Open main menu

This is a list of Spanish regents, a regent, from the Latin regens "one who reigns", is a person selected to act as head of state (ruling or not) because the ruler is a minor, not present, or debilitated.[1]

Contents

Reign of Joanna, Queen of Castile and AragonEdit

Image Personal
Coat of Arms
Name Regency start Regency end
Regencies (Governor of the Realms), disability of Queen Joanna.
    Crown of Castile:
Ferdinand II of Aragon
26 November 1504
Death of Queen Isabella the Catholic.
27 June 1506
Queen Joanna and King Philip I's arrival.
    Crown of Castile:
Ferdinand II of Aragon
17 August 1507
Death of King Philip I of Castile.
23 January 1516
    Crown of Castile:
Cardinal Francisco Jiménez de Cisneros
23 January 1516
Death of King Ferdinand II.
19 September 1517
King Charles I's arrival.
 
 
   Crown of Aragon:
Alonso de Aragón
Queen's Guardian
and
Germaine of Foix
Lieutenant General
23 January 1516
Death of King Ferdinand II.
29 July 1518
Charles I become co-monarch with his mother Queen Joanna.

Reign of Charles IEdit

Image Personal
Coat of Arms
Name Regency start Regency end
Regencies (Governor of the Realms) during Charles I's absences.[2]
    Cardinal Adriaan Florenszoon Boeyens May 1520 July 1522
King Charles I's arrival.
    Empress Isabella July 1529 April 1533
King Charles I's arrival.
    Empress Isabella April 1535 December 1536
King Charles I's arrival.
    Empress Isabella July 1538 November 1539
    Prince Philip[3] 1539
Death of Empress Isabella.
November 1541
King Charles I's arrival.
    Prince Philip May 1543 1548
 
 
 
 
Archduke Maximilian[4]
and
Maria of Austria
1 October 1548
Charles I and Prince Philip's absences.
12 July 1551
Prince Philip's arrival.
    Prince Philip 12 July 1551 July 1554
    Joanna of Austria, Princess Dowager of Portugal July 1554
Charles I and Prince Philip's absences.
8 September 1559
King Philip II's arrival.
(Became monarch in 1556)

Reign of Philip IIIEdit

Image Name Regency start Regency end
Regency (Governor of the Realms) as President of the Council of Castile during King Philip III's visit to Portugal.
  Fernando de Acevedo 22 April 1619 4 December 1619

Reign of Charles IIEdit

Image Personal
Coat of Arms
Name Regency start Regency end
Queen Regent during the minority of King Charles II.
    Mariana of Austria 17 September 1665
Death of King Philip IV.[5]
6 November 1675
Charles II's majority.[6]
Regency (Lieutenant General of the Realms) during King Charles II's illness.
    Cardinal Luis Fernández de Portocarrero 29 October 1700[7] 1 November 1700
Death of King Charles II.

Reign of Philip VEdit

Image Name Regency start Regency end
Government Board of the Realms.
  1 November 1700 18 February 1701
King Philip V's arrival.
Image Personal
Coat of Arms
Name Regency start Regency end
Regency (General Governor of the Realms) during King Philip V's absence.
    Cardinal Luis Fernández de Portocarrero 1 September 1701[9] 17 January 1703[10]

Reign of Charles IIIEdit

Image Personal
Coat of Arms
Name Regency start Regency end
Queen Regent during King Charles III's absence.
    Elisabeth Farnese 10 August 1759
Death of King Ferdinand VI.
9 December 1759
King Charles III's arrival.

First Reign of Ferdinand VIIEdit

Image Personal
Coat of Arms
Name Regency start Regency end
Supreme Board of Government, French invasion (King Ferdinand VII's absence). President:
    Infante Antonio Pascual of Spain 10 April 1808 4 May 1808
Infante Antonio Pascual's departure to Bayonne.

French Invasion and Reign of Joseph BonaparteEdit

Image Personal
Coat of Arms
Name Regency start Regency end
Lieutenant General of the Realm.
    Joachim Murat 4 May 1808[11] 20 July 1808
King Joseph's arrival.


Image Personal
Coat of Arms
Name Regency start Regency end
Emperor's Lieutenant General in Spain.
    Jean de Dieu Soult 1 July 1813
King Joseph's departure.[12]
11 December 1813
Treaty of Valençay

Second Reign of Ferdinand VIIEdit

Peninsular WarEdit

Regencies at Peninsular War, against the French invaders.
Image Name Regency start Regency end
Supreme Central and Governing Board of the Realm. Presidents:
  José Moñino, 1st Count of Floridablanca
(Acting)

25 September 1808


1 October 1808

1 October 1808 30 December 1808
  Vicente Joaquín Osorio de Moscoso y Guzmán, 15th Marquis of Astorga
(Acting)

30 December 1808


1 May 1809


1 May 1809


1 November 1809

  Juan Acisclo de Vera 1 November 1809 31 January 1810
Regency Board of Spain and the Indies. Presidents:
  Francisco Javier Castaños 1 February 1810 29 May 1810
  Pedro de Quevedo y Quintano 29 May 1810 26 September 1810
  Francisco Saavedra de Sangronis 27 September 1810 28 October 1810
  Pedro Agar y Bustillo 28 October 1810 8 December 1810
  Joaquín Blake y Joyes 8 December 1810 8 April 1811
  Pedro Agar y Bustillo 8 April 1811 8 August 1811
  Gabriel de Císcar y Císcar 8 August de 1811 8 December de 1811
  Pedro Agar y Bustillo 8 December 1811 22 January 1812
Regency Council of the Realm. Presidents:
  Joaquín de Mosquera y Figueroa 22 January 1812 15 June 1812
  Pedro de Alcántara Álvarez de Toledo, 13th Duke of the Infantado 15 June 1812 15 December 1812
  Juan María de Villavicencio 15 December 1812 8 March 1813
  Luis María de Borbón y Vallabriga, 14th Count of Chinchón
(Acting)

8 March 1813


22 March 1813

22 March 1813 10 May 1814
King Ferdinand VII's arrival.

Liberal Triennium and Hundred Thousand Sons of St. Louis InterventionEdit

Regencies during the Hundred Thousand Sons of St. Louis Intervention.
Enshrined in the Cortes (Spanish Parliament)
Image Name Regency start Regency end
Provisional Regency Council of the Realm. President:
  Cayetano Valdés y Flores 11 June 1823
King Ferdinand VII prisoner of the Cortes.
15 June 1823
Enshrined in the French army
Image Name Regency start Regency end
Provisional Government Board of Spain and the Indies. President:
  Francisco de Eguía 9 April 1823 25 May 1823
Regency Council of the Realm during King's Captivity. President:
  Pedro de Alcántara Álvarez de Toledo, 13th Duke of the Infantado 25 May 1823 1 October 1823
King Ferdinand VII's liberation.

Reign of Isabella IIEdit

Regencies during the minority of Queen Isabella II:
Image Personal
Coat of Arms
Name Regency start Regency end
Queen Regent
    Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies 29 September 1833
Death of King Ferdinand VII.
12 October 1840
Queen Regent's deposition.
Provisional Regency of the Realm. President:
    Baldomero Espartero 12 October 1840 10 May 1841
Regent of the Realm
    Baldomero Espartero 10 May 1841 23 July 1843
General Espartero's deposition and
Queen Isabella II's majority.

.

Interregnum and Reign of AmadeoEdit

Image Name Term start Term end
Provisional Government and Executive Power.[13] President:
  Francisco Serrano y Domínguez (President of the Provisional Government)
8 October 1868
Queen Isabella II's deposition.
25 February 1869
(President of the Executive Power)
25 February 1869
18 June 1869
Image Personal
Coat of Arms
Name Regency start Regency end
Regent of the Realm
    Francisco Serrano y Domínguez 18 June 1869 2 January 1871
King Amadeo's arrival.

Reign of Alfonso XIIEdit

Image Name Regency start Regency end
Regency Ministry during King Alfonso XII's absence. President:
  Antonio Cánovas del Castillo 31 December 1874
Bourbon dynasty restored.
14 January 1875
King Alfonso XII's arrival.

Reigns of Maria de las Mercedes and Alfonso XIIIEdit

Image Personal
Coat of Arms
Name Regency start Regency end
Queen Regent during the minorities of Maria de las Mercedes, "Queen in Name" during her mother's pregnancy, and of King Alfonso XIII, who was born a king.
    Maria Christina of Austria
Death of King Alfonso XII.
26 November 1885 17 May 1902
King Alfonso XIII's majority.

FrancoismEdit

Image Personal coat of arms Name Regency start Regency end
President of the Regency Council during the notional interregnum under the Francoist regime.
    Francisco Franco, Caudillo of Spain 26 July 1947
Restoration of the "Kingdom of Spain"
20 November 1975
Died
  Alejandro Rodríguez de Valcárcel 20 November 1975 22 November 1975
Juan Carlos became monarch.

Acting regentsEdit

Image Name Regency start Regency end
Regency Council during Francisco Franco's visit to Portugal.
  22 October 1949 27 October 1949
Image Personal
Coat of arms
Name Regency start Regency end
Acting Head of State during Francisco Franco's illness.
    Juan Carlos, Prince of Spain
19 July 1974


2 September 1974

30 October 1975 20 November 1975
Death of Francisco Franco.

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ The Oxford English Dictionary defines the term as "A person appointed to administer a State because the Monarch is a minor, is absent or is incapacitated."
  2. ^ Pernot, François (2003), La Franche-Comté espagnole: à travers les archives de Simancas, une autre histoire des Franc-Comtois et de leurs relations avec l'Espagne de 1493 à 1678, ed. Presses Universitaires de Franche-Comté, pág.32 ‹See Tfd›(in French)
  3. ^ Los viajes del emperador, Manuel de Foronda y Aguilera (1914). ‹See Tfd›(in Spanish)
  4. ^ Los viajes del emperador, Manuel de Foronda y Aguilera (1914)‹See Tfd›(in Spanish)
  5. ^ Testamento de Felipe IV, incluido en la "Coleccion de los tratados (...) hechos por los pueblos, reyes y príncipes de España", vol. VII, págs. 678-718, de José Antonio de Abreu y Bertodano.‹See Tfd›(in Spanish)
  6. ^ Gaceta de Madrid, 9 de noviembre de 1700 ‹See Tfd›(in Spanish).
  7. ^ Decreto de Carlos II, 29 de octubre de 1700 ‹See Tfd›(in Spanish).
  8. ^ Gaceta de Madrid, 2 de noviembre de 1700 ‹See Tfd›(in Spanish).
  9. ^ Gaceta de Madrid, 6 de septiembre de 1701 ‹See Tfd›(in Spanish).
  10. ^ Gaceta de Madrid, 23 de enero de 1703 ‹See Tfd›(in Spanish)
  11. ^ Gaceta de Madrid, 13 de mayo 1808 ‹See Tfd›(in Spanish)
  12. ^ [1] ‹See Tfd›(in Spanish).
  13. ^ The official name of " Executive Power " between 1868 and 1874, designates a transitory and undefined authority without a constitutional configuration.
  14. ^ BOE 21 october 1949 ‹See Tfd›(in Spanish)