North London is an informally and inexactly defined part of London, England which covers some of the area of the capital lying north of the River Thames. North London extends from Clerkenwell and Finsbury on the edge of the City of London financial district, to Greater London's boundary with Hertfordshire. The constituent districts were traditionally part of Middlesex with the exception of a small area around Barnet which was part of Hertfordshire.
Boundary Commission area
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Comprises||City of London and the London boroughs of Barking and Dagenham, Barnet, Brent, Camden, Ealing, Enfield, Hackney, Hammersmith and Fulham, Haringey, Harrow, Havering, Hounslow, Islington, Kensington and Chelsea, Newham, Redbridge, Tower Hamlets, Waltham Forest, and Westminster|
|• Total||357.62 sq mi (926.22 km2)|
|• Density||13,000/sq mi (5,100/km2)|
North London is an imprecise description and the area it covers is defined differently for a range of purposes. Common to these definitions is that it includes districts north of the River Thames and is used in comparison with South London. However, it is also often used in comparisons with Central London, East London and West London. There is also a northern postal area but this includes some areas not normally described as part on North London, while excluding many others that are.
Boundary Commission study, 2013Edit
In 2013 the government asked the Boundary Commission for England to reconsider the boundaries of parliamentary constituencies. The Commission's study, was to start with existing regions of England and then group the local authorities within that area into sub-regions for further sub-division. The North London sub-region included all 19 boroughs which lay wholly north of the river. The recommendations of the report were not adopted, and the 2017 study has taken a different approach.
For the purposes of the London Plan, there has been a North London subregion in operation since 2004, originally consisting of Barnet, Enfield, Haringey and Waltham Forest. In 2001 this area had a population of 1,042,000. This definition is used by organisations such as Connexions. In 2008 it was amended to consists of Barnet, Camden, Enfield, Hackney, Haringey, Islington, and Westminster. In 2011 it was amended again to consist Barnet, Enfield and Haringey.
List of boroughsEdit
This list includes all boroughs included in the Boundary Commission area.
|London borough||Postcode areas||2008 sub-region||London Assembly|
|Barking and Dagenham||IG, RM, E||North East||City and East|
|Barnet||EN, HA, N, NW||North||Barnet and Camden|
|Brent||HA, NW, W||West||Brent and Harrow|
|Camden||EC, WC, N, NW||North||Barnet and Camden|
|Ealing||UB, W, NW||West||Ealing and Hillingdon|
|Enfield||EN, N, E||North||Enfield and Haringey|
|Hackney||E, EC, N||North||North East|
|Hammersmith Fulham||SW, W, NW||West||West Central|
|Haringey||N||North||Enfield and Haringey|
|Harrow||HA, UB, NW||West||Brent and Harrow|
|Havering||RM, CM||North East||Havering and Redbridge|
|Hillingdon||HA, TW, UB, WD||West||Ealing and Hillingdon|
|Hounslow||TW, W, UB||West||West|
|Islington||EC, WC, N||North||North East|
|Kensington and Chelsea||W, SW||West||West Central|
|Newham||E, IG||North East||City and East|
|Redbridge||E, IG, RM||North East||Havering and Redbridge|
|Richmond upon Thames
(Twickenham and Whitton only)
|Waltham Forest||E, IG||North East||North East|
|Westminster||NW, SW, W||West||West Central|
North London has, like other parts of London and the UK in general, a temperate maritime climate according to the Köppen climate classification system. Four Met Office weather stations currently collect climate data for London north of the river: Hampstead, Heathrow, Northolt and St James's Park. Long term climate observations dating back to 1910 are available for Hampstead, which also the most elevated Weather Station in the London area, at 137m. This both hilltop and urban position means severe frosts are rare.
Temperatures increase towards the Thames, firstly because of the urban warming effect of the surrounding area, but secondly due to altitude decreasing towards the river, meaning some of the hillier northern margins of North London are often a degree or so cooler than those areas adjacent to the Thames. Occasionally snow can be seen to lie towards the Chilterns while central London is snow-free.
The average coldest night should fall to −5.6 °C (21.9 °F). On average 35.8 nights will report an air frost, some 119 days of the year will register at least 1mm of precipitation, and on 7.4 days a cover of snow will be observed. All annual averages refer to the observation period 1971–2000.
|Climate data for Hampstead 137m asl 1971–2000|
|Record high °C (°F)||15.7
|Average high °C (°F)||6.8
|Average low °C (°F)||1.6
|Record low °C (°F)||−10.8
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||64.72
|Source: Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute|
- Boundary Commission for England, London – London 2011 amendment
- Greater London Authority, The London Plan: Sub-Regional Development Framework – North London Archived 27 February 2008 at the Wayback Machine
- Greater London Authority, The London Plan: The Sub Regions Archived 27 February 2008 at the Wayback Machine
- Connexions – north London Archived 20 February 2008 at the Wayback Machine
- London Assembly – London Assembly Constituency Information Archived 17 January 2008 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on 22 February 2008.
- "Station Locations". MetOffice. Archived from the original on 6 October 2012.
- "71-00 Mean Warmest Day". KNMI.
- "71-00 >25c days". KNMI.
- "71-00 Mean Coldest night". KNMI.
- "71-00 Mean Frost Incidence". KNMI.
- "71-00 Mean Wetdays Incidence". KNMI.
- "Raw Snow Data". weather-uk.
- "Hampstead 1971–2000". Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute. Retrieved 23 September 2011.