William Douglas, 1st Duke of Queensberry

William Douglas, 1st Duke of Queensberry PC (1637 – 28 March 1695), also 3rd Earl of Queensberry and 1st Marquess of Queensberry, was a Scottish politician.[1][2][3]

The 1st Duke of Queensberry.

He was the son of James Douglas, 2nd Earl of Queensberry and his second wife Margaret Stewart, daughter of John Stewart, 1st Earl of Traquair. He succeeded his father as Earl of Queensberry in 1671 and took his seat in the Parliament of Scotland on 12 June 1672.[4]


Queensberry House, Edinburgh

He was appointed a Scottish Privy Councillor in 1667, Lord Justice General from 1680 to 1682, and Lord High Treasurer of Scotland from 1682 to 1686. He was created Marquess of Queensberry on 11 February 1682 and Duke of Queensberry on 3 November 1684, with remainder to his heirs male. He refused to support James VII's measures against the established church in 1685. He was Lord President of the Privy Council from 1686 to 1689. From 1685 he was one of the lords of the Privy Council for both Scotland and England, but in 1687 he was accused of maladministration by James Drummond, 4th Earl of Perth and was stripped of his appointments.

He assented to the accession of William and Mary and again enjoyed the royal favour before he died, being appointed Extraordinary Lord of Session in 1693.[5]

He acquired what is now known as Queensberry House on the Royal Mile in 1689 and died there.[6]

Personal lifeEdit

He married Lady Isabel Douglas, daughter of William Douglas, 1st Marquess of Douglas and Lady Mary Gordon, in 1657, and they had issue:

  1. Lady Anne Douglas, Countess of Wemyss (died from injuries following her clothes going on fire, 23 February 1700)
  2. William Douglas, 1st Earl of March (died 9 September 1705)
  3. George Douglas
  4. James Douglas, 2nd Duke of Queensberry (1662–1711)


  1. ^ G. E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors. The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910–1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume X, page 694.
  2. ^ Record for William Douglas, 1st Marquess of Queensberry at www.thepeerage.com
  3. ^ "Douglas, William (1637-1695)" . Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
  4. ^ Records of the Parliaments of Scotland, 1672/6/3. Date accessed: 5 October 2014.
  5. ^   This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Queensberry, Earls, Marquesses and Dukes of". Encyclopædia Britannica. 22 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 730.
  6. ^ Cassell's Old and New Edinburgh
Political offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Balcarres
Lord High Treasurer of Scotland
In commission
Parliament of Scotland
Preceded by
James, Duke of York and Albany
Lord High Commissioner
Succeeded by
Alexander Stuart, 5th Earl of Moray
Legal offices
Preceded by
George Mackenzie of Tarbat
Lord Justice General
Succeeded by
James Drummond, 4th Earl of Perth
Peerage of Scotland
New creation Duke of Queensberry
Succeeded by
James Douglas
Marquess of Queensberry
Preceded by
James Douglas
Earl of Queensberry