1613 (MDCXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1613th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 613th year of the 2nd millennium, the 13th year of the 17th century, and the 4th year of the 1610s decade. As of the start of 1613, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.
|Ab urbe condita||2366|
|Balinese saka calendar||1534–1535|
|English Regnal year||10 Ja. 1 – 11 Ja. 1|
|Chinese calendar||壬子年 (Water Rat)|
4310 or 4103
— to —
癸丑年 (Water Ox)
4311 or 4104
|- Vikram Samvat||1669–1670|
|- Shaka Samvat||1534–1535|
|- Kali Yuga||4713–4714|
|Japanese calendar||Keichō 18|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 10 days|
|Minguo calendar||299 before ROC|
|Thai solar calendar||2155–2156|
1739 or 1358 or 586
— to —
1740 or 1359 or 587
- January 11 – Workers in a sandpit in the Dauphiné region of France discover the skeleton of what is alleged to be a 30-foot tall man (the remains, it is supposed, of the giant Teutobochus, a legendary Gallic king who fought the Romans).
- January 20 – King James I of England successfully mediates the Treaty of Knäred between Denmark and Sweden.
- February 14 – Elizabeth, daughter of King James I of England, marries Frederick V, Elector Palatine.
- February 24 – King Anaukpetlun of Burma blockades the Portuguese port at Syriam with 80 warships and 3,000 men, then sets about to tunnel into the city.
- March 3 (February 21 O.S.) – An assembly of the Russian Empire elects Mikhail Romanov Tsar of Russia, ending the Time of Troubles. The House of Romanov will remain a ruling dynasty until 1917.
- March 27 – The first English child is born in Canada at Cuper's Cove, Newfoundland to Nicholas Guy.
- March 29
- Explorer Samuel de Champlain becomes the first unofficial Governor of New France in Canada.
- Burmese soldiers, tunneling under the walls of the Portuguese colonial fortress at Syriam (now Thanlyin), bring down a section of the walls and sack the city. Portuguese Governor Filipe de Brito e Nicote and rebel Burmese General Natshinnaung are captured, and executed by impalement on April 9.
- April 13 – Samuel Argall captures Algonquian princess Pocahontas in Passapatanzy, Virginia, to ransom her for some English prisoners held by her father, Chief Powhatan. She is brought to Henricus as a hostage.
- May 12 – Mikhail Romanov arrives in Moscow to begin his reign as Tsar of Russia, after having been elected on March 3.
- May 14
- May 23 – War of the Montferrat Succession: The defenders of the Italian city of Nizza Monferrato successfully resist a nine-day siege by the troops of Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy.
- May 27 – After getting an official proclamation that he is the French Governor of New France, explorer Samuel de Champlain begins exploration of the area westward from Quebec, traveling along the Ottawa River.
- June 28 (July 8 N.S.) – From Jamestown, John Rolfe makes the first shipment to England of tobacco grown in Virginia, dispatching it on the ship The Elizabeth.  The tobacco arrives in England after a voyage of three weeks.
- June 29 – Fire destroys London's famed Globe Theatre, during a performance of Shakespeare's Henry VIII.
- July 20 (July 30 N.S.) – The first American-grown tobacco, produced in the British colony of Virginia, arrives in England after being dispatched 22 days earlier by John Rolfe. 
- July 28 – Gregor Richter, the chief pastor of Görlitz, denounces Jacob Boehme as a heretic, in his Sunday sermon.
- August 29 – The Sicilians under de Aragon defeat the trade fleet of the Ottoman Empire, ending the Battle of Cape Corvo.
- September 29 – The New River is opened, to supply London with drinking water from Hertfordshire.
- October 28 – Keichō embassy: Hasekura Tsunenaga sets out in the Date Maru with a Japanese diplomatic mission to the Holy See, first traveling to Acapulco in New Spain; this follows soon after an agreement between Tokugawa Ieyasu and the East India Company, permitting English merchants to live and trade in Japan.
- November 3 – English royal favourite Robert Carr is created 1st Earl of Somerset.
- December 26 – The Earl of Somerset marries Frances Howard, following her divorce from Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex; the event is the inspiration for John Donne's Eclogue.
Date unknown edit
- A locust swarm destroys La Camarque, France.
- Kuwait City is founded.
- Sultan Agung of Mataram takes the throne of the kingdom of Mataram in Java.
- Near Jamestown, Virginia, Sir Thomas Dale starts a settlement called Bermuda City, which later becomes part of Hopewell, Virginia.
- January 14 – Pier Martire Armani, Italian painter (d. 1699)
- January 15 – Giovanni Pietro Bellori, Italian art historian (d. 1696)
- January 21 – George Gillespie, Scottish theologian (d. 1648)
- February 2
- February 7 – Johannes Musaeus, German theologian (d. 1681)
- February 24 – Mattia Preti, Italian painter (d. 1699)
- February 28 – John Pearson, English theologian and scholar (d. 1686)
- March 6
- March 11 – Francesco Caetani, 8th Duke of Sermoneta, Governor of the Duchy of Milan (d. 1683)
- March 12 – André Le Nôtre, French landscape and garden designer (d. 1700)
- March 19 – John Swinfen, English politician (d. 1694)
- March 24 – Antonia of Württemberg, princess, literary figure, patron and Christian Kabbalist (d. 1679)
- March 28 – Empress Dowager Xiaozhuang, concubine of Qing dynasty ruler Hong Taiji (d. 1688)
- March 29 – Louis-Isaac Lemaistre de Sacy, French Bible translator (d. 1684)
- April 1
- April 7 – Gerrit Dou, Dutch painter (d. 1675)
- April 18 – Philip Wharton, 4th Baron Wharton, English soldier (d. 1696)
- April 21 – Franciscus Plante, Dutch painter, chaplain (d. 1690)
- April 29 – Christoph Bach, German musician (d. 1661)
- May 9 – Mattias de' Medici, Italian noble (d. 1667)
- May 10 – François Chauveau, French painter (d. 1676)
- May 15 – George Seton, Lord Seton, Scottish noble (d. 1648)
- May 31 – John George II, Elector of Saxony (1656-1680) (d. 1680)
- June 1 – William Wirich, Count of Daun-Falkenstein, German nobleman (d. 1682)
- June 13 – Johann Ernst, Count of Hanau-Münzenberg (1641–1642) (d. 1642)
- June 16 – John Cleveland, English poet (d. 1658)
- July 15 – Gu Yanwu, Chinese philologist and geographer (d. 1682)
- July 16 – Alderano Cybo, Catholic cardinal (d. 1700)
- August 7 – William Frederick, Prince of Nassau-Dietz, Dutch stadtholder (d. 1664)
- August 15 – Gilles Ménage, French scholar (d. 1692)
- August 18 – Sir Thomas Peyton, 2nd Baronet, English politician (d. 1684)
- August 20 – Duchess Elisabeth Sophie of Mecklenburg, German poet composer and (by marriage) Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg (d. 1676)
- August 24 – Bartholomew Holzhauser, German priest, founder of a religious community, visionary, writer of prophecies (d. 1658)
- August 29 – John Jolliffe, English politician and businessman (d. 1680)
- September 8 – Henri Albert de La Grange d'Arquien, Catholic cardinal (d. 1707)
- September 15 – François de La Rochefoucauld, French writer (d. 1680)
- September 19 – Sir John Norwich, 1st Baronet, English Member of Parliament (d. 1661)
- September 25 – Claude Perrault, French architect (d. 1688)
- October 3 – Marion Delorme, French courtesan known for her relationships with the important men of her time (d. 1650)
- October 12 – Jacques d'Arthois, Flemish painter (d. 1686)
- October 13
- October 19 – Charles of Sezze, Italian Franciscan friar and saint (d. 1670)
- October 28 – Edmund Bowyer, English politician (d. 1681)
- November 5 – Isaac de Benserade, French poet (d. 1691)
- November 12 – Sir Ralph Verney, 1st Baronet, of Middle Claydon, English Baronet (d. 1696)
- November 16 – Frederick, Prince of Anhalt-Harzgerode (1635–1670) (d. 1670)
- November 20 – Tyman Oosdorp, Dutch Golden Age brewer and magistrate of Haarlem (d. 1668)
- November 24 – John Knight, Member of the Parliament of England (d. 1683)
- November 25 – Philip VII, Count of Waldeck-Wildungen (1638–1645) (d. 1645)
- December 4 (bapt.) – Samuel Butler, English satirist (d. 1680)
- December 10 – Izaak van Oosten, Flemish painter (d. 1661)
- December 11 – Amar Singh Rathore, Rajput nobleman affiliated with the royal house of Marwar (d. 1644)
- December 23 – Carl Gustaf Wrangel, Field Marshal of Sweden (d. 1676)
- December 28 – Bullen Reymes, English courtier, diplomat and politician (d. 1672)
Date unknown edit
- January 2 – Salima Sultan Begum, Empress of the Mughal Empire (b. 1539)
- January 12 – George Blackwell, English Catholic archpriest (b. 1545)
- January 18 – Antoon Claeissens, Flemish Baroque painter (b. 1536)
- January 27 – Anna of Saxony, German noblewoman (b. 1567)
- January 28 – Thomas Bodley, English diplomat and library founder (b. 1545)
- February 14 – Juan García López-Rico, Spanish Catholic priest from the Trinitarian Order, founded the Order of Discalced Carmelites (b. 1561)
- February 16 – Johannes Letzner, German Protestant priest and historian (b. 1531)
- February 27 – Pietro Facchetti, Italian painter (b. 1539)
- March 2 – Rudolph Snellius, Dutch linguist and mathematician (b. 1546)
- March 13 – Giovanni Battista Caccini, Italian artist (b. 1556)
- March 16
- March 23 – Jerónimo de Ayanz y Beaumont, Spanish inventor (b. 1553)
- March 27 – Sigismund Báthory, Prince of Transylvania (b. 1572)
- April 27 – Robert Abercromby, Scottish Jesuit missionary (b. 1532)
- June 3 – Allahverdi Khan, Georgian-born Iranian general (b. 1590)
- June 8 – Cigoli, Italian painter (b. 1559)
- June 15 – Magdalena Moons, Dutch heroine (b. 1541)
- July 2 – Bartholomaeus Pitiscus, German astronomer and mathematician (b. 1561)
- July 19 – Nicolaus van Aelst, Flemish engraver (b. 1526)
- July 20 – Sebastian Lubomirski, Polish-Lithuanian nobleman (szlachcic) (b. c. 1546)
- July 30 – Henry Julius, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (b. 1564)
- August 1
- August 7 – Thomas Fleming, English judge (b. 1544)
- August 14 – David Lindsay, Scottish bishop (b. 1531)
- August 18 – Giovanni Artusi, Italian composer (b. c. 1540)
- August 22 – Dominicus Baudius, Dutch historian and poet (b. 1561)
- August 25 – William Waldegrave, English Member of Parliament (b. 1540)
- September 8
- September 14 – Thomas Overbury, English poet and essayist (murdered) (b. 1581)
- October 9 – Henry Constable, English poet (b. 1562)
- October 11 – John Petre, 1st Baron Petre, English politician (b. 1549)
- October 22 – Mathurin Régnier, French satirist (b. 1573)
- October 26 – Johann Bauhin, Swiss botanist (b. 1541)
- October 27 – Gabriel Báthory, Prince of Transylvania (b. 1589)
- November 4 – Cristóbal Rodríguez Juárez, Spanish Catholic archbishop (b. 1547)
- November 16 – Trajano Boccalini, Italian satirist (b. 1556)
- November 21 – Rose Lok, English Marian exile (b. 1526)
- November 23 – Charles Philippe de Croÿ, Marquis d’Havré, Belgian noble and politician (b. 1549)
- November 26 – Henry Berkeley, 7th Baron Berkeley, English politician (b. 1534)
- December 6 – Anton Praetorius, German pastor (b. 1560)
- December 7 – Simon VI, Count of Lippe, imperial count and ruler of the County of Lippe (Germany) since 1563 (b. 1554)
- date unknown
- W.A. Seaver, "Giants and Dwarfs", Harper's New Monthly Magazine, 39:202-210, 1869.
- Franklin Daniel Scott (1988). Sweden, the Nation's History. SIU Press. p. 168. ISBN 978-0-8093-1489-8.
- The Marriage of prince Fredericke, and the King's daughter the Lady Elizabeth... London: Thomas Creede. 1613. p. 1.
- Rountree, Helen C. (December 8, 2010). "Pocahontas (d. 1617)". Encyclopedia Virginia Archived May 3, 2017, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved March 4, 2011.
- Alexander Brown, The Genesis of the United States: A Narrative of the Movement in England, 1605-1616, which Resulted in the Plantation of North America by Englishmen (Houghton Mifflin, 1897) p. 639
- Alan Read (1995). Theatre and Everyday Life: An Ethics of Performance. Psychology Press. p. 229. ISBN 978-0-415-06941-0.
- John Donne (1995). The Variorum Edition of the Poetry of John Donne. Indiana University Press. pp. 57–. ISBN 0-253-31812-2.
- Fox, Helen (Morgenthau); Helen Morgenthau Fox (1962). André Le Nôtre: Garden Architect to Kings. Crown Publishers. p. 29.
- Sr, Arthur W. Hummel (January 1, 2018). Eminent Chinese of the Qing Period: 1644-1911/2. Berkshire Publishing Group. p. 705. ISBN 978-1-61472-849-8.
- François duc de La Rochefoucauld (1939). The Maxims of François, Duc de La Rochefoucauld. H. Milford. p. xi.
- Charles Intervale Silin (1940). The Johns Hopkins Studies in Romance Literatures and Languages: Extra volume. Johns Hopkins Press. p. 25.
- Church Monuments: Journal of the Church Monuments Society. The Society. 1993. p. 61.
- David Mason Greene; Constance Green (1985). Greene's Biographical Encyclopedia of Composers. Reproducing Piano Roll Fnd. p. 81. ISBN 978-0-385-14278-6.