Year 1564 (MDLXIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
September 10: Battle of Kawanakajima
1564 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1564
MDLXIV
Ab urbe condita2317
Armenian calendar1013
ԹՎ ՌԺԳ
Assyrian calendar6314
Balinese saka calendar1485–1486
Bengali calendar971
Berber calendar2514
English Regnal yearEliz. 1 – 7 Eliz. 1
Buddhist calendar2108
Burmese calendar926
Byzantine calendar7072–7073
Chinese calendar癸亥年 (Water Pig)
4261 or 4054
    — to —
甲子年 (Wood Rat)
4262 or 4055
Coptic calendar1280–1281
Discordian calendar2730
Ethiopian calendar1556–1557
Hebrew calendar5324–5325
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1620–1621
 - Shaka Samvat1485–1486
 - Kali Yuga4664–4665
Holocene calendar11564
Igbo calendar564–565
Iranian calendar942–943
Islamic calendar971–972
Japanese calendarEiroku 7
(永禄7年)
Javanese calendar1483–1484
Julian calendar1564
MDLXIV
Korean calendar3897
Minguo calendar348 before ROC
民前348年
Nanakshahi calendar96
Thai solar calendar2106–2107
Tibetan calendar阴水猪年
(female Water-Pig)
1690 or 1309 or 537
    — to —
阳木鼠年
(male Wood-Rat)
1691 or 1310 or 538

Events edit

January–March edit

April–June edit

  • April 20 – French explorer René Goulaine de Laudonnière and a group of 300 Huguenot Protestants depart from Le Havre on three ships (L'Élisabeth , Le Faucon and Le Breton) to colonize what is now the U.S. state of Florida.[5]
  • May 31 – The Swedish warship Mars, flagship of the Swedish Navy, catches fire while fighting against the navy of Denmark in the battle of Öland off of the coast of the island of the same name in the Baltic Sea, and sinks along with its crew of 350 sailors and 450 soldiers it had been transporting. The wreckage of the ship will go undiscovered for 447 years until being found on August 19, 2011.[6]
  • June 22French settlers abandon Charlesfort, the first French attempt at colonizing what is now the United States, and, with the help of a relief force commanded by René Goulaine, establish Fort Caroline in Florida, near what is now the city of Jacksonville.[7]

July–September edit

October–December edit

  • October 10Lucrezia Di Siena, the first well-known female actress in Europe, begins her career by signing a contract with the Commedia dell'arte theatre company in Rome.
  • October 23 – King Bayinnaung of Burma leads 64,000 men, 3,600 horses and 330 elephants on an invasion of the Lan Na kingdom (now part of Laos.[12]
  • October 30 – The Duchy of Savoy signs the Treaty of Lausanne with the Swiss canton of Bern and relinquishes all claims to the canton of Vaud.
  • November 21 – Spanish Conquistador Miguel López de Legazpi sails from Mexico.[13] Later, he will conquer the Philippine Islands, founding Manila.[14]
  • November 25 – When four divisions of the Burmese Army arrive at Lamphun, 12.5 miles (20.1 km) from Chiang Mai, Chiang Mai's defenses flee the city.[12] Bayinnaung spares the life of King Mekuti of Lan Na, and then spends next four months administering the annexed territory.
  • December 3Ivan the Terrible, Tsar of all the Russias, sends his government a letter of abdication, ostensibly because of embezzlement and treason by the aristocracy and the clergy.[15] Ivan leaves Moscow and moves to the city of Alexandrovskaya Sloboda, taking with him the relics of the palace and most of his royal court, until being persuaded to return in February on the promise that he will have absolute power.
  • December 7 – King Charles IX of France agrees to the terms of a treaty with the cantons of Switzerland, agreeing for French payment of debts owed to the Swiss for loans made to Charles's father, King Henri II.[16]

Date unknown edit


Births edit

 
Galileo Galilei
 
William Shakespeare

Deaths edit

 
Michelangelo
 
John Calvin
 
Rani Durgavati
 
Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor
 
Luís de Velasco
 
Guido Ascanio Sforza di Santa Fiora

References edit

  1. ^ Giedre Mickunaite (January 1, 2006). Making a Great Ruler: Grand Duke Vytautas of Lithuania. Central European University Press. p. 172. ISBN 978-963-7326-58-5.
  2. ^ a b G. E. Harvey, History of Burma: From the Earliest Times to 10 March 1824 (Frank Cass & Co. Ltd., 1925) pp.167-168
  3. ^ Raúl Porras Barrenechea and Rubén Vargas Ugarte, Historia general de los Peruanos, Volume 2, El Perú Virreinal (Talleres Gráficos, 1977)
  4. ^ Barros Arana, Diego (2000). Historia general de Chile (in Spanish). Santiago: Santiago de Chile University. pp. 256–257. Retrieved November 8, 2023.
  5. ^ Bernard Le Nail, L'almanach de la Bretagne ("The Almanac of Brittany") (Larousse, 2003)
  6. ^ "Shipwreck of 16th-century Swedish vessel found in Baltic". Calgary Herald. Agence France-Presse. August 20, 2011. Retrieved August 20, 2011.
  7. ^ Rowland, Lawrence Sanders; Moore, Alexander; Rogers, George C.; Rogers Jr., George C.; Wise, Stephen R.; Spieler, Gerhard (1996). The History of Beaufort County, South Carolina: 1514-1861. Univ of South Carolina Press. p. 26. ISBN 978-1-57003-090-1. Retrieved November 8, 2023.
  8. ^ Ashirbadi Lal Srivastava, Akbar the Great: Political History, 1542-1605 A.D. (Shiva Lal Agarwala, 1962) pp.357-364
  9. ^ Sylvander, Gustaf Volmer (1872). Kalmar slotts och stads historia (in Swedish). Tryckt hos O. Westin. p. 104. Retrieved November 8, 2023.
  10. ^ Jenkinson, Anthony (1886). Early Voyages and Travels to Russia and Persia. B. Franklin. p. xliv. Retrieved November 8, 2023.
  11. ^ "Jenkinson, Anthony". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. 2004. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/14736. Retrieved November 8, 2023. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  12. ^ a b Maha Yazawin Vol. 2 2006: 276–278
  13. ^ Schreurs, Peter (2000). Caraga Antigua, 1521-1910: The Hispanization and Christianization of Agusan, Surigao, and East Davao. Republic of the Philippines, National Commission for Culture and the Arts, National Historical Institute. p. 69. ISBN 978-971-538-114-7. Retrieved November 9, 2023.
  14. ^ HALSTEAD, MURAT (1898). THE STORY OF THE PHILIPPINES. Our Possessions Publishing Company. p. 269. Retrieved November 9, 2023.
  15. ^ Isabel de Madariaga, Ivan the Terrible, First Tsar of Russia (Yale University Press, 2005) pp. 176–178
  16. ^ James Thompson, The Wars of Religion in France 1559-1576: The Huguenots, Catherine de Medici and Philip II (Chicago University Press, 1909) pp.241-242
  17. ^ Hart, Martin (1982) [c. 1973]. Rats. Allison & Busby. p. 66. ISBN 0-85031-297-3.
  18. ^ Kanem-Borno. Chelsea House Publishers. 1995. p. 33. ISBN 978-0-7910-3129-2. Retrieved November 9, 2023.
  19. ^ The Scottish Review. A. Gardner. 1891. p. 8. Retrieved November 9, 2023.
  20. ^ Rom Harré (1983). Great Scientific Experiments: Twenty Experiments that Changed Our View of the World. Oxford University Press. p. 68. ISBN 978-0-19-286036-1.
  21. ^ Henderson, Philip (1974). Christopher Marlowe. Harvester Press. p. 2. ISBN 978-0-901759-14-6. Retrieved November 10, 2023.
  22. ^ Bibliothèque de la Compagnie de Jésus (in French). Picard. 1891. p. 1539. Retrieved November 10, 2023.
  23. ^ John Robert Christianson (2003). On Tycho's Island: Tycho Brahe, Science, and Culture in the Sixteenth Century. Cambridge University Press. p. 264. ISBN 978-0-521-00884-6.
  24. ^ Vaterländisches Archiv für hannoverisch-braunschweigische Geschichte (in German). Herol und Wahlstab. 1835. p. 128. Retrieved November 10, 2023.
  25. ^ Publications of the Surtees Society. Surtees Society. 1915. p. 9. Retrieved November 10, 2023.
  26. ^ "Percy, Henry, ninth earl of Northumberland". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. 2004. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/21939. Retrieved November 10, 2023. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  27. ^ Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1907. p. 348. Retrieved November 10, 2023.
  28. ^ Samuel Schoenbaum; Distinguished Professor of Renaissance Literature and Director Center for Renaissance and Baroque Studies S Schoenbaum (1987). William Shakespeare: A Compact Documentary Life. Oxford University Press. p. 24. ISBN 978-0-19-505161-2.
  29. ^ "Hay, Francis, ninth earl of Erroll". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. 2004. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/12715. Retrieved November 10, 2023. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  30. ^ Lazzari, Alfonso (1952). Le ultime tre duchesse di Ferrara e la corte estense ai tempi di Torquato Tasso (in Italian). Società Tipografica Editrice Rodigina. p. 225. Retrieved November 10, 2023.
  31. ^ Die schweizerische Malerei im XVI. Jahrhundert diesseits der Alpen und unter Berücksichtigung der Glasmalerei, des Formschnittes und des Kupferstiches (in German). Sauerländer. 1893. p. 237. Retrieved November 10, 2023.
  32. ^ Beck, August (1858). Johann Friedrich der Mittlere, Herzog zu Sachsen. Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte des sechszehnten Jahrhunderts (in German). Weimar: Hermann Bohlau. p. 465. Retrieved November 11, 2023.
  33. ^ "Cort Aslakssøn". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). April 27, 2023. Retrieved November 11, 2023.
  34. ^ Leisner-Jensen, Mogens (1995). Da Holberg blev poët: tre studier i vittighedsværkernes oprindelse (in Danish). Odense Universitetsforlag. p. 101. ISBN 978-87-7838-109-5. Retrieved November 11, 2023.
  35. ^ "The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church - Biographical Dictionary - Consistory of December 18, 1587". cardinals.fiu.edu.
  36. ^ Mathew, David (1955). Scotland Under Charles I. Eyre & Spottiswoode. p. 88. ISBN 978-7-470-00028-0. Retrieved November 11, 2023.
  37. ^ Bascetta, Carlo (1978). Sport e giuochi: trattati e scritti dal XV al XVIII secolo (in Italian). Il Polifilo. p. 326. Retrieved November 11, 2023.
  38. ^ The Herald of Asia: A Review of Life and Progress in the Orient. 1916. p. 88.
  39. ^ Hofberg, Herman; Heurlin, Frithiof; Millqvist, Viktor; Rubenson, Olof (1906). "4. Brahe, Magnus (Svenskt biografiskt handlexikon)". runeberg.org (in Swedish).
  40. ^ Hamberger, Julius Wilhelm; Michaelis, August Benedikt (1785). Einleitung zu einer volständigen Geschichte der Chur- und Fürstlichen Häuser in Teutschland (in German). Meyer. p. 391. Retrieved November 11, 2023.
  41. ^ Arndt, Georg (1910). Zur heimatkunde von Halberstadt ... (in German). Verlag von J. Schimmelburg (W. Kramer). p. 41. Retrieved November 11, 2023.
  42. ^ Lukas, Viktor (1986). Reclams Orgelmusikführer (in German). Reclam. p. 30. ISBN 978-3-15-008880-7. Retrieved November 11, 2023.
  43. ^ Marín, Francisco Rodríguez (1923). Francisco Pacheco maestro de Velázquez: conferencia leída el día 29 de marzo de 1922 en la Sala de Velázquez del Museo del Prado (in Spanish). Revista de Archivos, bibliotecas y museos. p. 12. Retrieved November 13, 2023.
  44. ^ McKeen, David (1986). A Memory of Honour: The Life of William Brooke, Lord Cobham. Institut für Anglistik und Amerikanistik, Universität Salzburg. p. 152. Retrieved November 13, 2023.
  45. ^ Bigourdan, Guillaume (1918). Histoire de l'astronomie d'observation et des observatoires en France (in French). Gauthier-Villars et cie. p. 50. Retrieved November 13, 2023.
  46. ^ Buxtorf-Falkeisen, Karl (1860). Johannes Buxtorf Vater: Prof. ling. hebr. 1564-1629, erkannt aus seinem Briefwechsel (in German). Bahnmaier's Buchhandlung (C. Detloff). p. 6. Retrieved November 13, 2023.
  47. ^ Jonckbloet, Willem Jozef Andries (1864). Gedenkboek der Hoogeschool te Groningen, ter gelegenheid van haar vijfde halve eeuwfeest, op last van den Akademischen Senaat (in Dutch). J.B. Wolters. p. 11. Retrieved November 13, 2023.
  48. ^ Rosendahl, Erich (1927). Geschichte Niedersachsens im Spiegel der Reichsgeschichte (in German). Helwing. p. 258. Retrieved November 13, 2023.
  49. ^ Chang, Kang-i Sun; Saussy, Haun; Kwong, Charles Yim-tze (1999). Women Writers of Traditional China: An Anthology of Poetry and Criticism. Stanford University Press. p. 227. ISBN 978-0-8047-3231-4. Retrieved November 13, 2023.
  50. ^ Buckley, Edmund; Hoppin, James Mason; Churchill, Alfred Vance (1907). The Fine Arts: A University Course in Sculpture, Painting, Architecture and Decoration in Their History, Development and Principles. National Art Society. p. 419. Retrieved November 13, 2023.
  51. ^ Read, Charles (1858). Journal de son voyage à la cour de Henri IV en 1607 et sa biographie. Paris: Society for the History of Protestant France. p. 2. Retrieved November 13, 2023.
  52. ^ Francek, Jindřich (1994). Kryštof Harant z Polžic a Bezdružic (in Czech). Obecní uřad. p. 9. Retrieved November 13, 2023.
  53. ^ Bell, Aubrey Fitz Gerald (1922). Portuguese Literature. Clarendon Press. p. 205. ISBN 978-0-7426-4418-2. Retrieved November 13, 2023.
  54. ^ "SHIRLEY, Thomas II (1564-c.1630), of Wiston, Suss.; later of the I.o.W. | History of Parliament Online". www.historyofparliamentonline.org. Retrieved November 13, 2023.
  55. ^ Jenkins, Harold (1934). The Life and Work of Henry Chettle. Sidgwick & Jackson, Limited. p. 2. Retrieved November 13, 2023.
  56. ^ "JHoward, Thomas, fourth duke of Norfolk". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. 2004. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/13941. Retrieved November 15, 2023. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  57. ^ Linda Murray (1980). Michelangelo. Oxford University Press. p. 7. ISBN 978-0-19-520163-5.
  58. ^ Lebreton, Théodore Éloi (1861). Biographie normande: recueil de notices biographiques et bibliographiques (in French). A. Le Brument. p. 104. Retrieved November 15, 2023.
  59. ^ Saez Garcia, M. Angeles (2018). Creure, Somiar, Llutiar: Barcelona en Femini I L'Aventura Espiritual D'Isabel De Josa (PDF) (PhD thesis). Autonomous University of Barcelona. p. 364. Retrieved November 19, 2023.
  60. ^ Yavuz, Hulusi (1987). "SADRIAZAM LÜTFi PAŞA ve OSMANLI HILAFETİC". Marmara University Journal of the Faculty of Theology. 5: 43. Retrieved November 15, 2023.
  61. ^ Delaunay, Dr (1925). "L'AVENTUREUSE EXISTENCE DE PIERRE BELON DU MANS (6 e article)". Revue du Seizième siècle. 12: 78–97. ISSN 0151-1823. JSTOR 41851771. Retrieved November 15, 2023.
  62. ^ "Ein Sonnenuhr-Kruzifix von Georg Hartmann (1489-1564) aus Nürnberg" (PDF). www.ta-dip.de. Retrieved November 15, 2023.
  63. ^ "The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church - Biographical Dictionary - Consistory of December 22, 1536". cardinals.fiu.edu. Retrieved November 15, 2023.
  64. ^ Thomas F. Torrance (December 19, 1996). Theology in Reconstruction. Wipf and Stock Publishers. p. 76. ISBN 978-1-72520-786-8.
  65. ^ Delaborde, Jules (1876). Éléonore de Roye, princesse de Condé, 1535-1564. Paris: Sandoz et Fischbacher. p. 265. Retrieved November 15, 2023.
  66. ^ "Ferdinand I | Holy Roman emperor". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved June 30, 2020.
  67. ^ Pereyra, Carlos (1924). Historia de América española (in Spanish). Saturnino Calleja. p. 440. Retrieved November 15, 2023.
  68. ^ "三好長慶(みよしながよし)とは? 意味や使い方". コトバンク (in Japanese). Retrieved November 15, 2023.
  69. ^ Schukraft, Harald (1989). Die Grablegen des Hauses Württemberg (in German). Theiss. p. 47. ISBN 978-3-8062-0582-4. Retrieved November 15, 2023.
  70. ^ Unger, Melvin P. (August 14, 2023). Historical Dictionary of Choral Music. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 300. ISBN 978-1-5381-2434-5. Retrieved November 15, 2023.
  71. ^ "The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church - Biographical Dictionary - Consistory of December 18, 1534". cardinals.fiu.edu. Retrieved November 15, 2023.
  72. ^ John M S Pearce (April 24, 2003). Fragments Of Neurological History. World Scientific. p. 7. ISBN 978-1-78326-110-9.
  73. ^ Allgemeines Gelehrten-Lexicon (in German). Gleditsch. 1784. p. 175. Retrieved November 15, 2023.
  74. ^ Ehmann, Johannes (October 1, 2018). Geschichte der Evangelischen Kirche in Baden: Band 1: Reformatorische Bewegungen im Südwesten des Reichs (1518–1557): Von Luthers Heidelberger Disputation bis zum Augsburger Frieden und seinen Nachwirkungen (in German). Evangelische Verlagsanstalt. p. 142. ISBN 978-3-374-05575-3. Retrieved November 15, 2023.
  75. ^ Campbell, Gordon (November 9, 2006). The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts: Two-volume Set. Oxford University Press. p. 426. ISBN 978-0-19-518948-3. Retrieved November 19, 2023.
  76. ^ Tippur, Raghavendra Narayanarao (July 24, 2022). Hymns of Purandharadasa. T.N.Raghavendra. p. 4. Retrieved November 19, 2023.
  77. ^ Markatos, Konstantinos; Chytas, Demetrios; Korres, Demetrios; Laios, Konstantinos; Androutsos, Georgios; Chronopoulos, Efstathios (April 1, 2017). "Charles Estienne (1504–1564): His Life, Work, and Contribution to Anatomy and the First Description of the Canal in the Spinal Cord". World Neurosurgery. 100: 186–189. doi:10.1016/j.wneu.2016.12.126. ISSN 1878-8750. PMID 28065877. Retrieved November 19, 2023.
  78. ^ Shemek, Deanna (1998). Ladies Errant: Wayward Women and Social Order in Early Modern Italy. Duke University Press. p. 158. ISBN 978-0-8223-2167-5. Retrieved November 19, 2023.
  79. ^ Mulhauser, Ruth E. (1977). Maurice Scève. Boston: Twayne Publishers. p. 36. ISBN 978-0-8057-6264-8. Retrieved November 19, 2023.