George, Duke of Brunswick-Calenberg
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|Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg|
|Born||17 February 1582|
|Died||12 April 1641 (aged 59)|
|Noble family||Hanover (founder)|
|Spouse(s)||Anne Eleonore of Hesse-Darmstadt|
|Father||William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg|
|Mother||Dorothea of Denmark|
George was the sixth son of William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1535–1592) and Dorothea of Denmark (1546–1617). His mother was daughter to King Christian III of Denmark and Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg. She acted as a regent during the early years of his reign, keeping power from the Councillors who had mismanaged the estates during his father's fits of insanity.
In the 1635 re-division of the territories of the House of Welf, after the death of Frederick Ulrich, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, he received the Principality of Calenberg, which included the former Principality of Göttingen, since 1495, while his elder brother, Augustus the Elder, retained the Principality of Lüneburg. George was the first duke to move his residence to Hanover, where he built the Leineschloss as his residence in 1636, a palace situated by the river Leine. After his death, he was succeeded by his son, Christian Louis.
He is a character in the Eric Flint series of science fiction novels, "The Ring of Fire as the Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, a moderate conservative member of the Crown Loyalist faction, and commander of a division in the Army of the United States of Europe.
- Christian Louis, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1622–1665), Prince of Calenberg from 1641-1648, and Prince of Lüneburg from 1648-1665.
- George William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1624–1705), Prince of Calenberg from 1648-1665, and Prince of Lüneburg from 1665-1705. He was the father of Sophia Dorothea of Celle, wife of the future King George I of Great Britain.
- John Frederick, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1625–1679), Prince of Calenberg from 1665-1679.
- Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1628–1685), who married King Frederick III of Denmark.
- Ernest Augustus, Elector of Hanover (1629–1698), Prince of Calenberg from 1679-1698, and father of King George I of Great Britain.
|George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg||Father:
William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Ernest I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Henry the Middle, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Margarete of Saxony
Sophia of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Henry V, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Ursula of Brandenburg
Dorothea of Denmark
Christian III of Denmark
Frederick I of Denmark
Anna of Brandenburg
Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg
Magnus I, Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg
Catherine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
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