Sir John Leveson (21 March 1555 – 14 November 1615) was an English politician. He was instrumental in putting down the Essex rebellion of 8 February 1601.
|Sir John Leveson|
|Born||21 March 1555|
Whornes Place, Cuxton, Kent
|Died||14 November 1615|
Whornes Place, Cuxton, Kent
Sir John Leveson
two other sons
seven other daughters
John Leveson, born 21 March 1555 at Whornes Place, Cuxton, Kent, was the eldest son of Thomas Leveson (1532–1576), second son of the London mercer Nicholas Leveson (d.1539) by Denise or Dionyse Bodley (d.1561), youngest daughter of Thomas Bodley (d.1493) and Joan Leche (d. March 1530). His mother was Ursula Gresham (1534–1574), one of the twelve children of Sir John Gresham, Lord Mayor of London.
Leveson had a younger brother, William Leveson (d.1621), one of two trustees used by William Kempe, Thomas Pope (d.1603), Augustine Phillips (d.1605), John Heminges (bap. 1566, d. 1630) and William Shakespeare (1564-1616) to allocate shareholdings in the Globe Theatre in 1599.
According to Wisker, Leveson was an efficient estate manager and 'an excellent public servant'. He was a close associate in Kent of William Brooke, 10th Baron Cobham, and eventually one of the executors of his will. He was also a captain in Peregrine Bertie, 13th Baron Willoughby de Eresby's 1589 expedition to France. He was knighted in 1589, and helped raise volunteers for three of Sir John Norris's expeditions in 1589, 1596 and 1601. He was a cousin of Sir Richard Leveson, and with him was involved in the shipment of 2000 soldiers sent to Ireland in 1601.
While riding to his house at the Blackfriars, London, on 8 February 1601 Leveson inadvertently became instrumental in suppressing the rebellion of Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, taking command of a force on Ludgate Hill and placing a barrier across the street. Within half an hour Essex's men tried to force their way through, and in the resulting skirmish Essex's stepfather, Sir Christopher Blount was injured, whereupon Essex withdrew with his men to Essex House.
He died at Whornes Place on 14 November 1615, and was buried in the parish church at Cuxton on 22 November.
Marriages and issueEdit
Leveson married secondly, on 9 July 1586, Christian Mildmay (d. February 1627), widow of Charles Barrett by whom she was the mother of Edward Barrett, 1st and last Baron Barrett, and daughter of Sir Walter Mildmay, by whom he had five sons, three of whom died within the lifetime of their father, and five daughters, four of whom died within the lifetime of their father.
Among Leveson's children who lived to adulthood were:
- Sir John Leveson (d.1613), who married Frances Sondes (1592–c.1634), the daughter of Thomas Sondes (1544–1593) of Throwley, Kent, by Margaret Brooke (1563–1621), the youngest daughter of William Brooke, 10th Baron Cobham, and died of plague in December 1613, predeceasing his father and leaving two infant daughters, Christian and Frances. After Sir John Leveson's death, Frances married, as his first wife, Thomas Savile (bap. 14 September 1590 – c.1659), later Earl of Sussex. There were no issue of the marriage. After Frances' death, Savile married secondly, shortly after November 1640, Anne Villiers, only daughter of Christopher Villiers, 1st Earl of Anglesey, by Elizabeth Sheldon, the daughter of Thomas Sheldon.
- Sir John Gresham Leveson's (b. 1555) daughter, Christian, was married to Sir Peter Temple, 2nd Baronet by whom she was the mother of Sir Richard Temple, 3rd Baronet.
- Richard Leveson. Richard was made heir to the large but heavily indebted Shropshire and Staffordshire estates of his relative and namesake, Vice-Admiral Richard Leveson, who died in 1605. Sir John was much concerned in his later years, as head of a family trust, with the struggle to rectify the financial position of the Leveson estates. He died with the issue unresolved but his wife, Christian, was able to pay off the debts and secure the inheritance of their second son in 1623. He was a regionally important as royalist in the English Civil War.
- Francis Leveson.
- Rachel Leveson, who married Richard Newport, 1st Baron Newport (7 May 1587 – 8 February 1651), of Eyton and High Ercall, Shropshire.
- Sutton 1994, pp. 210–13, 229; Overall 1875, pp. 287–91.
- Wisker 2004.
- Hotson 1937, pp. 160–1; Corrigan 2004, pp. 64–71; Honigmann 1998, pp. 87–9.
- Hotson 1937, pp. 165–8; Wisker 2004.
- Leveson, Sir John (1556–1615), History of Parliament Retrieved 6 April 2013.
- McKeen 1986, pp. 424–9, 702, 752.
- Parishes: Throwley', The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent: Volume 6 (1798), pp. 445-461 Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- Cokayne 1953, pp. 531–2.
- Cokayne 1936, p. 554.
- Newport, Sir Francis (c.1555–1623), History of Parliament Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- Parishes: Dowles', A History of the County of Worcester: volume 4 (1924), pp. 262-265 Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- Cokayne, George Edward (1936). The Complete Peerage, edited by H.A. Doubleday and Lord Howard de Walden. IX. London: St. Catherine Press. p. 554.
- Cokayne, George Edward (1953). The Complete Peerage, edited by Geoffrey H. White. XII, Part I. London: St Catherine Press. pp. 531–2.
- Corrigan, Brian Jay (2004). Playhouse Law in Shakespeare’s World. Cranbury, NJ: Associated University Presses. pp. 64–71. Retrieved 6 April 2013.
- Honigmann, E.A.J. (1998). Shakespeare: The 'Lost Years'. Manchester: Manchester University Press. pp. 87–9. Retrieved 6 April 2013.
- Hotson, Leslie (1937). I, William Shakespeare Do Appoint Thomas Russell, Esquire... London: Jonathan Cape. pp. 160–8, 218–19, 228, 231.
- Leveson Gower, Granville (1883). Genealogy of the Family of Gresham. London: Mitchell and Hughes. p. 21. Retrieved 8 April 2013.
- McKeen, David (1986). A Memory of Honour; The Life of William Brooke, Lord Cobham. 2. Salzburg: Universitat Salzburg. pp. 424–9, 702, 752.
- Overall, W.H. (1875). "Notes on Two Monumental Brasses in the Church of Saint Andrew-Under-Shaft, Leadenhall Street". Transactions of the London and Middlesex Archaeological Society. London: J.B. Nichols and Sons. pp. 287–96. Retrieved 8 April 2013.
- Sutton, Anne F. (1994). "Lady Joan Bradbury (d. 1530)". In Barron, Caroline M.; Sutton, Anne F. (eds.). Medieval London Widows 1300-1500. London: Hambledon Press. pp. 209–238. Retrieved 7 April 2013.
- Wisker, Richard (2004). "Leveson, Sir John (1555–1615)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/46972.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Will of Nicholas Leveson, proved 18 October 1539, National Archives Retrieved 6 April 2013
- Will of Nicholas Leveson, The Sutherland Collection, Staffordshire Archives Retrieved 6 April 2013
- Will of Dionyse Leveson, proved 20 December 1560, National Archives Retrieved 6 April 2013
- Will of Thomas Leveson of Halling, Kent, proved 20 October 1576, National Archives Retrieved 6 April 2013
- Will of Sir John Leveson of Halling, Kent, proved 10 November 1615, National Archives Retrieved 8 April 2013
- Leveson, Sir John (1556–1615), History of Parliament Retrieved 6 April 2013
- Will of William Leveson, proved 21 June 1621, National Archives Retrieved 8 April 2013
- Will of Sir Thomas Sondes of Throwley, Kent, proved 7 February 1593, National Archives Retrieved 13 April 2013