1587 (MDLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar. As of the start of 1587, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar.
|Ab urbe condita||2340|
|Balinese saka calendar||1508–1509|
|English Regnal year||29 Eliz. 1 – 30 Eliz. 1|
|Chinese calendar||丙戌年 (Fire Dog)|
4283 or 4223
— to —
丁亥年 (Fire Pig)
4284 or 4224
|- Vikram Samvat||1643–1644|
|- Shaka Samvat||1508–1509|
|- Kali Yuga||4687–4688|
|Japanese calendar||Tenshō 15|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 10 days|
|Minguo calendar||325 before ROC|
|Thai solar calendar||2129–2130|
1713 or 1332 or 560
— to —
1714 or 1333 or 561
- February 1 – Queen Elizabeth I of England signs the death warrant of her cousin Mary, Queen of Scots, after Mary has been implicated in a plot to murder Elizabeth. Seven days later, on the orders of Elizabeth's privy council, Mary is beheaded at Fotheringhay Castle.
- February 12–24 – Period of exceptionally severe cold in western Europe.
- April 29 – Singeing the King of Spain's Beard: On an expedition against Spain, English privateer Sir Francis Drake leads a raid in the Bay of Cádiz, sinking at least 23 ships of the Spanish fleet.
- May 19 – John Davis sets out from Dartmouth, Devon, for a third attempt to find the Northwest Passage.
- July 22 – Roanoke Colony: A group of English settlers arrive on Roanoke Island off North Carolina, to re-establish the deserted colony.
- August 18 – According to legend, Saul Wahl is named king of Poland; he is deposed the following day.
- August 19 – Polish and Lithuanian nobles elect Sigismund III Vasa as their king.
- August 27 – Governor John White leaves the Roanoke Colony to get more supplies from England.
- October 1 – Shāh ‘Abbās I "The Great" succeeds as Shahanshah of Iran.
- October 18 – Landing of the first Filipinos: The first Filipinos in North America land in Morro Bay, near San Luis Obispo in modern-day California.
- October 20 – Battle of Coutras: Huguenot forces under Henry of Navarre defeat Royalist forces under Anne de Joyeuse, favorite of King Henry; Joyeuse is killed.
- October 31 – Leiden University Library opens its doors, after its founding in 1575.
- Toyotomi Hideyoshi becomes Daijō-daijin of Japan and concludes the Kyūshū Campaign with the Siege of Kagoshima at which most of Kyushu is surrendered to him; he banishes European Christian missionaries from the province.
- A severe famine breaks out in Ming dynasty China.
- The Rose (theatre) is founded in London by Philip Henslowe.
- The chapbook Historia von D. Johann Fausten, printed by Johann Spies in Frankfurt, is the first published version of the Faust story.
- Everard Digby's De Arte Natandi, the first treatise on swimming in England, is published.
- St. Dominic's Church, Macau is established.
- Hailuoto, an island in the Bothnian Bay, is separated from the grand parish of Saloinen into an independent parish.
- January 2 – Anders Arrebo, Danish writer (d. 1637)
- January 5 – Xu Xiake, Chinese adventurer and geographer (d. 1641)
- January 6 – Gaspar de Guzmán, Count-Duke of Olivares, Spanish politician (d. 1645)
- January 8
- January 12 – John Winthrop, English Puritan lawyer (d. 1649)
- February 1 – Pál Esterházy, Hungarian noble (d. 1645)
- February 3 – Dorothea Hedwig of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Princess of Anhalt-Zerbst (d. 1609)
- February 20 – Emanuel Sueyro, Dutch historian, translator, spymaster (d. 1629)
- February 26 – Stefano Landi, Italian composer (d. 1639)
- March 17 – David Lindsay, 1st Lord Balcarres, Scottish politician and noble (d. 1642)
- April 1 – Sir John Mill, 1st Baronet, English politician (d. 1648)
- April 2 – Virginia Centurione Bracelli, Italian saint (d. 1651)
- April 18 – Sir Charles Morrison, 1st Baronet, Member of the Parliament of England (d. 1628)
- April 26
- April 28 – Krzysztof Ossoliński, Polish nobleman (d. 1645)
- April 29 – Sophie of Saxony, Duchess of Pomerania (d. 1635)
- April 30 – Éléonore de Bourbon, Dutch princess (d. 1619)
- May 7 – Richard Newport, 1st Baron Newport, English politician (d. 1651)
- May 8 – Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy (d. 1637)
- May 17 – Esaias van de Velde, Dutch painter (d. 1630)
- May - Esaias van de Velde, Dutch landscape painter (died 1630)
- May 26 – Susan de Vere, Countess of Montgomery, English noblewoman (d. 1628)
- June 2 – Willem Bontekoe, skipper in the Dutch East India Company (d. 1657)
- June 5 – Robert Rich, 2nd Earl of Warwick, English colonial administrator and admiral (d. 1658)
- June 11 – Sir Thomas Jervoise, English politician (d. 1654)
- June 15 – Gabriel Gustafsson Oxenstierna, Swedish statesman (d. 1640)
- June 21 – Kaspar von Barth, German philologist and writer (d. 1658)
- June 24
- July 4 – Magdalene of Bavaria, Consort of Wolfgang William, Count Palatine of Neuburg (d. 1628)
- August 16 – Khusrau Mirza, Mughal prince (d. 1622)
- August 18 – Virginia Dare, Virginia colony settler
- August 23 – Johann Friedrich, Count Palatine of Sulzbach-Hilpoltstein (1614–1644) (d. 1644)
- August 28 – Christian William of Brandenburg, administrator of bishoprics of Magdeburg and Halberstadt (d. 1665)
- September 1 – Gómez Suárez de Figueroa, 3rd Duke of Feria, Spanish general (d. 1634)
- September 3 – Countess Juliane of Nassau-Dillenburg, Landgravine of Hesse-kassel (d. 1643)
- September 18 – Francesca Caccini, Italian composer
- September 19
- October 8 – Thomas Howard, 1st Earl of Berkshire, English politician (d. 1669)
- October 17 – Nathan Field, English dramatist and actor (d. 1620)
- October 18 – Philippe-Charles, 3rd Count of Arenberg (d. 1640)
- October 19 – Thomas Dacres, English politician (d. 1668)
- October 22 – Joachim Jungius, German mathematician and philosopher (d. 1657)
- October 23 – Sir Gilbert Gerard, 1st Baronet of Harrow on the Hill, English politician (d. 1670)
- November 3 – Samuel Scheidt, German composer (d. 1653)
- November 17
- November 25 – Sir Gervase Clifton, 1st Baronet, English politician (d. 1666)
- December 13 – Emmanuel Stupanus, Swiss physician (d. 1664)
- December 19 – Dorothea Sophia, Abbess of Quedlinburg Abbey (1618–1645) (d. 1645)
- December 30 – Simon VII, Count of Lippe-Detmold (1613–1627) (d. 1627)
- date unknown
- January 31 – Juraj Drašković, Croatian Roman Catholic cardinal (b. 1525)
- January – Thomas Seckford, English official (b. 1515)
- February 8 – Mary, Queen of Scots (executed) (b. 1542)
- February 9 – Vincenzo Ruffo, Italian composer (b. 1510)
- February 13 – Dorothea of Saxony, Duchess of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (b. 1563)
- February 22 – Sophie of Brandenburg-Ansbach, princess of Brandenburg-Ansbach (b. 1535)
- February 26 – Magdalene of Lippe, Countess of Lippe by birth, and Landgravine of Hesse-Darmstadt (b. 1552)
- March 15 – Caspar Olevian, German theologian (b. 1536)
- March 30 – Ralph Sadler, English statesman (b. 1507)
- April 10 – Henry III, Duke of Münsterberg-Oels (b. 1542)
- April 11 – Thomas Bromley, English lord chancellor (b. 1530)
- April 8 – John Foxe, English author (b. 1516)
- April 14 – Edward Manners, 3rd Earl of Rutland (b. 1549)
- April 16 – Anne Seymour, Duchess of Somerset (b. c. 1510)
- May 9 – Jakob Schegk, German physician (b. 1511)
- May 17 – Gotthard Kettler, Duke of Courland and Semigallia (b. 1517)
- May 29 – Ignatius Ni'matallah, Syriac Orthodox patriarch of Antioch (b. c. 1515)
- June 11 – Ōtomo Sōrin, Japanese Christian daimyō (b. 1530)
- June 15 – Frederick II, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp (b. 1568)
- June 23 – Ōmura Sumitada, Japanese Christian daimyō (b. 1533)
- July 7 – Joachim of Zollern, Titular Count of Hohenzollern (b. 1554)
- July 28 – Godfried van Mierlo, Dutch Dominican friar and bishop (b. 1518)
- August 14 – Guglielmo Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua (b. 1538)
- August 29 – Vincenzo Bellavere, Italian composer (b. c. 1540)
- September 3 – Henry Cheyne, 1st Baron Cheyne, English politician and baron (b. 1540)
- September 19 – Jacobus Pamelius, Belgian bishop (b. 1536)
- October 19 – Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. 1541)
- November 1 – Alfonso d'Este, Lord of Montecchio, Italian nobleman (b. 1527)
- November 10 – Abe Motozane, Japanese warlord (b. 1513)
- December 13 – Hai Rui, Ming Dynasty "model official" (b. 1514)
- December 11 – Andreas Gaill, German jurist and statesman (b. 1526)
- date unknown
- probable – George Whetstone, English writer (b. 1544)
- Hugh Chisholm; James Louis Garvin (1926). The Encyclopædia Britannica: A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, Literature & General Information. Encyclopædia Britannica Company, Limited. p. 823.
- Easton, Cornelius (1928). Les hivers dans l'Europe occidentale: étude statistique et historique sur leur température, discussion des observations thermométriques, 1852–1916 et 1757–1851, tableaux comparatifs, classifications des hivers, 1205–1916, notices historiques sur les hivers remarquables. Brill Archive. p. 98.
- Travis Elborough (September 17, 2019). Atlas of Vanishing Places: The lost worlds as they were and as they are today. White Lion Publishing. p. 79. ISBN 978-1-78131-895-9.
- Wasserzug, D. (1904). "Medieval Jewish Statesman". New Era Illustrated Magazine. pp. 564–574. Retrieved October 4, 2010.
- R. Nisbet Bain (June 13, 2013). Slavonic Europe: A Political History of Poland and Russia from 1447 to 1796. Cambridge University Press. p. 102. ISBN 978-1-107-63691-0.
- Chambers Biographical Dictionary. p. 1. ISBN 0-550-18022-2.
- Elfriede Hulshoff Pol (1975). The First Century of Leiden University Library. Brill Archive. p. 402.
- Hailuodon historia – Luontoon (in Finnish)
- Paimenmuisto: Hailuoto (Carlö, Karlö) – Kansallisbiografia (in Finnish)
- Abraham van der Haagen in the RKD
- Wouter T. Kloek; Hessel Miedema; J. Bruyn; Christian Schuckman (January 1, 1993). Dawn of the Golden Age: Northern Netherlandish Art, 1580-1620. Rijksmuseum. p. 320. ISBN 978-0-300-06016-4.
- Ronald James Alexander (1989). The Secular Monodies of Francesca Caccini's "Il Primo Libro Delle Musiche" Edition and Commentary. U. of Calif., Davis. p. 1.
- Patrick Bonner (February 1, 2011). Change and Continuity in Early Modern Cosmology. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 171. ISBN 978-94-007-0037-6.
- Lindsey C. Harnsberger (October 1996). Essential Dictionary of Music: Definitions, Composers, Theory, Instrument & Vocal Ranges. Alfred Music Publishing. p. 247. ISBN 978-0-88284-728-3.
- "Kynaston, Sir Francis (1587-c.1649), of Oteley, Ellesmere, Salop". Houses of Parliament Online. Retrieved March 23, 2021.
- Ewan, Elizabeth (2006). The biographical dictionary of Scottish women : from the earliest times to 2004 (Reprinted. ed.). Edinburgh: Edinburgh Univ. Press. p. 400. ISBN 0-7486-1713-2.
- Samuel Macauley Jackson; Lefferts Augustine Loetscher (1949). The New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge: Embracing Biblical, Historical, Doctrinal, and Practical Theology, and Biblical, Theological, and Ecclesiastical Biography from the Earliest Times to the Present Day. Baker. p. 235.
- John Foxe; George Townsend (1870). The Acts and Monuments of John Foxe: With a Life and Defence of the Martyrologist. G. Seeley. p. 91.
- John Nichols (2014). John Nichols's The Progresses and Public Processions of Queen Elizabeth: Volume III: 1579 to 1595. OUP Oxford. p. 386. ISBN 978-0-19-955140-8.
- Borbone, Pier Giorgio (2017). "From Tur 'Abdin to Rome: the Syro-Orthodox presence in Sixteenth-Century Rome". In Herman Teule; Elif Keser-Kayaalp; Kutlu Akalin; Nesim Dorum; M. Sait Toprak (eds.). Syriac in its Multi-cultural Context: First International Syriac Studies Symposium. Peeters. p. 283.
- "Vincenzo Bellavere," in The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, ed. Stanley Sadie. 20 vol. London, Macmillan Publishers Ltd., 1980. ISBN 1-56159-174-2
- Charles George Herbermann; Edward Aloysius Pace; Condé Bénoist Pallen (1913). The Catholic Encyclopedia: An International Work of Reference on the Constitution, Doctrine, Discipline, and History of the Catholic Church. Encyclopedia Press. p. 435.