The 1690s decade ran from January 1, 1690, to December 31, 1699.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
Categories:

Events

1690

January–MarchEdit

April–JuneEdit

July–SeptemberEdit

October–DecemberEdit

Date unknownEdit

1691

January–MarchEdit

April–JuneEdit

July–SeptemberEdit

October–DecemberEdit

Date unknownEdit

1692

January–MarchEdit

April–JuneEdit

July–SeptemberEdit

1693

January–MarchEdit

April–JuneEdit

July–SeptemberEdit

October–DecemberEdit

Date unknownEdit

1694


January–MarchEdit

April–JuneEdit

July–SeptemberEdit

October–DecemberEdit

Date unknownEdit

1695

January–MarchEdit

  • January 7 (December 28, 1694 old style) – The United Kingdom's last joint monarchy, the reign of husband-and-wife King William III and Queen Mary II comes to an end with the death, from smallpox, of Queen Mary, at the age of 32. Princess Mary, the daughter of King James II, had been installed as the monarch along with her husband and cousin, Willem Hendrik von Oranje, Stadtholder of the Dutch Republic, in 1689 after James was deposed by Willem during the "Glorious Revolution".
  • January 14 (January 4 old style) – The Royal Navy warship HMS Nonsuch, with 36 cannons and a special fast-sailing design, is captured near England's Isles of Scilly by the 48-gun French privateer Le Francois. Nonsuch is then sold to the French Navy and renamed Le Sans Pareil.[50][51]
  • January 24Milan's Court Theater is destroyed in a fire.
  • January 27 – A flotilla of six Royal Navy warships under the command of Commodore James Killegrew aboard HMS Plymouth captures two French warships, the Content and the Trident, the day after the French ships had mistaken the English fleet to be a group of merchant ships to attack.
  • February 6Mustafa II (1664 – 1703) succeeds his uncle, Ahmed II as Sultan of the Ottoman Empire.
  • March 5 – The funeral of Queen Mary II of England takes place, accompanied by music written for the occasion by Henry Purcell.
  • March 10 – Almost all French Army soldiers in a column of 1,300 troops, commanded by Brigadier General Urbain Le Clerc de Juigné, are killed or captured in the Battle of Sant Esteve d'en Bas against a smaller Spanish Empire force led by Ramon de Sala i Saçala. The battle, taking place during the War of the Grand Alliance in what is now Catalonia sees 260 of de Juigne's troops killed and 826 becoming prisoners of war. The Spanish side suffers only seven deaths.
  • March 7John Trevor, Speaker of the English House of Commons, is expelled from the House by vote of the members, after being found guilty of accepting a bribe of 1000 pounds sterling from the City of London Corporation.
  • March 14Paul Foley is elected as the new Speaker of the House after the expulsion of John Trevor.
  • March 26John Hungerford is expelled from the English House of Commons when members vote to find him guilty of accepting a bribe in return for using his committee chairmanship to promote the pending Orphans Bill.

April–JuneEdit

July–SeptemberEdit

October–DecemberEdit

  • October 11King William III of England dissolves Parliament in the wake of a scandal involving former Speaker of the House of Commons John Trevor and other Tory MPs.
  • October 25 – The 48-gun English Navy ship HMS Berkeley Castle is captured by the French Navy.
  • November 22 – The new Parliament, with 513 members of the House of Commons is opened by King William III. Commons is composed of 257 Whigs (who hold a majority of one), 203 Tories and 53 members of other parties or independents.
  • December 6 – A total eclipse of the sun is visible across the Middle East and western Asia.[64]
  • December 31 – A window tax is imposed in England.[59] Some windows are bricked up to avoid it.

Date unknownEdit

1696

January–MarchEdit

April–JuneEdit

July–SeptemberEdit

October–DecemberEdit

Date unknownEdit

1697

January–MarchEdit

April–JuneEdit

July–SeptemberEdit

October–DecemberEdit

Date unknownEdit

1698


January–MarchEdit

April–JuneEdit

  • April 1 – Scottish pirate Captain Kidd, and his crew arrive at Île Sainte-Marie off of the coast of Madagascar in Kidd's Adventure Galley and bringing with them the cargo of the captured ships Quedagh Merchant and Rouparelle. Upon arrival, all but 13 of Kidd's crew desert to work for another pirate, Robert Culliford. The Adventure Galley, which is leaking and falling apart, sinks and the Rouparelle is sunk by the deserters. Kidd and his 13 henchmen depart on Quedah Merchant.
  • April 10 – A total solar eclipse is visible in central America.[92]
  • May 1 – The Banishment Act of 1697 goes into effect for Roman Catholic church officials in Ireland, having been the deadline for all "popish archbishops, bishops, vicars general, deans, jesuits, monks, friars, and other regular popish clergy" to have reported to Irish ports for deportation. Re-entry to Ireland after May 4, 1698, is a criminal offense with a penalty of 12 months imprisonment and expulsion, while a second re-entry is punishable by death as treason.
  • May 4 – At the imperial capital at Inwa, Sanay Min of the Toungoo dynasty becomes the new King of Burma upon the death of his father, Minye Kyawhtin.
  • May 17 – The British Royal Navy ship HMS Hastings, a 32-gun fifth rate, is launched.
  • June 20 – An earthquake of magnitude 7.2–7.9 damages an extended region around Ambato, Ecuador, including the Tungurahua, Cotopaxi and Chimborazo provinces. Ambato and Latacunga are completely destroyed and several thousand casualties are reported.[93]
  • June 21John Churchill, Earl of Marlborough is reinstated in the English Army, after a period in disgrace, with readmission to the Privy Council by King William III. On July 26, he is selected as one of the Lords Justice. [94]
  • June 24 – The Trade with Africa Act 1697 goes into effect in the British Empire, ending the monopoly of the Royal African Company in the African slave trade by opening trade to any English merchants who pay a 10 percent fee to the company.

July–SeptemberEdit

October–DecemberEdit

Date unknownEdit

1699

January–MarchEdit

April–JuneEdit

July–SeptemberEdit

October–DecemberEdit

BirthsEdit

1690

1691

1692

1693

1694

1695

1696

1697

1698

1699

DeathsEdit

1690

1691

1692

1693

1694

1695

1696

1697

1698

1699

ReferencesEdit

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