William Cavendish, 2nd Duke of Devonshire

William Cavendish, 2nd Duke of Devonshire KG, PC (1672 – 4 June 1729) was a British nobleman and politician. He was the eldest son of William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Devonshire and Lady Mary Butler. A prominent Whig, he was sworn of the Privy Council in 1707, and served as Lord President of the Council from 1716 to 1718 and 1725 to 1729.

The Duke of Devonshire
William Cavendish, 2nd Duke of Devonshire by Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt.jpg
Portrait by Godfrey Kneller
Lord President of the Council
In office
6 July 1716 – 16 March 1718
MonarchGeorge I
Preceded byThe Earl of Nottingham
Succeeded byThe Earl of Sunderland
In office
27 March 1725 – 4 June 1729
MonarchGeorge I
George II
Preceded byThe Lord Carleton
Succeeded byThe Lord Trevor
Personal details
Born1672 (1672)
Died4 June 1729(1729-06-04) (aged 56–57)
NationalityBritish
Political partyWhig
Spouse(s)Rachel Russell
ChildrenWilliam Cavendish, 3rd Duke of Devonshire
Lady Rachel Cavendish
Lady Elizabeth Cavendish
Lord James Cavendish
Lord Charles Cavendish
Parent(s)William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Devonshire
Lady Mary Butler

He married The Hon. Rachel Russell (1674–1725), daughter of William Russell, Lord Russell on 21 June 1688. The Duchess served as a Lady of the Bedchamber at the court of Queen Anne. [1]

They had ten children:

  1. Lady Mary Cavendish (18 August 1696 – 15 June 1719) [2]
  2. William Cavendish, 3rd Duke of Devonshire (26 September 1698 – 5 December 1755)
  3. Lady Rachel Cavendish (4 October 1699 – 18 June 1780) [3] married Sir William Morgan on 14 May 1723
  4. Lady Elizabeth Cavendish (27 September 1700 – 7 November 1747) married Sir Thomas Lowther, 2nd Baronet
  5. Lord James Cavendish (23 November 1701 – 14 December 1741)
  6. Lord Charles Cavendish (17 March 1704 – 28 April 1783) married Anne Grey on 9 January 1727, father of Henry Cavendish
  7. Lady Anne Cavendish (died 23 August 1780 aged 70[4])
  8. Lady Katherine Cavendish (died 12 September 1715 aged 9[5])
  9. Lord John Cavendish (died 11 May 1720 aged 12[6])
  10. Lady Diana Cavendish (died 12 February 1722[7])

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Warrant Books: April 1713, 1–15 Pages 169–184 Calendar of Treasury Books, Volume 27, 1713. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1955". British History Online. Retrieved 13 July 2020.
  2. ^ England, Select Births and Christenings, 1538–1975
  3. ^ Jervas, Charles. "Lady Rachel Cavendish, Lady Morgan (1697–1780), as a Shepherdess". National Trust.
  4. ^ Cox, John Charles (1881). "The Chronicles of the Collegiate Church or Free Chapel of All Saints, Derby".
  5. ^ Cox, John Charles (1881). "The Chronicles of the Collegiate Church or Free Chapel of All Saints, Derby".
  6. ^ Cox, John Charles (1881). "The Chronicles of the Collegiate Church or Free Chapel of All Saints, Derby".
  7. ^ Cox, John Charles (1881). "The Chronicles of the Collegiate Church or Free Chapel of All Saints, Derby".


Parliament of England
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Derbyshire
1695–1701
With: Sir Gilbert Clarke 1695–1698
Thomas Coke 1698–1701
Lord Manners of Haddon 1701
Succeeded by
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Castle Rising
1702
With: Robert Walpole
Succeeded by
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Yorkshire
1702–1707
With: Sir John Kaye, Bt 1702–1707
The Lord Fairfax of Cameron 1707
Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard
1702–1707
Succeeded by
Preceded by Lord Steward
1707–1710
Succeeded by
Preceded by Lord Steward
1714–1716
Succeeded by
Preceded by Lord President of the Council
1716–1717
Succeeded by
Preceded by Lord President of the Council
1725–1729
Succeeded by
Honorary titles
Preceded by Lord Lieutenant of Derbyshire
1707–1710
Succeeded by
Preceded by Lord Lieutenant of Derbyshire
1714–1729
Succeeded by
Legal offices
Preceded by Justice in Eyre
north of the Trent

1707–1711
Succeeded by
Peerage of England
Preceded by Duke of Devonshire
1707–1729
Succeeded by