1768 (MDCCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1768th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 768th year of the 2nd millennium, the 68th year of the 18th century, and the 9th year of the 1760s decade. As of the start of 1768, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
1768 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1768
Ab urbe condita2521
Armenian calendar1217
Assyrian calendar6518
Balinese saka calendar1689–1690
Bengali calendar1175
Berber calendar2718
British Regnal yearGeo. 3 – 9 Geo. 3
Buddhist calendar2312
Burmese calendar1130
Byzantine calendar7276–7277
Chinese calendar丁亥年 (Fire Pig)
4465 or 4258
    — to —
戊子年 (Earth Rat)
4466 or 4259
Coptic calendar1484–1485
Discordian calendar2934
Ethiopian calendar1760–1761
Hebrew calendar5528–5529
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1824–1825
 - Shaka Samvat1689–1690
 - Kali Yuga4868–4869
Holocene calendar11768
Igbo calendar768–769
Iranian calendar1146–1147
Islamic calendar1181–1182
Japanese calendarMeiwa 5
Javanese calendar1693–1694
Julian calendarGregorian minus 11 days
Korean calendar4101
Minguo calendar144 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar300
Thai solar calendar2310–2311
Tibetan calendar阴火猪年
(female Fire-Pig)
1894 or 1513 or 741
    — to —
(male Earth-Rat)
1895 or 1514 or 742
January 9: Philip Astley circus starts.











Date unknown

  • The Petit Trianon, originally designed for Madame de Pompadour, is completed in the park of the Palace of Versailles, and inaugurated by Louis XV of France.
  • New Smyrna, Florida, the largest attempt at colonization by the British in the New World, is founded by Dr. Andrew Turnbull.
  • The Steller's sea cow, discovered on Bering Island in 1741, is driven to extinction.
  • The Complete Farmer: Or, a General Dictionary of Husbandry, written by "A Society of Gentlemen", a group of members of the Society for the Encouragement of Arts in Britain, concludes publication in weekly numbers and is first published in book form.
  • Shaikh Mohamed bin Khalifa Al Utbi, the ancestor of the Al Khalifa family, builds his castle, named Sabha in Zubarah, after an ancestral fort in central Arabia.The construction of the castle consolidated his rule and authority over Zubarah and neighboring tribes.
  • The Battle of Simaisma, fought in the village of Simaisma in Qatar, takes place after Shaikh Mohamed bin Khalifa of Zubarah refuses to pay taxes to Al Musalam clan who were the representatives of the Bani Khalid tribe in Qatar. The Battle of Simaisma, ended with victory for Shaikh Mohamed and the people of Zubarah, while the Al Musalam and their seat of power Al Howeila witnessed devastation and loss.


Maria Edgeworth
Joseph Bonaparte
Caroline of Brunswick


Johann Joachim Winckelmann
Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle


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  25. ^ "History of Thomas Pelham-Holles 1st Duke of Newcastle - GOV.UK". www.gov.uk. Retrieved June 19, 2023.

Further reading