1670 (MDCLXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar, the 1670th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 670th year of the 2nd millennium, the 70th year of the 17th century, and the 1st year of the 1670s decade. As of the start of 1670, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
January 21: Highwayman Claude Duval (pictured in William Powell Frith's 1860 painting), hanged in England.
1670 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1670
Ab urbe condita2423
Armenian calendar1119
Assyrian calendar6420
Balinese saka calendar1591–1592
Bengali calendar1077
Berber calendar2620
English Regnal year21 Cha. 2 – 22 Cha. 2
Buddhist calendar2214
Burmese calendar1032
Byzantine calendar7178–7179
Chinese calendar己酉年 (Earth Rooster)
4367 or 4160
    — to —
庚戌年 (Metal Dog)
4368 or 4161
Coptic calendar1386–1387
Discordian calendar2836
Ethiopian calendar1662–1663
Hebrew calendar5430–5431
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1726–1727
 - Shaka Samvat1591–1592
 - Kali Yuga4770–4771
Holocene calendar11670
Igbo calendar670–671
Iranian calendar1048–1049
Islamic calendar1080–1081
Japanese calendarKanbun 10
Javanese calendar1592–1593
Julian calendarGregorian minus 10 days
Korean calendar4003
Minguo calendar242 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar202
Thai solar calendar2212–2213
Tibetan calendar阴土鸡年
(female Earth-Rooster)
1796 or 1415 or 643
    — to —
(male Iron-Dog)
1797 or 1416 or 644

Events edit

January–March edit

April–June edit

July–September edit

  • July 11 – Representatives of England (led by King Charles II) and Denmark (led by King Christian V) sign a treaty of alliance and commerce, the Treaty of Copenhagen.
  • July 18 (July 8, O.S.) – The Treaty of Madrid, also known as the Godolphin Treaty, is signed between England and Spain to formally end hostilities left over from the Anglo-Spanish War, in the Caribbean, that ended ten years earlier. For the first time, Spain acknowledges that it is not entitled to all territory in the Americas west of Brazil, as provided by the 1493 line of demarcation decreed by Pope Alexander VI, and by the 1494 Treaty of Tordesillas between Spain and Portugal. Spain acknowledges that Jamaica and the Cayman Islands are English possessions.
  • August 17 – A joint fleet of warships from England (commanded by Commodore Richard Beach on HMS Hampshire) and from the Dutch Republic (led by Admiral Willem Joseph van Ghent on Spiegel) rescue 250 Christian slaves and then sink six Algerian pirate ships in a battle in the Mediterranean Sea off of the coast of Morocco at Cape Spartel.[9]
  • August 26 – The Parliament of France enacts a uniform criminal code for the nation with the passage of the Criminal Ordinance of 1670, which takes effect on January 1. The code remains in force until October 9, 1789, when it is abrogated during the French Revolution.
  • mid-August – Three Spanish frigates from Spanish Florida, sailing from St. Augustine and under the command of Juan Menendez Marques, arrive at Charleston harbor, preparing to attack the English settlement in South Carolina. The English settlers have been warned in advance by Indians who had found out about the invasion. Because of a storm, and the English preparations for a siege, Captain Menendez abandons the colony without attempting an attack.[10]
  • September 5William Penn and William Mead are found not guilty of violating the Conventicles Act 1670, after a five day jury trial in London. The two had been arrested on August 14 in front of a meeting house Gracechurch Street after preaching a Quaker sermon outside following a ban on preaching indoors. The defiance by the jury leads to the landmark English decision in Bushel's Case.

October–December edit

Date unknown edit

Births edit

Augustus II the Strong

Deaths edit

Jacob Westerbaen

References edit

  1. ^ "'Shaftesbury's Darling': British Settlement in the Carolinas at the Close of the Seventeenth Century", by Robert M. Weir, in The Oxford History of the British Empire, Volume I: The Origins of Empire (Oxford University Press, 1998) p. 380
  2. ^ Marcus Tanner, Croatia: A Nation Forged in War (Yale University Press, 2010)
  3. ^ William Laird Clowes, The Royal Navy, A History from the Earliest Times to 1900 (Sampson, Low, Marston and Compnay Ltd., 1898) pp. 439-440
  4. ^ "Every Pope ever: the full list", The Guardian (London), February 13, 2013
  5. ^ Rudolf Wittkower (1981). Gian Lorenzo Bernini: The Sculptor of the Roman Baroque. Cornell University Press. p. 257. ISBN 978-0-8014-1430-5.
  6. ^ In John Lingard's History of England.
  7. ^ Isidore Guët, Origines de la Martinique. Le colonel François de Collart et la Martinique de son temps; colonisation, sièges, révoltes et combats de 1625 à 1720 (Lafoye, 1893) p. 148
  8. ^ Studi magrebini. Istituto Universitario Orientale. 1989. p. 98.
  9. ^ "Beach and Van Ghent destroy six Barbary ships near Cape Spartel, Morocco, 17 August 1670", Royal Museums Greenwich
  10. ^ "Intercolonial Friction (1660-1700)", in Wars of the Americas: A Chronology of Armed Conflict in the New World, 1492 to the Present, ed. by David Marley (ABC-CLIO, 1998) p. 173
  11. ^ David Birmingham, Portugal and Africa (Palgrave Macmillan, 1999) p. 61
  12. ^ Urbina C., María Ximena (2017). "La expedición de John Narborough a Chile, 1670: Defensa de Valdivia, rumeros de indios, informaciones de los prisioneros y la creencia en la Ciudad de los Césares" [John Narborough expedition to Chile, 1670: Defense of Valdivia, indian rumours, information on prisoners, and the belief in the City of the Césares]. Magallania. 45 (2): 11–36. doi:10.4067/S0718-22442017000200011. Retrieved December 27, 2019.
  13. ^ David Thomas (September 30, 1992). William Congreve. Macmillan International Higher Education. p. 2. ISBN 978-1-349-22322-0.[permanent dead link]
  14. ^ Philip H. Highfill; Kalman A. Burnim; Edward A. Langhans (1973). A Biographical Dictionary of Actors, Actresses, Musicians, Dancers, Managers and Other Stage Personnel in London, 1660-1800. SIU Press. p. 207. ISBN 978-0-8093-0518-6.
  15. ^ Bernard Mandeville (2012). The Fable of the Bees (Annotated ed.). Jazzybee Verlag. p. 3. ISBN 978-3-8496-1900-8.
  16. ^ The Solicitors' Journal. The Journal. 1941. p. 43.
  17. ^ Jack Babuscio; Richard Minta Dunn (November 28, 1984). European Political Facts, 1648-1789. Palgrave Macmillan UK. p. 41. ISBN 978-0-333-32111-9.
  18. ^ Samuel Schoenbaum; Distinguished Professor of Renaissance Literature and Director Center for Renaissance and Baroque Studies S Schoenbaum (1987). William Shakespeare: A Compact Documentary Life. Oxford University Press. p. 319. ISBN 978-0-19-505161-2.
  19. ^ Joseph Timothy Haydn (1870). Haydn's Universal Index of Biography from the Creation to the Present Time: For the Use of the Statesman, the Historian, and the Journalist. Moxon. p. 546.
  20. ^ Académie royale des sciences, des lettres et des beaux-arts de Belgique (1929). Biographie nationale (in French). H. Thiry-Van Buggenhoudt. p. 673.
  21. ^ Stephen K. Roberts. "Powell, Vavasor (1617–1670)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/22662. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.) This notes that there is no written record of his attending Jesus College.
  22. ^ Bo Andersson; Lucinda Martin; Leigh Penman; Andrew Weeks (November 13, 2018). Jacob Böhme and His World. BRILL. p. 357. ISBN 978-90-04-38509-2.