1710 (MDCCX) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1710th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 710th year of the 2nd millennium, the 10th year of the 18th century, and the 1st year of the 1710s decade. As of the start of 1710, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923. In the Swedish calendar it was a common year starting on Saturday, one day ahead of the Julian and ten days behind the Gregorian calendar.
|Ab urbe condita||2463|
|Balinese saka calendar||1631–1632|
|British Regnal year||8 Ann. 1 – 9 Ann. 1|
|Chinese calendar||己丑年 (Earth Ox)|
4406 or 4346
— to —
庚寅年 (Metal Tiger)
4407 or 4347
|- Vikram Samvat||1766–1767|
|- Shaka Samvat||1631–1632|
|- Kali Yuga||4810–4811|
|Japanese calendar||Hōei 7|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 11 days|
|Minguo calendar||202 before ROC|
|Thai solar calendar||2252–2253|
1836 or 1455 or 683
— to —
1837 or 1456 or 684
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1710.|
- February 28 (Swedish calendar) – Battle of Helsingborg: Fourteen thousand Danish invaders, under Jørgen Rantzau, are decisively defeated by an equally large Swedish army, under Magnus Stenbock.
- April 10 – The world's first copyright legislation, Britain's Statute of Anne, becomes effective.
- April 19 – Anne, Queen of Great Britain, meets the Four Mohawk Kings.
- June – Protestant Swiss and German Palatines, under the leadership of Christoph von Graffenried, travel to Bath County in the Province of Carolina. The settlers displace the native town of Chattoka and found New Bern, named for von Graffenried's hometown of Bern, Switzerland.
- June 8 – The Tuscarora nation sends a petition to the Province of Pennsylvania, protesting the seizure of their lands and enslavement of their people, by citizens of the Province of Carolina.
- August 20 – War of the Spanish Succession – Battle of Saragossa: The Spanish-Bourbon army, commanded by the Marquis de Bay, is soundly defeated by the forces of the Habsburg Monarchy, under Guido Starhemberg and their allies.
- October 13 – Queen Anne's War – Siege of Port Royal: The French surrender, giving the British permanent possession of Nova Scotia.
- December 10 – War of the Spanish Succession – Battle of Villaviciosa: The indecisive battle between retreating Austrian-Dutch forces and a Franco-Spanish army is fought out.
- In Sweden, the Royal Society of Sciences in Uppsala is founded as the Collegium curiosorum.
- John Smithwick begins brewing Smithwick's ale at Kilkenny, Ireland (St. Francis Abbey Brewery).
- Beijing becomes the largest city of the world, taking the lead from Istanbul.
- January 3 – Richard Gridley, American Revolutionary soldier (d. 1796)
- January 4 – Giovanni Battista Pergolesi, Italian composer (d. 1736)
- February 1 – Konrad Ernst Ackermann, German actor (d. 1771)
- February 15 – King Louis XV of France (d. 1774)
- April 15 – William Cullen, Scottish physician and chemist (d. 1790)
- April 17 – Henry Erskine, 10th Earl of Buchan, British Freemason (d. 1767)
- April 25 – James Ferguson, Scottish astronomer (d. 1776)
- April 26 – Thomas Reid, Scottish philosopher (d. 1796)
- April 30 – Johann Kaspar Basselet von La Rosée, Bavarian general (d. 1795)
- May 14 – Adolf Frederick, King of Sweden (d. 1771)
- May 16 – William Talbot, 1st Earl Talbot, English politician (d. 1782)
- June 10 – James Short, Scottish mathematician and optician (d. 1768)
- July 21 – Paul Möhring, German physician and scientist (d. 1792)
- August 20 – Thomas Simpson, British mathematician (d. 1761)
- September 3 – Abraham Trembley, Swiss naturalist (d. 1784)
- September 30 – John Russell, 4th Duke of Bedford, British statesman (d. 1771)
- October 12 – Jonathan Trumbull, Governor of the Colony and the state of Connecticut (d. 1785)
- October 13 – Alban Butler, English Catholic priest and writer (d. 1773)
- October 16 – András Hadik, Austro-Hungarian general (d. 1790)
- October 26 – Lukrecija Bogašinović Budmani, Croatian poet (d. 1784)
- November 8 – Sarah Fielding, English writer (d. 1768)
- November 10 – Adam Gottlob Moltke, Danish statesman (d. 1792)
- November 13 – Charles Simon Favart, French dramatist (d. 1792)
- November 22 – Wilhelm Friedemann Bach, German composer (d. 1784)
- November 27 – Robert Lowth, English bishop and grammarian (d. 1787)
- December 2 – Carlo Bertinazzi, Italian actor and writer (d. 1783)
- December 15 – Francesco Zahra, Maltese painter (d. 1773)
- date unknown – Ahmad bin Said al-Busaidi, first ruler of the Al Said Dynasty of Oman (d. 1783)
- January 4 – Sir Richard Newdigate, 2nd Baronet, English landowner (b. 1644)
- January 6 – Thomas Fairfax, 5th Lord Fairfax of Cameron, English politician (b. 1657)
- January 16 – Emperor Higashiyama of Japan (b. 1675)
- January 28 – Philip Verheyen, Flemish physician (b. 1648)
- January 21
- January 30
- February 16 – Esprit Fléchier, French writer and Bishop of Nîmes (b. 1632)
- February 17 – George Bull, English theologian and Bishop of St David's (b. 1634)
- February 20 – Johan Vibe, Norwegian noble (b. 1637)
- February 25 – Daniel Greysolon, Sieur du Lhut, French explorer (b. c. 1639)
- March 4 – Louis III, Prince of Condé (b. 1668)
- March 5 – John Holt, English politician (b. 1642)
- March 14 – Michel Bégon, French ancien regime official (b. 1638)
- March 28 – Charles Fanshawe, 4th Viscount Fanshawe, English politician (b. 1643)
- May 29 – John Dolben, British politician (b. 1662)
- April 7 – Sir Richard Bulkeley, 2nd Baronet of England (b. 1660)
- April 28 – Thomas Betterton, English actor (b. c. 1635)
- May 13 – Henry, Duke of Saxe-Römhild (b. 1650)
- May 29 – Henri Basnage de Beauval, French historian, lexicographer (b. 1657)
- June 1 – David Mitchell, British admiral (b. 1642)
- June 4 – James Stuart, 1st Earl of Bute
- June 7 – Louise de La Vallière, mistress of King Louis XIV of France (b. 1644)
- July 2 – Domenico Freschi, Italian opera composer, Catholic priest (b. 1634)
- July 12 – Robert Treat, American colonial leader (b. 1624)
- July 25 – Gottfried Kirch, German astronomer, first 'Astronomer Royal' in Berlin (b. 1639)
- September 19 – Ole Rømer, Danish astronomer (b. 1644)
- September 22 – Jacques-René de Brisay de Denonville, Marquis de Denonville (b. 1637)
- September 24 – Charles Berkeley, 2nd Earl of Berkeley, English diplomat (b. 1649)
- September 26 – Sir Robert Kemp, 2nd Baronet, English politician (b. 1627)
- October 19 – Suzanne Henriette of Lorraine, French noblewoman, Duchess of Mantua and Montferrat (b. 1686)
- November 3 – Maria de Croll, Swedish vocalist
- November 21 – Bernardo Pasquini, Italian composer of operas (b. 1637)
- December 15 – Albert Anton, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt (b. 1641)
- December 18 – Petrus Codde, Dutch cleric, first Old Catholic bishop (b. 1648)
- date unknown – Anna Maria Thelott, Swedish artist (b. 1683)
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- "Mashantucket Pequot Museum and Research Center". Archived from the original on November 21, 2007. Retrieved December 16, 2007.
- Kamen, Henry (2000). Felipe V, el rey que reinó dos veces. Historia (3rd ed.). Madrid: Temas de Hoy. pp. 96–97. ISBN 8478808477.
- "Smithwick's History". Smithwick's. Retrieved July 16, 2012.
- 1987 estimate. Rosenberg, Matt T. "Largest Cities Through History". About.com Geography. Retrieved August 20, 2012.