1732 (MDCCXXXII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar, the 1732nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 732nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 32nd year of the 18th century, and the 3rd year of the 1730s decade. As of the start of 1732, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.
|Ab urbe condita||2485|
|Balinese saka calendar||1653–1654|
|British Regnal year||5 Geo. 2 – 6 Geo. 2|
|Chinese calendar||辛亥年 (Metal Pig)|
4428 or 4368
— to —
壬子年 (Water Rat)
4429 or 4369
|- Vikram Samvat||1788–1789|
|- Shaka Samvat||1653–1654|
|- Kali Yuga||4832–4833|
|Japanese calendar||Kyōhō 17|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 11 days|
|Minguo calendar||180 before ROC|
|Thai solar calendar||2274–2275|
1858 or 1477 or 705
— to —
1859 or 1478 or 706
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1732.|
- January 21 – Russia and Persia sign the Treaty of Riascha at Resht. Based on the terms of the agreement, Russia will no longer establish claims over Persian territories.
- June 9 – James Oglethorpe is granted a royal charter for the colony of Georgia.
- August – Mikhail Gvozdev in the Sviatoi Gavriil makes the first known crossing of the Bering Strait, from Cape Dezhnev to Cape Prince of Wales in Alaska.
- September 13 – The Treaty of the Three Black Eagles or the Treaty of Berlin, a secret treaty between the Austrian Empire, the Russian Empire and Prussia against Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.
- September 16 – The magnitude 5.8 Montreal earthquake occurs in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
- November 29 – The magnitude 6.6 Irpinia earthquake causes 1,940 deaths in the former Kingdom of Naples, southern Italy.
- December 7 – The original Theatre Royal, Covent Garden, London (the modern-day Royal Opera House) is opened.
- December – 139 members of the Parlement of Paris, exiled by order of King Louis XV, secure their recall.
- Herman Boerhaave publishes the authorized edition of his Elementa chemiae, recognised as the first text on chemistry.
- The Republic of Genoa regains Corsica.
- The world's first lightship is moored at the Nore, in the Thames Estuary of England.
- This year's General Assembly of the Church of Scotland gives rise to the First Secession of 1733.
- Benjamin Franklin, writing under the name Richard Saunders, begins publication of Poor Richard's Almanack. The annual publication will continue until 1758.
- January – Abbas III, Shah of Persia (d. 1740)
- January 17 – Stanisław August Poniatowski, last King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania (d. 1798)
- January 20 – Richard Henry Lee, 12th President of the Continental Congress (d. 1794)
- January 24 – Pierre de Beaumarchais, French writer (d. 1799)
- February – Charles Churchill, English poet (d. 1764)
- February 6 – Charles Lee, general of the Continental Army (d. 1782)
- February 22 – George Washington, first President of the United States (d. 1799)
- March 1 – William Cushing, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (d. 1810)
- March 31 – Joseph Haydn, Austrian composer (d. 1809)
- April 5 – Jean-Honoré Fragonard, French painter (d. 1806)
- April 8 – David Rittenhouse, American astronomer, inventor, mathematician, surveyor, scientific instrument craftsman and public official (d. 1796)
- April 13 – Frederick North, Lord North, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1792)
- April 17 – John Blair Jr., American politician and Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (d. 1800)
- June 21 – Johann Christoph Friedrich Bach, German composer (d. 1795)
- September 2 – William Crawford, American soldier and surveyor (d. 1782)
- September 26 – José de Córdoba y Ramos, Spanish explorer, naval commander (d. 1815)
- September 30 – Jacques Necker, French politician (d. 1804)
- October 6 – Nevil Maskelyne, English Astronomer Royal (d. 1811)
- October 24 – Cristina Roccati, Italian scholar in physics (d. 1797)
- November 4 – Thomas Johnson, American politician and Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (d. 1819)
- November 9 – Jeanne Julie Éléonore de Lespinasse, French salon holder (d. 1776)
- November 13 – John Dickinson, Governor of Delaware and Pennsylvania (d. 1808)
- December 6 – Warren Hastings, British administrator (d. 1818)
- December 15 – Carl Gotthard Langhans, German architect (d. 1808)
- December 21 – Johann Christian Wiegleb, German chemist (d. 1800)
- December 23 – Richard Arkwright, English inventor (d. 1792)
- date unknown
- January 12 – John Horsley, British archaeologist (b. c.1685)
- January 22 – Louis de Sabran, British theologian (b. 1652)
- February 6 – Anne Scott, 1st Duchess of Buccleuch, wealthy Scottish peeress (b. 1651)
- February 7 – William Hiseland, English (later British) soldier, reputed supercentenarian (b. 1620)
- February 13 – Charles-René d'Hozier, French historian (b. 1640)
- February 17 – Louis Marchand, French organist and harpsichordist (b. 1669)
- February 18 – Balthasar Permoser, German sculptor (b. 1651)
- February 22
- February 27 – Giacomo Serpotta, Italian artist (b. 1652)
- February 28 – André Charles Boulle, French cabinet-maker (b. 1642)
- March 20 – Johann Ernst Hanxleden, German philologist (b. 1681)
- April 6 – Count Palatine Francis Louis of Neuburg, Hochmeister of the Teutonic Order (b. 1664)
- April 28 – Thomas Parker, 1st Earl of Macclesfield (b. 1666)
- May 20 – Thomas Boston, Scottish church leader (b. 1676)
- May 30 – John King, English churchman (b. 1652)
- July 11 – Theodore Eustace, Count Palatine of Sulzbach (b. 1659)
- July 15 – Woodes Rogers, English privateer and first Royal Governor of the Bahamas (b. c. 1679)
- September 24 – Emperor Reigen of Japan (b. 1654)
- October 6 – George Duckett (Calne MP), English politician (b. 1684)
- October 12 – Dionisia de Santa María Mitas Talangpaz, Filipino saint (b. 1691)
- October 25 – Andrea Brustolon, Italian artist (b. 1662)
- October 31 – Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia (b. 1666)
- November 10 – Adam Christian Thebesius, German anatomist (b. 1686)
- November 20 – Daniel d'Auger de Subercase, French naval officer, governor of Newfoundland (b. 1661)
- November 21 – Jan Jansen Bleecker, Mayor of Albany, New York (b. 1641)
- November 26 – Charles Sergison, English politician (b. 1655)
- December 4 – John Gay, English poet and dramatist (b. 1685)
- December 14 – Johann Philipp Förtsch, German opera composer (b. 1652)
- date unknown
- "Historical Events for Year 1732 | OnThisDay.com". Historyorb.com. Retrieved January 5, 2016.
- Bennett, William J.; Cribb, John T. E. (2008). The American Patriot's Almanac. Thomas Nelson Inc. p. 208. ISBN 978-1-59555-267-9.
- Clow, Archibald & Nan L. Clow The Chemical Revolution, Batchworth Press, London, 1952.
- "Trinity House – Lightvessels". PortCities London. Retrieved October 15, 2013.