1761 (MDCCLXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1761st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 761st year of the 2nd millennium, the 61st year of the 18th century, and the 2nd year of the 1760s decade. As of the start of 1761, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Ahmad Shah Durrani and Najib Khan Yousafzai with their coalition defeat the Maratha Confederacy in the battle of Panipat, in a fight with the largest number of fatalities (100,000 or more) in a single day reported in a classic formation battle between two armies.
1761 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1761
Ab urbe condita2514
Armenian calendar1210
Assyrian calendar6511
Balinese saka calendar1682–1683
Bengali calendar1168
Berber calendar2711
British Regnal yearGeo. 3 – 2 Geo. 3
Buddhist calendar2305
Burmese calendar1123
Byzantine calendar7269–7270
Chinese calendar庚辰年 (Metal Dragon)
4458 or 4251
    — to —
辛巳年 (Metal Snake)
4459 or 4252
Coptic calendar1477–1478
Discordian calendar2927
Ethiopian calendar1753–1754
Hebrew calendar5521–5522
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1817–1818
 - Shaka Samvat1682–1683
 - Kali Yuga4861–4862
Holocene calendar11761
Igbo calendar761–762
Iranian calendar1139–1140
Islamic calendar1174–1175
Japanese calendarHōreki 11
Javanese calendar1686–1687
Julian calendarGregorian minus 11 days
Korean calendar4094
Minguo calendar151 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar293
Thai solar calendar2303–2304
Tibetan calendar阳金龙年
(male Iron-Dragon)
1887 or 1506 or 734
    — to —
(female Iron-Snake)
1888 or 1507 or 735






  • April 1 – The Austrian Empire and the Russian Empire sign a new treaty of alliance. [3]
  • April 4 – A severe epidemic of influenza breaks out in London and "practically the entire population of the city" is afflicted; particularly contagious to pregnant women, the disease causes an unusual number of miscarriages and premature births. [4]
  • April 14Thomas Boone is transferred south to become the Royal Governor of South Carolina after proving to be unable to work with the local assembly as the Royal Governor of New Jersey. [5]
  • May 4 – The first multiple death tornado in the 13 American colonies strikes Charleston, South Carolina, killing eight people and sinking five ships in harbor. [6]
  • June 6 – (May 26 old style); A transit of Venus occurs, and is observed from 120 locations around the Earth. In his observations by telescope at St. Petersburg, Mikhail Lomonosov notes a ring of light around the planet's silhouette as it begins the transit, and becomes the first astronomer to discover that the planet Venus has an atmosphere. [7]





Date unknown

Marine chronometer


John Rennie the Elder
Michael Andreas Barclay de Tolly


Edward Boscawen


  1. ^ "Historical Events for Year 1761 | OnThisDay.com". Historyorb.com. November 21, 1761. Retrieved June 30, 2016.
  2. ^ "Landmarks of World History: A Chronology of Remarkable Natural Phenomena: Eighteenth Century 1761-1770". The Gallery of Natural Phenomena. 2010. Retrieved February 1, 2016.
  3. ^ Herbert J. Redman, Frederick the Great and the Seven Years’ War, 1756–1763 (McFarland, 2015) p422
  4. ^ "Relation of Influenza to Pregnancy and Labor", by Dr. P. Brooke Bland, in The American Journal of Obstetrics and Diseases of Women and Children (February 1919) pp185-186
  5. ^ "Thomas Boone", by Larry R. Gerlach, in The Governors of New Jersey: Biographical Essays, ed. by Michael J. Birkner, et al. (Rutgers University Press, 2014) p87
  6. ^ T. P. Grazulis, The Tornado: Nature's Ultimate Windstorm (University of Oklahoma Press, 2003) p217
  7. ^ Govert Schilling, Atlas of Astronomical Discoveries (Springer, 2011) p41
  8. ^ BBC History, July 2011, p 12
  9. ^ David A. Bell, Lawyers and Citizens: The Making of a Political Elite in Old Regime France (Oxford University Press, 1994) p129
  10. ^ Ron Chernow, Washington: A Life (Penguin, 2010)
  11. ^ William R. Nester, The First Global War: Britain, France, and the Fate of North America, 1756-1775 (Greenwood, 2000) p213
  12. ^ William R. Reynolds, Jr., The Cherokee Struggle to Maintain Identity in the 17th and 18th Centuries (McFarland, 2015) p96
  13. ^ Stan Hoig, The Cherokees and Their Chiefs: In the Wake of Empire (University of Arkansas Press, 1998) p43
  14. ^ Thomas Carlyle, On Heroes, Hero-Worship, and the Heroic in History (University of California Press, 1993) p304
  15. ^ a b Alfred P. James, The Ohio Company: Its Inner History (University of Pittsburgh Press, 1959) p118
  16. ^ "Cherokee War", by John C. Frederiksen, in The Encyclopedia of North American Indian Wars, 1607–1890: A Political, Social, and Military History, ed. by Spencer Tucker (ABC-CLIO, 2011) p157
  17. ^ Micheal Clodfelter, Warfare and Armed Conflicts: A Statistical Encyclopedia of Casualty and Other Figures, 1492-2015 (McFarland, 2017) p139
  18. ^ Stokes, Richard (2016). The Penguin Book of English Song: Seven Centuries of Poetry from Chaucer to Auden. Penguin. p. xiiv.