.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
May 19: England is made a parliamentary republic by vote of the House of Commons, with Oliver Cromwell as the chief executive (as "Lord Protector") of the Commonwealth of England.
1649 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1649
MDCXLIX
Ab urbe condita2402
Armenian calendar1098
ԹՎ ՌՂԸ
Assyrian calendar6399
Balinese saka calendar1570–1571
Bengali calendar1056
Berber calendar2599
English Regnal year24 Cha. 1 – 1 Cha. 2
(Interregnum)
Buddhist calendar2193
Burmese calendar1011
Byzantine calendar7157–7158
Chinese calendar戊子年 (Earth Rat)
4346 or 4139
    — to —
己丑年 (Earth Ox)
4347 or 4140
Coptic calendar1365–1366
Discordian calendar2815
Ethiopian calendar1641–1642
Hebrew calendar5409–5410
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1705–1706
 - Shaka Samvat1570–1571
 - Kali Yuga4749–4750
Holocene calendar11649
Igbo calendar649–650
Iranian calendar1027–1028
Islamic calendar1058–1059
Japanese calendarKeian 2
(慶安2年)
Javanese calendar1570–1571
Julian calendarGregorian minus 10 days
Korean calendar3982
Minguo calendar263 before ROC
民前263年
Nanakshahi calendar181
Thai solar calendar2191–2192
Tibetan calendar阳土鼠年
(male Earth-Rat)
1775 or 1394 or 622
    — to —
阴土牛年
(female Earth-Ox)
1776 or 1395 or 623
January 30: Former King Charles of England is beheaded as Parliament prepares to abolish the monarchy
September 311: Siege of Drogheda

1649 (MDCXLIX) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1649th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 649th year of the 2nd millennium, the 49th year of the 17th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1640s decade. As of the start of 1649, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Events edit

January–March edit

April–June edit

July–September edit

October–December edit

  • October 11 – The Sack of Wexford in Ireland ends after having started on October 2, with Cromwell's New Model Army breaking through, killing more than 1,500 Irish Catholic defenders and civilians, while losing only 20 of the English soldiers. The capture of Wexford ends the remaining chance that Charles II, heir to the English throne, can land troops in Ireland, and Charles and the royalist fleet flee to Portugal.
  • November 24 – The first phase of the Siege of Waterford begins as Cromwell's New Model Army attempts to take on the strategically-located Irish city's defenders with his own exhausted army. Cromwell is forced to call off the siege after eight days and his army retreats to its winter quarters at Dungarvan on December 2.
  • December 6 – The Scottish defenders of Ireland are defeated by Cromwell's forces in the Battle of Lisnagarvey in County Antrim, with 1,500 Scots killed or captured, and New Model Army battalion of Colonel Robert Venables suffering minimal losses. The battle ends the Scottish presence in Ireland and settlers are expelled from the island in the days that follow.
  • December 20 – The Puritan law enforcers of the Commonwealth of England raid the Red Bull Theatre in London for violations of the laws against performance of plays and arrest the actors, as well as confiscating their property.
  • December 30 – Chinese General Geng Zhongming, having reported to the Qing dynasty commanders to face charges of harboring runaway slaves during his fight against the Southern Ming dynasty troops, commits suicide while waiting for a verdict in his court-martial. (1943). [12] His son, Geng Jimao, continues to fight against the Southern Ming.

Undated edit

Births edit

January–March edit

April–June edit

July–September edit

 
Chhatrasal
 
Louise de Kérouaille, Duchess of Portsmouth

October–December edit

 
Samuel Carpenter

Date unknown edit

Deaths edit

 
Charles I of England died 30 January
 
Jean de Brébeuf died 16 March
 
Dodo, Prince Yu died 29 April
 
Maria Tesselschade Visscher died 20 June
 
Simon Vouet died 30 June
 
Vittoria Farnese d'Este died 10 August
 
Robert Heath died 30 August

January–March edit

April–June edit

July–September edit

October–December edit

References edit

  1. ^ a b "King Charles II: Biography on Undiscovered Scotland". www.undiscoveredscotland.co.uk. Retrieved January 21, 2021.
  2. ^ a b Blair Worden, The Rump Parliament 1648-1653 (Cambridge University Press, 1974). pp. 171–172
  3. ^ "House of Commons Journal Volume 6: 5 March 1649". Journal of the House of Commons: volume 6: 1648–1651. Institute of Historical Research. 1802.
  4. ^ Baumber, Michael (2004). "Blake, Robert (bap. 1598, d. 1657)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/2582. Retrieved August 24, 2010. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  5. ^ Lappeenrannan kaupunki tekniset palvelut ja rakentaminen tekninen toimiala kiinteistö- ja mittausosasto – Fonecta (in Finnish)
  6. ^ Lappeenranta: History
  7. ^ "The Town of St. George's - 300 years". Archived from the original on November 16, 2018. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
  8. ^ "March 1649 - An Act for the Abolishing the House of Peers". Retrieved February 16, 2012.
  9. ^ Major-General Sir John Henry Lefroy, Memorials of the Discovery and Early Settlement of the Bermudas or Somers Islands 1515-1685 (Bermuda Historical Society, 1877, reprinted by University of Toronto Press, 1981)
  10. ^ "History of the New England Company", New England Company website
  11. ^ Winstanley 'The Law of Freedom' and Other Writings, ed. by Christopher Hill (Cambridge University Press, 2006) p. 72
  12. ^ "Kêng Chung-ming", by George A. Kennedy, in Eminent Chinese of the Ch'ing Period, ed. by Arthur W. Hummel Sr. (United States Government Printing Office, 1943) p. 417
  13. ^ Get to known the town: Urban traditions since 1649 – Visit Kristinestad
  14. ^ The Finnish article says that the town had existed as Koppöstad since the 13th century and that it was renamed by Governor-General Brahe on March 1, 1651
  15. ^ 19 × 14 cm), currently in National Gallery of Denmark. "Art Renewal Center :: Frans Hals :: René Descartes". artrenewal.org. Retrieved March 4, 2016.
  16. ^ Arthur Versluis (September 30, 1999). Wisdom's Children: A Christian Esoteric Tradition. SUNY Press. p. 80. ISBN 978-0-7914-4330-9.
  17. ^ "Charles I". Westminster Abbey. Retrieved October 8, 2022.