The 1550s decade ran from January 1, 1550, to December 31, 1559.

Political map of the world in 1556
January 23, 1556: Shaanxi earthquake, devastation kills 830,000 in China.

Events

1550

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April–June edit

July–September edit

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Date unknown edit

1551

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Date unknown edit

  • Qizilbash forces under the command of Tahmasp I raid and destroy the cave monastery of Vardzia in Georgia.
  • In Henan province, China, during the Ming dynasty, a severe frost in the spring destroys the winter wheat crop. Torrential rains in mid summer cause massive flooding of farmland and villages (by some accounts submerged in a metre of water). In the fall, a large tornado demolishes houses and flattens much of the buckwheat in the fields. Famine victims either flee, starve, or resort to cannibalism. This follows a series of natural disasters in Henan in the years 1528, 1531, 1539, and 1545.
  • In Slovakia, Guta (modern-day Kolárovo) receives town status.
  • Portugal founds a sugar colony at Bahia.
  • Juan de Betanzos begins to write his Narrative of the Incas.
  • The new edition of the Genevan psalter, Pseaumes octantetrois de David, is published, with Louis Bourgeois as supervising composer, including the first publication of the hymn tune known as the Old 100th.

1552

 
Bartolomeo Eustachi completes his Tabulae anatomicae.

January–March edit

April–June edit

July–September edit

October–December edit

Date unknown edit

  • Miguel de Buría leads the first African rebellion in South America's history. This may be because Buría has more slaves than other regions in Venezuela, of which most join Miguel, and is still being contested between the Europeans and the natives, who also join his side. During this insurrection he takes over the Gold mines de San Felipe de Buría, established within the area with the consent of the Spanish Crown, to pull out the ore that was discovered in the Buria river, a task that heavily depends on slave work.
  • In the Persian Gulf, the Ottoman Empire Red Sea Fleet attacks the Portuguese stronghold of Hormuz, but fails to capture it.[52]
  • In Italy, Bartolomeo Eustachi completes his Tabulae anatomicae, presenting his discoveries on the structure of the inner ear and heart,[53] although, for fear of the Inquisition, it will not be published until 1714.
  • King Edward VI of England founds 35 grammar schools by royal charter,[4] including Shrewsbury; Leeds Grammar School is also established.

1553

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April–June edit

  • April 28Shimun VIII Yohannan Sulaqa, leader of the Chaldean Catholic Church in what is now Iraq, is recognized by Pope Julius III as the Patriarch of Mosul.[57]
  • May 12St Albans, in England, receives its first royal charter.[58][59]
  • May 25 – Lady Jane Grey, a 16-year-old first cousin of King Edward VI of England who is designated by him as his heir, marries Lord Guildford Dudley, son of the Duke of Northumberland, who engineers the marriage and persuades King Edward to name Jane as the heir to the throne.
  • June 3 – The first of the five Battles of Kawanakajima, the "Battle of the Fuse," commences in Japan between Takeda Shingen of Kai Province and Uesugi Kenshin of Echigo Province. The clash, fought 12 days after Shingen had taken Katsurao Castle, takes place at a shrine of Hachiman (near what is now Yashiro, Hyōgo prefecture), is part of a major series of conflicts during the Japanese Sengoku period.* Turnbull, Stephen (1998). The Samurai Sourcebook. Cassell & Co. p. 212. ISBN 1-85409-523-4.
  • June 15 – On his deathbed, King Edward summons prominent English judges and signs his devise of the throne to Lady Jane Grey.
  • June 21 – Under threats from the Duke of Northumberland, the devise by King Edward to make Jane Grey the heir to the throne is signed by over 100 prominent persons.
  • June 26 – Two new schools, Christ's Hospital[60][61] and King Edward's School, Witley, are created by royal charter in accordance with the will of King Edward VI of England; St Thomas' Hospital, London, in existence since the 12th century, is named in the same charter.[62]

July–September edit

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Date unknown edit

1554

January–March edit

April–June edit

July–September edit

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Date unknown edit

1555

January–March edit

April–June edit

July–September edit

October–December edit

Date unknown edit

1556

January–March edit

April–June edit

July–September edit

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Date unknown edit

1557

January–March edit

April–June edit

July–September edit

October–December edit

Prince of Wallachia for the third time, succeeding Pătrașcu the Good, who has died suddenly.[161]

Date unknown edit

1558

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July–September edit

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Unknown edit

Ongoing edit

1559

January–March edit

April–June edit

 
The fatal tournament between King Henry and Lord Montgomery

July–September edit

[193]

October–December edit

Date unknown edit

Births

1550

 
Pope Paul V
 
Anne of Saint Bartholomew
 
King Charles IX of Sweden

1551

 
Maria Anna of Bavaria

1552

 
Walter Raleigh
 
Rudolph II
 
Vasili IV of Russia
 
Matteo Ricci
 
Simón de Rojas

1553

 
Louise of Lorraine
 
Margaret of Valois

1554

 
Philip William, Prince of Orange

1555

 
King Naresuan

1556

 
Countess Maria of Nassau

1557

 
Matthias, Holy Roman Emperor

1558

 
André du Laurens
 
Maximilian III, Archduke of Austria

1559

 
Emperor Nurhaci born on February 19
 
Lawrence of Brindisi born on July 22
 
Jacques Sirmond born on October 12

Deaths

1550

 
Saint John of God

1551

 
Martin Bucer
 
Barbara Radziwiłł

1552

 
Henry of the Palatinate
 
Henry V, Duke of Mecklenburg
 
Saint Francis Xavier

1553

 
Edward VI of England
 
Michael Servetus

1554

 
Francisco Vázquez de Coronado

1555

 
Pope Julius III
 
Pope Marcellus II
 
King Henry II of Navarre
 
Saint Thomas of Villanova

1556

 
Thomas Cranmer
 
Saint Ignatius of Loyola

1557

 
John III of Portugal
 
Jacques Cartier
 
Emperor Go-Nara of Japan

1558

 
Emperor Charles V
Queen Mary I of England and Cardinal Reginald Pole died on November 17, 1558

1559

 
King Christian III of Denmark and Norway died on New Year's Day, January 1, 1559
 
King Christian II of Denmark, Norway and Sweden died on January 25, 1559
 
King Henry II of France died on July 10, 1559
 
Pope Paul IV died on August 18, 1559

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