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July is the seventh month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars and is the fourth of seven months to have a length of 31 days. It was named by the Roman Senate in honour of Roman general Julius Caesar in 44 B.C., it being the month of his birth. Before then it was called Quintilis, being the fifth month of the calendar that started with March.[1]

It is on average the warmest month in most of the Northern Hemisphere, where it is the second month of summer, and the coldest month in much of the Southern Hemisphere, where it is the second month of winter. The second half of the year commences in July. In the Southern Hemisphere, July is the seasonal equivalent of January in the Northern hemisphere.

"Dog days" are considered to begin in early July in the Northern Hemisphere, when the hot sultry weather of summer usually starts. Spring lambs born in late winter or early spring are usually sold before 1 July.

July symbolsEdit


This list does not necessarily imply either official status nor general observance.

Fireworks in Washington, DC, to celebrate Independence Day on July 4

Month-long observancesEdit

Non-Gregorian observancesEdit

(All Baha'i, Islamic, and Jewish observances begin at the sundown before the date listed, and end at sundown of the date in question unless otherwise noted.)

Canada Day is celebrated on July 1

Movable observancesEdit

First FridayEdit

First SaturdayEdit

First Saturday and SundayEdit

First SundayEdit

Sunday closest to 2 JulyEdit

First full week in JulyEdit

First MondayEdit

5 July or following Monday if it's a weekendEdit

Day after first MondayEdit

Second ThursdayEdit

Second SundayEdit

Nearest Sunday to 11 JulyEdit

Third MondayEdit

Third SundayEdit

Second to last Sunday in July and the following two weeksEdit

Third TuesdayEdit

Fourth SundayEdit

Friday preceding the Fourth Saturday and the following SundayEdit

Fourth ThursdayEdit

Last SaturdayEdit

Last SundayEdit

Thursday before the first MondayEdit

Following FridayEdit

Last FridayEdit

Fixed Gregorian observancesEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Keeping Time: Months and the Modern Calendar". Live Science. 16 May 2014.
  2. ^ The Earth passed the junction of the signs at 08:36 UT/GMT July 22, 2020, and will pass it again at 14:26 UT/GMT July 22, 2021.
  3. ^ "Astrology Calendar", yourzodiacsign. Signs in UT/GMT for 1950–2030.
  4. ^ "Ra o te Ui Ariki in the Cook Islands / July 6, 2021".
  5. ^ "Marrow Donor Day in Armenia / January 8, 2021".

External linksEdit