Saluzzo (Italian: [saˈluttso]; Piedmontese: Salusse [saˈlyse]) is a town and former principality in the province of Cuneo, in the Piedmont region, Italy.
|Città di Saluzzo|
|Coordinates: 44°39′N 07°29′E / 44.650°N 7.483°E|
|Frazioni||Casa Fornace, Cascina Budigiai, Castellar, Colombaro Rossi, La Creusa, La Stella, Le Prese, Regione Liona, Regione Paschere, Revalanca, Ruata Eandi, Ruata Re, San Bernardino, Sant'Ugo, Torrazza|
|• Mayor||Mauro Calderoni (since May 27, 2014) (Civic List)|
|• Total||75 km2 (29 sq mi)|
|Elevation||395 m (1,296 ft)|
(January 1, 2017)
|• Density||230/km2 (590/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Patron saint||St. Chiaffredo|
|Saint day||The Monday after the First September's Sunday|
The city of Saluzzo is built on a hill overlooking a vast, well-cultivated plain. Iron, lead, silver, marble, slate etc. are found in the surrounding mountains. On January 1, 2017 it had a population of 16,968.
Saluzzo was the birthplace of the writer Silvio Pellico and of typographer Giambattista Bodoni.
Saluzzo (Salusse in Piedmontese) was a civitas (tribal city state) of the Vagienni, or mountain Ligures, and later of the Salluvii. This district was brought under Roman control by the Consul Marcus Fulvius circa 125BC.
In the Carolingian age it became the residence of a count; later, having passed to the Marquesses of Susa, Manfred I, son of Marquess Bonifacio del Vasto, on the division of that principality became Marquess of Saluzzo; this family held the marquisate of Saluzzo from 1142 to 1548. The marquisate embraced the territory lying between the Alps, the Po and the Stura, and was extended on several occasions. In the Middle Ages it had a chequered existence, often being in conflict with powerful neighbours, chiefly the Counts (later Dukes) of Savoy. After Manfred II's death, his widow had to accept a series of tributes, which were to be later the base of the House of Savoy's claims over the increasingly feebler marquises' territories. Thomas III, a vassal of France, wrote the romance Le chevalier errant ('the knight-errant').
Ludovico I (1416–75) started the Golden Age of the city and imposed himself as a mediator between the neighbouring powers. Ludovico II constructed a tunnel, no longer in use, through the Monviso, a remarkable work for the time. With the help of the French he resisted a vigorous siege by the Duke of Savoy in 1486, but in 1487 yielded and retired to France where he wrote L'art de la chevalerie sous Vegèce ("The art of chivalry under Vegetius", 1488), a treatise on good government, and other works on military affairs. He was a patron of clerics and authors. In 1490 Ludovico regained power, but after his death, his sons struggled longly for the rule and impoverished the state.
After long struggles for independence, the marquisate was occupied (1548) by the French, as a fief of the Crown of France – with the name of Saluces – and remained part of that kingdom until it was ceded to Savoy in 1601. In 1588 Charles Emmanuel I of Savoy took possession of the city. Thenceforward Saluzzo shared the destinies of Piedmont, with which it formed "one of the keys of the house" of Italy.
The Marquisate of Saluzzo is the setting of Boccaccio's tale of Griselda, the final story in the Decameron, as well as Chaucer's Clerk's Tale in The Canterbury Tales.
The municipality of Saluzzo absorbed at the beginning of 2019 the neighbouring commune of Castellar, thus enforcing the results of a referendum held in the summer of 2018.
The municipality of Saluces occupies a vast area of 7,659 ha (18,930 acres) in the Po Valley, about 35 km (22 mi) east of Mount Viso.
The Cathedral of Saluzzo, also known as the Cathedral, dedicated to the Virgin Mary of the Assumption, stands out for its Late-Gothic forms; built outside the walls just beyond Porta Santa Maria between 1491 and 1501, it was a bishop's seat starting from 1511. The façade is in exposed brick, adorned by three portals surmounted by terracotta gables that house statues of the apostles (central portal), while above the side there are the patron San Chiaffredo and San Costanzo. The interior has a covering made up of cross vaults, while the Baroque high altar with its large impact is of great impact eleven wooden statues by Carlo Giuseppe Plura and collaborators. In the central nave, you can admire a precious fourteenth-century wooden crucifix. To the left of the main altar is the Chapel of the SS. Sacramento, with a polyptych by the Flemish artist of French origin Hans Clemer, better known as Maestro d'Elva.
The Marquisate of Saluzzo was the seat of a Piedmontese principality whose history is closely linked to that of its powerful neighbor, the House of Savoy, until its definitive incorporation obtained in 1601 by Duke Charles Emmanuel.
The French name of Saluces was given to the city during the period of French domination. There are many traces of this francization still today as on the pediment of the casa cavassa today transformed into a museum where you can read the motto "right whatever it is."
- Cathedral of Saluzzo (1491–1501): Church was built in Lombard-Gothic style. The façade is decorated with rose-windows, frescoes (almost totally faded) and statues. The interior contains a magnificent Baroque high altar, plus a 16th-century terracotta group portraying the Deposition, ad Adoration of the Shepherds by Sebastiano Ricci.
- San Bernardo church formerly belonging to the Conventuals, has interesting tombs of the counts della Torre.
- San Giovanni: Dominican church begun in 1330 in Gothic style and completed in 1504 with Bramantesque influences. The façade is Gothic. The apse, from 1504, houses a Funerary Chapel of Ludovico II, work by Antoine Le Moiturier (1425–74) covered with green stone and characterized by an elegant play of arches and sculptures. The sepulchre of Ludovico II is a Renaissance work by Benedetto Briosco. Annexed are the Gothic cloister and the Capitular Hall with the Mausoleum of a vicar-general of the marquisate, Galeazzo Cavassa di Carmagnola, a Renaissance work by Matteo Sanmicheli.
- Casa Cavassa: site of the civic museum and rebuilt with a Renaissance interior.
- San Agostino and San Bernardino
- Town Hall is the former Jesuit College, while the older one (1462), with a bold tower, is utilized by the Court of Assizes. The 16th century Villa Belvedere has elegant rooms with late-Renaissance decorations.
- Alice of Saluzzo
- General Carlo Alberto Dalla Chiesa
- Marquess Michele Antonio di Saluzzo
- Silvio Pellico, writer
- Giambattista Bodoni, typographer
- Corrado Segre, mathematician
- Federico Lombardi, Jesuit priest, director of Radio Vatican
- Pier Paolo Maggiora, architect
- Luciano Nizzola, soccer dirigent
- Paolo De Chiesa, skier
- Magda Olivero, singer
- Isacco Levi, partisan
- Giovanni Canaveri, related to the May Revolution
- Matteo Olivero, Italian painter related to divisionism
- Alberto Basso, music historian and lexicographer
This article includes a list of references, related reading, or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (August 2016)
- ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved March 16, 2019.
- ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved March 16, 2019.
- ^ "Classic Literature".
- ^ Referendum sulla fusione Saluzzo-Castellar: vince il sì; article on La Stampa of July 16, 2018, see www.lastampa.it
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Saluzzo". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
- L'Italia da scoprire, Guide di Bell'Italia, ed. Giorgio Mondadori, 2006
Media related to Saluzzo at Wikimedia Commons
- Saluzzo turistica, official Saluzzo tourist webpage.