Henri, Prince of Condé (1552–1588)

Henri I de Bourbon, Prince of Condé (29 December 1552 – 5 March 1588) was a French Prince du Sang and Huguenot general like his more prominent father, Louis I, Prince of Condé.

Henri I de Bourbon
Conde-henri.jpg
Prince of Condé
Reign13 March 1569 – 5 March 1588
PredecessorLouis I, Prince of Condé
SuccessorHenri II, Prince of Condé
Born(1552-12-29)29 December 1552
La Ferté-sous-Jouarre, Île-de-France, France.
Died5 March 1588(1588-03-05) (aged 35)
Saint-Jean-d'Angély, Saintonge, France.
SpouseMarie of Cleves
Charlotte Catherine de La Trémoille
Issueby Marie:
Catherine, Marquise d'Isles

by Charlotte Catherine:
Éléonore, Princess of Orange
Henri II, Prince of Condé
HouseHouse of Bourbon-Condé
FatherLouis I, Prince of Condé
MotherEléanor de Roye
ReligionReformed (Huguenot)

LifeEdit

Henri was the eldest son of Louis I de Bourbon and Eléanor de Roye, daughter and heiress of Charles de Roye, Count of Roucy.[1] Of the eight children in his family, he and his brother François, Prince of Conti, were the only ones to have children.

Following the death of his father, Louis, at the Battle of Jarnac, Jeanne d'Albret introduced Henri and her own son, Henry of Navarre, as pages to Admiral Coligny.[2] Since both were princes of the blood, this act gave the Huguenot cause legitimacy.[2]

At the Battle of Moncontour on 3 October 1569, Henri was wounded in the face and was forced to retreat.[3] Attending the wedding of Henry of Navarre and the subsequent massacre of Protestants, Henri was forced to convert to Catholicism, face death or life imprisonment.[4] In his escape from Paris, Henri was joined by Theodore Beza, who published his Du droit des magistrats sur leurs sujets in Germany.[5]

By 1573 the Huguenot cause had made some political gains in the Midi, consequently Henri was assigned "governor general and protector".[6] Following the Peace of Monsieur, he was restored to his governorship of Picardy.[7] During the sixth war of religion, he commanded the forces that captured Brouage and allowed for English aid for the Huguenots.[8] And, it would be Henri, angered by Catholic resistance to his governorship of Picardy, who started the seventh war of religion by seizing the town of La Fère in November 1579.[9]

In 1588, Henri died at Saint-Jean-d'Angély after a brief illness.[10]

MarriagesEdit

He married twice, first to his cousin, Marie of Cleves.[1] With Marie, Henri had one child:

  • Catherine (1574–1595), Marquise d'Isles

Secondly, Henri married his second cousin once removed, Charlotte Catherine de La Tremoille (1568–1629),[1] daughter of Louis III de La Trémoille. They had at least two children:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Knecht 1989, p. 134.
  2. ^ a b Knecht 2000, p. 151.
  3. ^ Knecht 2000, p. 152.
  4. ^ Knecht 2000, p. 166.
  5. ^ Knecht 2000, p. 168.
  6. ^ Knecht 2000, p. 185.
  7. ^ Knecht 2000, p. 193.
  8. ^ Knecht 2000, p. 208.
  9. ^ Knecht 2000, p. 217.
  10. ^ Knecht 2000, p. 231.

SourcesEdit

  • Knecht, R.J. (1989). The French Wars of Religion, 1559-1598. Longman.
  • Knecht, R.J. (2000). The French Civil Wars. Pearson Education Limited.
Henri, Prince of Condé (1552–1588)
Cadet branch of the House of Bourbon
Born: 29 December 1552 Died: 5 March 1588
French nobility
Preceded by
Louis I de Bourbon
Prince of Condé
13 March 1569 – 5 March 1588
Succeeded by
Henri II de Bourbon