The 1690s decade ran from January 1, 1690, to December 31, 1699.

Events

1690

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1691

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1692

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1693

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1694

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1695

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  • October 11King William III of England dissolves Parliament in the wake of a scandal involving former Speaker of the House of Commons John Trevor and other Tory MPs.
  • October 25 – The 48-gun English Navy ship HMS Berkeley Castle is captured by the French Navy.
  • November 22 – The new Parliament, with 513 members of the House of Commons is opened by King William III. Commons is composed of 257 Whigs (who hold a majority of one), 203 Tories and 53 members of other parties or independents.
  • December 6 – A total eclipse of the sun is visible across the Middle East and western Asia.[79]
  • December 31 – A window tax is imposed in England.[75] Some windows are bricked up to avoid it.

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1696

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1697

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1698

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1699


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Births

1690

 
Susanna Montgomerie, Countess of Eglinton born 1 January
 
Francesco Maria Veracini born 1 February
 
Kilian Stobæus born 6 February
 
Maria Vittoria of Savoy born 9 February
 
Sangram Singh II born 24 March
 
Louis Petit de Bachaumont born 2 June
 
George Albert, Prince of East Frisia born 13 June
 
Epes Sargent (soldier) born 12 July
 
Martha Blount born 15 October
 
Peter Tordenskjold born 28 October
 
Martin Folkes born 29 October
 
Carlo Lodoli born 28 November

1691

 
George Lillo born 3 February
 
Francesco Alborea born 7 March
 
James Alexander (lawyer) born 27 May
 
Giovanni Paolo Panini born 17 June
 
Alessandro Galilei born 25 August
 
Arthur Onslow born 1 October
 
Tsarevna Catherine Ivanovna of Russia born 20 October
 
Dudley Ryder (judge) born 4 November
 
Cornelis Pronk born 10 December

1692

 
Petrus Wesseling born 7 January
 
Pierre-Claude Nivelle de La Chaussée born 14 February
 
Christian David born 17 February
 
John Byrom born 29 February
 
Pieter van Musschenbroek born 14 March
 
Joseph Highmore born 13 June
 
Louisa Maria Stuart born 28 June
 
Elisabeth Farnese born 25 October
 
Anne Claude de Caylus born 31 October
 
Louis Racine born 6 November
 
Laurentius Blumentrost born 8 November

1693

 
Matthew Hutton (archbishop of Canterbury) born 3 January
 
José del Campillo born 13 February
 
Malhar Rao Holkar born 16 March
 
Mary Alexander born 16 April
 
Anne Sophie Reventlow born 16 April
 
Thomas Gent born 4 May
 
Diego de Torres Villarroel born 17 June
 
Christian August Hausen born 19 June
 
Joseph Emanuel Fischer von Erlach born 13 September
 
Marie-Madeleine de Parabère born 6 October
 
Louise Élisabeth de Bourbon born 22 November
 
Nathaniel Appleton born 9 December

1694

 
Paul of the Cross born 3 January
 
Henrietta Harley, Countess of Oxford and Countess Mortimer born 11 February
 
Francis Hutcheson (philosopher) born 8 August
 
Christiane Charlotte of Württemberg-Winnental born 20 August
 
Elisha Williams born 26 August
 
John Vanderbank born 9 September
 
Yeongjo of Joseon born 13 September
 
Henry Pelham born 25 September
 
Tsarevna Praskovya Ivanovna of Russia born 4 October
 
Augustine Washington born 12 November
 
Voltaire born 21 November

1695

 
William Borlase born 2 February
 
Françoise de Graffigny born 11 February
 
Abraham Pelt born 11 February
 
Infante António of Portugal born 15 March
 
William Greene (colonial governor) born 16 March
 
Christoph Jacob Trew born 16 April
 
Henri Pitot born 3 May
 
Sir Peter Halkett, 2nd Baronet born 21 June
 
Louise Anne de Bourbon born 23 June
 
Martin van Meytens born 24 June
 
Antonio Cocchi born 3 August
 
Samuel Sandys, 1st Baron Sandys born 10 August
 
Marie Louise Élisabeth d'Orléans born 20 August

1696

 
Marco Foscarini born 4 February
 
Esther Wheelwright born 10 April
 
Countess Palatine Franziska Christine of Sulzbach born 16 May
 
Mahmud I born 2 August
 
Giuseppe Pozzobonelli born 11 August
 
Charles Gray (Colchester MP) born 20 September
 
Alphonsus Liguori born 27 September
 
John Hervey, 2nd Baron Hervey born 13 October
 
Augustus III of Poland born 17 October
 
Giulia Crostarosa born 31 October
 
Conrad Weiser born 2 November
 
Zorawar Singh (Sikhism) born 17 November
 
Anne-Madeleine Remuzat born 29 November

1697

 
William Smellie (obstetrician) born 5 February
 
Yunli born 24 March
 
Jean-Marie Leclair born 10 May
 
Countess Palatine Ernestine of Sulzbach born 15 May
 
Charles VII, Holy Roman Emperor born 6 August
 
Princess Benedetta d'Este born 18 August
 
Alexander Monro (primus) born 19 September
 
William Smith (judge, born 1697) born 8 October
 
Georg Desmarées born 29 October
 
Louise Hippolyte, Princess of Monaco born 10 November
 
Johann Baring born 15 November
 
Maria Karolina Sobieska born 25 November

1698

 
Pietro Metastasio born 3 January
 
Giovanni Battista de' Rossi born 22 February
 
Lady Jane Douglas born 17 March
 
Prokop Diviš born 26 March
 
Steven Hoogendijk born 1 April
 
Henry Baker (naturalist) born 8 May
 
Weliwita Sri Saranankara Thero born 19 June
 
Jean-Michel Chevotet born 11 July
 
Giacomo Ceruti born 13 October
 
Ange-Jacques Gabriel born 23 October
 
Paul Troger born 30 October

1699

 
Infanta Francisca Josefa of Portugal born 30 January
 
John Bartram born 23 March
 
Hubert-François Gravelot born 26 March
 
Joseph Spence (author) born 28 April
 
Anna Leszczyńska (1699–1717) born 25 May
 
Alamgir II born 6 June
 
Henrietta Knight, Lady Luxborough born 15 July
 
Mastani born 29 August
 
Jeanne Quinault born 13 October
 
Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin born 2 November
 
Christian VI of Denmark born 30 November

Deaths

1690

 
Johannes Gezelius the elder died 20 January
 
Joshua Janavel died 5 March
 
Jan van Mieris died 17 March
 
Patriarch Joachim of Moscow died 17 March
 
Raymond Poisson died 9 May
 
John Eliot (missionary) died 21 May
 
François Tortebat died 4 June
 
Hosokawa Yukitaka died 9 July
 
Gottfried Welsch died 5 September
 
Elizabeth Percy, Countess of Northumberland died 19 September
 
John Maynard (1604–1690) died 9 October
 
Louis Charles d'Albert de Luynes died 10 October
 
Juan de Valdés Leal died 15 October
 
Margaret Mary Alacoque died 17 October
 
Jean-Baptiste Christyn died 25 October

1691

 
George Fox died 13 January
 
Richard Lower (physician) died 17 January
 
Pope Alexander VIII died 1 February
 
Brother Lawrence died 12 February
 
Luo Wenzao died 27 February
 
Thomas Lamplugh died 5 May
 
Cornelis Tromp died 29 May
 
Suleiman II of the Ottoman Empire died 22 June
 
Mary Sackville died 6 August
 
Kumazawa Banzan died 9 September
 
Catharina Hooft died 30 September
 
Isaac de Benserade died 10 October
 
Israel Silvestre died 11 October
 
Pieter Cornelisz van Slingelandt died 7 November
 
Robert Boyle

1692

 
Fernando de Valenzuela, 1st Marquis of Villasierra died 7 January
 
Wang Fuzhi died 18 February
 
Antimo Liberati died 24 February
 
Countess Palatine Eleonora Catherine of Zweibrücken died 3 March
 
Princess Luisa Cristina of Savoy died 12 May
 
Elias Ashmole died 18 May
 
Marie de Bourbon, Countess of Soissons died 3 June
 
Bridget Bishop died 10 June
 
Rebecca Nurse died 19 July
 
Gilles Ménage died 23 July
 
George Burroughs died 19 August
 
Martha Carrier (Salem witch trials) died 19 August
 
Giles Corey died 19 September
 
Martha Corey died 22 September
 
Charles Fleetwood died 4 October
 
Thomas Shadwell died 19 November
 
John Russell (clergyman) died 10 December

1693

 
Mehmed IV died 6 January
 
Marguerite de la Sablière died 6 January
 
Federico Visconti died 7 January
 
John de Britto died 4 February
 
Constantin Cantemir died 24 March
 
Adriaantje Hollaer died 31 March
 
Roger de Rabutin, comte de Bussy died 9 April
 
Rutger von Ascheberg died 17 April
 
Madame de La Fayette died 25 May
 
Willem Kalf died 31 July
 
Flavio Chigi died 13 September
 
Bankei Yōtaku died 30 September
 
Theodor von Strattman died 25 October
 
Kyprian Zochovskyj died 26 October
 
Job Adriaenszoon Berckheyde died 23 November
 
Willem van de Velde the Elder died 13 December

1694

 
Francesco Morosini died 16 January
 
William Dolben (judge) died 25 January
 
Natalya Naryshkina died 4 February
 
Nicolás de Villacis died 8 April
 
Claire-Clémence de Maillé-Brézé died 16 April
 
Philip Howard (cardinal) died 17 June
 
Hishikawa Moronobu died 25 July
 
Suleiman I of Persia died 29 July
 
Antoine Arnauld died 8 August
 
Bernard of Offida died 22 August
 
Princess Sophie Auguste of Anhalt-Zerbst died 14 September
 
Matsuo Bashō died 28 November
 
Marcello Malpighi died 29 November
 
Pierre Puget died 2 December
 
Mary II of England died 28 December

1695

 
Ahmed II died 6 February
 
William Phips died 18 February
 
Ludwika Karolina Radziwiłł died 25 March
 
Lambert van Haven died 9 May
 
Prince Christian of Denmark (1675–1695) died 27 June
 
Christiaan Huygens died 8 July
 
François de Harlay de Champvallon died 6 August
 
Huang Zongxi died 12 August
 
Christopher Merret died 19 August
 
Enkū died 24 August
 
Johann Wilhelm Baier died 19 October
 
Zumbi died 20 November
 
Henry Purcell died 21 November

1696

 
Ivan V of Russia died 8 February
 
Marie de Rabutin-Chantal, marquise de Sévigné died 17 April
 
Queen Anu died 12 June
 
John III Sobieski died 17 June
 
Inaba Masanori died 4 July
 
Raugravine Caroline Elisabeth died 7 July
 
Dionysius III of Constantinople died 14 October
 
Gregório de Matos died 26 November
 
Empress Meishō died 4 December

1697

 
Francesco Redi died 1 March
 
William Child died 23 March
 
Niels Juel died 8 April
 
Louise Boyer died 22 May
 
John Aubrey died 7 June
 
John Hay, 1st Marquess of Tweeddale died 11 August
 
Eleonore of Austria, Queen of Poland died 17 December
 
Frederick Charles, Duke of Württemberg-Winnental died 20 December

1698

 
Moyse Charas died 17 January
 
Mechtilde of the Blessed Sacrament died 6 April
 
Jacob ben Aaron Sasportas died 15 April
 
Elizabeth Maitland, Duchess of Lauderdale died 5 June
 
Jai Singh of Mewar died 23 September
 
Louis de Buade de Frontenac died 28 November

1699

 
Mattia Preti died 3 January
 
Kinoshita Jun'an died 23 January
 
Erhard Weigel died 20 March
 
Hans Rosing died 13 April
 
Jean Racine died 21 April
 
Mary Beale died 8 October
 
Kosa Pan died 15 November
 
Patrick Gordon died 29 November