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The Kingdom of Poland (Polish: Królestwo Polskie; Latin: Regnum Poloniae) and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania joined in a personal union established by the Union of Krewo (1385). The union was transformed into a closer one by the Union of Lublin in 1569, which was shortly followed by the end of the Jagiellon dynasty, which had ruled Poland for two centuries.

Kingdom of Poland

Królestwo Polski  (Polish)
Regnum Poloniae  (Latin)
Motto: "Si Deus nobiscum quis contra nos"
"If God with us who's against us"
Anthem: "Bogurodzica"
"Mother of God"

"Gaude Mater Polonia"[1]
"Rejoice, oh Mother Poland"
The Kingdom of Poland between 1386 and 1434
The Kingdom of Poland between 1386 and 1434
Common languagesPolish, Latin
Roman Catholic
GovernmentHereditary Monarchy
• 1385–1389
Jadwiga (first)
• 1548–1569
Sigismund II (last)
Historical eraMiddle Ages
14 August 1385
3 May 1505
1 July 1569
• 1500[2]
CurrencyDucats, Rhenish guilders
Polish złoty (from 1496)
Red złoty (from 1526)
ISO 3166 codePL
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Kingdom of Poland (1025–1385)
Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Gaude Mater Polonia Creation and History". Retrieved 14 November 2017.
  2. ^ Samsonowicz, Henryk (1997). "Probe einer demograpischen Einschätzung Polen um das Jahr 1500". Studia Historiae Oeconomicae (in German). 22: 17–24.