Udai Singh II
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Udai Singh II (4 August 1522 – 28 February 1572) was the Maharana of Mewar and the founder of the city of Udaipur in the present-day Rajasthan state of India. He was the 12th ruler of the Mewar dynasty. He was the fourth son of Rana Sanga and Rani Karnavati, a princess of Bundi.
|Udai Singh II|
|Rana of Mewar|
|Reign||1540 – 28 February 1572|
|Successor||Pratap Singh I|
|Born||4 August 1522|
Chittor Fort, Rajasthan, Mewar
|Died||28 February 1572 (aged 49)|
Gogunda, Rajasthan, Mewar
|Spouse||18 or 20 queens including:
Maharani Jaivanta Bai Sonigara (Chauhan)|
Rani Sajjabai Solankini
Rani Dheer Bai Bhattiyani
Rani Jaivantabai Madrechi
(Rani Lalabai) Rani Lacchabai Balechi (Chouhan)
Rani Veerbai Jhala
Rani Karamti Bai of Marwar
Pratap Singh I
Sisodiya Likhmi(wife of Rao Maldeo)
Chanda Bai (wife of Chandrasen Rathore)
|Mother||Maharani Karmavati Hada (Chauhan) daughter of Rao Nirbudh of Bundi.|
|Sisodia Rajputs of Mewar II|
|Udai Singh I||(1468–1473)|
|Ratan Singh II||(1528–1531)|
|Udai Singh II||(1540–1572)|
|Pratap Singh I||(1572–1597)|
|Amar Singh I||(1597–1620)|
|Karan Singh II||(1620–1628)|
|Jagat Singh I||(1628–1652)|
|Raj Singh I||(1652–1680)|
|Amar Singh II||(1698–1710)|
|Sangram Singh II||(1710–1734)|
|Jagat Singh II||(1734–1751)|
|Pratap Singh II||(1751–1754)|
|Raj Singh II||(1754–1762)|
|Ari Singh II||(1762–1772)|
|Hamir Singh II||(1772–1778)|
Early life, marriage, and parenthoodEdit
Udai Singh was born in Chittor in August 1522. After the death of his father, Rana Sanga, Ratan Singh II was crowned King. Ratan Singh II was assassinated in 1531. He was succeeded by his brother Maharana Vikramaditya Singh. During the reign of Vikramaditya, when the Muzaffarid Sultan of Gujarat Bahadur Shah sacked Chittor in 1535, Udai Singh was sent to Bundi for safety. In 1537, Banbir killed Vikramaditya and usurped the throne. He tried to kill Udai Singh as well, but Udai's nurse Panna Dai sacrificed her own son Chandan to save him from his uncle Banbir and took him to Kumbhalgarh. She started living in Bundi and did not allow Udai Singh to come and meet her. He lived secretly in Kumbhalgarh for two years, disguised as a nephew of the governor Asha Shah Depura (Maheshwari).
In 1540, he was crowned in Kumbhalgarh by the nobles of Mewar. His eldest son Maharana Pratap from his first wife, Maharani Jaivantabai Songara (daughter of Akhey Raj Songara of Jalore), was born in the same year. He had 24 sons. His second wife, Sajjabai Solankini gave birth to his son Shakti Singh, Sagar Singh and Vikram Dev. Dheerbai Bhattiyani was his favourite wife and was the mother of his son Jagmal Singh. His fourth wife was Rani Veerbai Jhaala.
In September 1567, his son Shakti Singh came to him from Dhaulpur and told him of Akbar's plan to capture Chittor. According to Kaviraj Shyamaldas, Udai Singh called a council of war. The nobles advised him to take refuge along with the princes in the hills, leaving a garrison at Chittor. On 23 October 1567 Akbar formed his camp near Chittor. Udai Singh retired to Gogunda (which later became his temporary capital) leaving Chittor in the hands of his loyal chieftains Rao Jaimal and Patta. Akbar captured Chittor after a four-month-long siege on 23 February 1568; the siege culminated in a brutal sacking of the city, leaving Chittor's garrison and 25-40,000 civilians dead. With Chittor lost to the Mughals, Udai would later shift his capital to Udaipur.
He died in 1572 in Gogunda. Before his death, Jagmal tried to seize the throne but the nobles of Mewar prevented Jagmal from succeeding and placed Maharana Pratap Singh on the throne on 1 March 1572.
In popular cultureEdit
- Rana, Bhawan Singh (2004). Maharana Pratap. Diamond Pocket Books. pp. 28, 105. ISBN 9788128808258.
- Rana 2004, p. 17
- Mertiyo Rathors of Merta Rajasthan volume II: p. 38
- Mertiyo Rathors of Merta Volume II: p. 35 & 38
- Congress, Indian History (1974). Proceedings - Indian History Congress, Volume 35. p. 142. Retrieved 19 March 2019.
- Ranawat, P. S. (2016). Wah!Udaipur Wah!!. ISBN 978-81-929881-1-5.
- Tod, James (1829, reprint 2002). Annals & Antiquities of Rajasthan, Vol.I, Rupa, New Delhi, ISBN 81-7167-366-X, p.240-52
- Mahajan V.D. (1991, reprint 2007) History of Medieval India, Part II, S. Chand, New Delhi, ISBN 81-219-0364-5, p.11
- Tod, James (1829, reprint 2002). Annals & Antiquities of Rajasthan, Vol.I, Rupa, New Delhi, ISBN 81-7167-366-X, p.252-64
- Rana 2004, p. 28
- History of Medieval India: From 1000 A.D. to 1707 A.D. By Radhey Shyam Chaurasia pg.181
- The Cambridge History of India pg.55
- Akbarnama II pg 72
- Jodhpur Khyat pg 76
- Rana 2004, p.31
- Richards, John F. (1995) . The Mughal empire. New Cambridge history of India. 5. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521566032. pg. 26
- Chandra, Satish (2001). Medieval India: From Sultanat to the Mughals Part I. Har-Anand Publications. ISBN 81-241-0522-7. p. 107.
Udai Singh IIBorn: 4 August 1522 Died: 28 February 1572
| Sisodia Rajput Ruler
Pratap Singh I