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Thomas Belasyse, 1st Earl Fauconberg

Thomas Belasyse, 1st Earl Fauconberg PC (c. 1627 – 31 December 1700) was an English peer.[1] He supported the Parliamentary cause in the English Civil War, becoming close to Oliver Cromwell and marrying Cromwell's third daughter, Mary. After the Restoration of the monarchy he became a member of the Privy Council to Charles II and was elevated to an earldom by William III.

Thomas Belasyse
Thomas Belasyse, aged 24, by M D Hout.jpg
Thomas Belasyse, aged 24, later 1st Earl Fauconberg (1627–1700)
Born1627
Died(1700-12-31)31 December 1700
Title1st Earl Fauconberg
Tenure9 April 1689 – 31 December 1700
NationalityBritish

Contents

BiographyEdit

Belasyse was the only son of Hon. Henry Belasyse, who was the eldest son of Thomas Belasyse, 1st Viscount Fauconberg.[2] Unlike his Royalist father and grandfather, Belasyse supported Parliament in the English Civil War, and subsequently became a strong adherent of Oliver Cromwell, whose third daughter, Mary, he married in 1657. His father died in 1647 and he succeeded his grandfather to the viscounty of Fauconberg in the Bishopric of Durham in 1652.[3]

Belasyse again became a Royalist at the Restoration of the monarchy, and was appointed a member of the Privy Council of England by Charles II and Captain of the Guard (in which office he succeeded his uncle Lord Belasyse). He also served as English ambassador in Venice. He was Lord Lieutenant of the North Riding of Yorkshire (1660–1692). He was one of the noblemen who joined in inviting William of Orange to England, and was by that king created Earl Fauconberg, in the Peerage of England, on 9 April 1689.[3]

Fauconberg died in 1700.[4][5] He had no children and on his death the earldom became extinct, but his viscountcy passed to his nephew, Thomas Belasyse, 3rd Viscount Fauconberg.

FamilyEdit

 
The Earl Fauconberg.

On 3 July 1651 Fauconberg married Mildred, daughter of Nicholas Saunderson, 2nd Viscount Castleton. She died 8 May 1656.[6] On 18 November 1657, he married Mary Cromwell, the third daughter of Oliver Cromwell.[7] She outlived her husband by thirteen years dying on 14 March 1713.[8]

BibliographyEdit

While he was in Italy, Fauconberg translated and published the Histoire du gouvernement de Venise, by Abraham Nicolas Amelot de la Houssaye.[9]

ArmsEdit

Coat of arms of Thomas Belasyse, 1st Earl Fauconberg
Crest
A Lion couchant guardant Azure
Escutcheon
Argent a Chevron Gules between three Fleurs-de-lis Azure
Supporters
Dexter: a Buck holding in his mouth a Branch of Oak fructed all proper; Sinister: an Unicorn Azure armed crested and unguled Or
Motto
Bonne et belle assez [10]

See alsoEdit

  • Green Ribbon Club, post-restoration political club of which Fauconberg was a member. The Green Ribbon had been used as the badge of the Levellers in the English Civil Wars, in which many of them had fought, and was an overt reminder of their radical origins.
  • Earl Fauconberg (1765 ship) – ship built at Whitby that became a Greenland whaler and was lost there in 1821.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Also referred to as "Lord Falconbridge" in some sources (Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Amelot de la Houssaye, Abraham Nicolas" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 804.) "Lord ..." was a title used by those who attended Cromwell's Other House (1658–1659)
  2. ^ Nicolas, p. 185
  3. ^ a b Keary 1885.
  4. ^ Keary, p. 142 Cites Forster's County Families of Yorkshire, and Collins's Peerage.
  5. ^ Dictionary of National Biography, Errata (1904). p. 21
  6. ^ University of London, Institute of Historical Research. Bulletin of the Institute of Historical Research, Volume 4, Longmans, Green, 1926. p. 26
  7. ^ Sherwood p. 115
  8. ^ Grant p .8
  9. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Amelot de la Houssaye, Abraham Nicolas" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 804."
  10. ^ http://www.cracroftspeerage.co.uk/online/content/fauconberg1689.htm
Attributionn

SourcesEdit

  • Grant, Peter, "Belasyse [née Cromwell], Mary, Countess Fauconberg (bap. 1637, d. 1713)", Oxford University Press 2004–2008, Bellasis family 1500–1653, page 7. Website of Ingilby History, Retrieved 5 March 2010
  • Nicolas, Sir Nicholas Harris & Courthope, William. The historic peerage of England: exhibiting, under alphabetical arrangement, the origin, descent, and present state of every title of peerage which has existed in this country since the Conquest ; being a new edition of the "Synopsis of the Peerage of England", John Murray, 1857
  • Sherwood, Roy Edward (1997). Oliver Cromwell: king in all but name, 1653–1658. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 0-312-17659-7.

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit