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Maharana Amar Singh I, the Maharana of Mewar (16 March 1559 – 26 January 1620), was the eldest son and successor of Maharana Pratap of Mewar. He was the 14th Rana of Mewar dynasty of Sisodia Rajputs and ruler of Mewar from 19 January 1597 till his death on 26 January 1620. His capital was Udaipur.

Amar Singh I
14th Maharana of Mewar
Raja Ravi Varma, Maharana Amar Singh - I.jpg
Painting of Maharana Amar Singh I
14th Maharana of Mewar
Reign19 January 1597 – 26 January 1620
Coronation19 January 1597 Udaipur, Rajasthan, India
PredecessorMaharana Pratap
SuccessorKaran Singh II
Born16 March 1559
Chittor Fort, Rajasthan
Died26 January 1620(1620-01-26) (aged 60)
Udaipur, Rajasthan
SpouseRani Amba , Rani Ashwini , Rani Ganga , Maharani Yamuna, Rani Kunti
IssueKaran Singh II
Surajmal
(2/7 others)
HouseSisodia
FatherMaharana Pratap
MotherMaharani Ajabde
ReligionHinduism
Sisodia Rajputs of Mewar II
(1326–1884)
Hammir Singh (1326–1364)
Kshetra Singh (1364–1382)
Lakha Singh (1382–1421)
Mokal Singh (1421–1433)
Rana Kumbha (1433–1468)
Udai Singh I (1468–1473)
Rana Raimal (1473–1508)
Rana Sanga (1508–1527)
Ratan Singh II (1528–1531)
Vikramaditya Singh (1531–1536)
Vanvir Singh (1536–1540)
Udai Singh II (1540–1572)
Pratap Singh I (1572–1597)
Amar Singh I (1597–1620)
Karan Singh II (1620–1628)
Jagat Singh I (1628–1652)
Raj Singh I (1652–1680)
Jai Singh (1680–1698)
Amar Singh II (1698–1710)
Sangram Singh II (1710–1734)
Jagat Singh II (1734–1751)
Pratap Singh II (1751–1754)
Raj Singh II (1754–1762)
Ari Singh II (1762–1772)
Hamir Singh II (1772–1778)
Bhim Singh (1778–1828)
Jawan Singh (1828–1838)
Sardar Singh (1828–1842)
Swarup Singh (1842–1861)
Shambhu Singh (1861–1874)
Sajjan Singh (1874–1884)
Fateh Singh (1884–1930)
Bhupal Singh (1930—1955)

BirthEdit

Amar Singh was the eldest son of Maharana Pratap. He was born in Chittor on 16 March 1559, the same year, when foundation of Udaipur was laid by his grandfather, Udai Singh II.[citation needed]

CoronationEdit

Amar Singh succeeded Maharana Pratap upon his death on 19 January 1597 and was the ruler of Mewar till his death on 26 January 1620.[1]

BattlesEdit

Battle of DewarEdit

After his coronation in 1606, Jahangir sent an army of 20,000 to attack Mewar under Prince Parviz and Asaf Khan IV. Parviz was only the figurative commander while in reality the de facto commander was Jahangir's brother-in-law, Asaf Khan.[2][3] Amar Singh personally killed the Mughal commander Sultan Khan.

Jahangir sent another army against Amar Singh in 1608 under Mahabat Khan in which though Mughals won but they could not make any decisive change to ground situation.

Later an expedition was again sent under leadership of Prince Shah Jahan, which caused much damage to life and property of Mewar. Many temples were destroyed and several villages put on fire.

Peace treatyEdit

Ultimately, after Mewar was devastated financially and in manpower due to several battles against the Mughals, Amar Singh thought it prudent to start negotiations with them and finally, entered into a treaty with Shah Jahan (who negotiated on behalf of Jahangir) in 1615. He was advised by his council and his grandmother, Jaiwanta Bai, his advisor.

In the treaty, it was agreed that:

  • The ruler of Mewar, will not be bound to present himself in person at Mughal court, instead, a relative of the Rana would wait upon the Mughal Emperor and serve him.[4]
  • It was also agreed that the Ranas of Mewar would not enter matrimonial relations with the Mughals.[4]
  • Mewar would have to keep a contingent of 1500 horsemen in the Mughal service.[5]
  • Chittor and other Mughal occupied areas of Mewar would be returned to the Rana, but Chittor fort would never be repaired. The reason for this last condition was that the Chittor fort was a very powerful bastion and the mughals were wary of it being used in any future rebellion.[4]
  • The Rana would be given a Mughal rank of 5000 zat and 5000 sowar.[6]
  • The rulers of Dungarpur and Banswarra (who had become independent during Akbars reign) would once again become vassals of Mewar and pay tribute to the Rana.[7]

Later, when Amar Singh went to meet Jahangir at Ajmer, he was given a warm welcome by Mughal Emperor and the territories around Chittor along with the Chittor Fort were given back to Mewar, as goodwill gesture.[8] However, Udaipur remained the capital of Mewar State.[9]

QualitiesEdit

Amar Singh was loved by his pupils and chiefs for qualities like bravery, leadership, valour, justice and kindness. He showed great valour against the Mughals due to which he was given the title 'Chakraveer'.[1]

DeathEdit

Amar Singh died on 26 January 1620 at Udaipur and was succeeded by his eldest son Karan Singh II.[citation needed]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b Mathur 1994, p. 23.
  2. ^ Prasad, Beni. History of Jahangir. p. 227.
  3. ^ Eraly, Abraham. The Mughal Throne: The Saga of India's Great Emperors. p. 259.
  4. ^ a b c Chandra 2006, p. 123.
  5. ^ Sharma, Sri Ram (1971). Maharana Raj Singh and his Times. p. 14. ISBN 8120823982.
  6. ^ Medieval India: From Sultanat to the Mughals Part - II By Satish Chandra pg.123-124
  7. ^ Medieval India: From Sultanat to the Mughals Part - II By Satish Chandra pg.123-124
  8. ^ Jahangir - Emperor of India - Encyclopaedia Britannica
  9. ^ http://udaipur.rajasthan.gov.in/content/raj/udaipur/en/about-udaipur/history.html#

ReferencesEdit

Amar Singh I
Born: 16 March 1559 Died: 26 January 1620
Preceded by
Maharana Pratap
Sisodia Rajput Ruler
1597–1620
Succeeded by
Karan Singh II