Henry Cavendish, 2nd Duke of Newcastle

Henry Cavendish, 2nd Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, KG, PC (24 June 1630 – 26 July 1691), styled Viscount Mansfield until 1676, was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1660 to 1676, and then inherited the dukedom.

The 2nd Duke of Newcastle; portrait attributed to Mary Beale.
Frances Pierrepont, Duchess of Newcastle, by Mary Beale

Cavendish was the only son of William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Newcastle and his first wife, Elizabeth Basset. His maternal grandparents were William Basset and Judith Austen, daughter of Thomas Austen.

After the Restoration of the Monarchy he was appointed Master of the Robes (June 1660-62) and a Gentleman of the Bedchamber (1662–68).

In April 1660, Lord Mansfield was elected Member of Parliament (MP) for Derbyshire in the Convention Parliament. He was elected MP for Northumberland in 1661 for the Cavalier Parliament.[1]

In 1676 he inherited the title of Duke of Newcastle and the family seat of Welbeck Abbey on the death of his father and was invested a Knight of the Garter in 1677.

He died in 1691, leaving no surviving male heir and thus the dukedom became extinct. Welbeck Abbey and other East Midlands estates passed to his favourite daughter Margaret, who had married John Holles, for whom the dukedom was recreated in 1694. The bequest was unsuccessfully contested by Cavendish's other daughters.[2]

FamilyEdit

In 1652, Henry married Frances Pierrepont (b. 1 September 1630 in Thoresby, Nottinghamshire, d. 23 September 1695 in London), daughter of The Hon. William Pierrepont (who was the son of Robert Pierrepont, 1st Earl of Kingston-upon-Hull), and they had six children:

The department of Manuscripts and Special Collections, The University of Nottingham holds a number of papers relating to the 2nd Duke of Newcastle: the Cavendish Papers (Pw 1), part of the Portland (Welbeck) Collection, includes some of his personal papers; and the Newcastle (Clumber) Collection (Ne) includes estate papers and family settlements from the time of the 2nd Duke.

Henry is the most recent common ancestor of Charles, Prince of Wales and his second wife, Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall.[3][4]

 
Quartered arms of Henry Cavendish, 2nd Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, KG, PC
 
Welbeck Abbey, Nottinghamshire, in the 17th century

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "CAVENDISH, Henry, Visct. Mansfield (1630-91), of Bolsover, Derbys. and Welbeck Abbey, Notts". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  2. ^ "Biography of John Holles, 3rd Duke of Newcastle upon Tyne and 4th Earl of Clare (1662-1711)". University of Nottingham. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  3. ^ "Kissing cousins!". The Free Library. Evening Chronicle (Newcastle, England). 9 April 2005. Retrieved 8 August 2018.
  4. ^ "Experts Discover that Prince Charles and Camilla Parker-Bowles are Distantly Related". Ancestry.com. Archived from the original on 4 August 2010. Retrieved 8 August 2018.

External linksEdit

Parliament of England
Preceded by
Not represented in the restored Rump
Member of Parliament for Derbyshire
1660–1661
With: John Ferrers
Succeeded by
Lord Cavendish
John Frescheville
Preceded by
Sir William Fenwick, Bt
Ralph Delaval
Member of Parliament for Northumberland
1661–1676
With: Sir William Fenwick, Bt
Succeeded by
Sir Ralph Delaval, Bt
Sir John Fenwick, Bt
Court offices
Preceded by
Protectorate
Master of the Robes
1660–1662
Succeeded by
Hon. Laurence Hyde
Military offices
Preceded by
The Lord Widdrington
Governor of Berwick-upon-Tweed
1675–1686
Succeeded by
The Lord Widdrington
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl of Northumberland
Lord Lieutenant of Northumberland
jointly with The Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne 1670–1676

1670–1689
Succeeded by
The Earl of Scarbrough
Preceded by
The Lord Widdrington
Custos Rotulorum of Northumberland
1675–1688
Preceded by
The Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
Custos Rotulorum of Derbyshire
1677–1689
Succeeded by
The Earl of Devonshire
Lord Lieutenant and Custos Rotulorum of Nottinghamshire
1677–1689
Succeeded by
The Earl of Kingston-upon-Hull
Preceded by
The Earl of Mulgrave
Lord Lieutenant of the East Riding of Yorkshire
1688–1689
Preceded by
The Viscount Fairfax of Emley
Lord Lieutenant of the North Riding of Yorkshire
1688–1689
Succeeded by
The Earl Fauconberg
Preceded by
Lord Thomas Howard
Lord Lieutenant of the West Riding of Yorkshire
1688–1689
Succeeded by
The Marquess of Carmarthen
Legal offices
Preceded by
The Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
Justice in Eyre
north of the Trent

1677–1689
Succeeded by
The Earl of Kingston-upon-Hull
Peerage of England
Preceded by
William Cavendish
Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
1676–1691
Extinct