Michael I Apafi
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Michael Apafi (1632 – 15 April 1690) was a Hungarian Prince of Transylvania.
He was elected by the nobles of Transylvania on 14 September 1661, with the support of the Ottoman Empire, as a rival to the Habsburg-backed ruler John Kemény. Kemény died in 1662 in the battle of Nagyszőllős, leaving Apafi as uncontested ruler of Transylvania.
Opposed to the Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I, he supported the Ottomans and Hungarian rebels until the Ottoman defeat at the Battle of Vienna on 12 September 1683. Following this, Michael opened talks with Leopold and concluded a treaty with the Austrians on 27 September 1687, obtaining their recognition of his authority in Transylvania.
- Vico, Giambattista (2004) Statecraft : the deeds of Antonio Carafa (De rebus gestis Antonj Caraphaei) (translated and edited by Giorgio A. Pinton) P. Lang, New York, note 29, pages 413–414, ISBN 0-8204-6828-2
- Tamás Tarján. "1690 - The Death of Michael Apafi" (in Hungarian). Rubicon. Archived from the original on September 9, 2011. Retrieved 2013-04-13.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 22, 2009. Retrieved February 11, 2010.
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