Mariana, Minas Gerais

Mariana is the oldest city in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. It is a tourist city, founded on July 16, 1696, and retains the characteristics of a baroque city, with its churches, buildings and museums. It was the first capital of Minas Gerais.

Mariana
Município de Mariana
Historical center of Mariana
Historical center of Mariana
Flag of Mariana
Official seal of Mariana
Location in the State of Minas Gerais
Location in the State of Minas Gerais
Mariana is located in Brazil
Mariana
Mariana
Location in Brazil
Coordinates: 20°22′42″S 43°23′59″W / 20.37833°S 43.39972°W / -20.37833; -43.39972Coordinates: 20°22′42″S 43°23′59″W / 20.37833°S 43.39972°W / -20.37833; -43.39972
Country Brazil
RegionSoutheast
StateBandeira de Minas Gerais.svg Minas Gerais
FoundedJuly 16, 1696
Government
 • MayorDuarte Eustáquio Júnior (PPS)[1]
Area
 • Total1,194.208 km2 (461.086 sq mi)
Elevation
899 m (2,949 ft)
Population
 (2020 [2])
 • Total61,288
 • Density0/km2 (0/sq mi)
 (1st)
Demonym(s)Marianense[3]
Time zoneUTC-3 (BRT)
CEP postal code
35420-000
Area code31
HDI (2010) [4]0.742
Websitemariana.mg.gov.br

Other historical cities in Minas Gerais are Ouro Preto, São João del-Rei, Diamantina, Tiradentes, Congonhas and Sabará.

Colonial churches in Mariana downtown.

It has an area of 1,194.208 square kilometres (461.086 sq mi).[5]

The municipality contains a very small part of the 31,270 hectares (77,300 acres) of Serra do Gandarela National Park, created in 2014.[6]

In 2015, it suffered a major dam disaster.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Prefeitura de Mariana - Gabinete do Prefeito" [Mariana City Hall - Mayor's office] (in Portuguese). Mariana City Hall. Archived from the original on 2015-11-23. Retrieved 2015-11-24.
  2. ^ IBGE 2020
  3. ^ "IBGE - Cidades@". O Brasil Município por Município. Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE). Retrieved 2015-05-27.
  4. ^ "Ranking decrescente do IDH-M dos municípios do Brasil" [Ranking of HDI-M of Brazilian Municipalities] (PDF) (in Portuguese). United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). 2010. Retrieved 2013-08-03.
  5. ^ "Área territorial oficial" [Official Territorial Area] (in Portuguese). Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE). 2002-10-10. Retrieved 2014-12-03.
  6. ^ PARNA de Serra do Gandarela (in Portuguese), ISA: Instituto Socioambiental, retrieved 2016-06-12

External linksEdit