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The Battle of Moncontour occurred on 3 October 1569 between the Catholic forces of King Charles IX of France, commanded by Henry, Duke of Anjou, and the Huguenots commanded by Gaspard de Coligny.

Battle of Moncontour
Battle of Moncontour 1569.jpg
Battle of Moncontour, 1569.
Date3 October 1569
Location
Result Catholic Victory
Belligerents
Catholics Croix huguenote.svg French Huguenot forces
Commanders and leaders
Henry Duke of Anjou
Gaspard Saulx-Tavannes
Philibert, Margrave of Baden-Baden
Croix huguenote.svg Gaspard II de Coligny
Croix huguenote.svg Count Louis of Nassau
Strength
25,000[1]-22,000[2]
15 cannon[1]
20,000[1]
Casualties and losses
1,000 killed[1] 8,000 killed[1]
3,000 captured[2]

Contents

The battleEdit

Weeks before, Coligny had lifted the siege of Poitou and positioned his army in hopes of gaining an advantage over the approaching Royalist forces.[3] However, a flanking maneuver by Saulx-Tavannes forced him to reposition his forces.[3] This coincided with Henry's objective to keep Coligny's army from joining Gabriel, comte de Montgomery's forces.[2]

The battle consisted of multiple charges by the royal forces, during which Coligny was wounded in the jaw, forcing Louis of Nassau to take command.[3] Henry was subsequently unhorsed during a charge, but was saved by his bodyguards.[3] Philibert, Margrave of Baden-Baden, who commanded the Royalist Germans, was killed during a cavalry charge.[2] Nassau, in turn, charged the Swiss pikemen but made no headway.[3] A final charge by Swiss pikemen shattered the Huguenot landsknechts line,[2] in which over half were killed.[3] As a result, three thousand Huguenots surrendered.[2] Nassau and the rest of the cavalry were able to withdraw in good order.[2]

AftermathEdit

Henry then besieged Saint-Jean-d'Angély from 16 October to 2 December.[4] Coligny regrouped, marched east into the Rhone and, months later, marched towards Paris.[4]

See alsoEdit

SourcesEdit

  • Butler, A.J. (1907). "The Wars of Religion in France". In Ward, A.W.; Prothero, G.W.; Leathes, Stanley (eds.). The Cambridge Modern History. III. Cambridge University Press.
  • Knecht, R. J. (1989). The French Wars of Religion 1559-1598. Longman.
  • Knecht, R. J. (1998). Catherine de'Medici. Pearson Education Limited.
  • Tucker, Spencer C., ed. (2010). A Global Chronology of Conflict: From the Ancient world to the Modern Middle East. Vol. Two. ABC-CLIO.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Tucker 2010, p. 528.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Butler 1907, p. 13.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Knecht 1998, p. 130.
  4. ^ a b Knecht 1989, p. 42.

External linksEdit