1702 (MDCCII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar, the 1702nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 702nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 2nd year of the 18th century, and the 3rd year of the 1700s decade. As of the start of 1702, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923. In the Swedish calendar it was a common year starting on Wednesday, one day ahead of the Julian and ten days behind the Gregorian calendar.
|Ab urbe condita||2455|
|Balinese saka calendar||1623–1624|
|English Regnal year||14 Will. 3 – 1 Ann. 1|
|Chinese calendar||辛巳年 (Metal Snake)|
4398 or 4338
— to —
壬午年 (Water Horse)
4399 or 4339
|- Vikram Samvat||1758–1759|
|- Shaka Samvat||1623–1624|
|- Kali Yuga||4802–4803|
|Japanese calendar||Genroku 15|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 11 days|
|Minguo calendar||210 before ROC|
|Thai solar calendar||2244–2245|
1828 or 1447 or 675
— to —
1829 or 1448 or 676
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1702.|
- January 12 – In North America, ships from Fort Maurepas arrive at Twenty-Seven Mile Bluff, to build Fort Louis de la Mobile (future Mobile, Alabama), to become the capital of French Louisiana.
- March 8 (O.S.) – William III of England dies of complications following a fall from his horse on February 20; his sister-in-law, Princess Anne Stuart, becomes Queen Anne of England, Scotland and Ireland. Anne is the mother of 17 children by her husband, Prince George of Denmark and Norway, but none will survive childhood, and she will die without an heir, to enable the Hanoverian Succession. The States General of the Netherlands do not appoint a new stadtholder, and so the Dutch Republic becomes a true republic again.
- March 11 (O.S.) – The first regular English-language national newspaper, The Daily Courant, is published for the first time on Fleet Street, in the City of London; it covers only foreign news.
- May – Warsaw is conquered by Charles XII of Sweden.
- May 14 (N.S.) – War of the Spanish Succession: War is declared on France by the Grand Alliance (Kingdom of England, Dutch Republic and Holy Roman Empire).
- June – Queen Anne's Captain-General, John Churchill, forces the surrender of Kaiserswerth on the Rhine.
- July 19 (July 8 O.S.; July 9 Swedish calendar) – Battle of Klissow: Charles XII of Sweden decisively defeats the Polish–Lithuanian-Saxon army as part of the Great Northern War.
- July 30 (July 19 O.S.; July 20 Swedish calendar) – Great Northern War: Russia defeats Sweden during the Battle of Hummelshof.
- September 19 – Jupiter occults Neptune
- September – John Churchill forces the surrender of Venlo on the Meuse River.
- Sir George Rooke fails to take Cadiz, but captures a Spanish treasure fleet and destroys French and Spanish warships. Churchill forces the surrender of Liège.
- Battle of Flint River: Spanish and Apalachee Indian forces fail in their attack against Creek Indians, supported by English traders, in what is now the state of Georgia.
- October 10 – Queen Anne's War in North America: The Siege of St. Augustine opens; English forces besiege St. Augustine, Spanish Florida.
- October 23 – Battle of Vigo Bay: English and Dutch forces capture the defended harbor of Cádiz.
- October 27 – English troops plunder St. Augustine, Spanish Florida.
- December 14 – John Churchill is created duke of Marlborough.
- December 30 – The Siege of St. Augustine is lifted.
- Delaware is designated a separate colony.
- January 2 – Nabeshima Naotsune, Japanese daimyō (d. 1749)
- January 6
- January 10 – Johannes Zick, German fresco painter (d. 1762)
- January 12
- January 14 – Emperor Nakamikado of Japan (d. 1737)
- January 18 – Sava II Petrović-Njegoš, Metropolitan of Cetinje (d. 1782)
- January 31 – Alan Brodrick, 2nd Viscount Midleton, English cricketer (d. 1747)
- February 3
- February 7 – Carl August Thielo, Danish composer (d. 1763)
- February 10 – Carlo Marchionni, Italian architect (d. 1786)
- February 12 – Robert Hale (doctor), Massachusetts physician, soldier (d. 1767)
- February 27
- March 2
- March 4 – Jack Sheppard, British burglar and escapee (d. 1724)
- March 8 – Anne Bonny, Irish female pirate (d. 1782)
- March 13 – Burkat Shudi, English harpsichord maker (d. 1773)
- March 20 – Thomas Penn, son of American colonial leader William Penn (d. 1775)
- March 25 – Pieter Teyler van der Hulst, Dutch businessman (d. 1778)
- March 27 – Johann Ernst Eberlin, German composer and organist (d. 1762)
- March 28 – Ignacio de Luzán Claramunt de Suelves y Gurrea, Spanish critic and poet (d. 1754)
- March 29 – Cesare Sportelli, Italian lawyer (d. 1750)
- April 5 – Stephen Leake, English numismatist, officer of arms at the College of Arms in London (d. 1773)
- April 20 – Zenón de Somodevilla, 1st Marqués de la Ensenada, Spanish noble (d. 1781)
- May 2 – Friedrich Christoph Oetinger, German theologian (d. 1782)
- May 8 – Andrew Lauder, Burgess of the Royal Burgh of Lauder (1 August 1737) (d. 1769)
- May 11 – Isaac Greenwood, American mathematician (d. 1745)
- May 12 – Louis Philogène Brûlart, vicomte de Puisieulx, French foreign minister (d. 1770)
- May 16 – George Nevill, 14th Baron Bergavenny (d. 1732)
- May 21 – John Rous, Royal Navy officer during King George's War and the Seven Years' War (d. 1760)
- May 24 – Joseph Friedrich Ernst, Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (d. 1769)
- June 1 – John Hancock Jr., colonial American clergyman, father of politician John Hancock (d. 1744)
- June 5 – Willem van Keppel, 2nd Earl of Albemarle (d. 1754)
- June 7 – Louis George, Margrave of Baden-Baden (d. 1761)
- June 9 – William Townshend (MP), British politician (d. 1738)
- June 13 – Michał Kazimierz "Rybeńko" Radziwiłł, Polish-Lithuanian noble (d. 1762)
- June 19 – Frederick Augustus Rutowsky, German general (d. 1764)
- June 26 – Philip Doddridge, English religious leader (d. 1751)
- July 18 – Maria Clementina Sobieska, Polish noble (d. 1735)
- July 19 – Philemon Ewer, English shipbuilder (d. 1750)
- July 22 – Alessandro Besozzi, Italian composer (d. 1793)
- July 31 – Jean Denis Attiret, French Jesuit missionary and painter (d. 1768)
- August 2 – Dietrich of Anhalt-Dessau, German prince of the House of Ascania (d. 1769)
- August 3 – Sir Walter Bagot, 5th Baronet (d. 1768)
- August 14 – Philip Carteret Webb, English barrister (d. 1770)
- August 15 – Francesco Zuccarelli, Italian painter, elected to the Venetian Academy in 1763 (d. 1788)
- August 7 – Muhammad Shah, Mughal emperor of India (d. 1748)
- August 26
- August 28 – Jean Philippe d'Orléans, illegitimate son of future French regent Philippe d'Orleans (d. 1748)
- September 2 – John Evans (1702–1782), Welsh Anglican cleric (d. 1782)
- September 4 – Legall de Kermeur, French chess player (d. 1792)
- September 12
- September 14 – Ercole Lelli, Italian painter of the late-Baroque (d. 1766)
- October 4
- October 5 – Prince Joseph of Saxe-Hildburghausen, German prince (d. 1787)
- October 22 – Frédéric Maurice Casimir de La Tour d'Auvergne, French prince (d. 1723)
- October 29 – Tako Hajo Jelgersma, Dutch painter (d. 1795)
- November 5 – Grégoire Orlyk, Ukrainian-born French Lieutenant General (d. 1759)
- November 6 – Josias Weitbrecht, German medical historian (d. 1747)
- November 13 – Dominic Vallarsi, Italian priest (d. 1771)
- December 14 – Stephen Sewall, American judge (d. 1760)
- December 17 – Robert Knight, 1st Earl of Catherlough, Member of the British Parliament (d. 1772)
- December 21 – Tommaso Crudeli, Florentine free thinker imprisoned by the Roman Inquisition (d. 1745)
- December 22 – Jean-Étienne Liotard, French painter (d. 1789)
- January 17 – Stanisław Herakliusz Lubomirski, Polish noble (b. 1642)
- February 17 – Peder Syv, Danish historian (b. 1631)
- February 27 – Münejjim Bashi, Ottoman astrologer, Sufi, and historian
- March 8
- March 18 – Johannes Rothe, Dutch preacher (b. 1628)
- March 23 – Joseph Oriol, Spanish Catholic priest, saint (b. 1650)
- March 24 – Sir James Clavering, 1st Baronet, English landowner (b. 1620)
- April 2 – Iver Leganger, Norewgian priest, non-fiction writer (b. 1629)
- April 3
- April 10 – Theophilus Oglethorpe, English soldier, MP (b. 1650)
- April 20 – Anna Talbot, Countess of Shrewsbury, English countess (b. 1642)
- April 22 – François Charpentier, French archaeologist and man of letters (b. 1620)
- April 23 – Margaret Fell, English Quaker leader (b. 1614)
- April 27 – Jean Bart, French admiral (b. 1651)
- May 10 – Antonio Gherardi, Italian painter (b. 1638)
- May 17 – Jan Wyck, Dutch military painter (b. 1652)
- May 27 – Dominique Bouhours, French critic (b. 1628)
- June 2 – John Moore (Lord Mayor), Member of Parliament for the City of London (b. 1620)
- August 1 – Sir William Courtenay, 1st Baronet, English politician (b. 1628)
- August 14 – Louis Thomas, Count of Soissons, Count of Soissons and Prince of Savoy (b. 1657)
- August 15 – Charles, Prince of Commercy, French field marshal (b. 1661)
- September 11 – Sir Robert Southwell, English diplomat (b. 1635)
- September 17 – Olaus Rudbeck, Swedish architect (b. 1630)
- September 20 – William Campion, English politician (b. 1640)
- September 28 – Robert Spencer, 2nd Earl of Sunderland, English statesman (b. 1640)
- October 14 – Franz Anton, Count of Hohenzollern-Haigerloch (b. 1657)
- October 15 – Frances Stewart, Duchess of Richmond (b. 1647)
- October 15 – Countess Sophie Henriette of Waldeck, Duchess of Saxe-Hildburghausen (b. 1662)
- October 17 – Walrad, Prince of Nassau-Usingen, German prince and founder of the line of Nassau-Usingen (b. 1635)
- October 22 – Guy Aldonce de Durfort de Lorges, French noble and soldier (b. 1630)