Open main menu

James Douglas, 2nd Duke of Queensberry

James Douglas, 2nd Duke of Queensberry and 1st Duke of Dover (18 December 1662 – 6 July 1711) was a Scottish nobleman.


The Duke of Queensberry

James 2nd dukeofqueensberry.jpg
Secretary of State for Scotland
In office
3 February 1709 – 6 July 1711
MonarchAnne
Preceded byThe Earl of Mar
Succeeded byThe Earl of Mar
Lord High Commissioner
In office
31 July 1706 – 1 May 1707
MonarchAnne
Preceded byThe Duke of Argyll
Succeeded byDonald Dewar (as First Minister of Scotland)
In office
25 April 1700 – 31 May 1704
MonarchWilliam II; Anne
Preceded byThe Earl of Marchmont
Succeeded byThe Marquess of Tweeddale
Personal details
Born18 December 1662
Sanquhar Castle, Dumfriesshire
Scotland
Died6 July 1711(1711-07-06) (aged 48)
London, England
Resting placeDurisdeer Parish Church, Durisdeer, Dumfries and Galloway
Spouse(s)Hon. Mary Boyle (c. 1664–1709)
ChildrenJames Douglas, 3rd Marquess of Queensberry
Charles Douglas, 3rd Duke of Queensberry
Jane Scott, Countess of Dalkeith
ParentsWilliam Douglas, 1st Duke of Queensberry
Isabel Douglas
Coat of arms of James Douglas, 2nd Duke of Queensberry, 1st Duke of Dover, KG

LifeEdit

He was the eldest son of William Douglas, 1st Duke of Queensberry and his wife Isabel Douglas, daughter of William Douglas, 1st Marquess of Douglas. His title before succeeding his father was Lord Drumlanrig.[1]

Educated at the University of Glasgow, he was appointed a Scottish Privy Counsellor in 1684, and was lieutenant-colonel of Dundee's regiment of horse. He supported William III in 1688 and was appointed colonel of the Scots Troop, Horse Guards Regiment. On his father's death in 1695 he succeeded to several titles, including 2nd Duke of Queensberry.

He was appointed Lord High Treasurer of Scotland from 1693 and Keeper of the Privy Seal of Scotland from 1695 to 1702. In 1696 he was appointed as Extraordinary Lord of Session. He was Lord High Commissioner to the Parliament of Scotland in 1700, 1702 and 1703, in which role he procured the abandonment of the Darien scheme. He was appointed a Knight of the Garter in 1701.

On the accession of Queen Anne in 1702, Douglas was appointed Secretary of State for Scotland.[2] He encouraged the Jacobites by his undecided attitude on the question of the settlement, and was deluded into unconsciously furthering the Jacobite designs of Simon Fraser, 11th Lord Lovat. Lovat had used Queensberry's jealousy of the duke of Atholl to obtain a commission from him to get evidence in France which would implicate Atholl. The plot was betrayed to Atholl by Robert Ferguson, and Douglas withdrew from government in 1704.[2]

 
Tomb of James Douglas, 2nd Duke of Queensberry, and his wife, Mary, in Durisdeer Parish Church

He was reinstated as Keeper of the Privy Seal of Scotland in 1705, was a commissioner of the estates in 1706, and procured the signing of the Treaty of Union in 1707. For this he was very unpopular in Scotland, but he received a pension of £3,000 a year.[2] He was created Duke of Dover, Marquess of Beverley and Earl of Ripon in 1708, and appointed to the British Privy Council in the same year. He was Secretary of State for Scotland from 1709 until his death. Queensberry died at his house in Albemarle Street, Piccadilly, in 1711, of an "iliack passion" (intestinal obstruction).[3] He was later reburied with his wife Marie at Durisdeer Parish Church in Nithsdale.[4]

Queensberry House in Edinburgh is today part of the Scottish Parliament Building.

FamilyEdit

He married Mary Boyle, daughter of The Viscount Dungarvan and had at least 3 children:

ReferencesEdit

  • Henderson, Thomas Finlayson (1888). "Douglas, James" . In Stephen, Leslie (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. 15. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 323–326.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Henderson 1888, p. 324.
  2. ^ a b c Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Queensberry, Earls, Marquesses and Dukes of" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 22 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 731.
  3. ^ Abel Boyer. The History of the Reign of Queen Anne. 10. p. 380.
  4. ^ Collection of Epitaphs and Monumental Inscriptions: Chiefly in Scotland
Military offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Linlithgow
Captain and Colonel of the
Scots Troop of Horse Guards

1688–1696
Succeeded by
The Earl of Argyll
Political offices
Unknown Lord High Treasurer of Scotland
1693 – Date unknown
Unknown
Preceded by
The Earl of Melville
Keeper of the Privy Seal of Scotland
1695–1702
Succeeded by
The Duke of Atholl
Preceded by
The Earl of Hyndford
The Earl of Seafield
Secretary of State
1702–1704
with George Mackenzie
Succeeded by
The Earl of Roxburghe
The Earl of Seafield
Preceded by
The Duke of Atholl
Keeper of the Privy Seal of Scotland
1705–1709
Succeeded by
The Duke of Montrose
Preceded by
The Earl of Mar
Secretary of State for Scotland
1709–1711
Succeeded by
The Earl of Mar
Parliament of Scotland
Preceded by
The Earl of Tullibardine
Lord High Commissioner
1700–1704
Succeeded by
The Marquess of Tweeddale
Preceded by
The Duke of Argyll
Lord High Commissioner
1706–1707
Succeeded by
Act of Union 1707
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
William Douglas
Duke of Queensberry
1695–1711
Succeeded by
Charles Douglas
Marquess of Queensberry
1695–1711
Succeeded by
James Douglas
Peerage of Great Britain
New creation Duke of Dover
1708–1711
Succeeded by
Charles Douglas