John Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle

John Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, KG, PC (9 January 1662 – 15 July 1711) was an English peer.

John Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
Tankard with the arms, supporters, coronet, and motto of John Holles

Early lifeEdit

He was born in Edwinstowe, Nottinghamshire, the son of the 3rd Earl of Clare and his wife Grace Pierrepont. Grace was daughter of The Hon. William Pierrepont and granddaughter of the 1st Earl of Kingston-upon-Hull.


Holles was elected MP for Nottinghamshire as Lord Houghton on 14 January 1689, but was called to the House of Lords two days later when his father died and he became the 4th Earl of Clare. He was created the 1st Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, of the 2nd creation, in 1694. The Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne is a title which was created three times in British history. The first creation had become extinct when Henry Cavendish, 2nd Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne died without a male heir.[1]


On 1 March 1690, he married Lady Margaret Cavendish, a daughter of Henry Cavendish. They had one child, Lady Henrietta Cavendish Holles (1694–1755), who married the 2nd Earl of Oxford and Mortimer and was mother to Margaret Bentinck, Duchess of Portland.

In 1710 he purchased Wimpole Park in Cambridgeshire and the Manor of Marylebone. The Marylebone lands passed to his son-in-law Harley who named Holles Street in his memory.[2]

A rivalry was formed between John and his sister, Elizabeth, when she married Christopher Vane, 1st Baron Barnard.[3]


Correspondence and estate records of John Holles, including letters to his wife, are held at the department of Manuscripts and Special Collections, The University of Nottingham, principally in the Holles Papers (Pw 2), part of the Portland (Welbeck) Collection.


The duke died in 1711 from injuries received in a fall from his horse while hunting near Welbeck.[4] He left his Cavendish estates to his son-in-law, Edward Harley (later 2nd Earl of Oxford and Earl Mortimer) and the remainder of his property to his nephew Thomas Pelham, subsequently 1st Duke of Newcastle (third creation) and prime minister.[1] He was buried on 9 August 1711 in St. John's Chapel in Westminster Abbey.[5]


  1. ^ a b "HOLLES, John, Lord Houghton (1662–1711), of Haughton, Notts. and Warwick House, Holborn, Mdx". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 16 March 2016.
  2. ^ Bebbington, Gillian. (1972) London Street Names. London: B.T. Batsford. pp. 164 & 176. ISBN 0713401400
  3. ^ Mounsey, Chris. Christopher Smart: Clown of God. London: Bucknell University Press, 2001. p. 23
  4. ^ Abel Boyer (1712). The history of the reign of Queen Anne. 10. p. 381.
  5. ^ Chester, Joseph (1876). The Marriage, Baptismal, and Burial Registers of the Collegiate Church or Abbey of St. Peter, Westminister. London. p. 272.

External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded by Lord Privy Seal
Succeeded by
Military offices
Preceded by Governor of Kingston-upon-Hull
Succeeded by
Legal offices
Preceded by Justice in Eyre
north of the Trent

Succeeded by
Honorary titles
Preceded by Lord Lieutenant of Middlesex
Succeeded by
Custos Rotulorum of Middlesex
Preceded by Lord Lieutenant of Nottinghamshire
Title next held by
The Earl of Clare
Title last held by
The Earl of Kingston-upon-Hull
Custos Rotulorum of Nottinghamshire
Preceded by Lord Lieutenant of the East Riding of Yorkshire
Title next held by
Marquess of Carmarthen
Custos Rotulorum of the East Riding of Yorkshire
Succeeded by
Preceded by Lord Lieutenant of the North Riding of Yorkshire
Succeeded by
Peerage of England
New creation
Title last held by Henry Cavendish
Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
2nd creation
Preceded by Earl of Clare