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James Paul David Bunning (October 23, 1931 – May 26, 2017) was an American professional baseball pitcher and later a politician who represented constituents from Kentucky in both chambers of the United States Congress. He is the sole Major League Baseball athlete to have been elected to both the United States Senate and the National Baseball Hall of Fame.

Jim Bunning
Jim Bunning, official photo portrait, 111th Congress.jpg
United States Senator
from Kentucky
In office
January 3, 1999 – January 3, 2011
Preceded by Wendell Ford
Succeeded by Rand Paul
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Kentucky's 4th district
In office
January 3, 1987 – January 3, 1999
Preceded by Gene Snyder
Succeeded by Ken Lucas
Personal details
Born James Paul David Bunning
(1931-10-23)October 23, 1931
Southgate, Kentucky, U.S.
Died May 26, 2017(2017-05-26) (aged 85)
Fort Thomas, Kentucky, U.S.
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Mary Theis (m. 1952)
Children 9
Education Xavier University (BA)

Bunning pitched from 1955 to 1971 for the Detroit Tigers, Philadelphia Phillies, Pittsburgh Pirates, and Los Angeles Dodgers. When Bunning retired, he had the second-highest total career strikeouts in Major League history; he currently ranks 17th. As a member of the Phillies, Bunning pitched the seventh perfect game in Major League Baseball history on June 21, 1964, the first game of a Father's Day doubleheader at Shea Stadium, against the New York Mets. The perfect game was the first since 1880 in the National League.[1] Bunning was inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum in 1996 after election by the Hall's Veterans Committee.

After retiring from baseball, Bunning returned to his native northern Kentucky and was elected to the Fort Thomas city council, then the Kentucky Senate, in which he served as minority leader. In 1986, Bunning was elected to the United States House of Representatives from Kentucky's 4th congressional district, and served in the House from 1987 to 1999. He was elected to the United States Senate from Kentucky in 1998 and served two terms as the Republican junior U.S. Senator. In July 2009, he announced that he would not run for re-election in 2010. Bunning gave his farewell speech to the Senate on December 9, 2010, and was succeeded by current Senator Rand Paul on January 3, 2011.

Contents

Education and familyEdit

Bunning was born in Southgate, Kentucky, the son of Gladys (née Best) and Louis Aloysius Bunning.[2] He graduated from St. Xavier High School in Cincinnati in 1949[3] and received a bachelor's degree in economics from Xavier University in 1953.[4]

In 1952, Bunning married Mary Catherine Theis. They had five daughters and four sons. One of Bunning's sons, David Bunning, is a federal judge for the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Kentucky, who presided over the Kim Davis case. Another son, Bill, is the head brew master at Ye Olde Brothers Brewery in Navarre, Florida. Jim and Mary Catherine also have thirty-five grandchildren and fourteen great-grandchildren, as of 2013.[5] One of those grandchildren is Patrick Towles, a former starting quarterback for the University of Kentucky football team.[6]

Professional baseball careerEdit

Jim Bunning
 
Jim Bunning as a Detroit Tigers rookie in 1955
Pitcher
Born: (1931-10-23)October 23, 1931
Southgate, Kentucky
Died: May 26, 2017(2017-05-26) (aged 85)
Fort Thomas, Kentucky
Batted: Right Threw: Right
MLB debut
July 20, 1955, for the Detroit Tigers
Last MLB appearance
September 3, 1971, for the Philadelphia Phillies
MLB statistics
Win–loss record 224–184
Earned run average 3.27
Strikeouts 2,855
Teams
Career highlights and awards
Member of the National
      Baseball Hall of Fame      
Inducted 1996
Vote Veterans Committee

After pitching for the Xavier Musketeers as a freshman, Bunning signed a professional contract with the Detroit Tigers, though he continued to attend classes at Xavier.[4][7] Bunning played in Minor League Baseball from 1950 through 1954 and part of the 1955 season, when the Tigers club described him as having "an excellent curve ball, a confusing delivery and a sneaky fast ball".[8] His first game in the major leagues was on July 20, 1955, with the Detroit Tigers. Bunning pitched his first no-hitter on July 20, 1958, for the Detroit Tigers against the Boston Red Sox.[3] On August 2, 1959, Bunning struck out three batters on nine pitches in the ninth inning of a 5–4 loss to the Boston Red Sox. Bunning became the fifth American League pitcher and the 10th pitcher in Major League history to accomplish the nine-pitch/three-strikeout half-inning.[9]

Bunning pitched for the Detroit Tigers through 1963. During the 1963 Winter Meetings, the Tigers traded Bunning and Gus Triandos to the Philadelphia Phillies for Don Demeter and Jack Hamilton.[4] In his first season with the Phillies, Bunning entered play on June 21 with a 6–2 record on the season.[10] He was opposed on the mound by Tracy Stallard in the first game of a doubleheader. Through the first four innings, Bunning totaled four strikeouts through twelve batters.[11] In the fifth inning, Phillies second baseman Tony Taylor preserved the perfect game with his strong defensive play. A diving catch and a throw from the knees kept Mets catcher Jesse Gonder off the bases.[12] Bunning also had a good day at the plate, hitting a double and driving in two runs in the sixth inning.[11] By the end of the game, even the Mets fans were cheering Bunning's effort;[13] he had reached a three-ball count on only two batters, and retired shortstop Charley Smith on a pop-out, and pinch-hitters George Altman and John Stephenson on strikeouts, to complete the perfect game.[11]

Bunning, who at the time had seven children, said that his game, pitched on Father's Day (although Father's Day did not officially become a holiday until 1972[14]), could not have come at a more appropriate time. He remarked that his slider was his best pitch, "'just like the no-hitter I pitched for Detroit six years ago'".[12] Bunning posted the first regular-season perfect game since Charlie Robertson in 1922 (Don Larsen's perfect game was in the 1956 World Series).[15] The Phillies also won the second game of the doubleheader, 8–2, behind Rick Wise, who earned his first major league victory in his first start.[16]

Bunning's perfect game was the first thrown by a National League pitcher in 84 years. It was also the first no-hitter by a Phillies pitcher since Johnny Lush no-hit the Brooklyn Superbas on May 1, 1906. He is one of only seven pitchers to have thrown both a perfect game and an additional no-hitter, the others being Randy Johnson, Sandy Koufax, Addie Joss, Cy Young, Mark Buehrle, and fellow Phillie Roy Halladay, whose additional no-hitter came in Game 1 of the 2010 National League Division Series.[3] He is one of five players to have thrown a no-hitter in both leagues, the others being Young, Johnson, Nolan Ryan, and Hideo Nomo. Bunning was the first pitcher to pitch a no-hitter in both leagues, win 100 games in both leagues, and record 1,000 strikeouts in both leagues. [17]

Bunning is remembered for his role in the pennant race of 1964, in which the Phillies held a commanding lead in the National League for most of the season, eventually losing the title to the St. Louis Cardinals. Manager Gene Mauch used Bunning and fellow hurler Chris Short heavily down the stretch, and the two became visibly fatigued as September wore on. With a six and a half game lead as late as September 21, they lost 10 games in a row to finish tied for second place.[18]

 
Jim Bunning's number 14 was retired by the Philadelphia Phillies in 2001.

Bunning pitched for Philadelphia through 1967, when the Phillies began to rebuild. The Phillies traded him to the Pittsburgh Pirates before the 1968 season for four players, including Woodie Fryman.[4] He pitched for Pittsburgh into the 1969 season, and finished the 1969 season with the Los Angeles Dodgers. Bunning then returned to the Phillies in 1970 and retired in 1971.[4]

Bunning's 2,855 career strikeouts put him in second place on the all-time list at the time of his retirement, behind only Walter Johnson.[19] His mark was later surpassed by other pitchers, and he is currently 17th all-time. Despite year in and year out putting up excellent numbers, Bunning rarely led the league in any pitching categories. He never led the league in ERA; the only year he led the league in wins (20, in 1957, with the Detroit Tigers) was the only year he ever won 20 or more games; he did, however, lead the league in strikeouts three times (with 201 in 1959 and 1960, and 253 in 1967). He never won a Cy Young Award; the closest he would come was in 1967, his best year, when at age 35, he came in second behind Mike McCormick. He finished with a middling 17–15 record, but posted a career-best ERA (2.29), and led the league in shutouts (6), games started and innings pitched (40/302.1), and strikeouts (253). It was the only year in his career he earned any Cy Young Award votes. He did, however, win the NL Player of the Month Award June 1964, the month of his perfect game (3–0, 2.20 ERA, 42 SO).

In 1984, Bunning was elected to the Philadelphia Baseball Wall of Fame.[20] In 1996 he was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame via the Veterans Committee.[21] In 2001, his uniform number, #14, was retired by the Phillies.[22]

After retiring as a player, Bunning began managing in the minor leagues for the Phillies organization. He managed the Reading Phillies, Eugene Emeralds, Toledo Mud Hens, and Oklahoma City 89ers from 1972 through 1976.[4]

Players union involvementEdit

From the mid-1960s until his retirement from baseball, Bunning was active in the Major League Baseball Players Association (MLBPA), and played a major role in transforming the organization into one of the country's most successful labor unions.[23]

Though the MLBPA had been formed in the early 1950s as an attempt to improve pay, benefits, and working conditions for players, team owners were still largely able to impose their will on the players by acting in concert to limit salaries and refrain from offering first rate employee benefits and working conditions, such as suitable stadium locker rooms and a per diem allowance to pay for meals while traveling for away games.[24] At the time, the starting salary was about $47,000 in current dollars ($6,000 in 1965), and the average salary was about $112,000 ($14,000 in 1965).[24] As a result, many players had to work in the off season.[24] The owners also offered a substandard pension plan which provided low payments to retirees, and for which most players were ineligible.[24] Many spring training playing fields were unsafe, and lodging and dining facilities were often racially segregated.[24]

Bunning became active with the MLBPA early in his career, including serving as the pension representative for the American League players and a member of the union’s executive board.[24] In 1965, Bunning joined with Robin Roberts, a founder of the MLBPA, to hire a full time executive director.[24] They agreed on Marvin Miller, then an economist with the United Steelworkers.[24] They convinced the players union to hire Miller, and he remained in the position until 1983.[24] Under Miller's direction, in 1968 the MLBPA negotiated its first collective bargaining agreement with the owners, which put the players on the path to improved salaries, benefits, and working conditions.[24] By the time Bunning retired, the minimum salary and average salary for major league players had nearly doubled.[24] By 2015, the minimum salary was over $500,000 and the average salary was over $4 million.[24] Over time, the MLBPA also succeeded at eliminating the reserve clause and Major League Baseball's exemption from antitrust laws.[24] As a result, players were able to negotiate for the right to veto trades, as well as the right to declare free agency and offer their services to the highest bidder.[24]

At the time of Bunning's death, Tony Clark, then serving as MLBPA's executive director, praised Bunning's union activities: "Recognizing the need to ensure that all players receive fair representation in their dealings with major league club owners, Jim, along with a number of his peers, helped pave the way for generations of players."[24]

Political careerEdit

Bunning was one of the Senate's most conservative members, gaining high marks from several conservative interest groups. He was ranked by National Journal as the second-most conservative United States Senator in their March 2007 conservative/liberal rankings, after Sen. Jim DeMint (R-SC).[25]

Local and state positionsEdit

First elected to office in 1977, Bunning served two years on the city council of Fort Thomas, Kentucky before running for and winning a seat in the Kentucky Senate as a Republican.[26] He was elected minority leader by his Republican colleagues, a rare feat for a freshman legislator.[27]

Bunning was the Republican candidate for Governor of Kentucky in 1983. He and his running mate Eugene P. Stuart lost in the general election to Democrat Martha Layne Collins.[28]

House of RepresentativesEdit

In 1986, Bunning won the Republican nomination in Kentucky's 4th congressional district, based in Kentucky's share of the Cincinnati metro area, after 10-term incumbent Republican Gene Snyder retired. He won easily in November and was reelected five more times without serious opposition in what was considered the most Republican district in Kentucky. After the Republicans gained control of the House in 1995, Bunning served as chairman of the House Ways and Means Subcommittee on Social Security until 1999.[29]

First Senate termEdit

 
Earlier photo of Bunning

In 1998, Senate Minority Whip Wendell Ford decided to retire after 24 years in the Senate—the longest term in Kentucky history (a record later surpassed by Senate Republican Leader Mitch McConnell). Bunning won the Republican nomination for the seat, and faced fellow Congressman Scotty Baesler, a Democrat from the Lexington-based 6th District, in the general election.[30] Bunning defeated Baesler by just over half a percentage point. The race was very close; Bunning only won by swamping Baesler in the 4th by a margin that Baesler couldn't make up in the rest of the state (Baesler barely won the 6th).[31]

Among the bills that Bunning sponsored is the Bunning-Bereuter-Blumenauer Flood Insurance Reform Act of 2004.[32]

2004 Senate raceEdit

Bunning was heavily favored for a second term in 2004 after his expected Democratic opponent, Governor Paul Patton, saw his career implode in a scandal over an extramarital affair, and the Democrats chose Daniel Mongiardo, a relatively unknown physician and state senator from Hazard. Bunning had an estimated $4 million campaign war chest, while Mongiardo had only $600,000. However, due to a number of controversial incidents involving Bunning, the Democrats began increasing financial support to Mongiardo. Therein when it became apparent that Bunning's bizarre behavior was costing him votes, the Democrats purchased additional television airtime on Mongiardo's behalf.[33]

During his reelection bid, controversy erupted when Bunning described Mongiardo as looking "like one of Saddam Hussein's sons."[34] Public pressure compelled him to apologize. Bunning was also criticized for his use of a teleprompter during a televised debate with Mongiardo where Bunning participated via satellite link, refusing to appear in person.[35] Bunning was further criticized for making an unsubstantiated claim that his wife had been attacked by Mongiardo's supporters,[36] and for calling Mongiardo "limp wristed".[34] Bunning's mental health was also questioned during the campaign.[34]

In October 2004 Bunning told reporters "Let me explain something: I don't watch the national news, and I don't read the paper. I haven't done that for the last six weeks. I watch Fox News to get my information."[37]

Bunning won by just over one percentage point after the western portion of the state broke heavily for him.[38]

Second Senate termEdit

As was expected in light of Bunning's previous career as a baseball player, he has been very interested in Congress's investigation of steroid use in baseball.[39][40] Bunning was also outspoken on the issue of illegal immigration, taking the position that all illegal immigrants should be deported.[41] Bunning was also the only member of the United States Senate Committee on Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs to have opposed Ben Bernanke for Chief of the Federal Reserve. He said it was because he had doubts that Bernanke would be any different from Alan Greenspan.[42]

In April 2006, Time magazine called him one of America's Five Worst Senators.[43] The magazine dubbed him 'The Underperformer' for his "lackluster performance", saying he "shows little interest in policy unless it involves baseball", and criticized his hostility towards staff and fellow Senators and his "bizarre behavior" during his 2004 campaign.[43]

On December 6, 2006, only Bunning and Rick Santorum voted against the confirmation of Robert Gates as Secretary of Defense, with Bunning saying that "Mr. Gates has repeatedly criticized our efforts in Iraq and Afghanistan without providing any viable solutions to the problems our troops currently face. We need a secretary of defense to think forward with solutions and not backward on history we cannot change."[44]

Bunning reportedly blocked the move to restore public access to the records of past United States Presidents which had been removed under Executive Order 13233.[45]

In January 2009, Bunning missed more than a week of the start of Congress. Bunning said by phone that he was fulfilling "a family commitment six months ago to do certain things, and I'm doing them." Asked whether he would say where he was, Bunning replied: "No, I'd rather not."[46]

In February 2009, at the Hardin County Republican Party's Lincoln Day Dinner, while discussing conservative judges, Bunning predicted that Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg would likely be dead from pancreatic cancer within nine months.[47] Bunning later apologized if he had offended Ginsburg with his remarks and offered his thoughts and prayers to Ginsburg.[48]

Bunning was the only senator to miss the Senate's historic Christmas Eve 2009 vote on the health care reform bill; he cited family commitments as his reason for missing the vote. The bill passed without any Republican votes, 60–39.[49][50][51]

On February 25, 2010, Bunning objected to a proposal of unanimous consent for an extension of unemployment insurance, COBRA, and other federal programs, citing that this extension was not pay-as-you-go. He proposed an amendment which sought to find the funds to pay for the bill from the Stimulus Bill of 2009, and declared that he supported the unemployed, but that a bill such as this only adds to the growing deficit and that it should be paid for immediately.[52][53]

Senator Bob Corker joined Bunning, while other senators worked to cease his objections until 11:48 p.m. EST. When Senator Jeff Merkley urged him to drop his objections to vote on a 30-day extension of benefits, Bunning responded "tough shit."[55] On March 2, Bunning finally agreed to end his objection to the bill in exchange for a vote on his amendment to pay for the package. It failed 53–43 on a procedural vote.[56] The extension of unemployment benefits then passed by a vote of 78–19.[57]

Aborted 2010 re-election campaignEdit

 
Bunning with his eventual successor, Rand Paul

In January 2009, when asked whether Bunning was the best candidate to run or whether there were better GOP candidates for Bunning's Senate seat, National Republican Senatorial Committee Chairman John Cornyn said: "I don't know. I think it's really up to Senator Bunning." Bunning replied: "Anybody can run for anything they choose. I am gearing up, and I look forward to the challenge of taking on whoever comes out of the Democrat primary in May of 2010."[58] Kentucky State Senate President David L. Williams was reportedly considering running against Bunning in the primary.[59] Bunning responded by threatening to sue the National Republican Senatorial Committee if they recruited a candidate to run against him in the primary. He also attacked NRSC Chairman John Cornyn:

As of the end of September 2008, Bunning had $175,000 in his campaign account. By comparison, all other Republican senators facing competitive 2010 races had at least $850,000 at that point.[58] In the last quarter of 2008, the senator's campaign committee Citizens for Bunning had raised $27,000 from 26 separate contributions, ending the year with $150,000 in cash.[61] In mid-April, KYWORDSMITH.com reported that of the $263,000 that Bunning collected during the first quarter of 2009, over 77% ($203,383) was received from out of state, while over 10% ($28,100) was actually untouchable for another 13 months as it was contributed exclusively for use in a general election.[62] Bunning had two fund raisers scheduled in the first half of April.[63]

In an April 2009 poll, Bunning's approval rating was just 28%, and he trailed the four most likely Democratic candidates in hypothetical contests. 54% of voters in the state disapproved of Bunning's performance.[64] Kentucky Secretary of State Trey Grayson announced on April 30, 2009, that he would form an exploratory committee to run for Bunning's seat. It was speculated that this was a precursor to Bunning's retirement. "He (Bunning) told Trey to do this", one senior congressional official said of Bunning. "Why else would he tell his main rival to prepare for a run?" [65] However, Bunning said at a Lincoln Day dinner in Kentucky on 9 May that he still planned to run: "The battle is going to be long, but I am prepared to fight for my values."[66]

In a press conference on May 19, Bunning called Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell a "control freak": "If Mitch McConnell doesn't endorse me, it could be the best thing that ever happened to me in Kentucky."[67]

On July 27, 2009, Bunning announced he would not run for re-election in 2010, blaming fellow Republicans for doing "everything in their power to dry up my fundraising."[68] On April 14, 2010, in a further show of disdain for GOP leadership and insiders, Bunning announced his support for outsider candidate Rand Paul over establishment favorite Trey Grayson.[69]

Committee assignmentsEdit

Jim Bunning FoundationEdit

On December 18, 2008, the Lexington Herald Leader reported that Sen. Bunning's non-profit foundation, the Jim Bunning Foundation, has given less than 25 percent of its proceeds to charity. The charity has taken in $504,000 since 1996, according to Senate and tax records; during that period, Senator Bunning was paid $180,000 in salary by the foundation while working a reported one hour per week. Bunning Foundation board members include his wife Mary, and Cincinnati tire dealer Bob Sumerel. In 2008, records indicate that Bunning attended 10 baseball shows around the country and signed autographs, generating $61,631 in income for the charity.[70]

Death and burialEdit

Bunning died in Edgewood, Kentucky on the night of May 26, 2017, at the age of 85 following a stroke he suffered in October 2016.[71][72] Following a funeral service at Cathedral Basilica of the Assumption in Covington, Bunning was buried at St. Stephen Cemetery in Fort Thomas.[73]

Electoral historyEdit

Kentucky's 4th congressional district: Results 1986–1996[74]
Year Democrat Votes Pct Republican Votes Pct
1986 Terry L. Mann 53,906 44% Jim Bunning 67,626 56% *
1988 Richard V. Beliles 50,575 26% Jim Bunning 145,609 74%
1990 Galen Martin 44,979 31% Jim Bunning 101,680 69%
1992 Floyd G. Poore 86,890 38% Jim Bunning 139,634 62%
1994 Sally Harris Skaggs 33,717 26% Jim Bunning 96,695 74%
1996 Denny Bowman 68,939 32% Jim Bunning 149,135 68%

*In 1986, Walter T. Marksberry received 735 votes, W. Ed Parker received 485 votes, and other write-ins received 11 votes.

Kentucky Senator (Class III) results: 1998–2004[74]
Year Democrat Votes Pct Republican Votes Pct 3rd Party Party Votes Pct
1998 Scotty Baesler 563,051 49.2% Jim Bunning 569,817 49.7% Charles R. Arbegust Reform 12,546 1.1%
2004 Daniel Mongiardo 850,855 49% Jim Bunning 873,507 51%

AwardsEdit

In 2005, Bunning received the United States Sports Academy's highest honor, the Eagle Award, which is given in recognition of an individual's significant contributions to international sport.[75]

The 1996 Major League Baseball All-Star Game, held in Philadelphia, was dedicated to Bunning and fellow Phillies legends Richie Ashburn, Steve Carlton, Robin Roberts and Mike Schmidt, all of whom threw out the ceremonial first pitch.[76]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Valentine, Matt. "Jim Bunning, U.S. senator and baseball luminary, dies at 85". Politico. Retrieved May 28, 2017. 
  2. ^ "Learning Centers at ancestry.com". Freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com. Retrieved March 10, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c Coffey, Michael (2004). 27 Men Out: Baseball's Perfect Games. New York: Atria Books. pp. 79–95. ISBN 0-7434-4606-2. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f Berger, Ralph. "Jim Bunning". Society of American Baseball Research. Retrieved May 27, 2017. 
  5. ^ Greg Noble. "Jim Bunning: Fifty years ago, perfect game stamped his Hall of Fame ticket". WCPO. Retrieved January 23, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Patrick Towles Bio – Kentucky Wildcats Official Athletic Site". ukathletics.com. Retrieved January 23, 2015. 
  7. ^ Xavier Athletic Communications (May 27, 2017). "Former U.S. Senator, MLB Hall of Famer Jim Bunning (Xavier '53) Passes Away at 85". GoXavier.com. Cincinnati, OH: Xavier University. 
  8. ^ Official Profile, Photo and Data Book. Detroit Tigers. 1957. p. 13. 
  9. ^ Holmes, Dan. "When the Tigers struck out four times in one inning, and other odd feats". Detroitathletic.com. Retrieved May 28, 2017. 
  10. ^ "The 1964 Philadelphia Phillies". Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved October 22, 2009. 
  11. ^ a b c "Philadelphia Phillies 6, New York Mets 0 (1)". Retrosheet, Inc. June 21, 1964. Retrieved October 22, 2009. 
  12. ^ a b "Phils' Bunning Hurls Perfect Game". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Associated Press. June 22, 1964. pp. 22, 24. Retrieved October 22, 2009. 
  13. ^ White, Gordon S. Jr. (June 22, 1964). "Bunning Pitches a Perfect Game; Mets Are Perfect Victims, 6 to 0". New York Times. p. 1. The Phils won the contest...before 32,904 fans who were screaming for Bunning during the last two innings...Yesterday's perfect pitching turned the usually loyal Met fans into Bunning fans in the late innings. From the seventh inning on...Bunning had the crowd...behind him. 
  14. ^ Geranios, Nicolas K. "The un-Spokane history of Father's Day". The Virginian Pilot. Pilot Media. Retrieved May 28, 2017. 
  15. ^ "No Hitters Chronologically". Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved April 2, 2009. 
  16. ^ "Philadelphia Phillies 8, New York Mets 2 (2)". Retrosheet Inc. June 21, 1964. Retrieved October 22, 2009. 
  17. ^ "Age Is No Deterrent to Perfection". The New York Times. May 19, 2004. Retrieved May 28, 2017. 
  18. ^ "Beyond Bunning and Short Rest: An Analysis of Managerial Decisions That Led to the Phillies’ Epic Collapse of 1964 – Society for American Baseball Research". sabr.org. Retrieved May 28, 2017. 
  19. ^ "Progressive Leaders &amp Records for Strikeouts". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved August 29, 2010. 
  20. ^ Salisbury, Jim (October 23, 2016). "Phillies Hall of Fame pitcher Jim Bunning recovering from stroke". Csnphilly.com. Retrieved May 28, 2017. 
  21. ^ Ed Hornick, CNN. "Bunning's abrasive behavior spans careers". CNN.com. Retrieved May 28, 2017. 
  22. ^ "Bunning's number retired in Philly". Enquirer.com. April 7, 2001. Retrieved May 28, 2017. 
  23. ^ Dreier, Peter (May 31, 2017). "The Fascinating Story of Major League Baseball's Players Union Stimulated by the Death of Jim Bunning". AlterNet. Berkeley, CA. 
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "The Fascinating Story of Major League Baseball's Players Union".
  25. ^ "Political Arithmetik: National Journal 2006 Liberal/Conservative Scores". Politicalarithmetik.blogspot.com. March 5, 2007. Retrieved August 29, 2010. 
  26. ^ Collier, Mark. "Jim Bunning, Former US Senator and Baseball Hall of Famer, Passes Away". Fort Thomas Matters. Retrieved May 28, 2017. 
  27. ^ TEGNA. "Jim Bunning, Hall of Fame pitcher and ex-U.S. senator from Kentucky, dead at 85". WHAS11.com. Retrieved May 28, 2017. 
  28. ^ Peterson, Bill (November 9, 1983). "Martha Collins Elected Kentucky Governor". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 28, 2017. 
  29. ^ Courier-Journal Report. "Jim Bunning, Hall of Fame pitcher and ex-US senator from Kentucky, dead". Usatoday.com. Retrieved May 28, 2017. 
  30. ^ "A neck-and-neck Senate race in Kentucky – September 29, 1998". Cnn.com. September 29, 1998. Retrieved May 28, 2017. 
  31. ^ PHILIP SHENON (November 5, 1998). "THE 1998 ELECTIONS: THE STATES – KENTUCKY; Democrat, Loser in Senate Race, Forgoes Recount – The New York Times". Nytimes.com. Retrieved May 28, 2017. 
  32. ^ "The Exit Interviews: Sen. Jim Bunning – politics – The Exit Interviews". NBC News. September 16, 2010. Retrieved May 28, 2017. 
  33. ^ "Incumbent's Gaffes Narrow Ky. Senate Race". washingtonpost.com. Retrieved May 28, 2017. 
  34. ^ a b c "Indecision 2004 – Senate Race Results – The Daily Show with Jon Stewart – 11/02/2004 – Video Clip | Comedy Central". Thedailyshow.com. November 2, 2004. Retrieved August 29, 2010. 
  35. ^ Mary Jacoby (October 12, 2004). "Weirdness in Kentucky; The increasingly strange behavior of Republican Sen. Jim Bunning has led to speculation that he is suffering from some kind of dementia – and tightened a race he once had in his pocket". Salon Magazine. 
  36. ^ Collins, Dan (October 26, 2004). "Jim Bunning Pitches Into Trouble". CBS News. Retrieved August 29, 2010. 
  37. ^ "Mongiardo, Bunning camps trade barbs". Enquirer.com. October 23, 2004. Retrieved August 29, 2010. 
  38. ^ "USATODAY.com – Bunning wins Senate race after close, bitter race". Usatoday30.usatoday.com. November 3, 2004. Retrieved May 28, 2017. 
  39. ^ "Bunning, McCain to Reintroduce Steroids Bill". Washingtonpost.com. November 1, 2005. Retrieved May 28, 2017. 
  40. ^ Bunning, Jim (July 21, 2009). "Baseball Great Jim Bunning: Steroid Users Have No Place in Hall of Fame: Genuine baseball stars feel cheated by enhanced stats. Besides, the kids are watching". US News. Retrieved May 28, 2017. 
  41. ^ "Sen. Bunning: Amnesty backers 'smoking something illegal'". OneNewsNow.com. Retrieved May 28, 2017. 
  42. ^ "Greenspan critic Bunning also opposes Bernanke – Oct. 25, 2005". Money.cnn.com. October 25, 2005. Retrieved May 28, 2017. 
  43. ^ a b Calabresi, Massimo; Bacon, Jr., Perry (April 16, 2006). "Jim Bunning: The Underperformer". Time. Archived from the original on January 7, 2007. 
  44. ^ "Gates Confirmed As Secretary of Defense". Washingtonpost.com. Retrieved May 28, 2017. 
  45. ^ "Court Rules Delay in Release of Presidential Papers is Illegal; Fails to Address Authority of Former Vice Presidents to Hold Up Disclosure of Papers". National Security Archive. October 1, 2007. 
  46. ^ Carroll, James R. (January 16, 2009). "Bunning absent from Senate, says family more important; Says his absences are inconsequential". Louisville Courier-Journal. 
  47. ^ Kraushaar, Josh (February 22, 2009). "Bunning: Ginsburg will be dead in nine months". Politico.Com. Retrieved May 28, 2017. 
  48. ^ Carroll, James R. (February 23, 2009). "Bunning apologizes for Ginsburg comments". The Courier-Journal. Retrieved February 23, 2009. 
  49. ^ "Sen. Barrasso: Bunning left D.C. before healthcare votes". The Hill. December 24, 2009. Retrieved March 4, 2010. 
  50. ^ Shiner, Meredith (December 24, 2009). "Bunning misses vote for 'family commitments'". Politico. Retrieved March 5, 2010. 
  51. ^ "Bunning: Missed Health Vote for 'Family Commitments'". The Jacksonville Observer. December 26, 2009. Retrieved March 5, 2010. 
  52. ^ Bunning, Jim (February 26, 2010). "Bunning Floor Statement On Pay-For Agreement". United States Senate. Archived from the original on March 7, 2010. Retrieved March 9, 2010. 
  53. ^ "Bunning Filibusters Benefits Extension; Durbin Fights Back". Roll Call. February 25, 2010. Retrieved August 29, 2010. 
  54. ^ "Bunning Senate Floor Quotes On Pay For". United States Senate. February 26, 2010. Archived from the original on March 4, 2010. Retrieved March 9, 2010. 
  55. ^ "Jim Bunning repeatedly block unemployment extension, February 25, 2010". Politico. 
  56. ^ "U.S. Senate: Legislation & Records Home > Votes > Roll Call Vote". Senate.gov. Retrieved August 29, 2010. 
  57. ^ "89.3 WFPL | Bunning Drops Objection To Senate Bill". Wfpl.org. March 2, 2010. Archived from the original on March 8, 2010. Retrieved August 29, 2010. 
  58. ^ a b Kraushaar, Josh; Raju, Manu (January 22, 2009). "GOP pressures Bunning to quit". The Politico. 
  59. ^ Al Cross (April 12, 2009). "As Conway announces, Senate race sharpens". Louisville Courier-Journal. 
  60. ^ John Stamper (February 24, 2009). "Bunning: "I would have a suit" if Republicans recruit an opponent". bluegrasspolitics. 
  61. ^ James R. Carroll (January 24, 2009). "Bunning's weak '08 fundraising raises more questions about 2010 run; Doubts continue growing despite vow to run in 2010". Louisville Courier-Journal. 
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  68. ^ Ben Pershing and Chris Cillizza (July 28, 2009). "Bunning Will Not Seek Third Term; GOP Leaders Urged Senator to Retire". Washington Post. 
  69. ^ Business Wire (April 14, 2010). "Senator Jim Bunning Endorses Rand Paul". 
  70. ^ John Cheves (December 18, 2008). "Non-profit profits U.S. Sen. Jim Bunning of Kentucky". Lexington Herald Leader. Archived from the original on September 4, 2012. 
  71. ^ "Senator Jim Bunning Dies at 85". Rcnky.com. October 21, 2016. Retrieved May 27, 2017. 
  72. ^ , May 27, 2017. "Jim Bunning, former U.S. senator, dies at 85". Wcpo.com. Retrieved May 27, 2017. 
  73. ^ WPCO staff (June 4, 2017). "Former U.S. senator, Hall of Fame pitcher Jim Bunning laid to rest". WCPO-TV. Cincinnati, OH. 
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External linksEdit

Awards and achievements
Preceded by
Bob Keegan
No-hitter pitcher
July 20, 1958
Succeeded by
Hoyt Wilhelm
Preceded by
Sandy Koufax
No-hitter pitcher
June 21, 1964
Succeeded by
Jim Maloney
Preceded by
Don Larsen
Perfect game pitcher
June 21, 1964
Succeeded by
Sandy Koufax
Preceded by
Billy Williams
Recipient of the Major League Baseball Player of the Month Award
June 1964
Succeeded by
Ron Santo
Party political offices
Preceded by
Louie B. Nunn
Republican nominee for Governor of Kentucky
1983
Succeeded by
John Harper
Preceded by
David Williams
Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from Kentucky
(Class 3)

1998, 2004
Succeeded by
Rand Paul
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Gene Snyder
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Kentucky's 4th congressional district

1987–1999
Succeeded by
Ken Lucas
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
Wendell H. Ford
U.S. Senator (Class 3) from Kentucky
1999–2011
Served alongside: Mitch McConnell
Succeeded by
Rand Paul