Open main menu

Wikipedia β

North London is the northern part of London, England. It is an imprecise description and the area it covers is defined differently for a range of purposes. Common to these definitions is that it includes districts north of the River Thames and is used in comparison with south London. However, it is also often used in comparisons with Central London, East London and West London.

North London
Boundary Commission area
Coordinates: 51°36′N 0°04′E / 51.60°N 0.06°E / 51.60; 0.06Coordinates: 51°36′N 0°04′E / 51.60°N 0.06°E / 51.60; 0.06
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Country England
Region London
Comprises City of London and the London boroughs of Barking and Dagenham, Barnet, Brent, Camden, Ealing, Enfield, Hackney, Hammersmith and Fulham, Haringey, Harrow, Havering, Hounslow, Islington, Kensington and Chelsea, Newham, Redbridge, Tower Hamlets, Waltham Forest, and Westminster
Area
 • Total 357.62 sq mi (926.22 km2)
Population
 • Total 4,721,700
 • Density 13,000/sq mi (5,100/km2)

Contents

Boundary CommissionEdit

 
North and South London as defined by the Boundary Commission

The River Thames divides Greater London into two parts. The northern part includes most of the historic central areas including the City, the East End and the West End; and the majority of the London Underground network.

This area is made up of the City of London and the London boroughs of Barking and Dagenham, Barnet, Brent, Camden, Ealing, Enfield, Hackney, Hammersmith and Fulham, Haringey, Harrow, Havering, Hillingdon, Hounslow, Islington, Kensington and Chelsea, Newham, Redbridge, Tower Hamlets, Waltham Forest, and Westminster. This definition is used by the Boundary Commission for England.[1] The London Borough of Richmond upon Thames includes sections on both sides of the River Thames. The boundary commission class the entire district as part of South London.[2]

In 1965 Camden, Hackney, Hammersmith and Fulham, Islington, Kensington and Chelsea, Tower Hamlets and Westminster were designated Inner London boroughs and Barking and Dagenham, Barnet, Brent, Ealing, Enfield, Haringey, Harrow, Havering, Hillingdon, Hounslow, Newham, Redbridge and Waltham Forest were designated Outer London boroughs.[3]

Sub-regionEdit

 
The 2008–2011 subregions
 
The current (post-2011) sub-regions
 
The 2004–2008 subregions

For the purposes of the London Plan, there has been a north London subregion in operation since 2004, originally consisting of Barnet, Enfield, Haringey and Waltham Forest.[4] In 2001 this area had a population of 1,042,000.[5] This definition is used by organisations such as Connexions.[6] In 2008 it was amended to consists of Barnet, Camden, Enfield, Hackney, Haringey, Islington and Westminster. In 2011 it was amended again to consist Barnet, Enfield and Haringey.

List of boroughsEdit

This list includes all boroughs included in the Boundary Commission area.

London borough Postcode areas 2008 sub-region London Assembly[7]
  Barking and Dagenham IG, RM, E North East City and East
  Barnet EN, HA, N, NW North Barnet and Camden
  Brent HA, NW, W West Brent and Harrow
  Camden EC, WC, N, NW North Barnet and Camden
  Ealing UB, W, NW West Ealing and Hillingdon
  Enfield EN, N, E North Enfield and Haringey
  Hackney E, EC, N North North East
  Hammersmith Fulham SW, W, NW West West Central
  Haringey N North Enfield and Haringey
  Harrow HA, UB, NW West Brent and Harrow
  Havering RM, CM North East Havering and Redbridge
  Hillingdon HA, TW, UB, WD West Ealing and Hillingdon
  Hounslow TW, W, UB West South West
  Islington EC, WC, N North North East
  Kensington and Chelsea W, SW West West Central
  Newham E, IG North East City and East
  Redbridge E, IG, RM North East Havering and Redbridge
  Waltham Forest E, IG North East North East
  Westminster NW, SW, W West West Central

ClimateEdit

North London has, like other parts of London and the UK in general, a temperate maritime climate according to the Köppen climate classification system. Four Met Office weather stations currently collect climate data for London north of the river: Hampstead, Heathrow, Northolt and St James's Park.[8] Long term climate observations dating back to 1910 are available for Hampstead, which also the most elevated Weather Station in the London area, at 137m. This both hilltop and urban position means severe frosts are rare.

As one might expect, temperatures increase towards the Thames, firstly because of the urban warming effect of the surrounding area, but secondly due to altitude decreasing towards the river, meaning some of the hillier northern margins of North London are often a degree or so cooler than those areas adjacent to the Thames. Occasionally snow can be seen to lie towards the Chilterns while central London is snow-free.

Typically the warmest day of the year at Hampstead will average 29.3 °C (84.7 °F)[9] with around 14 days[10] in total achieving a value of 25.1 °C (77.2 °F) or higher.

The average coldest night should fall to −5.6 °C (21.9 °F).[11] On average 35.8 nights[12] will report an air frost, some 119 days[13] of the year will register at least 1mm of precipitation, and on 7.4 days[14] a cover of snow will be observed. All annual averages refer to the observation period 1971–2000.

Climate data for Hampstead 137m asl 1971–2000
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 15.7
(60.3)
18.3
(64.9)
23.1
(73.6)
26.6
(79.9)
29.8
(85.6)
33.7
(92.7)
34.4
(93.9)
37.4
(99.3)
29.4
(84.9)
28.3
(82.9)
17.9
(64.2)
15.3
(59.5)
37.4
(99.3)
Average high °C (°F) 6.8
(44.2)
7.3
(45.1)
10.1
(50.2)
12.6
(54.7)
16.4
(61.5)
19.2
(66.6)
22.0
(71.6)
21.6
(70.9)
18.2
(64.8)
14.1
(57.4)
9.7
(49.5)
7.7
(45.9)
13.8
(56.8)
Average low °C (°F) 1.6
(34.9)
1.4
(34.5)
3.1
(37.6)
4.3
(39.7)
7.4
(45.3)
10.4
(50.7)
12.8
(55)
12.8
(55)
10.6
(51.1)
7.5
(45.5)
4.0
(39.2)
2.5
(36.5)
6.5
(43.8)
Record low °C (°F) −10.8
(12.6)
−12.2
(10)
−6.9
(19.6)
−3.2
(26.2)
−0.6
(30.9)
1.8
(35.2)
5.6
(42.1)
4.7
(40.5)
2.4
(36.3)
−2.4
(27.7)
−5.8
(21.6)
−8.4
(16.9)
−12.2
(10)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 64.72
(2.548)
39.91
(1.5713)
52.71
(2.0752)
53.53
(2.1075)
59.48
(2.3417)
58.07
(2.2862)
44.11
(1.7366)
59.66
(2.3488)
63.38
(2.4953)
71.43
(2.8122)
60.26
(2.3724)
64.29
(2.5311)
691.55
(27.2263)
Source: Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute[15]

Associated organisationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Boundary Commission for England – North London Boroughs
  2. ^ Boundary Commission for England – South London Boroughs
  3. ^ Office of Public Sector Information – London Government Act 1963 (c.33) (as amended)
  4. ^ Greater London Authority, The London Plan: Sub-Regional Development Framework – North London Archived 27 February 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ Greater London Authority, The London Plan: The Sub Regions Archived 27 February 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ Connexions – north London Archived 20 February 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ London Assembly – London Assembly Constituency Information Archived 17 January 2008 at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved on 22 February 2008.
  8. ^ "Station Locations". MetOffice. Archived from the original on 6 October 2012. 
  9. ^ "71-00 Mean Warmest Day". KNMI. 
  10. ^ "71-00 >25c days". KNMI. 
  11. ^ "71-00 Mean Coldest night". KNMI. 
  12. ^ "71-00 Mean Frost Incidence". KNMI. 
  13. ^ "71-00 Mean Wetdays Incidence". KNMI. 
  14. ^ "Raw Snow Data". weather-uk. 
  15. ^ "Hampstead 1971–2000". Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute. Retrieved 23 September 2011. 

External linksEdit