney's throat". Post Politics. The Washington Post. Retrieved January 4, 2014.
- Torry, Jack (September 11, 2013). "Strickland nominated as alternate U.N. rep". The Columbus Dispatch. Retrieved January 4, 2014.
- Koff, Steven (December 17, 2013). "Ted Strickland and other Obama nominees are unlikely to get confirmed by year's end". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved January 5, 2014.
- Democrats put God, Jerusalem back in platform over objections
- "Accomplishments, Ted Strickland For Senate". Retrieved September 7, 2016.
- Ortega, Oliver (August 7, 2013). "Strickland, panel urge climate-change action". The Columbus Dispatch.
- Drusch, Andrea (September 27, 2015). "Can a Democrat Still Win in Appalachia? Ted Strickland Is About to Find Out". The Atlantic.
- Koff, Stephen (March 31, 2015). "Bill Clinton endorses Ted Strickland for U.S. Senate". Cleveland Plain Dealer. Cleveland, OH: Northeast Ohio Media Group. Retrieved April 2, 2015.
- Wehrman, Jessica (September 7, 2016). "Democrats look beyond Ohio for Senate hopes". WHIO-TV. Retrieved September 8, 2016.
- Torry, Jack; Heigl, Jana (November 9, 2016). "Portman win in Ohio helps GOP keep control of U.S. Senate". The Columbus Dispatch. Retrieved November 15, 2016.
- "Election Statistics". Office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives. Archived from the original on December 26, 2007. Retrieved January 10, 2008.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ted Strickland.|
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Appearances on C-SPAN
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 6th congressional district
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 6th congressional district
|Party political offices|
| Democratic nominee for Governor of Ohio
| Democratic nominee for U.S. Senator from Ohio
| Governor of Ohio