Peregrine Osborne, 2nd Duke of Leeds

Vice-Admiral Peregrine Osborne, 2nd Duke of Leeds (1659 – 25 June 1729), styled Viscount Osborne between 1673 and 1689, Earl of Danby between 1689 and 1694 and Marquess of Carmarthen between 1694 and 1712, was an English Tory politician.

The Duke of Leeds. Stipple engraving after Jean Petitot, c. 1710.
Ancestral arms of the Osborne family, Dukes of Leeds

BackgroundEdit

Osborne was the second son of the Thomas Osborne (later 1st Duke of Leeds) and his wife, Bridget, a daughter of the Montagu Bertie, 2nd Earl of Lindsey. In 1673, his father was created Viscount Osborne in the Peerage of Scotland, but surrendered the title in favour of Peregrine when the former was created Viscount Latimer in the Peerage of England later that year.

Political careerEdit

In 1677, Osborne sat in Parliament as member of parliament for Berwick-upon-Tweed and then briefly for Corfe Castle when he succeeded his brother to the seat in 1679. In 1689, he briefly sat in Parliament again, this time for York. He held the seat for almost a year when he left the Commons in 1689 after being called up to House of Lords in his father's barony of Osborne.

From them on, however, he did not take an active role in the Lords, instead choosing a career in the Royal Navy. He was 'made post' as a captain on 2 January 1691, and was promoted to rear-admiral on 7 July 1693. He was involved in the Attack on Brest on 18 June 1694. He took a practical interest in the design of warships, and as a ship designer he served as liaison with the Russian Tsar Peter the Great on his visit to London in 1698. He also helped negotiate a proposal of tobacco merchants to ship their products to Russia. In 1699 he designed the Sixth Rate ship Peregrine Galley, which was launched at Sheerness Dockyard in 1700. He became a Vice Admiral of the Red on 8 May 1702 and became a full admiral on 21 December 1708.

FamilyEdit

On 25 April 1682, he married Bridget Hyde (the only daughter and heiress of Sir Thomas Hyde, 2nd Baronet) and they had four children:

Danby inherited his father's titles in 1712 and upon his own death in 1729, was succeeded in them by his second son, Peregrine. He was buried in the Osborne family chapel at All Hallows Church, Harthill, South Yorkshire.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Lee, Sidney, ed. (1895). "Osborne, Peregrine" . Dictionary of National Biography. 42. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
Parliament of England
Preceded by
Member of Parliament for Berwick-upon-Tweed
1677–1679
With: Daniel Collingwood
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Member of Parliament for Corfe Castle
1679
With: John Tregonwell
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Member of Parliament for York
1689–1690
With: Edward Thompson
Succeeded by
Military offices
Preceded by
Colonel of the 1st Maritime Regiment
1690–1698
Succeeded by
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Custos Rotulorum of the East Riding of Yorkshire
1711–1715
Succeeded by
Vacant
Title last held by
The Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
Lord Lieutenant of the East Riding of Yorkshire
1713–1714
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Duke of Leeds
1712 – 1729
Succeeded by
Baron Osborne
(descended by acceleration)

1690–1713
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
Viscount Osborne
(through surrender)

1673 – 1729
Succeeded by