Dorothea of Saxony

Dorothea of Saxony (German: Dorothea von Sachsen; 4 October 1563 in Dresden – 13 February 1587 in Wolfenbüttel) was a Saxon princess from the House of Wettin and by marriage Duchess of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel.

Dorothea of Saxony
Blason Saxe (Petites armes).svg
Coat-of-arms of elector of Saxony.
Born(1563-10-04)4 October 1563
Died13 February 1587(1587-02-13) (aged 23)
Noble familyHouse of Wettin
Spouse(s)Henry Julius, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
IssueDorothea Hedwig of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
FatherAugustus, Elector of Saxony
MotherAnne of Denmark, Electress of Saxony


Dorothea was born 4 October 1563, the daughter of the Elector Augustus of Saxony (1526–1586) and his wife Anna (1532–1585), daughter of King Christian III of Denmark. Of the four 15 children from the marriage of her parents, only four survived their father; Dorothea among them.

On 26 September 1585 in Wolfenbüttel, the twenty-two-year-old Dorothea married the future Duke Henry Julius of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (1564–1613), who was one year her junior. At the time, her mother Anna was seriously ill and Dorothea had felt very badly and cried pitifully when she said farewell.[1]

The marriage would consolidate a Protestant alliance of German princes, led by Count Palatine John Casimir of Simmern, who had married Dorothea's sister Elizabeth in 1570. Unfortunately, the marriage would be short-lived as Dorothea would die in childbirth aged 23 on 13 February 1587.

Henry remarried a few years later on 19 April 1590. By his second wife, Elizabeth of Denmark, Henry had ten more children, one of whom was named Dorothea.


From her marriage to Henry Julius Dorothea had one daughter:

married in 1605 Rudolf of Anhalt-Zerbst (1576–1621)


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