Pietro Ostini

Pietro Ostini (27 April 1775 – 5 March 1849) was an Italian papal diplomat and Cardinal.

Cardinal

Pietro Ostini
Cardinal-Bishop
Cardinal galero with fiocchi.svg
DioceseBishop of Albano (1843–1849)
Bishop of Jesi (1836–1841)
Orders
Consecration12 August 1827
by Cardinal Giacomo Giustiniani
Created cardinal30 September 1831 (in pectore)
11 July 1836 (publicized)
by Pope Gregory XVI
RankCardinal Priest of San Clemente (1836–1843)
Personal details
Born27 April 1775
Rome, IT
Died5 March 1849
Naples IT
BuriedCathedral of Naples
NationalityRoman, Papal States (Italian)
Occupationeducator, diplomat, administrator
Professionpriest, bishop
EducationRome, Collegio Romano

Ostini was born in Rome on 27 April 1775.[1] He was educated at the Collegio Romano.

He was Professor of Church History at the Collegio Romano, both before and after the deportation of Pope Pius VII to France (1809–1814) and the French occupation of Rome. During the occupation, he was observed to be friendly to the French authorities and an admirer of Napoleon, and on the return of the Pope to Rome and the beginning of papal actions against collaborators, Ostini was denounced. Pius was determined to deport him to Corsica, but Bishop Giuseppe Menocchio, the Pope's confessor, who had remained in Rome during the occupation, intervened and pointed out the good work that Ostini had done in converting a number of prominent Protestants to the Catholic faith. He was spared. The Pope eventually became convinced that Ostini had already undergone a radical change in outlook toward Napoleon and the French.[2]

Early in 1823, he was offered the post of Apostolic Visitor to Chile, but he declined.[3] He entered the papal diplomatic corps after the deaths of Pius VII and Cardinal Consalvi, and served as Internuncio at Vienna from 1824 to 1827.[4] He was named titular Archbishop of Tarsus on 9 April 1827, and consecrated by Cardinal Giacomo Giustiniani.[5] He served in Lucerne as Nuncio to the Swiss Confederation in 1828, where he signed the Conventions that incorporated the Thurgau and the Aargau into the newly organized diocese of Berne.[6] He was papal Nuncio in Brazil in 1829–1831,[7] he returned to Vienna as Nuncio in 1832–1836.

Ostini was named a cardinal in the consistory of 30 September 1831 by Pope Gregory XVI, but the appointment was kept secret until the day that he was transferred to the diocese of Jesi on 11 July 1836. He was presented with the red biretta in Vienna by the Emperor personally on 25 July.[8] On 21 November 1836, he was assigned the titular church of San Clemente in Rome.[9]

He resigned the diocese of Jesi on 19 December 1841, in anticipation of being named Prefect of the Congregation of Bishops and Regulars.[10] The appointment was announced on 25 January 1842.

Cardinal Ostini became bishop of Albano on 3 April 1843.[11] He held a diocesan synod in Albano on 23—25 May 1847.[12]

Because of the anti-papal revolution in Rome, Ostini fled to Naples, while the Pope fled to Gaeta. The Cardinal died in exile in Naples on 5 March 1849.[13]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Notizie per l'anno 1837 (in Italian). Roma: Cracas. 1837. pp. 60, 118.
  2. ^ Wolff, I, p. 70-71.
  3. ^ Yves Chiron (2003). Pío IX (in Spanish). Madrid: Palabra. p. 60. ISBN 978-84-8239-668-2.
  4. ^ Tomislav Mrkonjić (2008). Archivio della nunziatura apostolica in Vienna: Cancelleria e segreteria, nn. 1-904 (in Italian). Citta del Vaticano: Archivio Segreto Vaticano. pp. 245–246. ISBN 978-88-85042-56-8.
  5. ^ Diario di Roma (in Italian). Anno 1827, Numero 65 (Agosto). Roma: Cracas. 1827. p. 1.
  6. ^ Karl Gareis; Philipp Zorn (1878). Staat und Kirche in der Schweiz: Eine Darstellung des eidgenössischen und kantonalen Kirchenstaatsrechtes mit besonderer Rücksicht auf die neuere Rechtsentwickelung und die heutigen Conflikte zwischen Staat und Kirche. 1878 (in German and French). Zweiter Band. Zurich: Orell Füssli & Company. pp. Anhang, p. LV. Christoph Winzeler (2004). Schweizerische Kirchenrechtsquellen (in German and French). Bern: Peter Lang. pp. 70–71. ISBN 978-3-03910-387-4.
  7. ^ O Clero no Parlamento brasileiro: Câmara dos Deputados (1843-1862) (in Portuguese). Câmara dos Deputados, Centro de Documentação e Informação, Coordenação de Publicações. 1844. p. 167. Hans-Jürgen Prien (2012). Christianity in Latin America (Revised and Expanded ed.). Leiden-Boston: Brill. pp. 343–344. ISBN 978-90-04-24207-4.
  8. ^ Lorenzo Fracasso, ed. (1836). Il nuovo Osservatore Veneziano (in Italian). Venice: Malvasia Vecchia. p. 411.
  9. ^ Moroni, p. 56 column 2.
  10. ^ Moroni, p. 57 column 1.
  11. ^ Notizie per l'anno 1845 (in Italian). Roma: Cracas. 1845. pp. 32, 92.
  12. ^ Pietro Ostini (1848). Synodus dioecesana habita in Cathedrali Templo Albanensi X. IX. VIII. Kal. Junias An. MDCCCXLVII (in Latin). Rome: Typ. Bonarum Artium.
  13. ^ Moroni, p. 57. David M. Cheney, Catholic-Hierarchy.com, "Pietro Cardinal Ostini †", gives the date of 4 March 1849, but notes, "Date uncertain" (retrieved: 10 March 2019).

BibliographyEdit

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