Gerald Wesley Moran (// mur-RAN; born May 29, 1954) is an American lawyer and politician serving as the senior United States Senator from Kansas, a seat he has held since 2011. A member of the Republican Party, he served as chair of the National Republican Senatorial Committee for the 113th U.S. Congress, during which he led successful Republican efforts in the 2014 election, producing the first Republican Senate majority since 2006. Previously, he served as a member of the United States House of Representatives, representing Kansas's 1st congressional district.
|United States Senator|
|Assumed office |
January 3, 2011
Serving with Roger Marshall
|Preceded by||Sam Brownback|
|Ranking Member of the Senate Veterans Affairs Committee|
|Assumed office |
February 3, 2021
|Preceded by||Jon Tester|
|Chair of the Senate Veterans Affairs Committee|
January 6, 2020 – February 3, 2021
|Preceded by||Johnny Isakson|
|Succeeded by||Jon Tester|
|Chair of the National Republican Senatorial Committee|
January 3, 2013 – January 3, 2015
|Preceded by||John Cornyn|
|Succeeded by||Roger Wicker|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Kansas's 1st district
January 3, 1997 – January 3, 2011
|Preceded by||Pat Roberts|
|Succeeded by||Tim Huelskamp|
|Member of the Kansas Senate|
from the 37th district
January 3, 1989 – January 3, 1997
|Succeeded by||Larry D. Salmans|
Gerald Wesley Moran
May 29, 1954
Great Bend, Kansas, U.S.
|Education||Fort Hays State University|
University of Kansas (BA, JD)
Raised in Plainville, Kansas, Moran graduated from the University of Kansas and the University of Kansas School of Law. He worked in private law and served as the state special assistant attorney general (1982–85) and deputy attorney of Rooks County (1987–95). He served in the Kansas Senate from 1989 to 1997 and was majority leader for his last two years. He was elected to the House of Representatives in 1996 and served seven terms with little electoral opposition. He was elected to the U.S. Senate in 2010 after defeating fellow U.S. Representative Todd Tiahrt in a contentious primary. He was reelected to the Senate in 2016.
Early life, education, and careerEdit
Moran was born in Great Bend, Kansas, the son of Madeline Eleanor (née Fletcher) and Raymond Edwin "Ray" Moran. He was raised in Plainville. He attended Fort Hays State University before enrolling at the University of Kansas in Lawrence, where he earned a Bachelor of Science degree in economics in 1976. While attending the University of Kansas, he worked as a summer intern for U.S. Representative Keith Sebelius in 1974, when impeachment proceedings were being prepared against President Richard Nixon.
Moran worked as a banker before receiving his Juris Doctor from the University of Kansas School of Law in 1982. He practiced law at Stinson, Mag & Fizzell in Kansas City, and later joined Jeter & Larson Law Firm in Hays, where he practiced for 15 years. In addition to his law practice, he served as the state special assistant attorney general (1982–85) and deputy county attorney of Rooks County (1987–95). He also served as an adjunct professor of political science at Fort Hays State University.
U.S. House of RepresentativesEdit
Moran was elected to Congress in 1996 and reelected six times, never facing serious opposition in the conservative 1st district. In 2006, his opponent was John Doll, against whom he received almost 79% of the vote—one of the highest totals for a Republican congressional incumbent in that election.
During his time in the House of Representatives, Moran conducted an annual town hall meeting in each of the 69 counties in Kansas's "Big First" Congressional District. He continues the tradition in the U.S. Senate for all 105 counties.
As a senior member of the House Agriculture Committee, Moran worked with colleagues to craft legislation to aid Kansas farms and ranches. He was also an active member of the House Transportation and Infrastructure Committee and the House Veterans' Affairs Committee, where he served as chair of the Subcommittee on Health.
Slate's David Weigel wrote that, despite his insistence that earmarks are a way to get members of Congress to vote for spending "we can't afford", Moran requested $19.4 million in earmarks in the 2010 budget.
Moran became the 2010 Republican nominee for U.S. Senate in Kansas after defeating Representative Todd Tiahrt in the Republican primary, 50%–45%. In the general election, Moran defeated Democrat Lisa Johnston, Libertarian Michael Dann, and Reform Party candidate Joe Bellis, with 70% of the vote.
Moran was elected chair of the National Republican Senatorial Committee for the 113th U.S. Congress on November 14, 2012. He oversaw the Republican gain of nine Senate seats in the 2014 United States Senate elections, resulting in the first Republican Senate majority since 2006.
On January 5, 2021, Moran announced that he would vote to certify the 2021 United States Electoral College vote count, which was to take place the following day. He was participating in the certification when Trump supporters stormed the United States Capitol. During the attack, Moran tweeted that he condemned "the violence and destruction at the U.S. Capitol in the strongest possible terms. It is completely unacceptable and unpatriotic."
For his tenure as the chairman of the Senate Veterans' Affairs Committee in the 116th Congress, Moran earned an "F" grade from the nonpartisan Lugar Center's Congressional Oversight Hearing Index.
- Committee on Health, Education, Labor and Pensions
- United States Senate Committee on Appropriations
- Subcommittee on Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies
- Subcommittee on Department of Defense
- Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies (Chair)
- Subcommittee on Defense
- Subcommittee on Financial Services and General Government
- Subcommittee on Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies
- Subcommittee on State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs
- United States Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation
- Subcommittee on Aviation Operations, Safety, and Security
- Subcommittee on Communications, Technology, Innovation, and the Internet
- Subcommittee on Consumer Protection, Product Safety, Insurance and Data Security (Chairman)
- Subcommittee on Surface Transportation and Merchant Marine Infrastructure, Safety, and Security
- Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works
- United States Senate Committee on Veterans' Affairs (Ranking Member)
- United States Senate Committee on Indian Affairs
In March 2019, Moran was one of 38 senators to sign a letter to United States Secretary of Agriculture Sonny Perdue warning that dairy farmers "have continued to face market instability and are struggling to survive the fourth year of sustained low prices" and urging his department to "strongly encourage these farmers to consider the Dairy Margin Coverage program."
In May 2019, Moran was a cosponsor of the Transporting Livestock Across America Safely Act, a bipartisan bill introduced by Ben Sasse and Jon Tester intended to reform hours of service for livestock haulers by authorizing drivers to have the flexibility to rest at any point during their trip without it being counted against their hours of service and exempting loading and unloading times from the hours of service calculation of driving time.
In May 2011, Moran sponsored S. 1058, the Pharmacy Competition and Consumer Choice Act of 2011. In the House, he served as co-chair of the House Rural Health Care Coalition and co-founder of the Congressional Community Pharmacy Coalition.
National security and militaryEdit
In the early 2000s, Moran opposed a timetable for military withdrawal from Iraq.
Since entering Congress, Moran has traveled to Afghanistan, Iraq, and Pakistan to visit deployed American forces and meet with foreign leaders. His most recent trip to the region was in August 2017 to the northern regions of Afghanistan.
In March 2018, Moran was one of five Republican senators to vote against tabling a resolution spearheaded by Bernie Sanders, Chris Murphy, and Mike Lee that would have required President Trump to withdraw American troops either in or influencing Yemen within the next 30 days unless they were combating Al-Qaeda. In October 2018, Moran was one of seven senators to sign a letter to United States Secretary of State Mike Pompeo expressing that they found it "difficult to reconcile known facts with at least two" of the Trump administration's certifications that Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates were attempting to protect Yemen civilians and were in compliance with U.S. laws on arms sales, citing their lack of understanding for "a certification that the Saudi and Emirati governments are complying with applicable agreements and laws regulating defense articles when the [memo] explicitly states that, in certain instances, they have not done so." In June 2019, Moran was one of seven Republicans to vote to block Trump's Saudi arms deal providing weapons to Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Jordan, and one of five Republicans to vote against an additional 20 arms sales.
In January 2019, Moran was one of 11 Republican senators to vote to advance legislation intended to block Trump's intent to lift sanctions against three Russian companies.
In February 2019, amid a report by the Commerce Department that ZTE had been caught illegally shipping goods of American origin to Iran and North Korea, Moran was one of seven senators to sponsor a bill reimposing sanctions on ZTE in the event that ZTE did not honor both American laws and its agreement with the Trump administration.
In July 2019, Moran was one of 16 Republican senators to send a letter to Acting Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Director Russell Vought, Acting White House Chief of Staff Mick Mulvaney, and Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin encouraging them to work with them to prevent a continuing resolution "for FY 2020 that would delay the implementation of the President's National Defense Strategy (NDS) and increase costs" and writing that the yearlong continuing resolution suggested by administration officials would render the Defense Department "incapable of increasing readiness, recapitalizing our force, or rationalizing funding to align with the National Defense Strategy (NDS)."
Immigration and refugeesEdit
Moran critiqued Trump's 2017 executive order imposing a temporary ban on entry to the U.S. to citizens of seven Muslim-majority countries, saying, "While I support thorough vetting, I do not support restricting the rights of U.S. citizens and lawful permanent residents. Furthermore, far-reaching national security policy should always be devised in consultation with Congress and relevant government agencies."
In March 2019, Moran was one of 12 Republican senators to vote to block Trump's national emergency declaration that would have granted him access to $3.6 billion in military construction funding to build border barriers.
In May 2019, Moran was one of eight senators to cosponsor the Global Leadership in Advanced Manufacturing Act, a bill that would develop new institutes that supported American manufacturing in technology and grant more federal investment in the national network such as preexisting institutes being made to compete globally as well as continue American economic and national security.
Moran supports accountability metrics for public schools, but believes federal initiatives need to provide flexibility to states. In 2001, Moran voted against the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) because he felt it did not afford sufficient flexibility to schools. In 2017, Moran voted to confirm Betsy DeVos as United States Secretary of Education.
Moran has an "A" rating from the National Rifle Association (NRA) for his consistent support of pro-gun policies. The NRA endorsed him in his 2010 Senate run. NRA-Political Victory Fund chair Chris W. Cox called Moran a "steadfast supporter of our freedom". Since 1998, the NRA has donated $23,850 to Moran's political efforts.
In 2013, Moran joined other Republicans in saying they would filibuster any Democrat's proposals that Republicans considered a threat to the Second Amendment. In April, he voted against the Manchin-Toomey proposal for universal background checks for gun purchases.
Moran supports the concept of eliminating gun-free zones on military installations and recruitment centers. He said that they are an "infringement on the constitutional rights of our service members" and that gun-free zones make military sites "increasingly vulnerable to those who wish to do harm."
In 2016, Moran voted against the Feinstein Amendment, which would have banned suspected terrorists from acquiring guns.
In January 2019, Moran was one of 31 Republican senators to cosponsor the Constitutional Concealed Carry Reciprocity Act, a bill introduced by John Cornyn and Ted Cruz that would grant individuals with concealed carry privileges in their home state the right to exercise this right in any other state with concealed carry laws while concurrently abiding by that state's laws.
Environment and climate changeEdit
In 2015 Moran voted against a Senate amendment acknowledging that human activity contributes to climate change. In 2016, Moran and several other Senate Republicans signed a letter calling upon the U.S. to withdraw funding from the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. In 2009, Moran voted against the American Clean Energy and Security Act (Waxman-Markey), which would have established a cap-and-trade system to reduce carbon emissions and combat climate change.
Moran is a strong supporter of the construction of the Keystone XL oil pipeline. During the consideration of the Keystone XL pipeline legislation, he introduced an amendment to remove the lesser prairie chicken from the list of threatened species. The amendment failed on a 54–44 vote, having failed to get the required 60 votes.
Entrepreneurship and startupsEdit
Moran is "one of the most active members of Congress when it comes to reaching out to Silicon Valley." In 2014, Consumer Electronics Association President and CEO Gary J. Shapiro dubbed Moran "Mr. Innovation" and described him as "one of the biggest tech entrepreneurship leaders in the U.S. Senate." Moran is the lead sponsor of Startup Act 3.0 legislation, which includes several provisions that would reform the American visa system for high-skilled, American-educated, and entrepreneurial immigrants. Moran also sponsored the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act, also known as the JOBS Act, legislation to expand crowdfunding options for startups. Since its 2012 passage, he has criticized the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission's JOBS Act rule-making as drawn out and potentially counterproductive to the legislation's intent. Moran is an advocate of increased engagement between Washington and the Startup community and has spoken on the issue at events like South by Southwest (SXSW) and the Consumer Electronics Show (CES).
Moran opposed the Protect Intellectual Property Act (PIPA) and Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA). In November 2011, Moran, Senators Rand Paul, Ron Wyden and Maria Cantwell sent a letter to Senate leadership indicating they would place a Senate hold on PIPA, citing the threats PIPA (and SOPA) posed to liberty and innovation.
In 2017, Moran voted to repeal FCC Internet privacy rules that blocked internet providers from sharing or selling data on customers' private data (such as browsing history) without the customer's permission.
In September 2018, Moran voted for a package of 70 Senate bills that cost $8.4 billion and altered programs across multiple agencies as part of a bipartisan effort to prevent opioids from being shipped through the U.S. Postal Service and grant doctors the ability to prescribe medications designed to wean opioid addictions.
2021 storming of the United States CapitolEdit
Moran lived in Hays for most of his political career. In 2012, he moved to Manhattan to be closer to a major airport in order to cut down on his drive time back to Kansas each weekend. The nearest airport to Hays is Wichita Dwight D. Eisenhower National Airport, three hours southeast; Manhattan is two hours from Wichita and Kansas City. Additionally, Manhattan Regional Airport has direct jet service daily to and from Chicago and Dallas.
Moran volunteers his time with several community organizations. He is a former trustee of the Eisenhower Foundation, serves on the Board of Trustees of the Fort Hays State University Endowment Association, and serves on the Executive Committee of the Coronado Area Council of the Boy Scouts of America. He was also the 2008 Honorary Chair of the Law Enforcement Torch Run of the Kansas Special Olympics. Moran and his wife, Robba, have two daughters, Kelsey and Alex. Kelsey graduated from Kansas State University in 2010 and from Georgetown University Law Center in 2015. She is an attorney at Hogan Lovells. Alex studied at Kansas State University and graduated from Kansas State University College of Veterinary Medicine in 2016.
Ratings from political organizationsEdit
In the first half of the 116th Congress, Moran received a score of 71 from the American Conservative Union, with an overall lifetime rating of nearly 86. Americans for Democratic Action gave Moran a score of 15% for the same period.
|Republican||Jerry Moran (incumbent)||186,850||91.10|
|Republican||Jerry Moran (incumbent)||239,776||90.72|
|Republican||Jerry Moran (incumbent)||153,298||78.65|
|Republican||Jerry Moran (incumbent)||214,549||81.88|
|Republican||Jerry Moran (incumbent)||230,907||79.09%|
|Republican||Jerry Moran (incumbent)||732,376||62.18%||-8.16%|
|Libertarian||Robert D. Garrard||65,760||5.58%||+3.46%|
|Independent||DJ Smith (write-in)||46||0.00%||N/A|
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- "Sen. Jerry Moran of Kansas easily wins second term in U.S. Senate". mcclatchydc. Retrieved March 24, 2017.
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- "CNN 2006 Election Totals". cnn.com. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
- "Moran invites Kansans to join him during annual listening tour". U.S. News Service. High Beam Research. Archived from the original on November 6, 2012.
- United States Senate, Jerry Moran. "Official Biography". Official Page. U.S. Senate.
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- "U.S. Senator Tammy Baldwin Calls on Trump Administration to Implement Farm Bill Dairy Improvements for Wisconsin Dairy Farmers". urbamilwaukee.com. April 1, 2019.
- Bechtel, Wyatt (May 1, 2019). "Senators Reintroduce Transporting Livestock Across America Safely Act". dailyherd.com. Archived from the original on July 16, 2019. Retrieved July 16, 2019.
- "Sen. Moran Tours Topeka Hospital". Lawrence Journal World. Associated Press. June 27, 2011.
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- MJ Lee; Phil Mattingly; Ted Barrett. "Latest health care bill collapses". CNN. Retrieved August 13, 2018.
- Everett, Burgess; Haberkorn, Jennifer (July 17, 2017). "Four Republicans block Obamacare repeal bill in Senate". Retrieved September 19, 2020.
- "Sen. Moran Appointed to U.S. Air Force Academy Board of Visitors – News Releases – Newsroom – United States Senator Jerry Moran". moran.senate.gov. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
- "Moran Visits Troops". The Johnson Pioneer. February 2, 2006. Retrieved August 8, 2012.
- Carney, Jordain (March 20, 2018). "Senate sides with Trump on providing Saudi military support". The Hill. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
- Kheel, Rebecca (October 10, 2018). "Senators demand answers on Trump administration backing of Saudi coalition in Yemen". The Hill. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
- Carney, Jordain (June 20, 2019). "Senate votes to block Trump's Saudi arms sale". The Hill. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
- Carney, Jordain (January 15, 2019). "Senate advances measure bucking Trump on Russia sanctions". The Hill. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
- "U.S. lawmakers target China's ZTE with sanctions bill". Reuters. February 5, 2019.
- "Marsha Blackburn, David Perdue, Colleagues Encourage Trump Administration to Avoid Another Continuing Resolution". clarksvilleonline.com. July 6, 2019.
- Blake, Aaron (January 31, 2017). "Whip Count: Here's where Republicans stand on Trump's controversial travel ban". Washington Post.
- Bolton, Alexander (March 14, 2019). "12 Republican senators defy Trump on emergency declaration". The Hill.
- "Senators introduce manufacturing bill". The Leader. May 11, 2019.
- Cristina Janney. "Moran: "Stop spending"". The Kansan. Archived from the original on March 18, 2012. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
- "How Senators Voted on Betsy DeVos". The New York Times. February 7, 2017. ISSN 0362-4331.
- Peter Hancock, Sens. Roberts, Moran unite behind DeVos for education secretary despite widespread criticism, Lawrence Journal-World (February 2, 2017).
- "The Voter's Self Defense System". Vote Smart. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
- "NRA-PVF Endorses Jerry Moran for U.S. Senate". NRA-PVF. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
- Kraske, Steve. "Who's the top recipient of NRA donations anywhere in the country? Take a bow, Sen. Roy Blunt". The Kansas City Star. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
- Gendreau, LeAnne. "Sandy Hook Victim's Daughter Calls Out Senators". NBC Connecticut. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
- Willis, Derek. "Defeats Manchin-Toomey Background... – S.649: Safe Communities, Safe Schools Act of 2013". ProPublica. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
- Rotschild, Scott (April 18, 2013). "Roberts, Moran vote against expanded background checks in gun sales". Lawrence Journal-World. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
- Kraske, Steve. "TheChat: Sen. Jerry Moran takes aim at "gun-free zones" on military bases". The Kansas City Star. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
- Editorial Board. "Pandering politicians fail again on gun control". The Kansas City Star. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
- Oroñdez, Franco. "Kansas shooting likely to test what Trump views as a hate crime". McClatchy. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
- "Sens. Cruz, Cornyn file Concealed-Carry Reciprocity Bill". kcbd.com. January 10, 2019.
- "National Environmental Scorecard: Jerry Moran". League of Conservation Voters. 2017.
- Victoria Wang, Here Are All the Senators Who Do and Don't Believe in Human-Caused Climate Change, Wired (January 21, 2015).
- Sheppard, Kate; Schulberg, Jessica (April 19, 2016). "Senate Republicans Want To Cut Funding For UN Climate Change Agency, Because Palestine". The Huffington Post. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
- James Carlson, Cap and trade vote splits delegation Archived December 16, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, Topeka Capitol-Journal (June 29, 2009).
- John Hanna, U.S. Sens. Moran, Roberts predicting success on Keystone XL project Archived July 30, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, 'Topeka Capitol-Journal (November 20, 2014).
- Sen. Moran Statement on Senate Keystone XL Passage (press release), Office of Senator Jerry Moran (January 29, 2015).
- Lindsay Wise, Senate votes not to remove lesser prairie chicken from 'threatened' list, McClatchy Washington Bureau (January 28, 2015).
- Keystone XL bill: Lesser prairie chicken amendment is rejected, Associated Press (January 29, 2015).
- McKenzie, Hamish (May 29, 2013). "The talented Mr Green: How FWD.us lost New York, Elon Musk, and the tech moral high ground". Pando. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
- "Five questions with the man behind CES, Gary Shapiro". Silicon Prairie News. October 17, 2014. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
- "Letter to The Honorable Mary Jo White, Chairman of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, from Jerry Moran and Mark Warner". moran.senate.gov. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
- Moran, Jerry (August 28, 2013). "Washington needs to escape its jobland fantasy". Pando. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
- "Why Public Policy Should Matter to Your Startup | Schedule | sxsw.com". schedule.sxsw.com. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
- "Sen. Jerry Moran makes second SXSW trip to promote Startup Act 3.0 – Silicon Prairie News". siliconprairienews.com. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
- Ohanian, A. (2013). Without Their Permission: How the 21st Century Will Be Made, Not Managed. Grand Central Publishing. ISBN 9781455520039. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
- "Protect IP Act Objection Letter". scribd.com. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
- Masnick, Mike (November 17, 2011). "Senators Rand Paul, Jerry Moran And Maria Cantwell All Warn That PROTECT IP Will Kill Jobs". TechDirt. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
- Hancock, Peter (March 31, 2017). "Most of Kansas congressional delegation supported repealing internet privacy rules". Lawrence Journal-World. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
- "Tracking Jerry Moran in the Age of Trump". FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
- Steve Kraske, Moran, Tiahrt seen as more alike than at odds, Wichita Eagle (April 18, 2010).
- Dave Ranney, Anti-abortion leader berates Shallenburger's inclusiveness, Lawrence Journal World (August 12, 2005).
- James Rosen, Sen. Graham pushes measure to limit abortions, Wichita Eagle (November 7, 2013).
- "Jerry Moran on Abortion". www.ontheissues.org. Retrieved January 24, 2019.
- "Congressional Scorecard for the 107th Congress" (PDF). Human Rights Campaign, Inc. 2002. p. 8. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 15, 2010. Retrieved November 22, 2010.
- "Congressional Scorecard for the 108th Congress" (PDF). Human Rights Campaign, Inc. 2004. p. 16. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 15, 2010. Retrieved November 22, 2010.
- "Congressional Scorecard for the 109th Congress" (PDF). Human Rights Campaign, Inc. 2006. p. 15. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 15, 2010. Retrieved November 22, 2010.
- "Congressional Scorecard for the 110th Congress" (PDF). Human Rights Campaign, Inc. 2008. p. 20. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 23, 2010. Retrieved November 22, 2010.
- "Congressional Scorecard for the 111th Congress" (PDF). Human Rights Campaign, Inc. February 23, 2011. p. 20. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 27, 2011. Retrieved February 28, 2011.
- Itkowitz, Colby (September 17, 2018). "Senate passes sweeping opioids package". Washington Post.
- "Which senators supported a Jan. 6 Capitol riot commission". Washington Post. May 28, 2021.
- "Moran moving from Hays to Manhattan". The Associated Press. Retrieved June 15, 2013.
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- "Hays Veterinary Hospital | Our Staff". haysvethosp.com. Archived from the original on March 24, 2017. Retrieved March 24, 2017.
- "ACU Ratings". ACU Ratings. Archived from the original on September 21, 2020. Retrieved September 21, 2020.
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- Cite error: The named reference
Politicowas invoked but never defined (see the help page).
- "2016 Official Primary Results". Kansas Secretary of State. August 2, 2016. Retrieved November 18, 2016.
- "2016 General Election Official Results" (PDF). Kansas Secretary of State. November 8, 2016. Retrieved January 3, 2017.
- Senator Jerry Moran official U.S. Senate website
- Jerry Moran for Senator
- Jerry Moran at Curlie
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Legislation sponsored at the Library of Congress
- Appearances on C-SPAN