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Michael Apafi (1632 – 15 April 1690) was a Hungarian Prince of Transylvania.

Michael I Apafi
Prince of Transylvania
Michael I Apafi.PNG
Portrait of Michael Apafi by Cornelis Meyssens
Prince of Transylvania
Reign1687 - 1690
PredecessorJohn Kemény
SuccessorEmeric Thököly
Died15 April 1690
SpouseAnna Bornemisza
IssueMichael II Apafi
1681 25 Ducat gold coin, depicting Michael I Apafi as Prince of Transylvania
1681 25 Ducat gold coin, depicting Michael I Apafi as Prince of Transylvania

He was elected by the nobles of Transylvania on 14 September 1661, with the support of the Ottoman Empire, as a rival to the Habsburg-backed ruler John Kemény. Kemény died in 1662 in the battle of Nagyszőllős, leaving Apafi as uncontested ruler of Transylvania.

Opposed to the Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I, he supported the Ottomans and Hungarian rebels until the Ottoman defeat at the Battle of Vienna on 12 September 1683. Following this, Michael opened talks with Leopold and concluded a treaty with the Austrians on 27 September 1687, obtaining their recognition of his authority in Transylvania.[1]

He was married to the Hungarian noblewoman Anna Bornemisza.

He died at Fogaras in 1690 and was succeeded by his son Michael II Apafi.[2]

A manor house in Mălâncrav belonging to Michael I Apafi has recently been restored by the Mihai Eminescu Trust.[3]

Apafi coat of arms


  1. ^ Vico, Giambattista (2004) Statecraft : the deeds of Antonio Carafa (De rebus gestis Antonj Caraphaei) (translated and edited by Giorgio A. Pinton) P. Lang, New York, note 29, pages 413–414, ISBN 0-8204-6828-2
  2. ^ Tamás Tarján. "1690 - The Death of Michael Apafi" (in Hungarian). Rubicon. Archived from the original on September 9, 2011. Retrieved 2013-04-13.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 22, 2009. Retrieved February 11, 2010.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)


  • Kenyeres Ágnes, ed. (1967). Magyar Életrajzi Lexikon (in Hungarian). 1 A-K. Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó. OCLC 500204897.

External linksEdit

Preceded by
János Kemény
Prince of Transylvania
Succeeded by
Michael II Apafi