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National day

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Independence or Death, famous painting from Pedro Américo that celebrates the Independence Day of Brazil.
On Sveriges nationaldag in Sweden the King and Queen (in national costume) celebrate Sweden's independence each year on the 6th of June.

A national day is a designated date on which celebrations mark the nationhood of a nation or non-sovereign country. This nationhood can be symbolized by the date of independence, of becoming a republic or a significant date for a patron saint or a ruler (birthday, accession, removal, etc.). Often the day is not called "National Day" but serves and can be considered as one. The national day will often be a national holiday. Many countries have more than one national day.

Most countries have a fixed-date national day, but some have movable dates. An example is Jamaica, which up to 1997 celebrated its national day on the first Monday in August. This commemorated independence from the United Kingdom which was attained on Monday, 6 August 1962, the first Monday in August of that year. Israel's Independence Day is not fixed relative to the civil Gregorian calendar, being formally linked to 5 Iyar on the Jewish calendar, but may also be moved to any day between 3 and 6 Iyar in order to avoid preparing for or celebrating either Independence Day or Memorial Day (which immediately precedes Independence Day) on Shabbat; the practical effect of this is that Independence Day may be celebrated any day between 15 April and 15 May. Another example is Thailand which celebrates the birthday of the king on 28 July. This date will change on the accession of the heir to the throne.

Most national days can be categorized in two large blocks:[citation needed]

  • Newer countries that celebrate their national day as the day of their independence.
  • Older countries that use some other event of special significance as their national day.

Denmark and the United Kingdom are among the few countries that do not have designated national days.

Contents

CelebrationsEdit

Importance attached to the national day as well as the degree to which it is celebrated vary greatly from country to country. For example, Spain's national day Fiesta Nacional de España is held on 12 October, the day celebrated in other countries as Columbus Day or Día de la Raza, and commemorates the anniversary of Christopher Columbus's arrival in the Americas.[1] A military parade is held in Madrid celebrating the occasion.[1] The national day in France is 14 July and known as the Fête nationale (known outside France as Bastille Day) commemorating the Storming of the Bastille,[2] which is considered the start of the French Revolution.[3] It is widely celebrated and the French Tricolour is much in evidence, while the President of the Republic attends a military parade on the Champs-Élysées of Paris. In the United States, the Independence Day celebrations on 4 July are widely celebrated with parades, fireworks, picnics and barbecues. In Ireland, Saint Patrick's Day, 17 March, is the equivalent of a national day and has been a public holiday for many years. However, in the United Kingdom the constituent countries' patron saints' days are low-key affairs. In recent times campaigns have commenced to promote the national days of England, Scotland and Wales, with St. Andrew's Day being designated as an official bank holiday when the Scottish Parliament passed the St Andrew's Day Bank Holiday (Scotland) Act 2007. A National Day for the United Kingdom has also been proposed in recent years.

As with the Bastille Day military parade in France, many other countries have a National Day Parade. Examples include the Singapore National Day Parade, and the parade for the National Day of the People's Republic of China.

List of national daysEdit

 
Map with reasons for national days

Regions that are not broadly recognized sovereign states are shown in pink. For regions controlled by sovereign states (such as federal states, autonomous regions, or colonies), the name of the sovereign state is shown in parentheses.

Days that are not fixed to the Gregorian calendar are sorted by their 2017 occurrences.

Nation Date National day
  Afghanistan 19 August Independence from United Kingdom control over Afghan foreign affairs in 1919. (see Afghan Independence Day)
  Albania 28 November see Albanian Flag Day
  Alderney (British Islands) 15 December Homecoming Day, the return of the Islanders after the end of the German occupation of the Channel Islands during World War II 1945
  Algeria 1 November Start of the War of Independence in 1954
  American Samoa (United States) 17 April US Flag Day
  Andorra 8 September Our Lady of Meritxell Day, patron saint of Andorra
  Angola 11 November Independence from Portugal in 1975
  Anguilla (United Kingdom) 30 May Anguilla Day; the beginning of the Anguillian Revolution in 1967
  Antigua and Barbuda 1 November Independence from the United Kingdom in 1981
  Argentina 25 May First Patriotic Government, the Spanish viceroy is removed and replaced by the Primera Junta during the May Revolution
  Argentina 9 July Declaration of Independence, from Spain in 1816
  Armenia 28 May Republic Day, independence from the Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic 1918
  Armenia 21 September Independence from the Soviet Union recognised in 1991
  Aruba (Kingdom of the Netherlands) 18 March Flag Day; adoption of the flag in 1976
  Ascension (United Kingdom) 2nd Saturday in June
  Australia 26 January Australia Day, date of the founding of Sydney, the first European settlement in Australia, 1788
  Austria 26 October The Neutrality Constitution of 1955
  Azerbaijan 28 May Republic Day, independence from the Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic 1918
  Azores Pentecost Monday Azores Day, gaining authonomy from Portugal in 1976.
  Bahamas 10 July Independence from the United Kingdom in 1973
  Bahrain 16 December Accession Day of Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa, the first Emir of Bahrain
  Bangladesh 26 March Independence Day, declaration of independence from Pakistan in 1971
  Bangladesh 16 December Victory Day, the day the Bangladesh Liberation War ended in 1971
  Barbados 30 November Independence Day, from the United Kingdom in 1966
  Belarus 3 July Independence Day, liberation of Minsk from German occupation by Soviet troops in 1944
  Belgium 21 July Leopold of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld takes the oath as the first King of the Belgians in 1831
  Belize 10 September The Battle of St. George's Caye Day commemorates the battle that occurred in 1798.[4]
  Belize 21 September Independence from the United Kingdom in 1981
  Benin 1 August Independence from France in 1960
  Bermuda (United Kingdom) 24 May Originally Queen Victoria's birthday; now "Bermuda Day" to celebrate the islands' heritage and culture
  Bhutan 17 December Ugyen Wangchuck elected hereditary king in 1907
  Bolivia 6 August Proclamation of Republic (independent from Spain) in 1825
  Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnia and Herzegovina) 1 March Dan nezavisnosti; Proclamation of independence from Yugoslavia in 1992
  Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnia and Herzegovina) 25 November Statehood Day, formation of the State Anti-fascist Council for the National Liberation of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1943
  Botswana 30 September Independence from the United Kingdom in 1966
  Brazil 7 September Dia da Independência, declaration of independence from Portugal in 1822
  British Virgin Islands (United Kingdom) 1 July
  Brunei 23 February National Day, celebrating independence from the United Kingdom on 1984, which actually occurred on 1 January
  Bulgaria 3 March Liberation Day, autonomy within Ottoman Empire 1878
  Burkina Faso 4 August Change of name from Upper Volta in 1984
  Burkina Faso 5 August Independence Day, from France in 1960
  Burundi 1 July Independence from Belgium in 1962
  Cambodia 9 November Independence from France in 1953
  Cameroon 20 May National Day, creation of a unitary state in 1972
  Canada 1 July Canada Day, creation of a federal Canada from three British Dominions in 1867
  Cape Verde 12 September
  Cayman Islands (United Kingdom) 1st Monday in July
  Central African Republic 1 December Made an autonomous territory within the French Community in 1958
  Chad 11 August Independence from France in 1960
  Chile 18 September The first Government Junta is created in 1810
  People's Republic of China 1 October National Day of the People's Republic of China (Proclamation of the People's Republic of China in 1949)
  Republic of China 1 January Founding Day of the Republic of China, establishment of the Provisional Government in 1912
  Republic of China 10 October Double Ten Day commemorating the 1911 Wuchang Uprising that led to abolishment of the monarchy and founding of the Republic in China in 1911
  Colombia 20 July Declaration of independence from Spain in 1810
  Comoros 6 July Independence from France in 1975
  Democratic Republic of the Congo 30 June Independence from Belgium in 1960
  Republic of the Congo 15 August Independence from France in 1960
  Cook Islands 4 August Self-government in free association with New Zealand in 1965
  Costa Rica 15 September Independence from the Kingdom of Spain in 1821
  Croatia 25 June Statehood Day, declaration of independence from Yugoslavia in 1991
  Cuba 1 January Liberation Day, Fidel Castro takes power in 1959
  Curaçao (Kingdom of the Netherlands) 2 July The first elected island council is instituted in 1954
  Cyprus 1 October Independence from the United Kingdom in 1960
  Czech Republic 28 October Independence from Austria-Hungary (as Czechoslovakia) in 1918
  Czech Republic 28 September Czech Statehood day (Saint Wenceslas day)
  Côte d'Ivoire 7 August Independence from France in 1960
  Denmark 5 June (No official National Day; adoption of the Constitution of 1849)
  Djibouti 27 June Independence from France in 1977
  Dominican Republic 27 February Independence from Haiti in 1844
  Dominica 3 November Independence from the United Kingdom in 1978 and discovery by Christopher Columbus in 1493
  East Timor 20 May Independence from Indonesia in 2002
  Ecuador 10 August Proclamation of independence from Spain in 1809
  Egypt 23 July Revolution Day, the revolution of 1952
  Egypt 6 October Armed Forces Day, the beginning of the October War in 1973
  El Salvador 15 September Independence from the Kingdom of Spain in 1821
  Equatorial Guinea 12 October Independence from Spain in 1968
  Eritrea 24 May Eritrean People's Liberation Front (EPLF) fighters enter Asmara in 1991 and Eritrea becomes a defacto independent state; United Nations recognizes Eritrea's independence from Ethiopia in 1993 after a UN-supervised referendum on nationhood.
  Estonia 24 February Independence Day, declaration of independence from Russia in 1918
  Ethiopia 28 May Downfall of the Derg Day, the Derg regime is defeated in 1991
  Falkland Islands (United Kingdom) 14 August Falklands Day First recorded sighting of the islands.
  Falkland Islands (United Kingdom) 14 June Liberation from Argentina at the end of the Falklands War in 1982
  Faroe Islands (Denmark) 29 July Ólavsøka (Saint Olaf's death at the Battle of Stiklestad in 1030): opening of the Løgting (parliament) session
  Fiji 10 October Fiji Day, independence from the United Kingdom in 1970
  Finland 6 December Independence Day, declaration of independence from Russia in 1917
  Florida (United States) 2 April Pascua Florida is day or week (as declared by the Governor) celebrating the founding of Florida by Juan Ponce de León on April 2, 1513.
  France 14 July Bastille Day, 14 July 1789.[5]
  French Guiana (France) 20 December Abolition of slavery day
  French Polynesia (France) 29 June Internal Autonomy day
  Gabon 17 August Independence from France in 1960
  Gambia 18 February Independence from the United Kingdom in 1965
  Georgia 26 May Day of First Republic, declaration of independence from Russia in 1918
  Germany 3 October German Unity Day, unification of West Germany and East Germany in 1990
  Ghana 6 March Independence from the United Kingdom in 1957
  Gibraltar (United Kingdom) 10 September Gibraltar National Day, people of Gibraltar vote to reject Spanish sovereignty or association in 1967
  Greece 25 March Start of the Greek Revolution against the Ottoman Empire in 1821
  Greece 28 October Ohi Day, rejection of the Italian ultimatum of 1940
  Greenland (Denmark) 21 June (Longest Day of the Year) The National Day was introduced in 1983 as one of the Home Rule's traditions and is thus one of several expressions of national identity
  Grenada 7 February Independence from United Kingdom in 1974
  Guadeloupe (France) 27 May abolition of slavery day
  Guam (United States) 21 July Liberation Day, American landing on Guam 1944, the beginning of the Battle of Guam
  Guatemala 15 September Independence from the Kingdom of Spain in 1821
  Guernsey (British Islands) 9 May Liberation Day, the end of the German occupation of the Channel Islands in 1945
  Guinea-Bissau 24 September Declaration of independence from Portugal in 1973
  Guinea 2 October Independence from France in 1958
  Guyana 23 February Mashramani, declaration of the Republic in 1970
  Haiti 1 January Declaration of independence from France in 1804
  Herm (British Islands) 9 May Liberation Day, the end of the German occupation of the Channel Islands in 1945
  Honduras 15 September Independence from the Kingdom of Spain in 1821
  Hong Kong (China) 1 July Transfer of sovereignty to the PRC in 1997
  Hungary 15 March 1848 Revolution memorial day
  Hungary 20 August St. Stephen's day
  Hungary 23 October 1956 Revolution memorial day
  Iceland 17 June National Day, founding of the Republic and dissolution of the personal union with Denmark in 1944
  India 26 January Republic Day, adoption of the Constitution of India[6] in 1950
  India 15 August Independence from the British Empire in 1947
  Indonesia 17 August Proclamation of Independence day (Hari Proklamasi Kemerdekaan R.I.) from Japan and the Netherlands in 1945
  Iran 11 February Victory of the Islamic Revolution in 1979
  Iraq 3 October Independence from the United Kingdom in 1932
  Ireland 17 March Day of St. Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland
  Isle of Man (British Islands) 5 July Tynwald Day, annual meeting of the Tynwald (parliament)
  Israel 5 Iyar (date varies according to Jewish calendar at 5 Iyar. In 2017, it was celebrated on 2 May; in 2018 it will be on 19 April) Yom Ha'atzmaut, proclamation of independence from the British Mandate of Palestine in 1948
  Italy 25 April Partisans liberate Genoa, Milan, and Turin from German troops in 1945
  Italy 2 June Festa della Repubblica, Italy is made a republic in 1946
  Kosovo   NATO 17 February Independence Day, 2008
  Jamaica 1st Monday in August Independence from the United Kingdom in 1962
  Japan 11 February National Foundation Day, Jimmu, the first emperor, is crowned in 660 BC
  Jersey (British Islands) 9 May Liberation Day, the end of the German occupation of the Channel Islands in 1945
  Jordan 25 May Independence from the United Kingdom in 1946
  Kazakhstan 30 August Constitution Day, approval of the constitution in 1995
  Kazakhstan 16–17 December Independence Day
  Kenya 12 December Independence from the United Kingdom in 1963; (Jamhuri Day), made a republic in 1964
  Kiribati 12 July Independence from the United Kingdom in 1979
  Kurdistan (Iraq) 21 March Nowruz, Persian New Year, celebrated on the spring equinox
  Kuwait 25 February National Day
  Kuwait 26 February Liberation Day (from Iraq in 1991)
  Kyrgyzstan 31 August Independence Day, declaration of independence from the USSR in 1991
  Laos 2 December National Day, declaration of the People's Republic in 1975
  Latvia 18 November See Proclamation Day of the Republic of Latvia
  Lebanon 25 May Resistance and Liberation Day from Israel in 2000
  Lebanon 22 November See Lebanese Independence Day
  Lesotho 4 October Independence from the United Kingdom in 1966
  Liberia 26 July Proclamation of the Republic: independence from the United States in 1847
  Libya 17 February Start of the 2011 Revolution
  Liechtenstein 15 August The Hereditary Prince becomes Regent in 2004
  Lithuania 16 February Lithuanian State Reestablishment Day, declaration of independence from Russia and Germany in 1918
  Lithuania 6 July Statehood Day, establishment of the medieval Lithuanian kingdom by Mindaugas in 1253.
  Luxembourg 23 June The Monarch's birthday
  Macau (China) 20 December Transfer of sovereignty to the PRC in 1999
  Republic of Macedonia 2 August Republic Day
  Republic of Macedonia 8 September Independence Day (Den na nezavisnosta), declaration of independence from Yugoslavia in 1991
  Madagascar 26 June Independence from France in 1960
  Madeira (Portugal) 1 July Madeira Day, day of autonomy within Portugal
  Malawi 6 July Independence from the United Kingdom in 1964; declaration of the Republic in 1966
  Malaysia 31 August Hari Merdeka, independence from the United Kingdom (as Malaya) in 1957. Also known as Hari Kebangsaan (National day) in Malay.
  Malaysia 16 September Malaysia Day, merger of North Borneo, Sarawak and Singapore into the Federation of Malaysia and the change of name from Malaya in 1963.
  Maldives 26 July
  Mali 22 September Independence from the Mali Federation in 1960
  Malta 31 March Freedom Day, withdrawal of British troops from Malta in 1979
  Malta 7 June Sette Giugno, bread riot of 1919 in which 4 Maltese men died
  Malta 8 September Victory Day, celebrating the victory of the Knights of St. John over the Ottoman Empire in the Great Siege of Malta in 1565, the end of the French occupation in 1800, and the surrender of Italy to the Allies in 1943
  Malta 21 September Independence Day, independence from the United Kingdom in 1964
  Malta 13 December Republic Day, adoption of the republican constitution of 1974
  Marshall Islands 1 May Constitution Day, adoption of the Compact of Free Association in 1979
  Martinique (France) 22 May Abolition of slavery day
  Mauritania 28 November Independence from France in 1960
  Mauritius 12 March Independence from the United Kingdom in 1968; formation of the Republic in 1992
  Mayotte (France) 27 April Abolition of slavery day
  Mexico 16 September Grito de Dolores, beginning of the War of Independence from Spain in 1810
  Micronesia 3 November Independence from the US-administered UN Trusteeship in 1979
  Moldova 27 August Independence Day, declaration of independence from the Soviet Union in 1991
  Monaco 19 November the accession of Prince Albert II to the throne in 2005
  Mongolia 11 July Naadam Holiday; establishment of independence from China and Russia in 1921
  Mongolia 26 November National Foundation Day
  Montenegro 21 May Independence from Serbia and Montenegro in 2006
  Montenegro 13 July recognised as independent at the Congress of Berlin in 1878
  Montserrat (United Kingdom) 2nd Saturday in June
  Morocco 18 November Independence from France in 1956
  Mozambique 25 June Independence from Portugal in 1975
  Myanmar 4 January Independence from the British Empire in 1948
  Namibia 21 March Independence from South Africa in 1990
  Nauru 31 January Independence from the Australia, NZ, and UK-administered UN trusteeship 1968
    Nepal 20 September Constitution of Nepal was promulgated on 20 September 2015. Nepal declared National Day on 20 September
  Kingdom of the Netherlands 15 December Kingdom day, signing of the Charter for the Kingdom of the Netherlands 1954
  Kingdom of the Netherlands 27 April King's Day, King Willem-Alexander's birthday
  Netherlands (Kingdom of the Netherlands) 5 May Liberation Day, end of German occupation in 1945
  New Zealand 6 February Waitangi Day, signing of the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840
  Nicaragua 15 September Independence from the Kingdom of Spain in 1821
  Nigeria 29 May Democracy Day, return to democratic rule in 1999
  Nigeria 1 October Independence from the United Kingdom in 1960; formation of the Republic in 1963
  Niger 18 December Republic Day, made an autonomous state within the French Community in 1958
  Niue 19 October Self-government in free association with New Zealand in 1965
  Norfolk Island (Australia) 8 June Beginning of permanent settlement of the island by migrants from the Pitcairn Islands in 1856
  North Korea 9 September Day of the Foundation of the Republic in 1948[7]
  North Korea 10 October Party Foundation Day in 1945
  Northern Ireland (United Kingdom) 17 March St. Patrick's Day; a public holiday sometimes associated with Irish nationalism
  Northern Ireland (United Kingdom) 12 July "The Twelfth" commemorates the Battle of the Boyne in 1690; a public holiday associated with Ulster unionism
  Northern Mariana Islands (United States) 8 January Commonwealth Day, the constitutional government takes office in 1978
  Norway 17 May Constitution Day, the signing of the first Norwegian Constitution in Eidsvoll 1814
  Oman 18 November Birthday of Sultan Qaboos bin Said al Said
  Pakistan 23 March Pakistan day, the Pakistan Resolution passed in Lahore in 1940
  Pakistan 14 August Independence Day, independence from the British Indian Empire in 1947
  Palau 9 July Constitution Day, adoption of the Constitution in 1981
  Palestine 15 November Declaration of Independence in 1988
  Panama 3 November Separation Day, independence from Colombia in 1903
  Papua New Guinea 16 September Independence from Australia in 1975
  Paraguay 14 May Independence Day (Día de Independencia), declaration of independence from Spain in 1811
  Peru 28 July Declaration of independence from Spain in 1821
  Philippines 12 June Araw ng Kalayaan, declaration of independence from Spain in 1898
  Pitcairn Islands (United Kingdom) 2nd Saturday in June
  Poland 3 May Swieto Konstytucji, (Constitution Day), adoption of the Constitution of 1791
  Poland 11 November Swieto Niepodleglosci (Independence Day), restoration of independence from Austria-Hungary, Germany, and Russia in 1918
  Portugal 10 June Portugal Day, officially the Day of Portugal, Camões, and the Portuguese Communities, death of national poet Luís de Camões in 1580
  Puerto Rico (United States) 25 July Constitution Day, establishment of Commonwealth of Puerto Rico in 1952; formerly Invasion Day, day of the American invasion in 1898
  Qatar 18 December Qatar National Day, the assumption of power by Emir Jassim bin Mohammed Al Thani in 1878
  Québec (Canada) 24 June Saint-Jean-Baptiste Day, feast day of John the Baptist, the patron saint of French Canadians
  Romania 24 January Unification of the Romanian Principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia, the foundation of modern Romania in 1859
  Romania 1 December Great Union Day, unification with Transylvania in 1918
  Russia 12 June Russia Day, Declaration of State Sovereignty in 1990
  Rwanda 1 July Independence from Belgium in 1962
  Réunion (France) 20 December Abolition of slavery day
  Saba (Kingdom of the Netherlands) 3 December
  Saint Helena (United Kingdom) 2nd Saturday in June
  Saint Kitts and Nevis 19 September Independence from the United Kingdom in 1983
  Saint Lucia 13 December Feast day of Saint Lucy, after whom the island was named
  Saint Lucia 22 February Independence Day, independence from the United Kingdom in 1979
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 27 October Independence Day, independence from the United Kingdom in 1979
  Samoa 1 June Independence Day, independence from New Zealand in 1962
  San Marino 3 September Independence from the Roman Empire in year 301 (traditional date)
  São Paulo (Brazil) 9 July Constitutionalist Revolt against Vargas Regime in 1932
  Sark (British Islands) 9 May Liberation Day, the end of the German occupation of the Channel Islands in 1945
  Saudi Arabia 23 September Saudi National Day
  Scotland (United Kingdom) 30 November Day of St. Andrew, patron saint of Scotland
  Senegal 4 April Independence from France in 1960
  Serbia 15 February Statehood Day, the beginning of the Serbian Revolution against Ottoman rule in 1804; adoption of the first constitution in 1835
  Seychelles 18 June National Day, adoption of a multi-party democratic constitution in 1993
  Sierra Leone 27 April Republic Day, independence from the United Kingdom in 1961
  Singapore 9 August National Day, independence from Malaysia in 1965
  Sint Maarten (Kingdom of the Netherlands) 11 November Sint Maarten's Day[8]
  Slovakia 1 January Independence Day, independence from Czechoslovakia in 1993
  Slovakia 29 August Slovak National Uprising Day, start of a Slovak uprising against Nazi Germany in 1944
  Slovakia 1 September Constitution Day, adoption of the Constitution in 1992
  Slovenia 25 June Statehood Day, declaration of independence from Yugoslavia in 1991
  Slovenia 25 October Sovereignty Day, withdrawal of the last soldier of the Yugoslav People's Army from the Slovenian territory in 1991
  Slovenia 26 December Independence and Unity Day, declaration of the results of the Slovenian independence referendum in 1990
  Solomon Islands 7 July Independence Day, independence from the United Kingdom in 1978
  Somalia 1 July Independence from Italy and unification with Somaliland in 1960
  South Africa 27 April First democratic general election in 1994 (see Freedom Day (South Africa))
  South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (United Kingdom) 2nd Saturday in June Liberation from Argentina at the end of the Falklands War in 1982
  South Korea 1 March Declaration of independence from the Empire of Japan
  South Korea 15 August Liberation from Japanese rule in 1945 (Gwangbokjeol); declaration of the Republic in 1948
  South Korea 3 October Gaecheonjeol, ancient Korea founded in 2333 BC
  South Sudan 9 July Independence Day, independence from Sudan in 2011
  Spain 12 October Fiesta Nacional de España, Columbus discovery of America in 1492
  Sri Lanka 4 February Independence Day, independence from the United Kingdom in 1948 under the name of Ceylon
  Republika Srpska (BiH) 9 January Proclamation of the Republic, independent of Bosnia and Herzegovina and part of Yugoslavia, in 1992
  Sudan 1 January Independence from the United Kingdom and the Republic of Egypt in 1956
  Suriname 25 November Independence Day, independence from the Netherlands in 1975
  Swaziland 6 September Independence Day, independence from the United Kingdom in 1968
  Sweden 6 June National Day: election of Gustav Vasa as King of Sweden in 1523; adoption of the constitutions of 1809 and 1974
   Switzerland 1 August National Day, alliance between Uri, Schwyz and Unterwalden against the Holy Roman Empire in 1291
  Syria 8 March Independence from The Ottoman Empire and the declaration of the Arab Kingdom of Syria.
  Syria 17 April Evacuation Day, end of French colonial rule in 1946
  São Tomé and Príncipe 12 July Independence from Portugal in 1975
  Taiwan 10 October Double Ten Day, establishment of the ROC on January 1, 1912
  Tajikistan 9 September Independence Day, declaration of independence from the Soviet Union in 1991
  Tanzania 9 December Independence Day, independence from the United Kingdom in 1961
  Tatarstan (Russia) 30 August Declaration of independence from the RSFSR in 1990
  Texas (United States) 2 March Independence Day, declaration of independence from Mexico in 1836.
  Thailand 5 December Birthday of King Bhumibol Adulyadej
  Togo 27 April Independence from the French-administered UN trusteeship in 1960
  Tonga 4 June Emancipation Day abolition of serfdom 1862; independence from the United Kingdom 1970
  Tonga 4 November National Day [formerly Constitution Day] 1875
  Transnistria 2 September Independence Day, declaration of independence from Moldova in 1990
  Trinidad and Tobago 31 August Independence Day, independence from the United Kingdom in 1962
  Tristan da Cunha (United Kingdom) 2nd Saturday in June
  Tunisia 20 March Declaration of independence from France in 1956
  Turkey 29 October Republic Day (Cumhuriyet Bayramı), adoption of a republican constitution in 1923
  Turkmenistan 27 October Independence Day, declaration of independence from the Soviet Union in 1991
  Turks and Caicos Islands (United Kingdom) 30 August Constitution Day, adoption of a constitution in 1976
  Tuvalu 1 October Independence Day, independence from the Gilbert Islands (Kiribati) in 1975 and from the United Kingdom in 1978
  Uganda 9 October Independence from the United Kingdom in 1962
  Ukraine 24 August Independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. See Independence Day of Ukraine
  United Arab Emirates 2 December National Day, formation of the federation of seven emirates on independence from the United Kingdom in 1971
  United Kingdom 2nd Saturday in June Does not have a recognized national day (see proposed British national day), although the Queen's Official Birthday (which is declared annually, usually falling on the second Saturday in June) is sometimes considered as such, for example, in British diplomatic institutions overseas
  United States Virgin Islands (United States) 31 March (Transfer Day, transfer of the islands from Denmark to the United States in 1917
  United States 4 July Independence Day, declaration of independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1776
  Uruguay 25 August Día de la Independencia (Independence Day), declaration of independence from Brazil in 1825
  Uzbekistan 1 September Independence Day, declaration of independence from the Soviet Union in 1991
  Vanuatu 30 July Independence Day, independence from the United Kingdom and France in 1980
   Vatican City 11 February Foundation of Vatican City
  Venezuela 5 July Independence Day, declaration of independence from Spain in 1811
  Vietnam 2 September National Day, declaration of independence from France and Japan in 1945
  Wales (United Kingdom) 1 March St. David's Day, feast day of patron saint
  Yemen 22 May Unity Day, North and South Yemen are unified as the Republic of Yemen in 1990
  Zambia 24 October Independence Day, declaration of independence from the United Kingdom in 1964
  Zimbabwe 18 April Declaration of independence from the United Kingdom 1980; it had previously declared independence as Rhodesia in 1965

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Molina A. de Cienfuegos, Ignacio; Martínez Bárcena, Jorge; Fuller, Linda K. (Ed.) (2004). "Spain: National Days throughout the History and the Geography of Spain". National Days/National Ways: Historical, Political, and Religious Celebrations around the World: 253. ISBN 978-0-275-97270-7. Retrieved 30 September 2009. 
  2. ^ "Bastille Day - Celebrate French Ancestry". Genealogy.about.com. 2012-04-09. Retrieved 2012-09-28. 
  3. ^ "French Bastille Day in Australia. France's national day". Frenchdesire.com.au. Retrieved 2012-09-28. 
  4. ^ September Celebrations of Belize
  5. ^ "Bastille Day – 14th July". Official Website of France. A national celebration, a re-enactment of the storming of the Bastille [...] Commemorating the storming of the Bastille on 14th July 1789, Bastille Day takes place on the same date each year. The main event is a grand military parade along the Champs-Élysées, attended by the President of the Republic and other political leaders. It is accompanied by fireworks and publics dances in towns throughout the whole of France. 
  6. ^ "India celebrates Republic Day". news.com.au. 2014-01-26. Retrieved 2014-05-25. 
  7. ^ Hunter, Helen-Louise (2008). "The Society and Its Environment". In Worden, Robert L. North Korea: A Country Study (Fifth ed.). Washington: Federal Research Division of the Library of Congress. p. 85. ISBN 978-0-8444-1188-0. 
  8. ^ http://www.sintmaartengov.org/government/VSA/labour/Pages/Public-Holiday-Schedule.aspx

External linksEdit