Zheng Jing, Prince of Yanping (Chinese: 鄭經; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Tēⁿ Keng; 25 October 1642 – 17 March 1681), courtesy names Xianzhi (賢之) and Yuanzhi (元之), pseudonym Shitian (式天), was a 17th-century Chinese warlord, Ming dynasty loyalist and ruler of the Kingdom of Tungning in Taiwan.
|Prince of Yanping|
|Ruler of the Tungning|
|Reign||November 1662 – 17 March 1681|
|Born||25 October 1642|
Nan'an, Fujian, Great Ming
|Died||17 March 1681 (aged 38)|
Chengtian Fu, Tungning
|Spouse||Tang, Princess Wen of Chao|
|Issue||Zheng Kezang, Zheng Keshuang, six other sons and six daughters|
|House||The House of Koxinga|
|Father||Koxinga, Prince of Yanping|
|Mother||Dong You, Princess of Yanping|
|Hàn-jī||賢之 / 元之|
|Pe̍h-ōe-jī||Hiân-chi / Goân-chi|
|Tâi-lô||Hiân-tsi / Guân-tsi|
Born in 25 October 1642, he was the eldest son of Koxinga (Zheng Chenggong) and a grandson of the pirate-merchant Zheng Zhilong. After the conquest of Fort Zeelandia in 1662 by his father, Zheng Jing controlled the military forces in Xiamen and Quemoy on his father's behalf. Upon the death of his father six months later, Zheng Jing contested throne as the King of Tungning with his uncle, Zheng Shixi. The dispute was resolved in Zheng Jing's favor after he successfully landed an army in Taiwan despite strong opposition by the forces of his uncle. This was followed by Zheng Shixi withdrawing his claim.
With both the vast pirate fleet and the throne of Tungning, he intended to continue his father's plans to invade the Philippines; however, he was forced to abandon this venture when faced with the threat of a Manchu-Dutch alliance. His defeat over to a combined Manchu-Dutch fleet in 1664 resulted in ending the brief alliance.[clarification needed]
For the next 19 years, he tried to provide sufficiently for the local inhabitants and reorganizing their military forces in Taiwan. He frequently exchanged ambassadors with the Kangxi Emperor from the mainland. Although he continued to fight for the cause his father died for, he had largely abandoned any pretense of restoring the Ming dynasty by the time he invaded Fujian in 1676. He occupied key cities in the province for a year before losing them back to the Manchus by the end of 1677. Invading Fujian once more, he led a force of 30,000 men to capture Haicheng as well as taking the provincial commander prisoner.
In 1680, Zheng Jing was forced to abandon Xiamen, Quemoy and Dongshan after losing a major naval battle to Chinese Qing admiral Shi Lang. Driven off the mainland by the Manchus, he retreated to modern-day Tainan where he fell ill and died of dissipation on 17 March 1681. Zheng named as his successor his oldest son, Zheng Kezang; however, Zheng Kezang was quickly toppled in favor of Zheng Keshuang.
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- Hung, Chien-chao (1981). Taiwan Under the Cheng Family, 1662–1683: Sinicization After Dutch Rule (Ph.D. dissertation). Georgetown University. OCLC 63232462.
- Keene, Donald Keene. The Battles of Coxinga: Chikamatsu’s Puppet Play, Its Background and Importance. London: Taylor’s Foreign Press, 1950.
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- Shen Yu. Cheng-shih shih-mo. 1836.
- Wills, Jr., John E. Pepper, Guns and Parleys: The Dutch East India Company and China 1622-1681. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1974.
Zheng JingBorn: 25 October 1642 Died: 17 March 1681
| Prince of Yanping
November 1662 – 17 March 1681
| Ruler of the Kingdom of Tungning
November 1662 – 17 March 1681