Alexăndrel of Moldavia

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Alexăndrel or Alexăndru II (1429 – 25 May 1455), son of Iliaș of Moldavia, was the prince (or voivode) of Moldavia in 1449, from 1452 to 1454, and in 1455.

Alexăndrel
Prince of Moldavia
(1st reign)
ReignFebruary – 12 October 1449
PredecessorPetru III
SuccessorBogdan II
Prince of Moldavia
(2nd reign)
ReignFebruary 1452 – August 1454
PredecessorBogdan II
SuccessorPeter Aaron
Prince of Moldavia
(3rd reign)
ReignFebruary – 25 May 1455
PredecessorPeter Aaron
SuccessorPeter Aaron
Born1429
Died25 May 1455
Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi
Spouseunmarried
DynastyBogdan-Mușat
FatherIliaș of Moldavia
MotherMaria
ReligionOrthodox

LifeEdit

He preferred the alliance with the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth,[1] in contrast with Peter III of Moldavia, who was protégé of John Hunyadi, Governor of Hungary.[2] The influence of Hungary weakened after the Ottomans defeated Hunyadi's army in the second Battle of Kosovo in October 1448.[1] With the support of boyars who preferred an alliance with the Commonwealth, Alexăndrel expelled Peter III from Moldavia and seized the throne[1][2] in February 1449.[3] He confirmed the privileges of the merchants of Brașov.[1] According to the Moldavian-Polish chronicle, Alexăndrel also ceded Chilia (now Kiliya in Ukraine) to Hungary, but two other Moldavian chronicles attribute the same act to his predecessor.[4] In October 1449,[3] Hunyadi's other protégé, Bogdan II broke into Moldavia, forcing Alexăndrel to flee.[5][1]

After Bogdan was murdered, Alexăndrel and Petru Aron divided Moldavia among themselves.[6] Alexăndrel took control of southern Moldavia.[6] He united Moldavia with the support of Hunyadi.[6] He signed a treaty with Hunyadi on 16 February 1453, recognizing him as the protector of Moldavia.[5] Petru Aaron expelled him from Moldavia in March or May 1455.[7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Ciobanu 1991, p. 34.
  2. ^ a b Mureşanu 2001, p. 171.
  3. ^ a b Treptow & Popa 1996, p. lii.
  4. ^ Mureşanu 2001, p. 13.
  5. ^ a b Mureşanu 2001, p. 173.
  6. ^ a b c Ciobanu 1991, p. 35.
  7. ^ Ciobanu 1991, p. 39.

SourcesEdit

  • Ciobanu, Veniamin (1991). "The equilibrium policy of the Romanian principalities in East-Central Europe, 1444–1485". In Treptow, Kurt W. (ed.). Dracula: Essays on the Life and Times of Vlad Țepeș. East European Monographs, Distributed by Columbia University Press. pp. 29–52. ISBN 0-88033-220-4.
  • Mureşanu, Camil (2001). John Hunyadi: Defender of Christendom. The Center for Romanian Studies. ISBN 973-9432-18-2.
  • Treptow, Kurt W.; Popa, Marcel (1996). Historical Dictionary of Romania. Scarecrow Press, Inc. ISBN 0-8108-3179-1.

External linksEdit

Preceded by Voivode of Moldavia
1449
Succeeded by
Preceded by Voivode of Moldavia
1452–1454
Succeeded by
Preceded by Voivode of Moldavia
1455
Succeeded by