1691 (MDCXCI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar, the 1691st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 691st year of the 2nd millennium, the 91st year of the 17th century, and the 2nd year of the 1690s decade. As of the start of 1691, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
1691 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1691
Ab urbe condita2444
Armenian calendar1140
Assyrian calendar6441
Balinese saka calendar1612–1613
Bengali calendar1098
Berber calendar2641
English Regnal yearWill. & Mar. – 4 Will. & Mar.
Buddhist calendar2235
Burmese calendar1053
Byzantine calendar7199–7200
Chinese calendar庚午年 (Metal Horse)
4387 or 4327
    — to —
辛未年 (Metal Goat)
4388 or 4328
Coptic calendar1407–1408
Discordian calendar2857
Ethiopian calendar1683–1684
Hebrew calendar5451–5452
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1747–1748
 - Shaka Samvat1612–1613
 - Kali Yuga4791–4792
Holocene calendar11691
Igbo calendar691–692
Iranian calendar1069–1070
Islamic calendar1102–1103
Japanese calendarGenroku 4
Javanese calendar1614–1615
Julian calendarGregorian minus 10 days
Korean calendar4024
Minguo calendar221 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar223
Thai solar calendar2233–2234
Tibetan calendar阳金马年
(male Iron-Horse)
1817 or 1436 or 664
    — to —
(female Iron-Goat)
1818 or 1437 or 665






Date unknownEdit



See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Frederic Hervey, The Naval History of Great Britain: From the Earliest Times to the Rising of the Parliament in 1779 (William Adlard Publishing, 1779) p. 420
  2. ^ "King William's War (1688—1697)", in Wars of the Americas: A Chronology of Armed Conflict in the New World, 1492 to the Present by David E. Marley (ABC-CLIO, 1998) p. 206
  3. ^ "Jeu", in A Military Dictionary, or explanation of the several systems of discipline of different kinds of troops, by William Duane (William Duane, 1810) p. 288
  4. ^ "Historical Events for Year 1691 | OnThisDay.com". Historyorb.com. Retrieved July 8, 2016.
  5. ^ "Fires, Great", in The Insurance Cyclopeadia: Being an Historical Treasury of Events and Circumstances Connected with the Origin and Progress of Insurance, Cornelius Walford, ed. (C. and E. Layton, 1876) p46
  6. ^ "Special Forms of Prayer in the Church of England", Part III, The Newberry House Magazine (February 1893) p. 137
  7. ^ "Turkish Rule in Crete", by Theocharis Detorakis, in Crete, History and Civilization (1988) p. 343
  8. ^ "Robert Boyle | Biography, Contributions, Works, & Facts". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved December 4, 2020.