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Shivaji Bhonsle II or Shiva Rajaram Bhonsle (9 June 1696 – 14 March 1726) was the son of Maratha ruler Chhatrapati Rajaram I and his wife Tarabai.

Shivaji II
Chhatrapati of the Maratha Empire
Flag of the Maratha Empire.svg 4th Chhatrapati of the Maratha Empire
Reign1700-1707
1710-1714 (Kolhapur State)
PredecessorRajaram I
SuccessorShahu I
Sambhaji II (Kolhapur State)
Born6 June 1696
Jinji
Died14 March 1726
Raigad Fort (aged 29)
IssueRajaram II of Satara (adopted posthumously)
Full name
Shivaji Bhonsle II
HouseBhonsle
FatherRajaram I
MotherTarabai
ReligionHinduism

DetailsEdit

Upon the death of his father, the infant Shivaji was installed as the Chhatrapati of the Maratha Empire with his mother Tarabai serving as the regent in 1700. His cousin, Chhattrapati Shahu upon his release from the Mughals in 1707 successfully challenged Tarabai to become the next Chhatrapati.[1] Tarabai then set up a rival court in Kolhapur. Shivaji II served as Raja of Kolhapur from 1710 to 1714. At that time, he was once again deposed by his step-mother Rajasbai who installed her own son, Sambhaji II on the Kolhapur throne. Shivaji died of smallpox on 14 March 1726. [2] Shivaji II posthumously became father of a son, later called Rajaram II of Satara who was brought up in obscurity for his own protection. When Shahu, without a male heir to succeed to his throne, wanted to adopt a son, Tarabai disclosed this fact to him in late 1740s. Shahu adopted Rajaram II who succeeded Shahu as the Chhatrapati following Shahu's death.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books. pp. 201–202. ISBN 978-9-38060-734-4.
  2. ^ Kolhapur State
Preceded by
Chhattrapati Rajaram
(nominal)

Chhatrapati of the
Maratha Empire
1700–1707

Succeeded by
Chhattrapati Shahu
Preceded by
Raja of
Kolhapur

1710–1714
Succeeded by
Sambhaji II