1662 (MDCLXII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar, the 1662nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 662nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 62nd year of the 17th century, and the 3rd year of the 1660s decade. As of the start of 1662, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1662 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1662
MDCLXII
Ab urbe condita2415
Armenian calendar1111
ԹՎ ՌՃԺԱ
Assyrian calendar6412
Balinese saka calendar1583–1584
Bengali calendar1069
Berber calendar2612
English Regnal year13 Cha. 2 – 14 Cha. 2
Buddhist calendar2206
Burmese calendar1024
Byzantine calendar7170–7171
Chinese calendar辛丑年 (Metal Ox)
4358 or 4298
    — to —
壬寅年 (Water Tiger)
4359 or 4299
Coptic calendar1378–1379
Discordian calendar2828
Ethiopian calendar1654–1655
Hebrew calendar5422–5423
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1718–1719
 - Shaka Samvat1583–1584
 - Kali Yuga4762–4763
Holocene calendar11662
Igbo calendar662–663
Iranian calendar1040–1041
Islamic calendar1072–1073
Japanese calendarManji 5 / Kanbun 1
(寛文元年)
Javanese calendar1584–1585
Julian calendarGregorian minus 10 days
Korean calendar3995
Minguo calendar250 before ROC
民前250年
Nanakshahi calendar194
Thai solar calendar2204–2205
Tibetan calendar阴金牛年
(female Iron-Ox)
1788 or 1407 or 635
    — to —
阳水虎年
(male Water-Tiger)
1789 or 1408 or 636
Nova Orbis Tabula in Lucem Edita is published by Dutch cartographer Frederik de Wit.

EventsEdit

 
February 1: Surrender of the Dutch Fort Zeelandia.


January–MarchEdit

  • January 4Dziaddin Mukarram Shah becomes the new Sultan of Kedah, an independent kingdom on the Malay Peninsula, upon the death of his father, Sultan Muhyiddin Mansur.
  • January 10 – At the age of 19, Louis Grimaldi becomes the new Prince of Monaco upon the death of his grandfather, Honoré II
  • January 14 – A Portuguese garrison invades Morocco and kidnaps 35 women and girls, then steals 400 head of cattle. The Moroccans counterattack and kill the garrison's commander, 12 knights and 38 other Portuguese soldiers before the surviving Portuguese are given sanctuary inside the English fortress at Tangier. A brief war ensues between England and Morocco.
  • January 22 – Former Chinese Emperor Yongli, who had surrendered to General Wu Sangui in December, is put on a boat along with his sons and grandsons at Sagaing in Burma (at the time, Burma), leaving under the promise that they will be given safe passage elsewhere in Burma. Instead, the former Emperor is taken back to China and executed on June 1.
  • January 23János Kemény, Prince of Transylvania for slightly more than a year, is killed during Transylvania's defeat by the Ottoman Empire in a battle at Nagyszőllős, now the city of Vynohradiv in Ukraine. An Ottoman appointee, Michael Apafi, replaces Kemény in September and the status of the principality of Transylvania (now part of Romania) is never regained.
  • February 1 – Chinese general Koxinga (Zheng Chenggong) captures the Dutch East India Company's settlement at Fort Zeelandia (now Tainan) on the island of Taiwan after a nine-month siege, ending the company's rule on the island, then establishes the Kingdom of Tungning. In response, the Kangxi Emperor of the mainland Qing dynasty relocates all residents along the southern coast, by 50 miles.
  • February 11 – A violent storm in the Indian Ocean strikes a fleet of seven ships of the Dutch East India Company (VOC) as they are traveling back to the Dutch Republic from Batavia in the Dutch East Indies (now Jakarta, Indonesia). Three of the freighters— Wapen van Holland, Gekroonde Leeuw and Prins Willem — are lost with all hands. The ships Vogel Phoenix, Maarsseveen and Prinses Royal make their way back to the Netherlands. The other ship, the freighter Arnhem remains afloat and its roughly 80 survivors are able to evacuate in boats to search for land.[1]
  • February 20 – The survivors of the wreck of the Dutch freighter Arnhem strike reefs but are able to make their way to an uninhabited island,[1] probably the Ile D'Ambre[2] or Ilot Fourneau [1] both islands within the territory of Mauritius. During more than two months while shipwrecked, the survivors kill and eat the local wildlife, including the last surviving dodo. They are rescued by the English ship Truroe in May.[2]
  • March 18 – A short-lived experiment of the first public bus system (horse-drawn wagons holding eight passengers) begins in Paris.

April–JuneEdit

  • April 19 – Three of the former members of the English Parliament who had signed the death warrant for Charles I of England in 1649 and then fled into exile in the Netherlands after the Restoration of the Monarchy in 1660 — Miles Corbet, John Okey and John Barkstead — are hanged after having been extradited, returned to England, and convicted of regicide. Their bodies are then drawn and quartered.
  • April 22 – The Golden Hill Paugussett tribe, granted reservations in the British colony of Connecticut in North America, sell a large amount of tribal land to Captain Joseph Hawley including several towns in Fairfield County: Shelton, Trumbull, Derby and Monroe.
  • April 24 – Chinese warlord Zheng Chenggong sends a message to the Spanish government of the Philippines demanding payment of tribute and threatening to send a fleet of ships to conquer the area. The message reaches the Spanish Governor-General on May 5, and preparations are made to resist the invasion.
  • May 3John Winthrop the Younger, the son of the first governor of Massachusetts, is honored by being made a fellow of the Royal Society, England's new scientific society. Winthrop uses his election to the Society to gain access to the king, who grants him a new charter, uniting the colonies of Connecticut and New Haven.
  • May 9Samuel Pepys witnesses a Punch and Judy show in London (the first on record).
  • May 16 – The hearth tax is introduced in England and Wales.
  • May 19
    • The Act of Uniformity 1662, officially "An Act for the uniformity of common prayer and service in the Church, and administration of the sacraments", is given royal assent after being passed by the English Parliament to regulate the form of public prayers, sacraments, and other rites of the Church of England to conform with the newest edition of the Book of Common Prayer, the 1662 prayer book.[3]
    • Royal assent is also given to England's new hearth tax law, with one shilling charged for each stove or fireplace in a building, to be collected on 29 September and on 25 March each year in order to provide the £1,200,000 annual household income for King Charles II. The unpopular tax is abolished in 1689.
  • May 21 &ndash (May 31 N.S.); Princess Catherine of Braganza, daughter of King João IV of Portugal, marries Charles II of England.[4] As part of the dowry, Portugal cedes Bombay in India, and Tangier in Morocco, to England.
  • May 24 – Rioting in the Chinese section of Manila breaks out in the wake of calls to kill non-Christian Chinese residents of the Philippines, and the Spanish Army fires cannons at the rioting crowd. An order follows for non-Christian Chinese Filipinos to leave Manila, and for Christian Filipinos to register with the government. Boats begin transporting the non-Christians back to China
  • May – The last credible report of a sighting of the dodo bird, now extinct, is made by Volkert Evertsz, a survivor of the shipwreck of the Dutch ship Arnhem, which struck reefs on February 12.[5] The survivors had made their way in a small boat to Ile d'Ambre, an island in the Indian Ocean 200 kilometres (120 mi) northeast of Mauritius. When rescued by the English ship Truroe in May,[2] Evertsz reports that he and his group had survived by eating the local wildlife, including the dodo.[6]
  • June 4 – The "Sangley Massacre" is ordered by Sabiniano Manrique de Lara, the Spanish Governor-General of the Philippines, with the directive for the government to kill all Filipinos of Chinese ancestry — Sangleys — who disobey orders to assemble at Manila for deportation.
  • June 15 – The Matthews baronets British nobility title is created.[7]
  • June 21 – The Pierce baronets British nobility title is created.[7]
  • June 23Koxinga, who had founded the Kingdom of Tungning on the island of Taiwan a year earlier, names his successor while on his deathbed. He appoints his son, Zheng Jing, whom he had earlier ordered unsuccessfully to be executed, as the new King.

July–SeptemberEdit

October–DecemberEdit

Date unknownEdit

BirthsEdit

DeathsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Alan Grihault, "The story of the survivors of a shipwreck who saw Dodos in 1662?", an abridged version of recent research" (2005), Dodosite.com
  2. ^ a b c Jolyon C. Parish, The Dodo and the Solitaire: A Natural History (Indiana University Press, 2013) p. 45
  3. ^ Henry Gee and William John Hardy, editors., Documents Illustrative of English Church History (Macmillan and Company, 1896) p. 600
  4. ^ W. M. Lupton, English History from the Earliest Period to Our Own Times (Longmans, Green and Co., 1866) p. 272
  5. ^ "Arnehem (+1662)", "The Wrecksite"
  6. ^ Main, Douglas (October 9, 2013). "When did the dodo go extinct? Maybe later than we thought". NBC News. Retrieved February 4, 2019.
  7. ^ a b c "Leigh Rayment's list of baronets". Archived from the original on October 21, 2019.
  8. ^ The Royal Society. Times Publishing Company. 1960. p. 24.
  9. ^ Munsel, Joel (1858). The Every Day Book of History and Chronology. D. Appleton & Co.
  10. ^ Samuel Rawson GardinerA Student's History of England: From the Earliest Times to 1885, Volume II (Longmans, Green, and Company, 1891) p. 585
  11. ^ Peacock, N. A. (1988). Moliere L'Ecole des femmes. Glasgow: University of Glasgow French and German Publications. p. 1. ISBN 9780852612453.
  12. ^ "Mary II | Biography & Accomplishments". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved January 13, 2021.
  13. ^ "June 7th 1662. Birth of Celia Fiennes". History Today LXII/6, June 2012, p. 9.
  14. ^ "Elizabeth Stuart | Facts, Family, & Queen of Bohemia | Britannica". www.britannica.com. Retrieved May 4, 2022.
  15. ^ Anders Hald (1990). A History of Probability and Statistics and Its Applications before 1750. Wiley. p. 44.