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Gerald Wesley Moran (born May 29, 1954) is an American politician serving as the junior United States Senator from Kansas since 2011. A member of the Republican Party, he served as Chairman of the National Republican Senatorial Committee for the 113th U.S. Congress, during which he led successful Republican efforts in 2014 election, producing the first Republican Senate majority since 2006.[1] Previously, he served as a member of the United States House of Representatives, representing Kansas's 1st congressional district.

Jerry Moran
Jerry Moran, official portrait, 112th Congress.jpg
United States Senator
from Kansas
Assumed office
January 3, 2011
Serving with Pat Roberts
Preceded bySam Brownback
Chair of the National Republican Senatorial Committee
In office
January 3, 2013 – January 3, 2015
LeaderMitch McConnell
Preceded byJohn Cornyn
Succeeded byRoger Wicker
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Kansas's 1st district
In office
January 3, 1997 – January 3, 2011
Preceded byPat Roberts
Succeeded byTim Huelskamp
Personal details
Born (1954-05-29) May 29, 1954 (age 65)
Great Bend, Kansas, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)Robba Moran
EducationFort Hays State University
University of Kansas (BA, JD)
WebsiteSenate website

Raised in Plainville, Kansas, Moran graduated from the University of Kansas and the University of Kansas School of Law. He worked in private law and served as the state special assistant attorney general (1982–85) and deputy attorney of Rooks County (1987–95). He served in the Kansas Senate (1989–1997), and was majority leader for his last two years. He was elected to the House of Representatives in 1996 and served six terms with little electoral opposition. He was elected to the U.S. Senate in 2010 after defeating fellow U.S. Representative Todd Tiahrt in a contentious primary. He was re-elected to the U.S. Senate in 2016.[2]

Moran will become the senior Senator as well as the dean of the Kansas delegation in 2021 when Pat Roberts retires from the Senate.

Contents

Early life, education and careerEdit

Moran was born in Great Bend, Kansas, the son of Madeline Eleanor (née Fletcher) and Raymond Edwin "Ray" Moran.[3] He was raised in Plainville.[4] He attended Fort Hays State University before enrolling at the University of Kansas in Lawrence, where he earned a Bachelor of Science degree in economics in 1976.[5] While attending the University of Kansas, he worked as a summer intern for U.S. Representative Keith Sebelius in 1974, when impeachment proceedings were being prepared against President Richard Nixon.

Moran worked as a banker before receiving his Juris Doctor from the University of Kansas School of Law in 1982.[6] He practiced law at Stinson, Mag & Fizzell in Kansas City, and later joined Jeter & Larson Law Firm in Hays, where he practiced law for fifteen years.[6] In addition to his law practice, he served as the state special assistant attorney general (1982–85) and deputy county attorney of Rooks County (1987–95).[4] He also served as an adjunct professor of political science at Fort Hays State University.[5]

Kansas SenateEdit

Moran served for eight years (1989–1997) in the Kansas Senate. He served two years as the Vice President and his last two years as majority leader.[7]

U.S. House of RepresentativesEdit

 
Moran's 109th Congress portrait

ElectionsEdit

Moran was elected to Congress in 1996 and reelected five times, never facing serious opposition in the conservative 1st district. In 2006, his opponent for the 2006 midterm election was John Doll, against whom he received almost 79 percent of the vote—one of the highest totals for a Republican congressional incumbent in that election.[8]

TenureEdit

During his time in the House of Representatives, Jerry Moran conducted an annual town hall meeting in each of the 69 counties in Kansas' "Big First" Congressional District. He continues the tradition in the U.S. Senate for all 105 counties.[9]

As a senior member of the House Agriculture Committee in the U.S. House of Representatives, then-Congressman Moran worked with colleagues to craft legislation to aid Kansas farms and ranches. Moran was also an active member of the House Transportation and Infrastructure Committee and the House Veterans' Affairs Committee, where he served as chairman of the Subcommittee on Health.[10]

Slate's David Weigel pointed out that, despite his insistence that earmarks are a way that get members of Congress to vote for spending "that we can't afford," Moran requested $19.4 million in earmarks in the 2010 budget.[11]

U.S. SenateEdit

ElectionsEdit

Moran became the 2010 Republican nominee for U.S. Senate in Kansas after defeating fellow Congressman Todd Tiahrt in the Republican primary, 50–45%.[12] In the general election, Moran took 70 percent of the vote, defeating Democrat Lisa Johnston, Libertarian Michael Dann, and Reform Party candidate Joe Bellis.[13]

NRSC ChairmanshipEdit

Moran was elected Chairman of the National Republican Senatorial Committee for the 113th U.S. Congress on November 14, 2012.[14] Moran oversaw the Republican gain of nine Senate seats in United States Senate elections, 2014, resulting in the first Republican Senate majority since 2006.[15]

Committee assignmentsEdit

Caucus membershipsEdit

Political positionsEdit

Moran's voting record is highly conservative. He has a lifetime rating of 92 from the American Conservative Union.

The Southwest Daily Times once quoted him as saying, "I will always put Kansans ahead of the pressures in Washington"—a quote he posted on his House Web site.[20]

AgricultureEdit

 
Jerry Moran (far right) assisting with a dinner at Fort Riley

In March 2019, Moran was one of thirty-eight senators to sign a letter to United States Secretary of Agriculture Sonny Perdue warning that dairy farmers "have continued to face market instability and are struggling to survive the fourth year of sustained low prices" and urging his department to "strongly encourage these farmers to consider the Dairy Margin Coverage program."[21]

Health careEdit

Moran opposed the Medicare reform package of 2003, unlike most congressmen from rural districts. He also opposed the Affordable Care Act of 2010, the health care reform bill championed by President Obama.

In May 2011, Moran sponsored S. 1058, the Pharmacy Competition and Consumer Choice Act of 2011.[22] In the House, he served as Co-Chairman of the House Rural Health Care Coalition and co-founder of the Congressional Community Pharmacy Coalition.[23]

Moran announced that he was voting 'no' on the July 2017 Senate health care bill. Moran criticized the closed-door process for developing the bill and criticized the legislation for not repealing the entire 2010 health law.[24][25]

National security and militaryEdit

 
U.S. Senator Jerry Moran with Kansans serving in Afghanistan in April 2011.

Since 2014, Moran has served on the United States Air Force Academy Board of Visitors.[26]

In the early 2000s, Moran opposed a timetable for military withdrawal from Iraq.

Since entering Congress, Moran has traveled to Afghanistan, Iraq, and Pakistan to visit deployed American forces and meet with foreign leaders.[27] His most recent trip to the region was in August 2017 to the Northern regions of Afghanistan.

In March 2018, Moran was one of five Republican senators to vote against tabling a resolution spearheaded by Bernie Sanders, Chris Murphy, and Mike Lee that would have required President Trump to withdraw American troops either in or influencing Yemen within the next 30 days unless they were combating Al-Qaeda.[28] In October 2018, Moran was one of seven senators to sign a letter to United States Secretary of State Mike Pompeo expressing that they found it "difficult to reconcile known facts with at least two" of the Trump administration's certifications that Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates were attempting to protect Yemen civilians and were in compliance with US laws on arms sales, citing their lack of understanding for "a certification that the Saudi and Emirati governments are complying with applicable agreements and laws regulating defense articles when the [memo] explicitly states that, in certain instances, they have not done so."[29] In June 2019, Moran was one of seven Republicans to vote to block President Trump's Saudi arms deal providing weapons to Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Jordan, and was one of five Republicans to vote against an additional 20 arms sales.[30]

In January 2019, Moran was one of eleven Republican senators to vote to advance legislation intended to block President Trump's intent to lift sanctions against three Russian companies.[31]

In February 2019, amid a report by the Commerce Department that ZTE had been caught illegally shipping goods of American origin to Iran and North Korea, Moran was one of seven senators to sponsor a bill reimposing sanctions on ZTE in the event that ZTE did not honor both American laws and its agreement with the Trump administration.[32]

Immigration and refugeesEdit

Moran critiqued President Donald Trump's 2017 executive order imposing a temporary ban on entry to the U.S. to citizens of seven Muslim-majority countries, stating: "While I support thorough vetting, I do not support restricting the rights of U.S. citizens and lawful permanent residents. Furthermore, far-reaching national security policy should always be devised in consultation with Congress and relevant government agencies."[33]

In March 2019, Moran was one of twelve Republican senators to vote to block President Trump's national emergency declaration that would have granted him access to $3.6 billion in military construction funding to build border barriers.[34]

EducationEdit

Moran supports accountability metrics for public schools, but believes federal initiatives need to provide flexibility to states. In 2001, Moran voted against passage of the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) because he felt it did not afford sufficient flexibility to schools.[35] In 2017, Moran voted to confirm Betsy DeVos as United States Secretary of Education.[36][37]

Gun policyEdit

Moran has an "A" rating from the National Rifle Association (NRA) for his consistent support of pro-gun policies.[38] The NRA endorsed him for his 2010 Senate run. He was described as a "steadfast supporter of our freedom," by NRA-Political Victory Fund chairman Chris W. Cox.[39] Since 1998, the NRA has donated $23,850 to Moran's political efforts.[40]

In 2013, Moran joined other Republicans in saying they would filibuster any Democrat's proposals that Republican's considered a threat to the Second Amendment.[41] In April, Moran voted against the Manchin-Toomey proposal for universal background checks for gun purchases.[42][43]

Moran supports the concept of eliminating gun-free zones on military installations and recruitment centers. He stated that they are an "infringement on the constitutional rights of our service members" and that gun-free zones make military sites "increasingly vulnerable to those who wish to do harm."[44]

In 2016, Moran voted against the Feinstein Amendment, which would have banned suspected terrorists from acquiring guns.[45]

Moran responded to the 2017 Olathe, Kansas shooting stating "I strongly condemn violence of any kind, especially if it is motivated by prejudice and xenophobia."[46]

Environment and climate changeEdit

As of 2017, based on his environment-related votes, Moran had a lifetime score of 8% from the League of Conservation Voters, and a 0% score for 2016.[47]

Moran voted in 2015 against a Senate amendment acknowledging that human activity contributes to climate change.[48] In 2016, Moran and several other Senate Republicans signed a letter calling upon the U.S. to withdraw funding from the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.[49] In 2009, Moran voted against the American Clean Energy and Security Act (Waxman-Markey), which would have established a cap-and-trade system to reduce carbon emissions and combat climate change.[50]

Moran is a strong supporter of the construction of the Keystone XL oil pipeline.[51][52] During the consideration of the Keystone XL pipeline legislation, Moran introduced an amendment to remove the lesser prairie chicken from the list of threatened species. The amendment failed on a 54–44 vote, having failed to get the required 60 votes.[53][54]

Entrepreneurship and startupsEdit

 
U.S. Senator Jerry Moran talking with entrepreneurs about their startup competing at the 2013 South by Southwest Accelerator competition.

Moran is "one of the most active members of Congress when it comes to reaching out to Silicon Valley."[55] In 2014, Consumer Electronics Association President and CEO Gary Shapiro dubbed Moran, "Mr. Innovation" and described him as "one of the biggest tech entrepreneurship leaders in the U.S. Senate."[56] Moran is the lead sponsor of Startup Act 3.0 legislation which includes several provisions that would reform the American visa system for high-skilled, American educated, and entrepreneurial immigrants. Moran also sponsored the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act, also known as the JOBS Act, legislation to expand crowdfunding options for startups. Since the bill's 2012 passage, he has criticized the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission's JOBS Act rulemaking as drawn out and potentially counter productive to the legislation's intent.[57] Moran is an advocate of increased engagement between Washington and the Startup community and has spoken on the issue at events like South by Southwest (SXSW) and the Consumer Electronics Show (CES).[58][59][60]

Internet issuesEdit

Moran opposed the Protect Intellectual Property Act (PIPA) and Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA).[61] On November 2011, Moran, along with Republican Senator Rand Paul and Democratic Senators Ron Wyden and Maria Cantwell, sent a letter to Senate Leadership indicating they would place a Senate hold on PIPA, citing the threats PIPA (and SOPA) posed to liberty and innovation.[62][63]

In 2017, Moran voted to repeal FCC Internet privacy rules that blocked internet providers from sharing or selling data on customers' private data (such as browsing history) without the customer's permission.[64][65]

AbortionEdit

Moran opposes abortion.[66][67] He has cosponsored legislation to ban abortions after the 20th week of pregnancy.[68] He voted in favor of making harming a fetus during a crime a crime.[69]

Gay rightsEdit

Moran opposes same-sex marriage. The Human Rights Campaign has rated his voting record as zero in five separate scorecards.[70][71][72][73][74]

OpioidsEdit

In September 2018, Moran voted for a package of 70 Senate bills that cost $8.4 billion and altered programs across multiple agencies as part of a bipartisan effort to prevent opioids from being shipped through the U.S. Postal Service and grant doctors the ability to prescribe medications designed to wean opioid addictions.[75]

Personal lifeEdit

Moran had lived in Hays for most of his political career. However, in 2012 he moved to Manhattan. He wanted to be closer to a major airport in order to cut down on his drive time back to Kansas each weekend.[76] The nearest airport to Hays is Wichita Dwight D. Eisenhower National Airport, some three hours south-east; in contrast Manhattan is two hours from Wichita and Kansas City. Additionally, Manhattan Regional Airport has direct jet service daily to and from Chicago and Dallas.

At Kansas State University, he was initiated into Alpha Tau Omega on September 28, 2013.

Moran volunteers his time with several community organizations. He is a former trustee of the Eisenhower Foundation, serves on the Board of Trustees of the Fort Hays State University Endowment Association, and serves on the Executive Committee of the Coronado Area Council of the Boy Scouts of America. He was also the 2008 Honorary Chair of the Law Enforcement Torch Run of the Kansas Special Olympics. Moran and his wife, Robba, have two daughters, Kelsey and Alex. Kelsey graduated from Kansas State University in 2010 and from Georgetown University Law Center in 2015. She is now an attorney at Hogan Lovells.[77] Alex studied at Kansas State University and graduated from Kansas State University College of Veterinary Medicine in 2016.[78]

Electoral historyEdit

Kansas 1st Congressional District Republican Primary election, 1996
Party Candidate Votes % +%
Republican Jerry Moran 79,119 83.73%
Republican R. W. Yeager 15,376 16.27%
Kansas 1st Congressional District election, 1996
Party Candidate Votes % +%
Republican Jerry Moran 191,899 73.61%
Democratic John Divine 63,948 24.52%
Libertarian Bill Earnest 5,298 2.03%
Kansas 1st Congressional District election, 1998
Party Candidate Votes % +%
Republican Jerry Moran (inc.) 152,775 80.67%
Democratic Jim Phillips 36,618 19.33%
Kansas 1st Congressional District election, 2000
Party Candidate Votes % +%
Republican Jerry Moran (inc.) 214,328 89.34%
Libertarian Jack Warner 25,581 10.66%
Kansas 1st Congressional District election, 2002
Party Candidate Votes % +%
Republican Jerry Moran (inc.) 189,976 91.09%
Libertarian Jack Warner 18,585 8.91%
Kansas 1st Congressional District election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes % +%
Republican Jerry Moran (inc.) 239,776 90.70%
Libertarian Jack Warner 24,517 9.20%
Kansas 1st Congressional District election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % +%
Republican Jerry Moran (inc.) 156,728 78.60%
Democratic John Doll 39,781 19.90%
Reform Sylvester Cain 2,869 1.40%
Kansas 1st Congressional District election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes % +%
Republican Jerry Moran (inc.) 214,549 81.80%
Democratic James Bordonaro 34,771 13.20%
Reform Kathleen Burton 7,145 2.70%
Libertarian Jack Warner 5,562 2.10%
U.S. Senate Republican Primary election in Kansas, 2010
Party Candidate Votes % +%
Republican Jerry Moran 163,483 49.70%
Republican Todd Tiahrt 146,702 44.60%
Republican Tom Little 10,256 3.10%
Republican Robert "Bob" Londerholm 8,278 2.50%
U.S. Senate election in Kansas, 2010
Party Candidates Votes % +%
Republican Jerry Moran 587,175 70.00%
Democratic Lisa Johnston 220,971 26.30%
Libertarian Michael Wm. Dann 17,922 2.10%
Reform Joseph "Joe" Bellis 11,624 1.30%

ReferencesEdit

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  34. ^ Bolton, Alexander (March 14, 2019). "12 Republican senators defy Trump on emergency declaration". The Hill.
  35. ^ Cristina Janney. "Moran: ‘Stop spending". The Kansan. Archived from the original on March 18, 2012. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
  36. ^ "How Senators Voted on Betsy DeVos". The New York Times. February 7, 2017. ISSN 0362-4331.
  37. ^ Peter Hancock, Sens. Roberts, Moran unite behind DeVos for education secretary despite widespread criticism, Lawrence Journal-World (February 2, 2017).
  38. ^ "The Voter's Self Defense System". Vote Smart. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
  39. ^ "NRA-PVF Endorses Jerry Moran for U.S. Senate". NRA-PVF. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
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  44. ^ Kraske, Steve. "TheChat: Sen. Jerry Moran takes aim at "gun-free zones" on military bases". The Kansas City Star. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
  45. ^ Editorial Board. "Pandering politicians fail again on gun control". The Kansas City Star. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
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  49. ^ Kate Sheppard & Jessica Schulberg, Senate Republicans Want To Cut Funding For UN Climate Change Agency, Because Palestine, Huffington Post (April 19, 2016).
  50. ^ James Carlson, Cap and trade vote splits delegation Archived December 16, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, Topeka Capitol-Journal (June 29, 2009).
  51. ^ John Hanna, U.S. Sens. Moran, Roberts predicting success on Keystone XL project Archived July 30, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, 'Topeka Capitol-Journal (November 20, 2014).
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  53. ^ Lindsay Wise, Senate votes not to remove lesser prairie chicken from 'threatened' list, McClatchy Washington Bureau (January 28, 2015).
  54. ^ Keystone XL bill: Lesser prairie chicken amendment is rejected, Associated Press (January 29, 2015).
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  56. ^ "Five questions with the man behind CES, Gary Shapiro". siliconprairienews.com. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
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  58. ^ "Pando: Washington needs to escape its jobland fantasy". pandodaily.com. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
  59. ^ "Why Public Policy Should Matter to Your Startup | Schedule | sxsw.com". schedule.sxsw.com. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
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  61. ^ Ohanian, A. (2013). Without Their Permission: How the 21st Century Will Be Made, Not Managed. Grand Central Publishing. ISBN 9781455520039. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
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  63. ^ "Senators Rand Paul, Jerry Moran And Maria Cantwell All Warn That PROTECT IP Will Kill Jobs". TechDirt. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
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  67. ^ Dave Ranney, Anti-abortion leader berates Shallenburger’s inclusiveness, Lawrence Journal World (August 12, 2005).
  68. ^ James Rosen, Sen. Graham pushes measure to limit abortions, Wichita Eagle (November 7, 2013).
  69. ^ "Jerry Moran on Abortion". www.ontheissues.org. Retrieved January 24, 2019.
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  74. ^ "Congressional Scorecard for the 111th Congress" (PDF). Human Rights Campaign, Inc. February 23, 2011. p. 20. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 27, 2011. Retrieved February 28, 2011.
  75. ^ Itkowitz, Colby (September 17, 2018). "Senate passes sweeping opioids package". Washington Post.
  76. ^ "Moran moving from Hays to Manhattan". The Associated Press. Retrieved June 15, 2013.
  77. ^ "Kelsey Moran". Hogan Lovells US LLP. Retrieved November 11, 2016.
  78. ^ "Hays Veterinary Hospital | Our Staff". haysvethosp.com. Archived from the original on March 24, 2017. Retrieved March 24, 2017.

External linksEdit