List of rulers of Martaban

This is a list of rulers of Martaban (Mottama), one of the three main Mon-speaking provinces of Lower Burma, from the 13th to 17th centuries. Martaban was the capital of Hanthawaddy Kingdom (Ramanya) from 1287 to 1364.

Pagan PeriodEdit

The earliest extant evidence of Martaban on records is an 1176 inscription by King Sithu II of Pagan (Bagan).[1]

Name Term From Term Until Relationship to predecessor(s) Overlord Notes
Nga Nwe ? ? Appointed Grandfather of Nga Shwe[2]
Nga Shwe ? 1259 Grandson Narathihapate In revolt (1258–1259)
Aleimma 1259 1285 Appointed Narathihapate Descendant of Sithu I's Chief Minister Aleimma of Pagan[3]
Wareru c. 11 January 1285 30 January 1287 Usurper In revolt (1285–87)

Hanthawaddy PeriodEdit

Name Term From Term Until Relationship to predecessor(s) Overlord Notes
See List of Kings of Ramanya (1287–1364)
Byattaba 1364 1388 Brother-in-law of King Binnya U In revolt (1364–c. 1371/72)
(1384–1388)
Byat Ka-Man 1388[4] ? Razadarit
Binnya Kyan 1422 1442/43 Binnya Dhammaraza
Binnya Ran I
Son of Razadarit
Tala Mi Saw? 1442/43 ? Sister Binnya Ran I Daughter of Razadarit
Saw Binnya by 1519 May 1541 Binnya Ran II (1510s–1526)
Taka Yut Pi (1526–1534)
In revolt (1534–1539)
Self-proclaimed king (1539–1541)

Toungoo PeriodEdit

Name Term From Term Until Relationship to predecessor(s) Overlord Notes
Saw Lagun Ein May 1541 May 1550 Appointed Tabinshwehti Of Hanthawaddy royalty
Minye Sithu 6 June 1552 March 1556 Appointed Bayinnaung Bayinnaung's brother
Minye Nandameit March 1556 c. May 1581 Son Bayinnaung
Thiri Thudhamma Yaza 26 May 1581 3 May 1584 Cousin Bayinnaung (1581)
Nanda Bayin (1581–1584)
Unnamed c. May 1584 October 1594[5] ? Nanda Bayin (1584–1594)
Vacant (1594–1600)
Binnya Dala May 1600[6] after 1613 Appointed Naresuan (1600–1605)
Anaukpetlun (1613–?)
Siamese vassal (1600–1605)
Ally of Portuguese Syriam (1605–1613)
Burmese vassal (1613 onward)

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Aung-Thwin 2005: 59
  2. ^ Hmannan Vol. 1 2003: 340
  3. ^ Hmannan Vol. 1 2003: 341
  4. ^ Pan Hla 2005: 175
  5. ^ Maha Yazawin Vol. 3 2006: 95
  6. ^ Maha Yazawin Vol. 3 2006: 101

BibliographyEdit

  • Aung-Thwin, Michael (2005). The mists of Rāmañña: The Legend that was Lower Burma (illustrated ed.). Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press. ISBN 9780824828868.
  • Aung-Thwin, Michael A. (2017). Myanmar in the Fifteenth Century. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press. ISBN 978-0-8248-6783-6.
  • Kala, U (1724). Maha Yazawin (in Burmese). 1–3 (2006, 4th printing ed.). Yangon: Ya-Pyei Publishing.
  • Maha Sithu (1798). Myint Swe (1st ed.); Kyaw Win; Thein Hlaing (2nd ed.) (eds.). Yazawin Thit (in Burmese). 1–3 (2012, 2nd printing ed.). Yangon: Ya-Pyei Publishing.
  • Pan Hla, Nai (1968). Razadarit Ayedawbon (in Burmese) (8th printing, 2004 ed.). Yangon: Armanthit Sarpay.