1580 (MDLXXX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) in the Julian calendar, and a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) in the Proleptic Gregorian calendar.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
1580 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1580
Ab urbe condita2333
Armenian calendar1029
Assyrian calendar6330
Balinese saka calendar1501–1502
Bengali calendar987
Berber calendar2530
English Regnal year22 Eliz. 1 – 23 Eliz. 1
Buddhist calendar2124
Burmese calendar942
Byzantine calendar7088–7089
Chinese calendar己卯(Earth Rabbit)
4276 or 4216
    — to —
庚辰年 (Metal Dragon)
4277 or 4217
Coptic calendar1296–1297
Discordian calendar2746
Ethiopian calendar1572–1573
Hebrew calendar5340–5341
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1636–1637
 - Shaka Samvat1501–1502
 - Kali Yuga4680–4681
Holocene calendar11580
Igbo calendar580–581
Iranian calendar958–959
Islamic calendar987–988
Japanese calendarTenshō 8
Javanese calendar1499–1500
Julian calendar1580
Korean calendar3913
Minguo calendar332 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar112
Thai solar calendar2122–2123
Tibetan calendar阴土兔年
(female Earth-Rabbit)
1706 or 1325 or 553
    — to —
(male Iron-Dragon)
1707 or 1326 or 554


June 25: The Book of Concord is published.



Date unknownEdit

  • The Billy Mitchell volcano, on the island of Bougainville, undergoes a catastrophic eruption (VEI 6).
  • The first session of the Jewish Vaad (Council of Four Lands) is held in Lublin, Poland; 70 delegates of Jewish local qahals meet to discuss taxation, and other issues important to Jewish communities.
  • The Old City of Zamość is established in Poland, by Jan Zamoyski.
  • Jesuit missionaries arrive at the court of Akbar, ruler of the Mughal Empire.[8]
  • A group of English merchants gains the right to trade in Ottoman territory, in return for supplying the sultan with iron, steel, brass and tin for his war with Persia.
  • An influenza pandemic sweeps the world, starting in Asia and moving rapidly through Africa, Europe, and eventually the Americas. More than 10% of the population of Rome dies, and whole towns in Spain are depopulated.[9]




  1. ^ a b Dionysius Lardner, ed., The History of Spain and Portugal, vol. 5, part of the Cabinet Cyclopaedia. London: Longman, Rees, et al., 1832. See pages 208-209.
  2. ^ Michel de Montaigne (1887). Works of Michael de Montaigne: Comprising His Essays, Journey Into Italy, and Letters. Houghton, Mifflin. p. 471.
  3. ^ Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 160–162. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
  4. ^ Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 230–233. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
  5. ^ Joze Krasovec (October 1, 1999). The Interpretation of the Bible: The International Symposium in Slovenia. A&C Black. p. 676. ISBN 978-0-567-34563-9.
  6. ^ Portuguese Studies Review. Baywolf Press. 2005. p. 71.
  7. ^ Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
  8. ^ Roberts, J. (1994). History of the World. Penguin.
  9. ^ Beveridge, W.I.B. (1991). "The Chronicle of Influenza Epidemics". History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences.
  10. ^ Michelle O'Callaghan (March 7, 2009). Thomas Middleton, Renaissance Dramatist. Edinburgh University Press. p. 5. ISBN 978-0-7486-3169-8.
  11. ^ Myrtle Byram McGraw (1941). The Child in Painting. Greystone Press. p. 12.
  12. ^ Dauril Alden (1996). The Making of an Enterprise: The Society of Jesus in Portugal, Its Empire, and Beyond, 1540-1750. Stanford University Press. p. 90. ISBN 978-0-8047-2271-1.
  13. ^ Luís de Camões (1966). The Lusiads of Luiz de Camões. Hispanic Society of America. p. xxix.
  14. ^ Dissertation Abstracts International: The humanities and social sciences. A. University Microfilms. 1978. p. 2628.