CES (//; formerly an initialism for Consumer Electronics Show) is an annual trade show organized by the Consumer Technology Association (CTA). Held in January at the Las Vegas Convention Center in Winchester, Nevada, United States, the event typically hosts presentations of new products and technologies in the consumer electronics industry.
|Venue||Las Vegas Convention Center|
|Location(s)||Winchester, Nevada, U.S.|
|Inaugurated||June 24, 1967|
|Most recent||January 5, 2022|
|Next event||January 5, 2023|
|Organized by||Consumer Technology Association|
The first CES was held in June 1967 in New York City. It was a spinoff from the Chicago Music Show, which, until then, had served as the main event for exhibiting consumer electronics. The event had 17,500 attenders and over 100 exhibitors; the kickoff speaker was Motorola chairman Bob Galvin. From 1978 to 1994, CES was held twice each year: once in January in Las Vegas known for Winter Consumer Electronics Show (WCES) and once in June in Chicago, known as Summer Consumer Electronics Show (SCES).
The winter show was successfully held in Las Vegas in 1995 as planned. However, since the summer Chicago shows were beginning to lose popularity, the organizers decided to experiment by having the show travel around to different cities starting in 1995 with a planned show in Philadelphia at the Pennsylvania Convention Center. However, the inaugural E3 gaming show was scheduled to be held on the West Coast in May and proved a source of increasing competition, causing the Philadelphia Summer CES show to be cancelled. The 1996 Winter show was again held in Las Vegas in January, followed by a Summer show this time in Orlando, Florida, however only a fraction of the traditional exhibitors participated. The next "Summer" show was scheduled to be held in conjunction with Spring COMDEX in Atlanta, however when only two dozen-or-so exhibitors signed on, the CES portion of the show was cancelled.
In 1998, the show changed to a once-a-year format with Las Vegas as the location. In Las Vegas, the show is one of the largest (the other being CONEXPO-CON/AGG), taking up to 18 days to set up, run and break down.
The first CES was held in New York City from June 24 to 28, 1967. The 200 exhibitors attracted 17,500 attendees to the Hilton and Americana hotels over those four days. On view: the latest pocket radios and TVs with integrated circuits.
Philips unveiled the first-ever home VCR, the N1500 videocassette recorder. Until that point, VCRs cost upward of $50,000 and were used mainly by TV stations, but the Philips model with a built-in tuner was just $900.
Winter CES held January 7–9 in Chicago, at the Conrad Hilton Hotel. Per the show guide, it included video (with television receivers and video systems panels), audio (including CB radio, radio, audio compacts, audio components, and tape equipment panels), and calculator and watch areas, considered separate component conferences. Speakers included the FTC's Joan Bernstein on "The Warranty Law -- Its Status and Impact," and the FCC's Richard M. Smith on "Regulating Citizens' Band Radios."
Summer CES held June 13–16 also in Chicago, at McCormick Place.
Winter CES held January in Las Vegas. Atari 400 and 800 computers introduced. Bill Gates appeared at CES for the first time, introducing the first BASIC compiler for the Apple II. Texas Instruments showed off the TI-99/4.
Summer CES held June 3–6 in Chicago, at McCormick Place. Features (per the show guide) included personal communications, retail advertising, promotion and store layout, exports, video, audio, auto sound/telephone sales, and a large series of retail sales and sales management breakouts.
The Amiga was first shown publicly at the CES this year. In addition, Japanese jazz fusion artist, Ryo Kawasaki, performed with the Commodore 64 at the Summer CES (June 3–June 6 at Chicago) as a demo for the Kawasaki Synthesizer.
At Summer CES. Nintendo unveiled the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES), the American version of its Famicom, with a new case redesigned by Lance Barr and featuring a "zero insertion force" cartridge slot.
In Summer CES, Sony revealed a Super Famicom with a built-in CD-ROM drive, that incorporated Green Book technology or CD-i, called "Play Station" (also known as SNES-CD). However, a day after the announcement at CES, Nintendo announced that it would be breaking its partnership with Sony, opting to go with Philips instead while using the same technology.
In the summer CES held in Chicago and dominated by video game products, Apple Inc. unveiled off its Newton MessagePad. First recorders introduced for the two rival digital systems targeted as replacements for the Philips Compact Cassette analog audio tape system: MiniDisc created by Sony and Digital Compact Cassette (DCC), created by Philips and Matsushita.
In a one-time experiment, the Summer CES 1993 was open to the general public.
Major announcements during this edition were:
- Capcom unveils Mega Man X for the first time in North America. 3DO Interactive Multiplayer was announced. The MiniDisc was announced as well.
The show is dominated by players for the burgeoning DVD format, with a variety of features and price points; the DIVX format is also showcased, but gets relatively little attention, and no companies have DIVX players to show.
Microsoft officially unveiled the final design of its Xbox console. Microsoft chairman Bill Gates showed the finished design of the Xbox console and controller. The Rechargeable Battery Recycling Corporation (RBRC) announced expansion of Charge Up to Recycle! program to include all consumer rechargeable batteries, adding Nickel Metal Hydride (Ni-MH), Lithium Ion (Li-Ion), and Small VRLA (SSLA/Pb).
The Memory Stick PRO was introduced as a joint effort between Sony and SanDisk,. Adobe announced Adobe Photoshop Album to import, organize and edit digital photos, and allows quick and easy searching and sharing of entire photo collections. Pentax announced the OptioS digital camera. Sony launched its first DVD Handycam Camcorders. Olympus announced weather proof metal body Olympus mju U10D, S300D, u300D and 400 Digital cameras
The first handheld video players based on Microsoft's Portable Media Player (PMC) were introduced. The media saw this as a challenge against Apple's iPod line, which by that time did not have a portable video player. Creative Technology planned to be the first to introduce a player based on PMC.
The 2005 CES was from January 6 to 9, 2005, in Las Vegas, Nevada, at the Las Vegas Convention Center. The event started off with a twist when the main keynote address by Microsoft chairman Bill Gates went wrong, as his demonstration of the Xbox 360 resulted in an out of memory error, much to the amusement of the onlookers. Samsung showed off a 102-inch (2.6 m) plasma television.
Zimiti Ltd (renamed Boardbug Ltd in 2007) won the "Best of Innovators" award for Personal Electronics. It is the only British company to have won this award.
The 2006 exhibition took place on January 5–8, 2006, at the Las Vegas Convention Center, the Sands Convention Center, the Alexis Park hotel and the Las Vegas Hilton hotel. HDTV was a central theme in the Bill Gates keynote as well as many of the other manufacturer's speeches. The standards competition between HD DVD and Blu-ray Disc was conspicuous, with some of the first HD movie releases and first HD players being announced at the show. Philips showed a rollable display prototype whose screen can retain an image for several months. Hillcrest Labs won the "Best Of Innovations" award in the video accessories category for software and hardware that allows a television to be controlled with natural gestures. Attendance was over 150,000 individuals in 1.67 million net square feet of space, making it the largest electronics event in the United States.
In a break from recent tradition, the 2007 CES exhibition did not begin on a Thursday, nor span a weekend. It ran from Monday to Thursday on January 8–11, 2007. The venues also changed slightly, with the high-performance audio and home theater expo moving from the Alexis Park venue to The Venetian. The remaining venues were the same as previous years: the Las Vegas Convention Center was the center of events, with the adjacent Las Vegas Hilton, and the Sands Expo and Convention Center hosting satellite exhibitions.
The location for the main keynotes was the other major change for 2007. Previously held at the Las Vegas Hilton's Main Theater, they staged for the first time at The Palazzo Ballroom in The Venetian. Bill Gates gave his ninth pre-show keynote address on the Sunday evening. The opening keynote was presented by Gary Shapiro (President/CEO of the Consumer Electronics Association, which hosts the event), with Ed Zander, Chairman/CEO of Motorola. Other keynote speakers scheduled included Robert Iger from The Walt Disney Company, Michael Dell, founder of Dell Inc., and Leslie Moonves of CBS.
The 2008 exhibition was from January 7 to 10, 2008, in Las Vegas with 141,150 attendees. Bill Gates gave the keynote speech, in which he formally announced his retirement from his day-to-day duties at Microsoft. Along with the announcement, he presented a lengthy comedy skit on what his last day with Microsoft would be like, complete with cameos from celebrities including Jay-Z, Steven Spielberg, Barack Obama, Hillary Clinton and many others.[failed verification]
Panasonic attracted much attention by releasing a 150" Plasma TV, as well as a 50" TV as thin as 0.46 in. (11.6 mm).
The 2009 exhibition, held January 7–10, 2009, returned to the previous Thursday–Sunday schedule, and attracted 113,085 attendees. Among more than 2,700 exhibiting companies were approximately 300 first-time exhibitors.
Several highlights include organic light-emitting diode (OLED) televisions, the Palm Pre, Mattel MindFlex Game, pico projectors, the Marvell SheevaPlug plug computer, and 3D projectors.
The game show Jeopardy! filmed one episode from the celebrity series and the 2009 Tournament of Champions on a new set at the Sony booth. The set was moved to their main studio at Sony Pictures Studios in Culver City, California, starting with the show's 26th season through the 29th season.
The 2010 exhibition was held January 7–10, 2010, and attracted more than 120,000 attendees.
Highlights include the Intel Infoscape, which is run on the Intel Core i7 processor. One computer ran two 7-foot (2.1 m) screens, displaying 576 cubes hooked up to 20,000 info sources, including 20 live video feeds. Visitors would touch one of the cubes, and an infobox displaying that content would come forward. One journalist explained, "The graphics on the giant screens were a tons of fun to move around with their uncanny quickness and smooth motion, and the whole thing felt super responsive, Giving us a peek into the future, it seemed a lot like that computer screen in the movie Minority Report. It was the most spectacular demo we saw at CES 2010." Equally impressive, Parrot presented the 1st prototype of Parrot AR.Drone, a remote-controlled flying toy which streams video via WiFi to an iPhone.
Sustainable Planet grew by 40% in 2010.
The 2011 exhibition was held from January 6 to 9, 2011. CESWEB is reporting that their pre-audit numbers show an attendance of 128,949.
Many tablets were introduced in 2011's show, such as the Motorola Xoom tablet, winning Best of Show, which runs Android Honeycomb. Many 4G phones were also unveiled at the show, including the LG Revolution, Samsung Infuse 4G, HTC Thunderbolt, Sony Ericsson Xperia Arc, Motorola CLIQ 2, Motorola Droid Bionic, and Motorola Atrix 4G. In a push towards mobile devices, Microsoft demonstrated an early version of the next release of the Windows operating system, running on ARM-based devices.
3D TVs were introduced by many giants, such as Mitsubishi's 92-inch model of its 2011 lineup of theater-sized 3D Home Cinema TVs. Toshiba also unveiled its Glasses Free 4K 3D TV prototype. Samsung announced the Plasma 3D HD TV series named D8000 and LG introduced the LED 3D TV of its Infinia Nano series.
The 2012 exhibition was held from January 8 to 13, 2012. Microsoft released an official statement saying that CES 2012 will be Microsoft’s last appearance at the event. The show organizers claimed that 153,000 people attended the 2012 show, a 2% increase from the previous year and a new all-time attendance record. Intel was caught falsifying a demo of their new Ivy Bridge processors. AMD demonstrated their new Trinity APUs.
AMTC was demonstrating this ‘Tier-2’ CE products (‘middleware’) featuring the Inview Technology platform. Inview claimed that its low processing and memory footprint means connected TV capabilities are available at low-cost, as the software is provided royalty free. Parrot presented the "world's most advanced headphones" the Parrot ZIK By Starck.
This was also the first year in which the Photo Marketing Association held its annual trade show in conjunction with CES, with the PMA show branded as PMA@CES.
The 2013 International CES, instead of starting on Thursday went from Tuesday to Friday, January 8–11, 2013, in the Las Vegas Convention Center, Las Vegas, Nevada, United States. Over 3,000 exhibitors showcased a wide range of innovative products this year. CES 2013 was known for what was billed as an insane opening by Qualcomm. This year the categories include 3D, Accessories, Audio, Automotive Electronics, Embedded Technology, Lifestyle Electronics, Wireless & Wireless Devices to name a few. 2013 International CES however was not necessarily being noted for announcing the newest products, but getting a lot of press for the fundamental changes about to hit the digital world; such as motion detection sensors, the driverless cars and digital home safety and technology.
Major announcements during this edition were:
- Samsung unveils multi-view TVs and Flexible OLED Display Youm
- Sony announced Sony Xperia Z smartphone, and Samsung Announced Galaxy S2 plus smartphone.
- Sony announces TRILUMINOS quantum dot display technology.
- Qualcomm unveils Snapdragon 600 & 800 processors that can bring 4K recording capability in Mobile Phones
- Intel reveals ATOM processor for embedded markets as well as Bay Trail
- Panasonic announces a wide range of smart TVs. The Panasonic's Smart Viera HDTVs lineup includes 16 plasmas and 16 LEDs.
- Razer announces Razer Edge tablet PC
- Nvidia announces Android handheld Project Shield
- Research In Motion shows off Blackberry 10 touch screen phone
The 2014 International CES was held during the week from January 7 to 10, 2014, in the Las Vegas Convention Center, Las Vegas, Nevada, United States. The first Li-Fi smartphone prototype was presented at the show. The smartphone uses SunPartner's Wysips CONNECT, a technique that converts light waves into usable energy, making the phone capable of receiving and decoding signals without drawing on its battery. The phone also has a transparent photovoltaic screen that lets light recharge the phone.
ProtectCELL showcased its comprehensive mobile protection plans for all major devices, including the iPhone 5S and 5C, iPad Air, iPad Mini 2 and Galaxy S4. With demonstrations such as blending a Blackberry, ProtectCELL proves they will cover all damages.
The AMD presentation mentioned (among others) – the Kaveri CPU of the Steamroller architecture, Heterogenous System Architecture (HSA) lineup and the intention to build upon that, immersive experience, Mantle and AMD TrueAudio.
Laser diodes were unveiled at the show that are going to be used for high-beam headlights in Audi vehicles. The high beams will be lasers, though the low beams will be light-emitting diodes. The car maker says that their high beams have a 500-meter range, which is roughly twice the distance of LED high beams. Lasers are expensive though. Lasers are smaller, brighter and more energy efficient than LED headlamps. Their laser headlamps use less than half the energy of LEDs. Laser diodes can emit 170 lumens per watt, while LEDs generate only 100 lumens. Lasers are sensitive to heat but that has not stopped their production for vehicles. Laser technology is not as advanced compared with LEDs, which have been around for decades.
The 2015 International CES was held during the week January 6–9, 2015, in the Las Vegas Convention Center, Las Vegas, Nevada, United States. The 2015 CES was reportedly the largest in its history, with 3,600 exhibitors and 170,000 professional/industry attendees.
The 2016 CES was held January 6–9, 2016, in Las Vegas and 3,600 companies attended; the CES 2016 venues of the Las Vegas Convention Center, the Westgate Las Vegas Resort & Casino and the Sands Expo & Convention Center had over 2.4 million square feet utilized for the event. The 2016 event had notably more security with full bag searches and police officers in armored gear and explosives detection dogs.
In 2016, there were only 22 CES Innovation Awards Honorees in the Tech for a Better World category. These included Advanced Ordnance Teaching, Clinical Bidet, Ossia’s Cota Wireless Power Technology, eFit, eGeeTouch Smart Fingerprint-NFC Luggage Lock, Eye Tribe Tracker Pro, homnistat, Hydrao, Jacoti Hearing Suite, K-1 Assistive Device, Luminon, MATRIX, Netatmo Presence, Noke U Locke, Owlet Baby Monitor, PanaCast 2, RemoPill, SCiO, Smart Air Purifier, The New Kano, Whirlpool Smart Top Load, and ZPower.
One of the most anticipated technologies at 2016 CES was experiencing consumer device charging without wires—or "wireless power" --, as shown by companies like Energous, Ossia, and WiTricity.
CES 2017 was held January 5–8, 2017, in Las Vegas. Even with tight security at the show, two prototype Razer triple-screen gaming laptops were stolen during the show. Min-Liang Tan, co-founder and chief executive officer of Razer, said that the company is treating the case as "industrial espionage". A Razer spokesperson said they were offering $25,000 for any "original information leading to the identification, arrest and conviction" of anyone who was involved with the crime.
The newest model of Sony's Aibo companion robot was featured here, and was noticed as one of the standout items of 2018.
In this year, there were 31 CES Innovation Award categories. CES Best of Innovation Award Honorees included Siren Diabetic Socks, 2018 Nissan Leaf, Samsung's first consumer Micro LED TV, Wi-Charge's Long-Range Wireless Power Technology, Intel Movidius Neural Compute Stick, 3D Touch Surface Display by Continental Automotive Systems, Aipoly Autonomous Store Platform, AMD Ryzen Threadripper 1950X, Amaryllo's AR4, A.I. security camera, IRIVER media player, Bang & Olufsen's BeoSound Shape, BUDDY robot by Blue Frog Robotics, HP's 3D Camera, Dell Ocean-Bound Plastics Packaging Program, ElliQ by Intuition Robotics, Ethereal Halo by Ethereal Machines, InstruMMents 01 world’s first Dimensioning Instrument, Kensington VeriMark Fingerprint Key, Lancey smart space heater, LG 4K UHD Projector, Light L16 multi-aperture camera, Looxid VR, MARS smart TWS earbuds, Sproutel's social robot, Nura headphones, 1MORE ComfoBuds Pro True Wireless In-Ear Headphones, NUVIZ Head-Up Display for motorcyclists, Samsung Family Hub 3.0 Refrigerator, Trident 3 Arctic gaming console, Dynamic's WalletCard, WHILL Model Ci and Willow Wearable Breast Pump.
In a way of celebrating CES 2018, a Las Vegas strip club even decided to introduce the public to their creations, which were the world’s first ever robot strippers.
CES 2019 was held on January 8–11, 2019 in Las Vegas Valley, Nevada with 182K+ total attendants and 4.4K+ companies exhibited. John Deere had a presence at the event while Mercedes-Benz debuted the second-generation CLA Class at the show. Hikvision and IFlytek, two companies later sanctioned by the U.S. government for allegedly enabling human rights abuses in Xinjiang with their technology, were also present.
- News Conference (Media Only) — January 6–9
- Keynotes & Conference Program at Tech East, Tech West and Tech South — January 7–11
- Exhibitors at Tech East and Tech West — January 8–11
- C Space Conference Program & Exhibits at ARLA — January 7–10
Honda introduced the Autonomous Work Vehicle and P.A.T.H. (Predicting Action of The Human) Bot at the show. Russia's search giant Yandex announced that they had been offering free driverless rides as a demo of their autonomous Yandex taxi service.
There are 30 CES Innovation Award categories. CES Best of Innovation Honorees include the KitchenAid Cook Processor Connect, LG V40 ThinQ, Zumi RoboCar, Ring Spotlight Cam, Samsung 2019 Family Hub, and the 2018 Nissan Leaf for the second time in a row. Google had set up its Google Assistant-themed ride at their booth.
Notoriously, CES received a large amount of negative press and backlash from feminists worldwide for its decision (later reversed) to revoke a CES Innovations Award for a female pleasure device presented to Lora DiCarlo, with CES stating the reasoning for the revocation was “products that are immoral, obscene, indecent, profane, or not in keeping with CTA’s image will be disqualified.". The award was later reinstated.
Automotive has become a major part of CES with focus on innovation in electric vehicles, infotainment, telematics, autonomous capabilities and ride sharing. Even major OEMs are now using CES to introduce new automotive technologies to the public the first time. Suppliers to the automotive industry involving electronics are increasingly present at the CES. At the CES 2020 it was particularly noticeable that a large number of vendors in autonomous (self driving) technology were present. Mercedes showcased their Vision AVTR concept car of the future inspired by the movie Avatar. Sony was possibly the biggest surprise at CES 2020 with their electric vehicle concept incorporating Sony technologies for sensors and infotainment. A range of the electric vehicles shown at CES 2020 are expected to enter production in the next 1–2 years from the established OEMs as well as startups such as Rivian, BYTON, Faraday Future and others.
Hyundai and Uber announced a joint-initiative at CES 2020 to develop a 100% electrically-powered flying taxi that will feature vertical take off/landing and a four-passenger capacity at 180 mph. The partnership marks the first for the Uber Elevate initiative for aerial ridesharing.
The show ran from January 11 to 14.
CES management reviewed dozens of Video conferencing platforms to find one that would support tens of thousands of people and at the end chose to use Microsoft Teams for the service. For exhibiting companies, the digital venue remained live for 30 days until February 15.
The show ran from January 5 to 7. Although the show was originally scheduled to run until January 8, the Consumer Technology Association decided to close the show one day early citing public health concerns after many companies pulled out of the in-person event.
Due to increased COVID-19 Omicron variant infections, many companies such as Intel, Lenovo, TikTok, T-Mobile, Amazon, Google, and Meta switched to a virtual-only appearance. As of December 25, 2021, 42 exhibitors had canceled, which is approximately 7% of the total exhibit floor. Additionally, many major tech publications such as The Verge, CNET, Engadget, Gizmodo, TechCrunch, TechRadar and Tom's Guide as well as many tech YouTube channels only reported on the show remotely.
General Motors CEO Barra said the company would participate in a digital only format, and that her keynote speech to debut the electric version of the Chevrolet Silverado EV would be delivered remotely.
Samsung Electronics introduced Bespoke Home, a consumer-tailored home appliance. It also unveiled a micro-LED TV and QD-OLED panels. Benz announced the new electric concept car EQXX. Hyundai Motor Group unveiled a meta-mobility vision that combines robotics and metaverse. It also unveiled personal mobility, L7, Spot, and MobED. BMW unveiled an iX flow that uses electronic ink to change the color of the vehicle's exterior. VinFast a member of Vingroup from Vietnam also introduced their electric sub VF 5, VF 6, VF 7, VF 8 and VF 9.
- "CES Fact Sheet and Logo". CES Media Fact Sheet. CTA. Retrieved November 22, 2017.
- Gerson, Bob (August 28, 2006). "First CES Goes Broadway in June 1967". TWICE. Archived from the original on May 15, 2010. Retrieved May 15, 2010.
- "WCES: The Calm Before the Storm". Next Generation. Imagine Media (3): 14–19. March 1995.
- "E3 Replaces Summer CES". GamePro. No. 76. IDG. January 1995. p. 211.
- "Bad News for CES". GamePro. No. 84. IDG. September 1995. p. 138.
- "First Look at the Games of CES". Electronic Gaming Monthly. No. 80. Ziff Davis. March 1996. pp. 50–51.
- "Grandest adgets", Las Vegas Review-Journal, Page A1, January 6, 2007.
- Alfred, Randy (June 25, 2010). "June 25, 1967: First CES Dazzles New York". Wired. Retrieved October 13, 2016.
- "Revisiting the defining moments of CES history". engadget.com. January 5, 2018. Retrieved January 7, 2018.
- Maher, Jimmy (May 21, 2021). "The Ratings Game, Part 4: E3 and Beyond". The Digital Antiquarian. Retrieved May 24, 2021.
- "Sony Compact Disc Press Kit (1981)" (PDF). Library of Congress. Retrieved November 26, 2022.
- June, Laura; Pierce, David (January 4, 2013). "Incredible photos from the CES vault: 1967 to 2014". The Verge. Retrieved April 29, 2017.
- Herrington, Peggy (November 1984). "The 20th Century One-Man Band". Commodore Microcomputers. Vol. 5, no. 5. p. 61. ISBN 0-88731-025-7.
- Margetts, Chad; Ward, M. Noah (May 31, 2005). "Lance Barr Interview". Nintendojo. Retrieved June 19, 2016.
- "The Making Of: PlayStation". Edge Online. April 24, 2009. Retrieved February 2, 2014.
- Dent, Steve (January 5, 2018). "Revisiting the defining moments of CES history". Engadget. Retrieved November 26, 2022.
- "CES 1991". March 12, 1991 – via Internet Archive.
- "1991 Summer CES". YouTube. April 30, 2010. Retrieved November 26, 2022.
- "1992 Summer CES -- Game Zero Magazine Reports from the Show". Game Zero.
- "CES sure has changed a lot since Apple was last there in 1992". January 8, 2020.
- "The DCC Story". DCC Museum.
- "HFN: A Push in Minidisc". MiniDisc.
- "Consumer Electronics Show". Electronic Gaming Monthly. No. 66. Ziff Davis. January 1995. p. 18.
- "Mega Man X". Nintendo Power. No. 50. Nintendo of America. July 1993. ISSN 1041-9551.
- GamePro staff (August 1993). "CES Showstoppers". GamePro. No. 49. Infotainment World, Inc. ISSN 1042-8658.
- GamePro staff (September 1993). "Super NES PreView". GamePro. No. 50. Infotainment World, Inc. p. 82. ISSN 1042-8658.
- GameFan staff (June 1993). "Mega Man". GameFan. DieHard Gamers Club (9). ISSN 1092-7212.
- "No Business Like Show Business". GamePro. No. 57. IDG. April 1994. p. 8.
- "A Tale of Convergence". Electronic Gaming Monthly. No. 104. Ziff Davis. March 1998. p. 32.
- Ahmed, Shahed (January 6, 2001). "CES 2001: Microsoft Unveils the Xbox Console". GameSpot. Retrieved November 26, 2022.
- Seppala, Tim (January 8, 2018). "Microsoft's Xbox was the last great CES reveal". Engadget. Retrieved November 26, 2022.
- Thurrott, Paul (May 1, 2002). "Windows XP Media Center Edition ("Freestyle") Preview". SuperSite for Windows. Archived from the original on June 7, 2002.
- "Sandisk and Sony Expand the Scope of Their Memory Stick Cooperation With A New Cross License Agreement". Sony (Press release). Sunnyvale, CA. June 16, 2003. Retrieved November 13, 2011.
- "Olympus Mju/Stylus Digital 300 and 400". DPReview.
- Waters, By John K. (January 8, 2004). "ADT at CES: Gates launches CES with push for PC-TV connection -". ADTmag.
- Case, Lloyd (January 13, 2004). "CES 2004: Technology Trends". ExtremeTech. p. 3. Retrieved November 26, 2022.
- Case, Lloyd (January 13, 2004). "CES 2004: Technology Trends". ExtremeTech. p. 5. Retrieved November 26, 2022.
- "Blu-ray Disc and HD-DVD: The Bits at CES 2004". The Digital Bits. April 8, 2004. Retrieved October 8, 2009.
- "Ces 2005 – Microsoft Gaffes – Bill Gates And Remote Controll [sic]". YouTube. February 11, 2008. Archived from the original on November 17, 2021. Retrieved November 26, 2022.
- Spooner, John G. (January 6, 2005). "Samsung's big-screen plans for CES". CNET. Retrieved January 15, 2007.
- "2010 CES: 2005 Innovations Honorees". CES. Retrieved October 8, 2009.
- Boutin, Paul (January 4, 2006). "Live Coverage of Bill Gates CES keynote". Engadget. Retrieved January 10, 2007.
- Ricker, Thomas (January 4, 2006). "Film studios set to release Blu-ray and HD DVD titles today". Engadget. Retrieved January 10, 2007.
- Shimpi, Anand Lal; Wasson, Manveer (January 7, 2006). "CES 2006 - Day 2: Blu-ray/HD-DVD, PureVideo H.264, Viiv, Centrino Duo and a lot more". AnandTech. Retrieved November 26, 2022.
- "International CES Honorees". Inside Hoops. November 24, 2005.
- "The Loop: The Coolest Remote Ever?". PCMag. January 5, 2006. Retrieved November 26, 2022.
- Bergstein, Brian (January 10, 2008). "Attention, CES: Your stuff breaks". NBC News. Retrieved November 26, 2022.
- Buchanan, Matt (January 9, 2009). "What the Hell Happened to OLED TV in 2009?". Gizmodo. Retrieved March 8, 2013.
- Caron, Frank (January 8, 2009). "CES 2009: Sony pushes OLED tech with new TVs (updated)". Ars Technica. Retrieved March 8, 2013.
- "OLEDs in CES 2009 - what can we expect?". OLED-Info. December 29, 2008. Retrieved March 8, 2013.
- Ulanoff, Lance (January 8, 2009). "The Palm Pre: CES 2009's Hottest Product". PCMag. Retrieved November 26, 2022.
- Miller, Paul (January 8, 2009). "The Palm Pre". Engadget. Retrieved March 8, 2013.
- "Blog". Gadget Review.
- "CES 2009: Toshiba Shows off New Pico Projector". Gearlog. Archived from the original on July 6, 2009. Retrieved July 6, 2009.
- "[CES 2009] Microvision Pico Projector Trumps All With Frikkin' Lasers". OhGizmo!. Retrieved March 8, 2013.
- "Samsung MBP200 Pico Projector unveiled at CES 2009". I4U News. Retrieved March 8, 2013.
- Murray, Charles J. (January 8, 2009). "'Pico Projectors' Creating Buzz at CES". Design News. Archived from the original on July 7, 2009. Retrieved November 26, 2022.
- Maxcer, Chris (February 25, 2009). "Linux News: Servers: Marvell Offers Mini Plug Computer for Consumer, Network, Appliance Designs". Linux Insider. Archived from the original on February 22, 2012. Retrieved March 8, 2013.
- Stone, M. David (January 8, 2009). "ViewSonic Offers Affordable 3D Projector". PCMag. Retrieved March 8, 2013.
- "ViewSonic Launches 3D-Ready FuHzion HDTV and Projector at CES 2009". I4U News. Retrieved March 8, 2013.
- Chacksfield, Marc (February 19, 2013). "3D at CES: gimmick or AV revelation? | News". TechRadar. Retrieved March 8, 2013.
- Murph, Darren (January 5, 2009). "Minoru 3D Webcam ships this week, still looks freaky". Engadget. Retrieved October 8, 2009.
- Costa, Dan (January 9, 2009). "Dell officially unveils Adamo Mini 10". PCMag. Retrieved March 8, 2013.
- Heater, Brian (January 12, 2009). "CES 2009 Suffers 22 Percent Attendance Drop". PCMag. Retrieved November 26, 2022.
- "CES 2010: GamePro is live in Las Vegas". GamePro. January 9, 2010. Archived from the original on January 13, 2010.
- "Intel Infoscape flaunts jaw-dropping graphics". dvice.com. 2010. Retrieved January 10, 2010.
- "Touch the Web". CNN. January 9, 2010. Retrieved January 10, 2010.
- "Sustainable Planet Grows 40 Percent at 2010 International CES". The Free Library. Retrieved November 3, 2009.
- "2010 CES: About CES". CES. Archived from the original on June 12, 2010. Retrieved November 26, 2022.
- Time January 24, 2011, p. 40.
- Bisson, Simon (January 6, 2011). "CES: Windows to run on ARM chips, says Microsoft". ZDNet. Retrieved November 21, 2012.
- "Mitsubishi unveils 92 inch 3D TV and 155 inch OLED TV". Archived from the original on January 14, 2011.
- "Toshiba unveils 56 inch Glasses-Free 4K 3DTV". Archived from the original on January 10, 2011.
- "Samsung launches D8000 series of Plasma 3D HD TV". Newsden. Archived from the original on January 16, 2011. Retrieved November 26, 2022.
- "LG unveils INFINIA NANO 3D LED HD TV's". Archived from the original on January 13, 2011.
- CES: Discovery, Sony, IMAX Officially Debut '3net' Multichannel News January 5, 2011
- Shaw, Frank. "2012 Marks Final CES Keynote for Microsoft". The Official Microsoft Blog. Microsoft. Retrieved January 3, 2012.
-  Archived January 15, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
- Ziegler, Chris (January 14, 2012). "CES 2012 breaks attendance record, among others". The Verge. Retrieved March 8, 2013.
- Anthony, Sebastian (January 10, 2012). "Intel fakes Ivy Bridge GPU DirectX 11 demo at CES". ExtremeTech. Retrieved March 8, 2013.
- Shimpi, Anand Lal (January 12, 2012). "AMD's Trinity APU at CES, Shipping in Mid-2012". AnandTech. Retrieved March 8, 2013.
- Moulding, John (January 26, 2012). "Smaller CE brands focused on Connected TV". VideoNet. Retrieved March 19, 2013.
- "Official Website of CES". CES. Retrieved March 8, 2013.
- "2014 International CES, January 7 - 10 - Exhibit at CES". CES. Archived from the original on March 5, 2013. Retrieved March 8, 2013.
- "CES 2013: Introducing The Internet of Things". Royal Deer Design. January 22, 2013. Archived from the original on February 16, 2013. Retrieved March 8, 2013.
- Ludwig, Sean (January 7, 2013). "Here's all the cool new stuff Samsung showed off today". VentureBeat. Retrieved March 8, 2013.
- "Samsung introduces Youm - Bendable Flexible OLED displays [CES 2013]". Tech Skool. January 6, 2013. Retrieved January 14, 2013.
- Lanxon, Nate (January 8, 2013). "Mobiles that capture 4K 'Ultra HD' coming this year, confirms Qualcomm CEO". Wired. Archived from the original on January 11, 2013. Retrieved January 14, 2013.
- Crook, Jordan (January 7, 2013). "Intel Intros The Atom Z2420 Lexington Mobile Processor Aimed At Emerging Markets". TechCrunch. Retrieved March 8, 2013.
- Singal, Nidhi (January 8, 2013). "Panasonic unveils Viera smart TVs at CES 2013". Business Today. Retrieved March 8, 2013.
- "Razer announces Razer Edge tablet PC | GamesIndustry International". Gamesindustry.biz. January 9, 2013. Retrieved March 8, 2013.
- "Nvidia announces Android handheld Project Shi - Video Game News, Videos and File Downloads for PC and Console Games at". Shacknews.com. January 7, 2013. Retrieved March 8, 2013.
- "CES 2013: A look at RIM's BlackBerry 10 phone features | FP Tech Desk | Financial Post". Financial Post. Business.financialpost.com. January 9, 2013. Retrieved March 8, 2013.
- "2014 International CES to be held Jan 7 - 10, 2014, in Las Vegas NV, US". Business Wire. Arlington, VA. December 18, 2013. Retrieved November 26, 2022.
- Li-Fi Smartphone to be Presented at CES 2014 Archived January 8, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, Digital Versus, Johann Breton, December 20, 2013
- Merchant, Brian (September 1, 2013). "An Internet of Light: Going Online with LEDs and the First Li-Fi Smartphone". Vice. Archived from the original on January 11, 2014. Retrieved November 26, 2022.
- Everything but jetpacks: At CES 2014, the future is now Archived October 6, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, HubTitle News, August 22, 2014
- Katzmaier, David (January 6, 2014). "Samsung warps possibilities with user-bendable TV". CNET. Retrieved January 7, 2014.
- "CES 2014: ProtectCELL showcases mobile protection plans for consumers by destroying mobile devices". ProtectCELL. January 7, 2014.
- "AMD CES 2014 Keynote". YouTube. Retrieved October 7, 2014.
- "Intel CES 2014 Keynote". YouTube. Archived from the original on January 10, 2015. Retrieved October 7, 2014.
- Sedgwick, David (January 7, 2014). "BMW, Audi will introduce laser headlamps this year". Automotive News Europe. Retrieved November 26, 2022.
- "CES 2015: Innovation at the Speed of Awesome!". CES. Las Vegas, NV. January 9, 2015. Archived from the original on January 22, 2015. Retrieved January 14, 2015.
- "CES Implements New Bag Restrictions, Enhanced Security Measures for CES 2016". CES (Press release). Arlington, VA. December 17, 2015. Archived from the original on December 20, 2015. Retrieved December 18, 2015.
- Ossia (November 9, 2017). "Ossia Debuts Cota® 'Forever Battery' and Earns Third Consecutive CES Innovation Award". PR Newswire. Retrieved January 5, 2018.
- "CES Innovation Awards Honorees". CES. 2016. Retrieved January 5, 2018.
- Ackerman, Evan (January 7, 2016). "Why Wireless Power Is the Most Exciting Thing at CES 2016". IEEE Spectrum. Retrieved January 8, 2018.
- Warren, Tom (January 11, 2016). "First Click: 359 Days Until CES 2017". The Verge. Retrieved January 11, 2016.
- "Prototypes of Razer triple screen gaming laptop stolen". BBC News. January 10, 2017. Retrieved November 26, 2022.
- Gershgorn, Dave; Murphy, Mike (January 13, 2018). "Best of CES 2018: The one company vital to gaming, self-driving cars, and AI". Quartz. Retrieved January 14, 2018.
- "Wi-Charge Wins CES 2018 Best of Innovation Award". Business Wire. Las Vegas, NV. January 10, 2018. Retrieved March 13, 2018.
- "Innovation Award Honorees". CES. Retrieved November 16, 2020.
- Donaghey, River (January 10, 2018). "Robot Strippers Are Here". Vice. Retrieved April 30, 2018.
- O'Brien, Matt; Pisani, Joseph (January 9, 2019). "CES 2019: John Deere, Tide maker head to gadget show". Canoe. Retrieved January 11, 2019.
- Krok, Andrew. "Mercedes CLA-Class lets a headlight peek out ahead of CES 2019 debut". Roadshow. Retrieved January 4, 2019.
- Ng, Alfred (November 5, 2019). "CES may be helping Chinese surveillance companies clean up image, experts warn". CNET. Retrieved November 9, 2019.
- Krok, Andrew (December 13, 2018). "Honda's CES 2019 booth will be loaded with robots once again". Roadshow. Retrieved December 19, 2018.
- McDonald, Melissa (November 28, 2018). "Yandex to Demo Self-Driving Car in Las Vegas at CES 2019". PRWeb. Moscow. Retrieved November 26, 2022.
- "CES Innovation Awards - CES 2019". CES.
- Nieva, Richard (January 9, 2019). "CES 2019: This is what it's like to go on Google's Assistant-themed ride". CNET. Retrieved January 11, 2019.
- Kastrenakes, Jacob (January 8, 2019). "A women's sex toy won an award from CES, until they stole it back". The Verge. Retrieved January 8, 2020.
- Dickey, Megan Rose (January 6, 2020). "A year after being banned, Lora DiCarlo returns to CES with new sex toys". TechCrunch. Retrieved November 26, 2022.
- Osborne, Joe (January 3, 2020). "Everything you need to know about CES 2020 — the biggest tech show of the year". Business Insider. Retrieved January 4, 2020.
- Price, David (January 3, 2020). "What's Apple doing at CES 2020?". Macworld. Retrieved January 4, 2020.
- Ewing, Steven; Hall, Emme (January 6, 2020). "Mercedes' CES showcar is an Avatar-inspired look at an autonomous future". CNET. Retrieved November 26, 2022.
- O'Kane, Sean (January 8, 2020). "Sony's electric car is the best surprise of CES". The Verge. Retrieved November 26, 2022.
- Ewing, Steven (January 13, 2020). "The top car tech of CES 2020". CNET. Retrieved November 26, 2022.
- Hill, Joshua S. (January 14, 2020). "Hyundai becomes first major partner for Uber Elevate and aerial ridesharing". The Driven. Retrieved February 9, 2020.
- "Clario to Disrupt Digital Security & Privacy Market". clario.co.
- Newman, Jared (January 8, 2020). "'This security startup wants to prove that antivirus doesn't have to suck'". Fast Company. Retrieved March 6, 2020.
- Gilmer, Marcus (January 14, 2020). "Best sustainable tech at CES 2020: New Tesla rival, meatless pork, and more". Mashable. Retrieved October 27, 2022.
- "Presenting the Best of CES 2020 winners!". Engadget. January 9, 2020. Retrieved October 27, 2022.
- "CES 2021 Is All-Digital". CES. July 28, 2020. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
- Stern, Joanna (January 13, 2021). "Smart Face Masks? Fever-Sensing Doorbells? CES 2021 Tech Promises Covid Protection". The Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved January 14, 2021.
- "What to Expect at the All-Digital CES 2021". PCMAG. Retrieved January 10, 2021.
- Snider, Mike (January 9, 2021). "CES preview: 2021 show still brings must-see technology – TVs, drones, robots – but done virtually". USA Today. Retrieved January 10, 2021.
- Sloane, Garrett (December 21, 2020). "Billie Eilish and Dua Lipa will give CES attendees a reason to come out and play online". AdAge. Retrieved January 10, 2021.
- Microsoft. "Home". CES. Retrieved January 10, 2021.
- Pino, Nick (December 26, 2021). "CES 2022: all the news straight from the world's largest electronics expo". TechRadar. Retrieved January 6, 2022.
- Lopatto, Elizabeth (December 31, 2021). "CES 2022 will close a day early because of COVID concerns". The Verge. Retrieved January 7, 2022.
- Reichert, Corinne; Sorrentino, Mike (December 25, 2021). "CES 2022: Microsoft, Google, Intel are latest to drop out over COVID surge". CNET. Retrieved December 25, 2021.
- Staff Writer (December 25, 2021). "Google, Lenovo join Consumer Electronics Show exodus". Japan Today. Retrieved December 25, 2021.
- Hollister, Sean (December 21, 2021). "CES 2022 falling apart: Lenovo joins T-Mobile, Amazon, AT&T and others in bailing". The Verge. Retrieved January 7, 2022.
- Paresh, Dave; Klayman, Ben (December 25, 2021). "GM, Google, others join retreat from CES over rising COVID-19 cases". Reuters. Retrieved December 25, 2021.
- "Technologies of the future. What was surprising about world's largest electronics exhibition CES 2022".
- "VinFast Unveils VF5, VF6, and VF7 Electric SUVs At CES, Announces Pricing For VF8 And VF9". Carscoops. January 6, 2022.
- "Peugeot Inception Concept Teased Ahead Of January 5 Debut At 2023 CES". Motor1.com.
- "Peugeot To Unveil All-Electric Inception Concept At CES This January". Carscoops. November 25, 2022.
- Lynch, Gerald (July 28, 2020). "CES 2021 will be an all-digital tech extravaganza, minus the Las Vegas glitz". TechRadar. Retrieved July 28, 2020.