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An old-fashioned Truetone Radio
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Welcome to Wikipedia's portal for Radio.

Radio is the wireless transmission of signals, by modulation of electromagnetic waves with frequencies below those of visible light.

Electromagnetic radiation travels via oscillating electromagnetic fields that pass through the air and the vacuum of space. It does not require a medium of transport. Information is carried by systematically changing (modulating) some property of the radiated waves, such as their amplitude or their frequency. When radio waves pass an electrical conductor, the oscillating fields induce an alternating current in the conductor.

The word 'radio' is used to describe this phenomenon, and television, radio, and cell phone transmissions are all classified as radio frequency emissions.

Modulation is the process where speech, music and the like are impressed onto the carrier wave of a transmission. Detection or demodulation is the reverse process which takes place in a receiver. The speech, music etc. is recovered and may then be amplified and applied to an ear piece or a loud speaker. The most common forms of modulation are Amplitude Modulation (AM) and Frequency Modulation (FM) both of which use different modulation and detection circuits. Cell phones, digital radio and digital television use more complex modulation and demodulation systems.

The simplest AM receiver is the Crystal Set or Crystal Radio. Demodulation is achieved by a semiconductor diode. One of the earliest forms of detection consisted of a thin copper wire in contact with a small chunk of Galena Rock. Adequate signals could be heard in headphones for up to 50 km with simple arrangements.

Selected article

The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy is a science fiction comedy radio series written by Douglas Adams (with some material in the first series provided by John Lloyd).[1] It was originally broadcast in the United Kingdom by the BBC, and was soon afterwards broadcast on global short wave radio on the BBC World Service, in 1978. Broadcasting by National Public Radio (one of their first to occur in stereo) in the United States followed in March, 1981, with a repeat broadcast in September.[2] The following year, 1982, the BBC series was carried by CBC Radio (Canadian Broadcasting Corporation).

A pilot programme was commissioned in March 1977, and was recorded by the end of the following June. A second series was commissioned in 1979, and this was transmitted in 1980. Episodes of the first series were specially re-recorded for release on LP records and cassettes. After the 1980 transmissions of the second radio series, the first series was adapted for television; it included some material originally written by Adams for stage adaptations and the aforementioned LP adaptation. This in turn was followed by five novels, a computer game, and adaptations into three series of comic books.

Adams considered writing a third radio series, to be based on his novel Life, the Universe and Everything, in 1993 but the project did not begin for another ten years, after Adams's death. Dirk Maggs, with whom Adams had discussed the new series in 1993, 1997 and 2000, eventually directed and co-produced radio series adaptations of that novel, as well as So Long, and Thanks for All the Fish and Mostly Harmless.[3] These became the third, fourth and fifth radio series. The third series was recorded in 2003 and transmitted in September and October 2004, and the fourth and fifth series were recorded in late 2004 and early 2005 and transmitted in May and June 2005. Recordings of all five series have been released on audio cassette and compact disc, and the third series was released on DVD in 2006, after being "delayed" more than once.[4][5]

Selected image

Philco 90 "cathedral" style radio from 1931.

This photo shows an early 1930s wooden radio receiver in the classic "cathedral" shape, which was designed and built by Philco. Philco, at the time of this radio's construction, was the leading manufacturer of radios. Photo Credit: User:Gmaxwell

Selected station

BBC Local Radio is the BBC's regional radio service for England and the Channel Islands, consisting of 40 stations. Initially, stations had to be co-funded by the BBC and local authorities, which only some Labour-controlled areas proved willing to do. Radio Leicester was the first to launch on 8 November 1967, followed by Sheffield, Merseyside and Nottingham. By the early 1970s, the local authority funding requirement was dropped, and stations spread across the country; many city-based stations later expand their remit to cover an entire county. Today, stations are asked to target their coverage to Dave and Sue, two fictional fifty-five-year-olds.

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Radio lists

Selected quote

Selected biography

Fred Allen (born John Florence Sullivan on May 31, 1894 in Cambridge, Massachusetts, died March 17, 1956 in New York City) was an American comedian whose absurdist, pointed radio show (1934–1949) made him one of the most popular and forward-looking humorists in the so-called classic era of American radio.

His best-remembered gag may be his long-running mock feud with friend and fellow comedian Jack Benny. Allen has been considered one of the more accomplished, daring and relevant humorists of his time. A master ad libber, he constantly battled censorship and developed routines the style and substance of which influenced future comic talents. Perhaps more than any of his generation, Fred Allen wielded influence that outlived both his contemporaries and the medium that made him famous.

Related portals

WikiProjects

  • Radio December 12, 2006 "...to create, expand, and maintain wikipedia articles related to radio, including radio propagation and reception, radio programming, radio personalities, and the business of radio." (Example: Mutual Broadcasting System)
  • Amateur Radio August 24, 2006 "...to improve Wikipedia's articles related to Amateur radio, maintain the amateur radio category and its sub-categories for clean organization, and to produce and maintain templates for Amateur radio-related topic identification." (Example: Amateur radio)
  • Radio Stations February 15, 2005 "...to coordinate the activities of creating and maintaining articles about radio stations." (Example: Pulse FM Kingborough & Huon)
  • Podcasting January 21, 2007 "...to make Wikipedia's knowledge of notable Podcast and podcast-related information as complete as possible." (Example: Podcast)


Radio topics

Formats Music radio, Old-time radio, Radio comedy, Radio documentary, Radio drama, Top 40
Networks BBC Radio, Blue Network, Columbia Broadcasting System, Mutual Broadcasting System, National Broadcasting Company, Sirius Satellite Radio, XM Satellite Radio
People Fred Allen, Gracie Allen, Don Ameche, Jack Benny, Edgar Bergen, Jagadish Chandra Bose, George Burns, Ronald Colman, Jim Connors, Frank Conrad, Norman Corwin, Frankie Crocker, Alice Faye, Stan Freberg, Vaughn Harper, Phil Harris, Bob Hope, Hal Jackson, Spike Jones, Hans von Kaltenborn, Kay Kyser, Frances Langford, Guglielmo Marconi, Elizabeth McLeod, J. Carrol Naish, Ozzie Nelson, Arch Oboler, Dorothy Parker, Virginia Payne, Harold Peary, David Sarnoff, Red Skelton, Kate Smith, Howard Stern, Nikola Tesla, Jonathan Toubin, Lurene Tuttle, Rudy Vallée, Fred Waring, Orson Welles
Shows Abbott and Costello, Amos 'n' Andy, Arch Oboler's Plays, Burns and Allen, Cavalcade of America, CBS Radio Mystery Theater, Dragnet, Duffy's Tavern, Fibber McGee and Molly, The Goldbergs, The Howard Stern Show, Inner Sanctum Mysteries, The Jack Benny Program, Life with Luigi, Lights Out, Lux Radio Theater, Opie and Anthony, The Archers, The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, The Phil Harris-Alice Faye Show, Quiz Kids, The Screen Guild Theater, The Shadow, Suspense, Theater Guild on the Air, Twenty Questions, The Whistler, Yours Truly, Johnny Dollar
Technology Amateur radio, AM broadcasting, FM broadcasting, International broadcasting, Internet Radio, Digital Radio Mondiale, HD Radio, Digital Audio Broadcasting and GNU Radio, Software-defined radio, Transistor radio, Vacuum tube

Top 40

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  1. ^ The spelling of Hitchhiker's Guide has varied in different editions. For consistency this article always spells it this way. See Spelling of Hitchhiker's Guide.
  2. ^ Adams, Douglas. (2004). The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy: 25th Anniversary Illustrated Collector's Edition. Introduction by M.J. Simpson. Harmony Books. pp. Page 38. ISBN 1-4000-5293-9. 
  3. ^ Adams, Douglas. (2005). Dirk Maggs, dramatizations and editor., ed. The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy Radio Scripts: The Tertiary, Quandary and Quintessential Phases. Pan Books. pp. Page xiv. ISBN 0-330-43510-8. 
  4. ^ DouglasAdams.se Webchat with Dirk Maggs 16 June 2005. Accessed 5 December 2006.
  5. ^ DouglasAdams.se forum discussion on the October 2006 release of the "Tertiary Phase" DVD.