The 1770s (pronounced "seventeen-seventies") was a decade of the Gregorian calendar that began on January 1, 1770, and ended on December 31, 1779. A period full of discoveries, breakthroughs happened in all walks of life, as what emerged at this period brought life to most innovations we know today. From nations such as the United States of America, birthed through hardships such as the American Revolutionary War and altercations akin to the Boston Tea Party, spheres of influence such as Russia from its victorious Crimean claims at the Russo-Turkish War, the Industrial Revolution, and populism, their influence remains omnipresent to this day. New lands south of the Equator were discovered and settled by Europeans like James Cook, expanding the horizons of a New World to new reaches such as Australia and French Polynesia, as studies on chemistry and politics deepen to forge the Age of Reason for centuries to come.

Second voyage of James CookUnited States Declaration of IndependenceBoston Tea PartyRusso-Turkish War (1768–1774)Company rule in IndiaCarl Wilhelm ScheeleAmazing GraceDaniel Rutherford
From top left, clockwise: Englishmen and sailor James Cook concludes his inaugural and embarks on his second voyage, leaving a trail of significant milestones along its way such as the discovery of New Caledonia, Australia, Tahiti, the Antarctic Circle, and becoming the first humans to witness Antarctic waters as pictured; The United States Declaration of Independence was unanimously signed and adopted by the Second Continental Congress, announcing the colonies' intention to separate from Great Britain; Company rule in India establishes governance over India for the first time at Calcutta, giving way for British colonialism over the Indian subcontinent, and eventually Western imperialism in Asia; Nitrogen gas was isolated from air by Scottish scientist Daniel Rutherford; Amazing Grace was sung for the first time as a hymn in Buckinghamshire, England at 1773; Chemist Carl Wilhelm Scheele made several breakthroughs in chemistry by discovering five chemical elements, namely oxygen (1771), barium (1772), chlorine (1774), manganese (1774), and molybdenum (1778); The Boston Tea Party protest precipitates anti-British sentiment in the Thirteen Colonies, and subsequently the American Revolutionary War; A Russo-Turkish War lead to now-Russia's first occupation of Crimea; initiating Russia's influence over Crimea that has since persisted today.
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EventsEdit

1770

January– MarchEdit

April–JuneEdit

July– SeptemberEdit

October–DecemberEdit

Date unknownEdit

1771Edit

January– MarchEdit

April–JuneEdit

July–SeptemberEdit

October–DecemberEdit

Date unknownEdit

1772Edit

January– MarchEdit

April –JuneEdit

July–SeptemberEdit

October–DecemberEdit

Date unknownEdit

1773Edit

January–MarchEdit

April–JuneEdit

July–SeptemberEdit

October–DecemberEdit

Date unknownEdit

1774Edit

January–MarchEdit

April–JuneEdit

July–SeptemberEdit

October–DecemberEdit

Date unknownEdit

1775Edit

SummaryEdit

The American Revolution begins this year, with the first military engagement being the April 19 Battles of Lexington and Concord on the day after Paul Revere's now-legendary ride. The Second Continental Congress takes various steps toward organizing an American government, appointing George Washington commander-in-chief (June 14), Benjamin Franklin postmaster general (July 26) and creating a Continental Navy (October 13) and a Marine force (November 10) as landing troops for it, but as yet the 13 colonies have not declared independence, and both the British (June 12) and American (July 15) governments make laws. On July 6, Congress issues the Declaration of the Causes and Necessity of Taking Up Arms and on August 23, King George III of England declares the American colonies in rebellion, announcing it to Parliament on November 10. On June 17, two months into the colonial siege of Boston, at the Battle of Bunker Hill, just north of Boston, British forces are victorious, but only after suffering severe casualties and after Colonial forces run out of ammunition, Fort Ticonderoga is taken by American forces in New York Colony's northern frontier, and American forces unsuccessfully invade Canada, with an attack on Montreal defeated by British forces on November 13 and an attack on Quebec repulsed December 31.

Human knowledge and mastery over nature advances when James Watt builds a successful prototype of a steam engine, and a scientific expedition continues as Captain James Cook claims the South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands in the south Atlantic Ocean for Britain. Nature's power over humanity is dramatically demonstrated when the Independence Hurricane (August 29 – September 13) devastates the east coast of North America, killing 4,173, and when, on the western side of the North American continent, Tseax Cone erupts in the future British Columbia, as well as when a smallpox epidemic begins in New England. Smallpox was then cured by Edward Jenner.

January–JuneEdit

July–DecemberEdit

 
August 18: Tucson is founded.

Date unknownEdit

1776Edit

January–FebruaryEdit

March–AprilEdit

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July–AugustEdit

September–OctoberEdit

 
September 22: British hang spy Nathan Hale in New York City.

November–DecemberEdit

1777Edit

January–MarchEdit

April–JuneEdit

 
June 14: US Flag (had various star patterns)

July–DecemberEdit

Date unknownEdit

1778Edit

January–MarchEdit

April–JuneEdit

July–SeptemberEdit

October–DecemberEdit

  • October 12 – The Continental Congress advises the 13 member states to suppress "theatrical entertainments, horse-racing, gaming, and such other diversions as are productive of idleness, dissipation, and general depravity of principles and manners."[89]

UndatedEdit

1779Edit

January–MarchEdit

April–JuneEdit

July–SeptemberEdit

October–DecemberEdit

Date unknownEdit

ReferencesEdit

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