1744 (MDCCXLIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1744th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 744th year of the 2nd millennium, the 44th year of the 18th century, and the 5th year of the 1740s decade. As of the start of 1744, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
October 4: The sinking of the British ship HMS Victory kills over 1,100 members of the Royal Navy.(1750 painting by Peter Monamy)
February 16: The Great Comet of 1744 is visible in the skies over Europe.
1744 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1744
Ab urbe condita2497
Armenian calendar1193
Assyrian calendar6494
Balinese saka calendar1665–1666
Bengali calendar1151
Berber calendar2694
British Regnal year17 Geo. 2 – 18 Geo. 2
Buddhist calendar2288
Burmese calendar1106
Byzantine calendar7252–7253
Chinese calendar癸亥年 (Water Pig)
4441 or 4234
    — to —
甲子年 (Wood Rat)
4442 or 4235
Coptic calendar1460–1461
Discordian calendar2910
Ethiopian calendar1736–1737
Hebrew calendar5504–5505
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1800–1801
 - Shaka Samvat1665–1666
 - Kali Yuga4844–4845
Holocene calendar11744
Igbo calendar744–745
Iranian calendar1122–1123
Islamic calendar1156–1157
Japanese calendarKanpō 4 / Enkyō 1
Javanese calendar1668–1669
Julian calendarGregorian minus 11 days
Korean calendar4077
Minguo calendar168 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar276
Thai solar calendar2286–2287
Tibetan calendar阴水猪年
(female Water-Pig)
1870 or 1489 or 717
    — to —
(male Wood-Rat)
1871 or 1490 or 718

February 23: A French and Spanish fleet defeats the British at the Battle of Toulon, clearing the way for a possible French invasion of Britain.

Events edit

January–March edit

April–June edit

July–September edit

October–December edit

Date unknown edit

Births edit

Jean-Baptiste Lamarck
Johann Gottfried Herder

Deaths edit

Blessed Januarius Maria Sarnelli

References edit

  1. ^ Rules of Golf 1744 Scottish Golf History accessed 10 Feb 2017 http://www.scottishgolfhistory.org/origin-of-golf-terms/rules-of-golf/
  2. ^ Instructions, golf club rules and competitions History of Golf accessed 10 Feb 2017 History of golf
  3. ^ "Banking in the Russian Empire", by Antoine E. Horn, in A History of Banking in All the Leading Nations (Journal of Commerce and Commercial Bulletin, 1896) pp342-343
  4. ^ Martin Philippson, The Age of the European Balance of Power, translated by John Henry Wright (Lea Brothers & Company, 1905) p267
  5. ^ "Canso, Battle of (1744)", by John D. Hamilton, in Colonial Wars of North America, 1512-1763: An Encyclopedia, ed. by Alan Gallay (Routledge, 2015) p100
  6. ^ John T. Alexander, Catherine the Great: Life and Legend (Oxford University Press, 1989) pp27-28
  7. ^ "Anson, George", by Joseph A. Devine, Jr., in Historical Dictionary of the British Empire, ed. by James S. Olson and Robert Shadle (Greenwood Publishing Group, 1996) p68
  8. ^ Stewart Gordon, A History of the World in Sixteen Shipwrecks (ForeEdge, University Press of New England, 2015) p.140
  9. ^ "Legendary British warship 'found'", BBC News, February 1, 2009
  10. ^ Florence Caddy, Through the Fields with Linnaeus: A Chapter in Swedish History (Little, Brown, and Company, 1886) p159
  11. ^ Frederic J. Baumgartner, Declaring War in Early Modern Europe (Springer, 2011) p149
  12. ^ Geoffrey Plank, An Unsettled Conquest: The British Campaign Against the Peoples of Acadia (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2018) p110
  13. ^ Robert Whitaker, The Mapmaker's Wife: A True Tale Of Love, Murder, And Survival In The Amazon (Basic Books, 2004) p197
  14. ^ Peter Demetz, Prague in Black and Gold: Scenes from the Life of a European City (Macmillan, 1998) p243
  15. ^ Selma Stern, The Court Jew - A Contribution to the History of the Period of Absolutism in Central Europe (Read Books, 2011)