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The Anglic languages (also called the English languages[2][3] or Insular Germanic languages[4]) are a group of linguistic varieties including Old English and the languages descended from it.[5] These include Middle English, Early Modern English, and Modern English; Early Scots, Middle Scots, and Modern Scots; and the now extinct Yola and Fingallian in Ireland.

Insular Germanic
Originally Great Britain
Now worldwide (Modern English)
Linguistic classificationIndo-European
Proto-languageOld English
ISO 639-6angl

English-based creole languages are not generally included, as only their lexicon, not their linguistic structure, comes from English.

Proto-Old English
Northumbrian Mercian and Kentish West Saxon
Early Northern
Middle English
Early Midland and Southeastern
Middle English
Early Southern and Southwestern
Middle English
Early Scots Northern
Middle English
Middle English
Middle English
Middle English
Middle English
Middle Scots Northern Early Modern English Midland Early Modern English Metropolitan Early Modern English Southern Early Modern English Southwestern EME, Yola, Fingallian
Modern Scots Northern Modern English East West Modern English Standard Modern English Southern Modern English West Country Modern English

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Anglic". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. ^ J. Derrick McClure Scots its range of Uses in A. J. Aitken, Tom McArthur, Languages of Scotland, W. and R. Chambers, 1979. p.27
  3. ^ Thomas Burns McArthur, The English Languages, Cambridge University Press, 1998. p.203
  4. ^ Woolf, Alex (2007). "From Pictland to Alba, 789–1070". The New Edinburgh History of Scotland. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. ISBN 978-0-7486-1234-5. Cite journal requires |journal= (help), p. 336
  5. ^ "Indo-European, Germanic, West, English". Retrieved 2010-09-10.